Zina Garrison

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Zina Garrison
Zina Garrison 1989 Paraguay stamp.jpg
Country United States
ResidenceHouston, Texas, U.S.
Born(1963-11-16) November 16, 1963 (age 50)
Houston, Texas, U.S.
Height1.64 m (5 ft 4 12 in)
Turned pro1982
Retired1997
PlaysRight-handed (one handed-backhand)
Prize money$4,590,816
Singles
Career record587–270
Career titles14
Highest rankingNo. 4 (November 20, 1989)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian OpenSF (1983)
French OpenQF (1982)
WimbledonF (1990)
US OpenSF (1988, 1989)
Olympic GamesBronze medal.svg Bronze Medal (1988)
Doubles
Career record436–231
Career titles20
Highest rankingNo. 5 (May 23, 1988)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian OpenF (1987, 1992)
French OpenQF (1988, 1989, 1991, 1995)
WimbledonSF (1988, 1990, 1991, 1993)
US OpenSF (1985, 1991)
Olympic GamesGold medal.svg Gold Medal (1988)
Mixed Doubles
Career titles3
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian OpenW (1987)
French OpenSF (1989)
WimbledonW (1988, 1990)
US OpenSF (1987)
Team competitions
Fed CupW (1989, 1990)
Hopman CupF (1991)
Last updated on: July 12, 2008.
 
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Zina Garrison
Zina Garrison 1989 Paraguay stamp.jpg
Country United States
ResidenceHouston, Texas, U.S.
Born(1963-11-16) November 16, 1963 (age 50)
Houston, Texas, U.S.
Height1.64 m (5 ft 4 12 in)
Turned pro1982
Retired1997
PlaysRight-handed (one handed-backhand)
Prize money$4,590,816
Singles
Career record587–270
Career titles14
Highest rankingNo. 4 (November 20, 1989)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian OpenSF (1983)
French OpenQF (1982)
WimbledonF (1990)
US OpenSF (1988, 1989)
Olympic GamesBronze medal.svg Bronze Medal (1988)
Doubles
Career record436–231
Career titles20
Highest rankingNo. 5 (May 23, 1988)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian OpenF (1987, 1992)
French OpenQF (1988, 1989, 1991, 1995)
WimbledonSF (1988, 1990, 1991, 1993)
US OpenSF (1985, 1991)
Olympic GamesGold medal.svg Gold Medal (1988)
Mixed Doubles
Career titles3
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian OpenW (1987)
French OpenSF (1989)
WimbledonW (1988, 1990)
US OpenSF (1987)
Team competitions
Fed CupW (1989, 1990)
Hopman CupF (1991)
Last updated on: July 12, 2008.

Zina Lynna Garrison (born November 16, 1963) is a former professional tennis player from the United States. During her career, she was a women's singles runner-up at Wimbledon in 1990, a three-time Grand Slam mixed doubles champion, and a women's doubles gold medalist at the 1988 Olympic Games. She is currently coaching Taylor Townsend.

Career[edit]

The youngest of seven children, Garrison started playing tennis at the age of 10 and entered her first tournament at the age of 12. Her success as a junior player quickly made the tennis world take notice. At the age of 14 she won the national girls' 18s title. And then in 1981, she won both the Wimbledon and US Open junior titles and was ranked the World No. 1 junior player. Garrison graduated from Sterling High School in Houston in 1982.[1]

Garrison began suffering from the eating disorder bulimia when she was 19, following the death of her mother.[1] "I had never been comfortable with my looks and felt I had lost the only person who loved me unconditionally", Garrison told the British Observer Sport Monthly in 2006. "The pressure of being labeled 'the next Althea Gibson' only made things worse. I felt I was never going to be allowed to grow into just becoming me."[citation needed]

Garrison turned professional in 1982, and skipped her graduation at Ross Sterling High School to compete in the French Open, her first tournament as a professional, where she reached the quarterfinals before being knocked-out by Martina Navrátilová.

Despite battling bulimia during her first few years on the tour, Garrison enjoyed notable success on-court. She reached the Australian Open semifinals in her first full year on the tour – 1983 – and finished the year ranked World No. 10. She won her first top-level singles titles in 1984 at the European Indoor Championships in Zürich. She was a Wimbledon semifinalist in 1985, and in 1986, she won her first tour doubles at the Canadian Open (partnering Gabriela Sabatini).

At the Australian Open in 1987, Garrison won the mixed doubles (partnering Sherwood Stewart) and finished runner-up in the women's doubles (partnering Lori McNeil). A year later, Garrison and Stewart captured the mixed doubles title at Wimbledon.

At the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul, Garrison teamed with Pam Shriver to win the women's doubles gold medal for the United States, defeating Jana Novotná and Helena Suková of Czechoslovakia in the final. Garrison defeated Shriver in the quarterfinals of the singles event, where she won a bronze medal.[2] At the US Open, she defeated defending champion Navratilova for the first time in her career, advancing to the semifinals where she lost to Sabatini.

In 1989, Garrison defeated Chris Evert 7–6, 6–2 in the quarterfinals of the US Open in what proved to be the final Grand Slam singles match of Evert's career. Garrison subsequently lost to Navrátilová in the semifinals. She finished 1989 ranked a career-high World No. 4 in singles.

The highlight of Garrison's career came in 1990 at Wimbledon. She defeated French Open champion Monica Seles in the quarterfinals 3–6, 6–3, 9–7 and the defending Wimbledon champion and World No. 1 Steffi Graf in the semifinals 6–3, 3–6, 6–4 to reach her first (and only) Grand Slam singles final, becoming the first African-American woman to do so since Althea Gibson. There, she lost to Navrátilová 6–4, 6–1 who won her record ninth women's singles title at Wimbledon. However, Garrison claimed her third Grand Slam mixed doubles title at Wimbledon that year (partnering Rick Leach).

In 1992, Garrison finished runner-up in the Australian Open women's doubles (partnering Mary Joe Fernandez).

Garrison retired from the professional tour in 1996. During her career, she won 14 top-level singles titles and 20 doubles titles.

Personal life and post-tennis career[edit]

Garrison married Willard Jackson in September 1989; however the marriage ended in divorce in 1997.

Since retiring from the tour, Garrison has worked as a television commentator and maintained active roles in the community and in tennis. She founded the Zina Garrison Foundation for the Homeless in 1988, and the Zina Garrison All-Court Tennis Program, which supports inner-city tennis in Houston, in 1992. She has also served as a member of the United States President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports. She is a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority.

Garrison has maintained a presence on the professional tennis scene, and was the captain for the U.S. Federation Cup team before relinquishing the role to Mary Joe Fernandez in 2008. This role involves coaching the team and giving on-court advice. She also led the U.S. women's team at the 2008 Beijing Games tennis event where team members Venus and Serena Williams won a doubles gold medal.[3]

After "piling on weight" in her 40's, she participated in Season 16 of the reality competition The Biggest Loser, titled The Biggest Loser: Glory Days, which premiered September 11, 2014 on NBC. Despite losing 8lbs., she was the first person eliminated from the program.[4]

Major finals[edit]

Grand Slam finals[edit]

Singles 1 (0 titles, 1 runner–up)[edit]

OutcomeYearChampionshipSurfaceOpponentScore
Runner-up1990WimbledonGrassUnited States Martina Navratilova6–4, 6–1

Women's doubles: 2 (0 titles, 2 runner–ups)[edit]

OutcomeYearChampionshipSurfacePartnerOpponentsScore
Runner-up1987Australian OpenGrassUnited States Lori McNeilUnited States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
6–1, 6–0
Runner-up1992Australian OpenHardUnited States Mary Joe FernándezSpain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
6–4, 7–6(7–3)

Mixed doubles: 6 (3 titles, 3 runner–ups)[edit]

OutcomeYearChampionshipSurfacePartnerOpponentsScore
Winner1987Australian OpenGrassUnited States Sherwood StewartUnited Kingdom Anne Hobbs
United Kingdom Andrew Castle
3–6, 7–6(7–5), 6–3
Winner1988WimbledonGrassUnited States Sherwood StewartUnited States Gretchen Magers
United States Kelly Jones
6–1, 7–6(7–3)
Runner-up1989Australian OpenHardUnited States Sherwood StewartCzechoslovakia Jana Novotná
United States Jim Pugh
6–3, 6–4
Runner-up1990Australian OpenHardUnited States Jim PughSoviet Union Natasha Zvereva
United Kingdom Andrew Castle
4–6, 6–2, 6–3
Winner1990Wimbledon (2)GrassUnited States Rick LeachAustralia Elizabeth Smylie
Australia John Fitzgerald
7–5, 6–2
Runner-up1993Australian OpenHardUnited States Rick LeachSpain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Australia Todd Woodbridge
7–5, 6–4

Olympics[edit]

Singles: 1 medal (1 bronze medal)[edit]

OutcomeYearChampionshipSurfaceOpponentScore
Bronze1988SeoulHardTiedDNP

Garrison lost in the semi-finals to Steffi Graf 6–2, 6–0. In 1988, there was no bronze medal play off match, both beaten semi-final players received bronze medals.

Doubles: 1 (1 gold medal)[edit]

OutcomeYearLocationSurfacePartnerOpponentsScore
Gold1988SeoulHardUnited States Pam ShriverCzechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
4–6, 6–2, 10–8

WTA Career Finals[edit]

Singles: 36 (14–22)[edit]

Winner — Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–1)
WTA Tour Championships (0–0)
Tier I (0–0)
Tier II (0–8)
Tier III (5–2)
Tier IV (3–2)
Tier V (0–2)
Virginia Slims (6–7)
Titles by Surface
Hard (3–6)
Grass (4–4)
Clay (1–3)
Carpet (6–9)
OutcomeNo.DateTournamentSurfaceOpponentScore
Runner-up1.August 1, 1983IndianapolisClayHungary Andrea Temesvári2–6, 2–6
Runner-up2.January 2, 1984WashingtonCarpet (I)Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková1–6, 1–6
Runner-up3.September 24, 1984New OrleansCarpet (I)United States Martina Navratilova4–6, 3–6
Winner1.October 29, 1984ZürichCarpet (I)West Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch6–1, 0–6, 6–2
Runner-up4.January 14, 1985DenverCarpet (I)United States Peanut Louie4–6, 6–4, 4–6
Winner2.April 15, 1985Amelia IslandClayUnited States Chris Evert-Lloyd6–4, 6–3
Runner-up5.July 22, 1985IndianapolisClayHungary Andrea Temesvári6–7(0–7), 3–6
Winner3.October 28, 1985ZürichCarpet (I)Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková6–1, 6–3
Runner-up6.September 15, 1986TampaHardUnited States Lori McNeil6–2, 5–7, 2–6
Winner4.October 27, 1986IndianapolisHard (I)United States Melissa Gurney6–3, 6–3
Winner5.January 5, 1987SydneyGrassUnited States Pam Shriver6–2, 6–4
Winner6.February 9, 1987San FranciscoCarpet (I)West Germany Sylvia Hanika7–5, 4–6, 6–3
Runner-up7.August 17, 1987TorontoHardUnited States Pam Shriver4–6, 1–6
Runner-up8.October 24, 1988IndianapolisHard (I)Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva3–6, 6–2, 2–6
Runner-up9.February 13, 1989WashingtonCarpet (I)West Germany Steffi Graf1–6, 5–7
Winner7.February 20, 1989OaklandCarpet (I)Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko6–1, 6–1
Runner-up10.June 12, 1989BirminghamGrassUnited States Martina Navratilova6–7(5–7), 3–6
Winner8.July 17, 1989NewportGrassUnited States Pam Shriver6–0, 6–1
Runner-up11.July 31, 1989San DiegoHardWest Germany Steffi Graf4–6, 5–7
Runner-up12.October 30, 1989WorcesterCarpet (I)United States Martina Navratilova2–6, 3–6
Winner9.November 6, 1989ChicagoCarpet (I)Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko6–3, 2–6, 6–4
Runner-up13.February 19, 1990WashingtonCarpet (I)United States Martina Navratilova1–6, 0–6
Winner10.June 11, 1990BirminghamGrassCzechoslovakia Helena Suková6–4, 6–1
Runner-up14.June 25, 1990WimbledonGrassUnited States Martina Navratilova4–6, 1–6
Runner-up15.October 22, 1990DoradoHardUnited States Jennifer Capriati7–5, 4–6, 2–6
Runner-up16.February 11, 1991ChicagoCarpet (I)United States Martina Navratilova1–6, 2–6
Runner-up17.October 22, 1991BrightonCarpet (I)Germany Steffi Graf7–5, 4–6, 1–6
Winner11.February 17, 1992Oklahoma CityHard (I)United States Lori McNeil7–5, 3–6, 7–6(12–10)
Runner-up18.April 13, 1992HoustonClaySocialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles1–6, 1–6
Winner12.February 15, 1993Oklahoma CityHard (I)United States Patty Fendick6–2, 6–2
Runner-up19.June 7, 1993BirminghamGrassUnited States Lori McNeil4–6, 6–2, 3–6
Runner-up20.July 26, 1993Stratton MountainHardSpain Conchita Martínez3–6, 2–6
Winner13.October 18, 1993BudapestCarpet (I)Belgium Sabine Appelmans7–5, 6–2
Runner-up21.November 1, 1993OaklandCarpet (I)United States Martina Navratilova2–6, 6–7(1–7)
Runner-up22.June 6, 1994BirminghamGrassUnited States Lori McNeil2–6, 2–6
Winner14.June 12, 1995BirminghamGrassUnited States Lori McNeil6–3, 6–3

Doubles: 46 (20–26)[edit]

Winner — Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–2)
WTA Tour Championships (0–0)
Olympic Games (1–0)
Tier I (2–2)
Tier II (6–11)
Tier III (6–2)
Tier IV (0–0)
Tier V (0–1)
Virginia Slims (5–8)
Titles by Surface
Hard (8–7)
Grass (2–3)
Clay (3–5)
Carpet (7–11)
OutcomeNo.DateTournamentSurfacePartnerOpponentsScore
Winner1.August 4, 1986MontrealHardArgentina Gabriela SabatiniUnited States Pam Shriver
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
7–6(7–2), 5–7, 6–4
Runner-up1.October 13, 1986FilderstadtCarpet (I)Argentina Gabriela SabatiniUnited States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
6–7(5–7), 4–6
Winner2.October 27, 1986IndianapolisHard (I)United States Lori McNeilUnited States Candy Reynolds
United States Anne Smith
4–5 ret.
Runner-up2.January 12, 1987Australian OpenGrassUnited States Lori McNeilUnited States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
1–6, 0–6
Runner-up3.February 9, 1987San FranciscoCarpet (I)Argentina Gabriela SabatiniCzechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková
Australia Wendy Turnbull
4–6, 6–7(4–7)
Runner-up4.March 23, 1987WashingtonCarpet (I)United States Lori McNeilUnited States Elise Burgin
United States Pam Shriver
1–6, 6–3, 4–6
Runner-up5.April 6, 1987Hilton Head IslandClayUnited States Lori McNeilArgentina Mercedes Paz
West Germany Eva Pfaff
6–7(6–8), 5–7
Runner-up6.April 20, 1987HoustonClayUnited States Lori McNeilUnited States Kathy Jordan
United States Martina Navratilova
2–6, 4–6
Runner-up7.August 10, 1987Los AngelesHardUnited States Lori McNeilUnited States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
3–6, 4–6
Winner3.August 17, 1987TorontoHardUnited States Lori McNeilWest Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
6–1, 6–2
Winner4.September 28, 1987New OrleansCarpet (I)United States Lori McNeilUnited States Peanut Louie-Harper
United States Heather Ludloff
6–3, 6–4
Runner-up8.October 12, 1987FilderstadtCarpet (I)United States Lori McNeilUnited States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
1–6, 2–6
Runner-up9.November 9, 1987ChicagoCarpet (I)United States Lori McNeilWest Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
4–6, 3–6
Runner-up10.February 8, 1988DallasCarpet (I)United States Gigi FernándezUnited States Lori McNeil
West Germany Eva Pfaff
6–2, 4–6, 5–7
Winner5.March 7, 1988Boca RatonHardUnited States Katrina AdamsWest Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
4–6, 5–7, 6–4
Runner-up11.March 14, 1988Key BiscayneHardUnited States Gigi FernándezWest Germany Steffi Graf
Argentina Gabriela Sabatini
6–7(3–7), 3–6
Winner6.April 11, 1988Amelia IslandClayWest Germany Eva PfaffUnited States Katrina Adams
United States Penny Barg
4–6, 6–2, 7–6(7–5)
Winner7.April 18, 1988HoustonClayUnited States Katrina AdamsUnited States Lori McNeil
United States Martina Navratilova
6–7(4–7), 6–2, 6–4
Runner-up12.August 15, 1988MontrealHardUnited States Pam ShriverCzechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
6–7(2–7), 6–7(6–8)
Winner8.September 19, 1988SeoulHardUnited States Pam ShriverCzechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
4–6, 6–2, 10–8
Runner-up13.October 24, 1988IndianapolisHard (I)United States Katrina AdamsSoviet Union Larisa Savchenko
Soviet Union Natalia Zvereva
2–6, 1–6
Winner9.November 25, 1988TokyoCarpet (I)United States Katrina AdamsUnited States Gigi Fernández
United States Robin White
7–5, 7–5
Winner10.January 31, 1989TokyoCarpet (I)United States Katrina AdamsUnited States Mary Joe Fernández
West Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
6–3, 6–3, 7–6(7–5)
Winner11.April 24, 1989HoustonClayUnited States Katrina AdamsUnited States Gigi Fernández
United States Lori McNeil
6–3, 6–4
Winner12.June 19, 1989EastbourneGrassUnited States Katrina AdamsCzechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
6–3 ret.
Winner13.February 19, 1990WashingtonCarpet (I)United States Martina NavratilovaUnited States Ann Henricksson
South Africa Dinky Van Rensburg
6–0, 6–3
Runner-up14.June 18, 1990EastbourneGrassUnited States Patty FendickSoviet Union Larisa Savchenko-Neiland
Soviet Union Natalia Zvereva
4–6, 3–6
Winner14.August 6, 1990San DiegoHardUnited States Patty FendickUnited States Elise Burgin
South Africa Rosalyn Fairbank-Nideffer
6–4, 7–6(7–5)
Winner15.October 15, 1990FilderstadtCarpet (I)United States Mary Joe FernándezArgentina Mercedes Paz
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
7–5, 6–3
Winner16.March 15, 1991Key BiscayneHardUnited States Mary Joe FernándezUnited States Gigi Fernández
Czechoslovakia Jana Novotná
7–5, 6–2
Runner-up15.October 7, 1991ZürichCarpet (I)United States Lori McNeilCzechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Czechoslovakia Andrea Strnadová
4–6, 3–6
Runner-up16.October 22, 1991BrightonCarpet (I)United States Lori McNeilUnited States Pam Shriver
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
1–6, 2–6
Runner-up17.November 11, 1991PhiladelphiaCarpet (I)United States Mary Joe FernándezCzechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko-Neiland
2–6, 4–6
Runner-up18.January 6, 1992SydneyHardUnited States Mary Joe FernándezSpain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
6–7(4–7), 7–6(7–4), 2–6
Runner-up19.January 13, 1992Australian OpenHardUnited States Mary Joe FernándezSpain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
4–6, 6–7(3–7)
Runner-up20.February 10, 1992ChicagoCarpet (I)United States Katrina AdamsUnited States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
4–6, 6–7(7–9)
Runner-up21.April 6, 1992Amelia IslandClayCzechoslovakia Jana NovotnáSpain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Commonwealth of Independent States Natasha Zvereva
1–6, 0–6
Runner-up22.June 15, 1992EastbourneGrassUnited States Mary Joe FernándezCzechoslovakia Jana Novotná
Latvia Larisa Savchenko-Neiland
0–6, 3–6
Runner-up23.August 10, 1992Los AngelesHardUnited States Pam ShriverSpain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czechoslovakia Helena Suková
4–6, 2–6
Winner17.February 8, 1993ChicagoCarpet (I)United States Katrina AdamsUnited States Amy Frazier
United States Kimberly Po
7–6(7–3), 6–3
Winner18.February 15, 1993Oklahoma CityHard (I)United States Patty FendickUnited States Katrina Adams
Netherlands Manon Bollegraf
6–3, 6–2
Runner-up24.May 3, 1993RomeClayUnited States Mary Joe FernándezCzech Republic Jana Novotná
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
4–6, 2–6
Winner19.October 4, 1993ZürichCarpet (I)United States Martina NavratilovaUnited States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 5–7, 6–3
Runner-up25.March 21, 1994HoustonClayUnited States Katrina AdamsNetherlands Manon Bollegraf
United States Martina Navratilova
4–6, 2–6
Winner20.June 6, 1994BirminghamGrassLatvia Larisa Savchenko-NeilandAustralia Catherine Barclay
Australia Kerry-Anne Guse
6–4, 6–4
Runner-up26.October 30, 1995OaklandCarpet (I)United States Katrina AdamsUnited States Lori McNeil
Czech Republic Helena Suková
6–3, 4–6, 3–6

Grand Slam performance timeline[edit]

Singles[edit]

Tournament19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996Career SR
Australian OpenAA1RSF1RQFNHQF2RQFQF4R4R3R1R3RA0 / 13
French OpenAAQF1R4R2R3RA4R3R1R1RA1R1R1RA0 / 12
WimbledonAA4R1R2RSF2RAQF2RFQF4R4RQF3RA0 / 13
US Open1R1R4R4R3RQF4R4RSFSFQF4R4R3R4R4R1R0 / 17
SR0 / 10 / 10 / 40 / 40 / 40 / 40 / 30 / 20 / 40 / 40 / 40 / 40 / 30 / 40 / 40 / 40 / 10 / 55
Career Statistics
Year End RankingNRNR16109811994101218142422255

Doubles[edit]

Tournament19811982198319841985198619871988198919901991199219931994199519961997Career SR
Australian OpenA1R2RQFQFNHFSF3R1R2RFQFQF1RAA0 / 13
French OpenA2R1R1R1R1RAQFQF1RQF1R3R3RQFAA0 / 13
WimbledonA1R2R2R2R3RASFQFSFSFQFSF1R3RAA0 / 13
US Open2R1R3R1RSFQFQF2R3R3RSFQFAA3R1R1R0 / 15
SR0 / 10 / 40 / 40 / 40 / 40 / 30 / 20 / 40 / 40 / 40 / 40 / 40 / 30 / 30 / 40 / 10 / 10 / 54
Career Statistics
Year End Ranking40441877913121013212790NR

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

External links[edit]