ZiL

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AMO ZiL (Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo - Zavod Imeni Likhachova)
TypeJoint Stock Company
IndustryAutomotive
Founded1916
HeadquartersMoscow, Russia
Key peopleKonstantin Laptev, General Director (2002–present)
ProductsLuxury automobiles
Heavy road vehicles
Offroad vehicles
Military vehicles
Websitewww.amo-zil.ru
 
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This page is about the Russian car and truck factory. For other meanings, see ZIL (disambiguation).
AMO ZiL (Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo - Zavod Imeni Likhachova)
TypeJoint Stock Company
IndustryAutomotive
Founded1916
HeadquartersMoscow, Russia
Key peopleKonstantin Laptev, General Director (2002–present)
ProductsLuxury automobiles
Heavy road vehicles
Offroad vehicles
Military vehicles
Websitewww.amo-zil.ru

Zavod imeni Likhachova, more commonly called ZIL (or ZiL, Russian: Завод имени Лихачёва (ЗиЛ)—Likhachev Factory, literally "Factory named after Likhachov") is a major Russian truck and heavy equipment manufacturer, which also produced armored cars for most Soviet leaders, as well as buses, armored fighting vehicles, and aerosani. The company also produces hand-built limousines and high-end luxury sedans (автомобиль представительского класса, also translated as "luxury vehicle") in extremely low quantities, primarily for the Russian government. ZIL passenger cars are priced at the equivalent of models from Maybach and Rolls-Royce, but are largely unknown outside the CIS and production rarely exceeds a dozen cars per year.

1916 plan for the AMO factory.

History[edit]

The factory was founded in 1916 as Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo (AMO, Russian Автомобильное Московское Общество (АМО)—Moscow Automotive Society). The plans were to produce Fiat F-15 1.5 tonne trucks under licence. Because of the October Revolution and the subsequent Russian Civil War it took until 1 November 1924 to produce the first vehicle, the AMO-F-15. In 1931 the factory was re-equipped and expanded with the help of the American A.J. Brandt Co., changed its name to Automotive Factory No. 2 Zavod Imeni Stalina (ZIS or ZiS). After Nikita Khrushchev denounced the cult of personality of Joseph Stalin in 1956, the name was changed again to Zavod imeni Likhachova, after its former director Ivan Alekseevich Likhachov.

ZiL lanes—road lanes dedicated to vehicles carrying top Soviet officials—were named after the car.

Subsidiaries[edit]

BAZ produces off-road tractors and chassis with carrying capacity from 14 to 40 tonnes.

Models[edit]

Limousines[edit]

Trucks[edit]

ZIL 130
ZIL 5301
ZIL 4331
fire truck AC 3.2-40 (ZiL-4331)
fire truck AC 3,0-40 (ZiL-4334)

Buses[edit]

interurban bus ZIS-127
ZIL-119

Sport and racing cars[edit]

ZIS-112 Sports

Misc[edit]

Astronaut Edward T. Lu, having landed with Soyuz TMA-2, is being recovered with a ZIL-49061 vehicle.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shelepenkov, Maxim. "Beneath the wing of the "Blue Bird"". Retrieved 20 May 2013. 

External links[edit]