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Former typePrivate
IndustryVideo game
FateOut of business[1]
HeadquartersSouth Korea
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Former typePrivate
IndustryVideo game
FateOut of business[1]
HeadquartersSouth Korea

Zemina (Korean: 재미나, originally 제미나) was a South Korean software maker brand of Saehan Trading (Korean: 새한 상사)[2] founded in 1981. They primarily made games for the Daewoo Zemmix, but because it was an MSX computer made to look and be played like a game console, they work on other MSX computers as well. Although many of them were copies of other games, like Super Boy I (based on Super Mario Bros.), they also produced some more original ones in their later years.[3]

Korea didn't have a copyright law for computer programs until July 1987.[4] Because of that, many companies, including Zemina, sold pirate copies of foreign titles with their own copyright hacked in. Even after that, the new law protected only the program code, not the intellectual property as a whole, so a lot of their "own" games were ports of famous Japanese games.

Most of their titles were converted to the Sega Master System as well. In 1992, they engaged in developing exclusive games for the Master System and Famicom consoles,[5] but not all of them were released.

They even released "Nemesis 3" under official license from Konami under the title Salamander II - all the while still selling multi game cartridges full of pirate copies of older Konami games.[6]

Zemina games[edit]

List of clones[edit]

GameYearSystem(s)Clone of
19421987MSX, MSX 21942
Alla II1990MSXThe Seven Adventures of Sindbad
Block Hole1990MSXQuarth
Brother Adventure1987MSX, MSX 2Mario Bros.
Double Dragon1989MSXDouble Dragon
F-1 Spirit: The Way To Formula-11987Sega Master SystemF-1 Spirit: The Way To Formula-1
Flashpoint1990MSX, Sega Master SystemFlash Point[7]
Green Beret[8]1987MSXGreen Beret
Hyper Olympic 1[9]1984MSXTrack & Field
King Kong 2: Yomigaeru Densetsu1987MSX2King Kong 2: Yomigaeru Densetsu (hack of the original with English screen text)
The Micro Xevious1990MSXXevious: Fardraut Saga
Nemesis1987Sega Master SystemGradius
Nemesis 2[10]1987Sega Master SystemNemesis 2
New Boggle Boggle1988MSXBubble Bobble (with new stages)
New Boggle Boggle 2[11]1989MSXBubble Bobble (again with new stages)
Penguin Adventure1987MSXPenguin Adventure
Puznic1990MSXPuzznic (with new stages)
Street Master1992MSXStreet Fighter (with characters from Street Fighter II)
Super Bio Man 41990MSXSuper Boy (a clone of Super Mario Bros. made by the same company)
Super Boy I1989MSX, Sega Master SystemSuper Mario Bros. (only 4 worlds)
Super Boy II1989MSX, Sega Master SystemSuper Mario Bros.: The Lost Levels (only 4 worlds)
Super Boy 31991MSX, Sega Master SystemSuper Mario World
Super Boy 41992Sega Master SystemSuper Mario World (different character sprite)
Super Bubble Bobble1989MSXBubble Bobble
Tengoku Yoitoko[12]1988MSXTengoku Yoitoko
The Three Dragon Story1989MSX, Sega Master SystemKnightmare
Warp & Warp[13]1984MSXWarp & Warp
Won-Si-In1991MSX, Sega Master SystemAdventures of Dino Riki
Won-Si-In 2UnreleasedSega Master System-

List of original games[edit]

Cyborg Z1991MSX, Sega Master System
Eagles 51990MSXAlso known as Doksuri 5 Hyeonjae.
Magic Kid Googoo1992FamicomUnique game from Zemina to be developed for the NES.
Project A2[14]1987MSX 2
Strange Loop1990MSX

Note 1: The clone game Block Hole is also known as Sagak-ui Bimil;
Note 2: Other releases that are merely hacks of Japanese games with Zemina's logo are not listed here.


Zemina also made hardware for the Zemmix. These include:


External links[edit]