Zealand

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Zealand
Native name: Sjælland
Stevns Klint.jpg
Denmark location sjalland.svg
Geography
LocationBaltic Sea
Coordinates55°30′N 11°45′E / 55.500°N 11.750°E / 55.500; 11.750Coordinates: 55°30′N 11°45′E / 55.500°N 11.750°E / 55.500; 11.750
Area7,031 km2 (2,715 sq mi)
Country
RegionCapital Region of Denmark, Region Zealand
Largest cityCopenhagen (pop. 1,181,239)
Demographics
Population2,491,090
Density354.3 /km2 (917.6 /sq mi)
 
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For other uses, see Zealand (disambiguation).
Zealand
Native name: Sjælland
Stevns Klint.jpg
Denmark location sjalland.svg
Geography
LocationBaltic Sea
Coordinates55°30′N 11°45′E / 55.500°N 11.750°E / 55.500; 11.750Coordinates: 55°30′N 11°45′E / 55.500°N 11.750°E / 55.500; 11.750
Area7,031 km2 (2,715 sq mi)
Country
RegionCapital Region of Denmark, Region Zealand
Largest cityCopenhagen (pop. 1,181,239)
Demographics
Population2,491,090
Density354.3 /km2 (917.6 /sq mi)
Not to be confused with New Zealand, Zeeland, Seeland, or Sealand.

Zealand, also Seeland (Danish: Sjælland; pronounced [ˈɕɛˌlænˀ]), is the largest (7,031 km²) and most populated island in Denmark with a population just under 2.5 million representing about 45% of the country's total population.

It is the 96th-largest island in the world by area and the 35th most populous. It is connected to Funen by the Great Belt Bridge, to Lolland, Falster (and Germany from 2021)[1] by the Storstrøm Bridge and the Farø Bridges, and to Sweden over Amager and the Øresund Bridge.

Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, is located partly on the eastern shore of Zealand and partly on Amager. Other cities on the island include Roskilde, Næstved and Elsinore.

The island is not connected historically to the Pacific nation of New Zealand, which is named after the Dutch province of Zeeland.

Mythological origins[edit]

Gefion carving Zealand from Sweden.

In Norse mythology as told in the story of Gylfaginning, the island was created by the goddess Gefjun after she tricked Gylfi, the king of Sweden. She removed a piece of land and transported it to Denmark, and it became Zealand. The vacant area was filled with water and became Mälaren.[2] However, since modern maps show a similarity between Zealand and the Swedish lake Vänern, it is sometimes identified as the hole left by Gefjun.

Geography[edit]

Zealand is the most populous Danish island (pop. 2012 est. 2,491,090).[3] It is joined to Funen by the Great Belt bridge and to Scania in Sweden by the Oresund bridge. It is irregularly shaped, and is north of the islands of Lolland, Falster, and Møn.

On June 5, 2007, the regional subsidiary of national broadcaster DR reported that Kobanke hill in the south east, near the town Rønnede in Faxe municipality, with a height of 122.9 m (403.21 feet), was the highest natural point on Zealand. Gyldenløveshøj, south of the city Roskilde, has a height of 126 m (413.4 feet), but that is due to a man-made hill from the 17th century and its highest natural point is only 121.3 m (397.96 feet).

Cities and towns[edit]

Urban areas with 10,000+ inhabitants:

#Urban areaMunicipalityPopulation
1CopenhagenMultiple1,213,822
2GreveGreve Municipality47,980
3RoskildeRoskilde Municipality47,828
4HelsingørHelsingør Municipality46,368
5HørsholmMultiple45,865
6NæstvedNæstved Municipality41,857
7KøgeKøge Municipality35,295
8TaastrupHøje-Taastrup Municipality32,719
9SlagelseSlagelse Municipality32,133
10HillerødHillerød Municipality30,570
11HolbækHolbæk Municipality27,195
12RingstedRingsted Municipality21,412
13Ølstykke-StenløseEgedal Municipality20,984
14BirkerødRudersdal Municipality19,919
15Måløv-SmørumnedreMultiple19,143
16FarumFuresø Municipality18,422
17KalundborgKalundborg Municipality16,303
18LillerødAllerød Municipality15,795
19FrederikssundFrederikssund Municipality15,602
20Solrød StrandSolrød Municipality15,159
21KorsørSlagelse Municipality14,538
22VærløseFuresø Municipality12,842
23FrederiksværkHalsnæs Municipality12,191
24DragørDragør Municipality11,683
25VordingborgVordingborg Municipality11,643
26Hedehusene-FløngHøje-Taastrup Municipality11,345
27HaslevFaxe Municipality11,201

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Zealand". Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Den Store Danske Encyklopædi, article Gefion
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. "Zealand". Britannica.com. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 

External links[edit]