Zealand

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Zealand
Native name: Sjælland
Stevns Klint.jpg
Geography
LocationBaltic Sea
Coordinates55°30′N 11°45′E / 55.500°N 11.750°E / 55.500; 11.750Coordinates: 55°30′N 11°45′E / 55.500°N 11.750°E / 55.500; 11.750
Area7,031 km2 (2,714.7 sq mi)
Country
RegionCapital Region of Denmark, Region Zealand
Largest cityCopenhagen (pop. 1,181,239)
Demographics
Population2,491,090
Density354.3 /km2 (917.6 /sq mi)
 
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Zealand
Native name: Sjælland
Stevns Klint.jpg
The Cliffs of Stevns south of Copenhagen
Geography
LocationBaltic Sea
Coordinates55°30′N 11°45′E / 55.500°N 11.750°E / 55.500; 11.750Coordinates: 55°30′N 11°45′E / 55.500°N 11.750°E / 55.500; 11.750
Area7,031 km2 (2,714.7 sq mi)
Country
RegionCapital Region of Denmark, Region Zealand
Largest cityCopenhagen (pop. 1,181,239)
Demographics
Population2,491,090
Density354.3 /km2 (917.6 /sq mi)

Zealand, also Seeland (Danish: Sjælland; pronounced [ˈɕɛˌlænˀ]) is the largest (7,031 km²) and most populated island in Denmark with a population just under 2.5 million, as-well as the 96th-largest island in the world and the 35th most populous. It is connected to Funen by the Great Belt Bridge, to Lolland, Falster (and Germany from 2021)[1] by the Storstrøm Bridge and the Farø Bridges, and to Sweden over Amager and the Øresund Bridge.

Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, is located partly on the eastern shore of Zealand and partly on Amager. Other cities on the island include Roskilde, Næstved and Elsinore.

Mythological origins[edit]

Gefion carving Zealand from Sweden.

In Norse mythology as told in the story of Gylfaginning, the island was created by the goddess Gefjun after she tricked Gylfi, the king of Sweden. She removed a piece of land and transported it to Denmark, and it became Zealand. The vacant area was filled with water and became Mälaren.[2] However, since modern maps show a similarity between Zealand and the Swedish lake Vänern, it is sometimes identified as the hole left by Gefjun.

Geography[edit]

Zealand is the most populous Danish island (pop. 2012 est. 2,491,090).[3] It is joined to Funen by the Great Belt bridge and to Scania in Sweden by the Oresund bridge. It is irregularly shaped, and is north of the islands of Lolland, Falster, and Møn.

On June 5, 2007, the regional subsidiary of national broadcaster DR reported that Kobanke hill in the south east, near the town Rønnede in Faxe municipality, with a height of 122.9 m (403.21 feet), was the highest natural point on Zealand. Gyldenløveshøj, south of the city Roskilde, has a height of 126 m (413.4 feet), but that is due to a man-made hill from the 17th century and its highest natural point is only 121.3 m (397.96 feet).

Cities and towns[edit]

Urban areas with +10,000 inhabitants:

#Urban areaMunicipalityPopulation
1CopenhagenMultiple1,213,822
2RoskildeRoskilde Municipality47,828
3HelsingørHelsingør Municipality46,368
4HørsholmMultiple45,865
5NæstvedNæstved Municipality41,857
6KøgeKøge Municipality35,295
7TaastrupHøje-Taastrup Municipality32,719
8SlagelseSlagelse Municipality32,133
9HillerødHillerød Municipality30,570
10HolbækHolbæk Municipality27,195
11RingstedRingsted Municipality21,412
12Ølstykke-StenløseEgedal Municipality20,984
13BirkerødRudersdal Municipality19,919
14Måløv-SmørumnedreMultiple19,143
15FarumFuresø Municipality18,422
16KalundborgKalundborg Municipality16,303
17LillerødAllerød Municipality15,795
18FrederikssundFrederikssund Municipality15,602
19Solrød StrandSolrød Municipality15,159
20KorsørSlagelse Municipality14,538
21VærløseFuresø Municipality12,842
22FrederiksværkHalsnæs Municipality12,191
23DragørDragør Municipality11,683
24VordingborgVordingborg Municipality11,643
25Hedehusene-FløngHøje-Taastrup Municipality11,345
26HaslevFaxe Municipality11,201

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Zealand". Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Den Store Danske Encyklopædi, article Gefion
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. "Zealand". Britannica.com. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 

External links[edit]