Zaatari refugee camp

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Zaatari
مخيم الزعتري
Refugee camp
Zaatari refugee camp, Jordan (2).jpg
Zaatari is located in Jordan
Zaatari
Zaatari
Location in Jordan
Coordinates: 32°17′44.4″N 36°19′25.5″E / 32.295667°N 36.323750°E / 32.295667; 36.323750Coordinates: 32°17′44.4″N 36°19′25.5″E / 32.295667°N 36.323750°E / 32.295667; 36.323750
Country Jordan
GovernorateMafraq Governorate
Settled2012
Area
 • Total1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
Population (2013)
 • Total81,000
 • Density62,307/sq mi (24,545/km2)
 figures from July 27, 2014 (est.)
Time zoneUTC+2 (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (UTC+3)
Area code(s)+(962)2
 
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Zaatari
مخيم الزعتري
Refugee camp
Zaatari refugee camp, Jordan (2).jpg
Zaatari is located in Jordan
Zaatari
Zaatari
Location in Jordan
Coordinates: 32°17′44.4″N 36°19′25.5″E / 32.295667°N 36.323750°E / 32.295667; 36.323750Coordinates: 32°17′44.4″N 36°19′25.5″E / 32.295667°N 36.323750°E / 32.295667; 36.323750
Country Jordan
GovernorateMafraq Governorate
Settled2012
Area
 • Total1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)
Population (2013)
 • Total81,000
 • Density62,307/sq mi (24,545/km2)
 figures from July 27, 2014 (est.)
Time zoneUTC+2 (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (UTC+3)
Area code(s)+(962)2

Zaatari (Arabic: مخيم الزعتري) is a refugee camp in Jordan, located 10 km east of Mafraq which is gradually evolving into a permanent settlement, a city.[1] It was first opened on July 28, 2012 to host Syrians fleeing the violence in the ongoing Syrian civil war that erupted in 2011. On July 27, 2014, the camp population was estimated at 81,000 refugees.[2]

It is connected to the road network by a short road which leads to the highway 10 OSM.

The camp features market-like structures along the main Street where goods like vegetables, basic household equipment and clothes can be purchased. Furthermore, coffee shops exist where shisha can be smoked.

Since the opening of the camp in July 2012 there have repeatedly been demonstrations held by the camp population. The main concern relates to the lack of sufficient food supplies and better accommodation.[3][4] The camp has seen an increasing number of reports of crime, including prostitution and drug-dealing.[5] Furthermore demonstrations are used as a forum to create awareness of the conflict and to express political views against the current government lead by Bashar al-Assad and the violence inflicted by the Syrian Armed Forces.[6] Further the protestors declared support for the Free Syrian Army.

Due to the maximum capacity of 60,000 refugees a second camp was built 20 kilometres east of Zarqa in the Marjeeb Al Fahood plains.[5][7] On 5 April 2014 a riot resulted in an number of injuries to both refuges and Jordanian police. One refugee was killed by gunshot.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Accurate counting of the number of refugees in the camp stopped during March 2013 due to the high influx of refugees that skyrocketed that month. Current estimates put the number of refugees residing in the camp at about 144,000 (July 4, 2013 estimate) [2] increasing at an influx rate peak of approximately 1,500 - 2,000 refugees per day (during April, 2013). This number makes the camp the largest population center in Jordan's Mafraq Governorate.

Population Growth in the Camp[edit]

Since the opening of the refugee camp in July 2012, the camp saw a dramatic increase in its population, that made it the largest population center in Mafraq Governorate within a few months:

The figures during the initial days varied slightly from day to day due to people 'escaping' or leaving the camp back to Syria, and partly due to initial over counting [14] Movement out of the camp remains restricted leaving many to label it a prison or detainment camp and going against core humanitarian principles.[citation needed] Most of the refugees are from the Governorates of southern Syria, Damascus and Homs.

Services[edit]

USAid personnel visit Zaatari refugee camp

UNHCR remains responsible for the refugees and the camp is managed by the Jordanian Hashemite Charity Organization / JHCO. In March 2013 the UNHCR called the German Mr Kilian Kleinschmidt to be the "Senior Field Coordinator" of the camp.[15] Other actors include:

Community Mobilization:

Medical:

WASH (Water/Sanitation/Hygiene) coordination and overall responsibility:

Water and Sanitation facilities:

Food:

Hygiene Promotion:

Education:

Women's and Children's Protection:

Others

Refugee Camp Mapping[edit]

Zaatari is one of the first camp to be mapped in detailed through OpenStreetMap. More information is available on Open Street Map Wiki [3].

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Refugee Camp for Syrians in Jordan Evolves as a Do-It-Yourself City" article by By Michael Kimmelman in The New York Times July 4, 2014
  2. ^ a b UNHCR data Portal
  3. ^ "Protests continue at Zaatari camp as community leaders emerge". The Jordan Times. 2012-11-05. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  4. ^ "Police disperse rioting Syrians at Zaatari camp". The Jordan Times. 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  5. ^ a b "Jordan selects Zarqa site for second Syrian refugee camp". Jordan Times. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  6. ^ "Refugees Daily". UNHCR. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  7. ^ Second camp for Syrian refugees opens in Jordan
  8. ^ Syria crisis: Deadly clash in Jordan's Zaatari camp
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ "امتلاء مخيم الزعتري باللاجئين السوريين" (in Arabic). Al-Arab Al-Yawm. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  11. ^ [2]
  12. ^ Alghad Newspaper (Arabic)
  13. ^ Alrababa'h, Ala'; Jarrar, Ghazi (August 18, 2013). "Syrian Refugees: Time To Do The Right Thing". Sharnoff's Global Views. Retrieved August 30, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Over 1,000 Syrians cross into Kingdom during Eid holiday". Jordan Times. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  15. ^ http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/kilian-kleinschmidt-profile-running-a-syrian-refugee-camp-a-908146.html
  16. ^ "From Our Head Of Mission In Jordan Davide Berruti". Intersos.org. 2012-10-30. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  17. ^ AFP. "Syria refugees fear long stay as French aid reaches Jordan". Jordantimes.com. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  18. ^ a b "Rainwater floods tents in Zaatari camp". The Jordan Times. 2012-11-12. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  19. ^ Syrians flee violence and disrupted health services to Jordan
  20. ^ "Syria crisis: camp inhabitants contribute to building activities". Thw.de. 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  21. ^ "Syria Crisis: Mr Westerwelle visits THW-Team". Thw.de. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  22. ^ "New Syrian refugee arrivals spark expanded ACTED intervention". Acted.org. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  23. ^ "Save the Children seeks to enrol Zaatari children in schools". The Jordan Times. 2012-10-02. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  24. ^ "Supporting Syrian refugee women". Rescue.org. 2012-10-18. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  25. ^ Farge, Emma. "Thousands of Syrians trapped in Aleppo: UNHCR". Reuters.com. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  26. ^ "Jordan: ICRC opens tracing office in refugee camp". Icrc.org. 2012-09-26. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 

External links[edit]