Yunnan Baiyao

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Yunnan Baiyao (or Yunnan Paiyao) (simplified Chinese: 云南白药; traditional Chinese: 雲南白藥) is a hemostatic powdered medicine famous for being carried by the Vietcong to stop bleeding during the Vietnam War.[1] The medicine, developed by Qu Huangzhang in 1902, is designated as one of two Class-1 protected traditional medicines, which gives it 20 years protection. In China, its reputation is equal to that of penicillin in the U.S.[2] It is founded and manufactured by a state-owned enterprise, Yunnan Baiyao Group (SZSE: 000538) in Yunnan, China.

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Origination[edit]

The medicine was developed by a Chinese man named Qu Huanzhang from Jiangchuan County in Yunnan Province.[citation needed] He had set out to explore the entire region and taste its hundreds of herbs. In 1902, he formulated "Qu Huanzhang Panacea" which became Yunnan Baiyao ("White medicine from Yunnan")[3] In the massive Taierzhuang Battle of 1938 (between Chinese and Japanese forces), Mr. Qu Huanzhang donated more than 30,000 bottles of Yunnan Baiyao to the army, thereby saving the lives of many soldiers.

As an indication of its value, it is noted that during the 1940s, army commander Wu Xuexian was seriously injured in his right leg. The French hospital in Kunming (capital of Yunnan) recommended amputation to save Wu's life. Wu turned to Qu for help, and to everyone's surprise, recovered without the need for an amputation. Yunnan Baiyao gained the reputation as a miracle remedy. After the death of Qu, his wife, Liao Lanying, donated the secret prescription to the government.[3]

Treatment[edit]

The main ingredients are both steamed and raw Sanqi, roots of Tienchi ginseng also known as "Notoginseng", Panax pseudoginseng, and Rhizoma Dioscoreae.[clarification needed][4][dead link] These two ingredients are then combined with astringent herbs that absorb excess bleeding, invigorate the blood[vague] and enhance healing[vague] including myrrh and dragon's blood a resinous for internal bleeding.[clarification needed][5][unreliable source?]

Formula[edit]

Its exact formula is a closely guarded secret. The company website mentions that the steroid progesterone is in the formula, in addition to several saponins, alkaloids and calcium phosphate.[2] The separate herbal ingredients are reportedly made up by thirteen separate teams, none of whom have any knowledge of the ingredients the other teams are mixing. The individual mixed components are then combined by a further team, who have no knowledge of what constitutes them but knows the proportions in which they are combined.

In December 2010, purported lists of ingredients were published on the websites of Amazon.com and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).[6] The list supposedly containing eight active ingredients of a liquid form of the drug were found in a document published on the FDA website[7] that contains correspondence between the FDA and a distributor of the drug. Ingredient lists were also present in the product information sections for the powdered and capsule forms of the drug on Amazon.com.[8][dead link] The proportions and exact manufacturing processes are still unknown.

Clinical trials[edit]

Yunnan Baiyao has been found to reduce post-operative bleeding.[9]

In a study by Dr E.J. Ladas at the Department of Pediatric Oncology, Columbia University, New York: Topical application of Yunnan Baiyo(White Medicine from Yunnann YNB) may be an efficacious agent for uncontrolled bleeding in conjunction with conventional hemostatic agents in adolescents with advanced cancer. It is well accepted by the patients.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Materia Medica
  2. ^ a b CBW-Yunnan Baiyao, one of the most famous Chinese Companies in all Chinese Provinces of China, Yunnan Province
  3. ^ a b Jintu - Yunnan Baiyao Plaster
  4. ^ YUNNAN BAIYAO natural pain relief from China - Rivet Trading cc South Africa
  5. ^ http://www.asianhealthsecrets.com/letha/?p=90 Letha Hadady Asian Health Secrets
  6. ^ Yunnan Baiyao secret ingredients found on US websites
  7. ^ FDA document containing ingredients
  8. ^ Product information of Yunnan Baiyao
  9. ^ name=PMID_19153029Tang, Z-L; Wang, X; Yi, B; Li, Z-L; Liang, C; Wang, X-X (2009). "Effects of the preoperative administration of Yunnan Baiyao capsules on intraoperative blood loss in bimaxillary orthognathic surgery: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.". International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery 38 (3): 261–6. doi:10.1016/j.ijom.2008.12.003. PMID 19153029. 
  10. ^ Ladas, E-J; Karlik, J-B; Rooney, D; Taromina, K; Ndao, D-H; Kelly, K-M (2012 #doi 10.1007/s00520-012-1598-1). "Topical Yunnan Baiyao administration as an adjunctive therapy for bleeding complications in adolescents with advanced cancer.". Support Care Cancer 12 (12): 3379–83. doi:10.1007/s00520-012-1598-1. PMID 23052909. 

External links[edit]