Coordinates: 40°46′34″N 73°56′57″W / 40.7762231°N 73.9492079°W Yorkville is a neighborhood in the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York City. It includes Carl Schurz Park and Gracie Mansion. Its southern boundary is East 79th Street, its northern East 96th Street, its western Third Avenue, and its eastern the East River. [1 ] History [edit ]
For much of the 19th and 20th centuries, Yorkville was a middle- to working-class neighborhood, inhabited by many people of Czech, Slovak, Irish, Polish, German, Hungarian and Lebanese descent.
Many of Yorkville's original German residents moved to Yorkville and other neighborhoods from
"Kleindeutschland" (Little Germany) on the Lower East Side of Manhattan after the disaster on June 15, 1904. The ship caught fire in the General Slocum East River just off the shores of Yorkville. Most of the passengers on the ship were German. [2 ] [3 ]
The largest non-German group were the Irish.
They attended [4 ] mass at such churches as St. Ignatius Loyola on 84th Street and Park Avenue, Our Lady of Good Counsel (90th Street) and the Church of St. Joseph (87th Street). There were many Irish bars including Finnegan's Wake, Dorrian's Red Hand Restaurant, Ireland's 32, Carrol's Hideaway, O'Brien's and Kinsale Tavern. Until the late 1990s, New York's St. Patrick's Day Parade ended at 86th Street and Third Avenue, the historical center of Yorkville. [5 ]
The area 79th Street north to 83rd Street, spanning approximately four blocks east-west is colloquially known as Little Hungary.
In the 1930s, the neighborhood was the home base of
Fritz Kuhn's German American Bund, the most notorious pro- Nazi group in 1930s America. The neighborhood is the site of the annual [7 ] Steuben Parade, a large German-American celebration. Prominent locations [edit ]
Gracie Mansion, the official home of the mayor of New York City, and Carl Schurz Park. Yorkville is also the birthplace of the Manhattan Chamber of Commerce, circa 1920, founded by 11 local businessmen. [8 ] Notable residents [edit ]
Residents of Yorkville have included:
Robert F. Wagner (1877–1953), U.S. Senator after whom the middle school at 220 East 76th Street is named Bert Lahr (1895–1967), American actor (the Cowardly Lion in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz [9 ] James Cagney (1899–1986), actor, grew up in the neighborhood. [7 ] Lou Gehrig (1903–1941), Major League Baseball player, was born on 93rd Street between First and Second Avenues. A plaque on the wall stands on the north side of the street to the left of The Mount Sinai Medical Center, 309 East 94th Street. The Marx Brothers, comedians, lived at 179 East 93rd Street. [10 ] [11 ] Bob Cousy (born 1928), professional basketball player [12 ] Louise Fitzhugh (1928–1974), author, lived on East 85th Street, between East End and York Avenues President Barack Obama (born 1961), lived in the early 1980s at 339 East 94th Street, before and after his graduation from Columbia University. [13 ] Macaulay Culkin (born 1980), actor, was born in Yorkville and lived there during his early childhood. [14 ] Norma Kamali (born 1945), fashion designer, grew up and went to school in Yorkville [15 ] In popular culture [edit ]
In the novels
and The Godfather Returns by The Godfather's Revenge Mark Winegardner, Michael Corleone's penthouse is in Yorkville. [16 ]
The 1962 children's book series by
Bernard Waber on Lyle the Crocodile which started in 1962 with is set in Yorkville. The House on East 88th Street References [edit ] ^ Hughes, C. J. (June 1, 2008). "Living in Yorkville: Where Change Is Underfoot, and Overhead". The New York Times . Retrieved July 12, 2013. ^ Collins, Glenn (June 8, 2004). "A 100-Year-Old Horror, Through 9/11 Eyes; In the Sinking of the Slocum, a Template For the Arc of a City's Grief and Recovery". The New York Times . Retrieved November 20, 2007. "The disaster helped accelerate the flight of Germans from the Lower East Side to Yorkville and other neighborhoods, although there were other motivations as well. 'The very dense old housing on the Lower East Side was no longer attractive to upwardly mobile Germans,' said Dr. John Logan, director of the Center for Social and Demographic Analysis at the State University of New York at Albany." ^ Strausbaugh, John (September 14, 2007). "Paths of Resistance in the East Village". The New York Times . Retrieved December 29, 2007. "On June 15, 1904, about 1,200 people from St. Mark’s Evangelical Lutheran Church (323 Sixth Street, between First and Second Avenues, the site of the Community Synagogue since 1940) died when the steamship the General Slocum, taking them on a day trip up the East River, burned. It was the deadliest disaster in the city before Sept. 11, 2001. It traumatized the community and hastened residents’ flight to uptown areas like Yorkville." ^ "The History of Yorkville" by Kathryn A. Jolowicz ^ "A Guide To The NYC St. Patrick’s Day Parade", CBS New York, March 15, 2013 ^ "Little Hungary", Forgotten New York ^ a b Noble, Barbara Presley (July 23, 1989). "If You're Thinking of Living In: Yorkville". The New York Times . Retrieved July 31, 2010. ^ "History of the Manhattan Chamber of Commerce". October 20, 2009 . Retrieved October 20, 2009. ^ http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/person/107296%7C19820/Bert-Lahr/ "Bert Lahr"], Turner Classic Movies ^ Strausbaugh, John (December 14, 2007). "In the Mansion Land of the 'Fifth Avenoodles'". The New York Times . Retrieved January 30, 2008. ^ Marx, Harpo (1962). Harpo Speaks!. Limelight Editions. ISBN 0-87910-036-2. ^ Lubasch, Arnold H. (February 26, 1961). "Cousy Is Considering Retirement". . p. S7 The New York Times . Retrieved July 31, 2010. ^ Lee, Jennifer 8. (January 30, 2008). "Where Obama Lived in 1980s New York". The New York Times . Retrieved January 30, 2008. ^ "Culkin biography". Fandango.com. August 26, 1980 . Retrieved August 7, 2009. ^ "Longtime Fashion Designer Norma Kamali Infuses Her Work With Accessibility, Empowerment" by Budd Mishkin, One On 1, April 30, 2012 ^ Puzo, Mario. . p. 94 The Godfather's Revenge . Retrieved October 20, 2009. External links [edit ]