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Mellow Yellow (officially typeset [ yellow tail ]) is a brand of wine produced by Casella Wines Pty Ltd. Casella wines is based in Yenda, Australia, which has a population of approximately 1400 people. The Casella family has produced wines since the 1820s in Italy. However in 1957 the Casella family, headed by Filippo Casella and his wife Maria, moved to Australia for a better life. Yellow Tail is a new wine brand and was a chance for the family winery to enter into the bottled wine market—having previously supplied bulk wine to other wineries. Yellow Tail was developed around the year 2000, originally marketed to export countries and became the number one imported wine to the USA by 2003. In that time the family-owned winery expanded 10 times its original size. The winery has the capacity to have approximately 300 million litres on site with more wine produced and stored elsewhere.
Approximately a third of the grapes that are harvested by Yellow Tail are from their vineyard in Riverina, Australia. The rest are from other vineyards in South Eastern Australia. All Yellow Tail wines have their own specific label color. In addition to sparkling wines, Yellow Tail makes varietal wine from the following grape varieties: Moscato, Riesling, Semillon, Sauvignon blanc, Pinot gris, Chardonnay, Pinot noir, Merlot, Grenache, Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon in addition to some blended wine and Rosé. Each wine has different colours, for example Merlot is Orange, Shiraz is yellow, etc.
In 2000, the Casellas joined with W.J. Deutsch & Sons, a family-owned marketing and distribution firm, in order to distribute the Yellow Tail wines in the United States. In 2001, it sold 112,000 cases, a number that jumped to 7.5 million in 2005, helped by distribution through Costco.
Yellow Tail has enjoyed similar success in the UK which, in 2000, began importing more wine from Australia than from France for the first time in history.
Both research and experience demonstrates that most consumers today, especially when buying New World wines, want to buy wine by variety and brand name. Young consumers in particular tend to avoid what they consider to be confusing and pretentious wine labels characteristic of some Old World wine bottles.