Yeezus

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Yeezus
Studio album by Kanye West
ReleasedJune 18, 2013 (2013-06-18)
Recorded2012 − June 2013; No Name Hotel (Paris), Studios de la Seine (Paris), Germano Studios (New York City), Gee Jam Studios (Port Antonio), Real World Studios (Box, Wiltshire), Shangri-La (Malibu)
GenreHip hop
Length40:01
LabelRoc-A-Fella, Def Jam
ProducerKanye West, 88-Keys, Ackee Juice Rockers, Arca, Benji B, Carlos Broady, Brodinski, Ben Bronfman, Evian Christ, Eric Danchild, Daft Punk, Mike Dean, Dom Solo, Jack Donoghue, Gesaffelstein, Noah Goldstein, Lunice, Lupe Fiasco, Hudson Mohawke, No ID, Che Pope, Rick Rubin (exec.), S1, Travis Scott, Sham Joseph
Kanye West chronology
Cruel Summer
(2012)
Yeezus
(2013)
Singles from Yeezus
  1. "Black Skinhead"
    Released: June 19, 2013 (2013-06-19)
  2. "Bound 2"
    Released: August 28, 2013 (2013-08-28)
 
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Yeezus
Studio album by Kanye West
ReleasedJune 18, 2013 (2013-06-18)
Recorded2012 − June 2013; No Name Hotel (Paris), Studios de la Seine (Paris), Germano Studios (New York City), Gee Jam Studios (Port Antonio), Real World Studios (Box, Wiltshire), Shangri-La (Malibu)
GenreHip hop
Length40:01
LabelRoc-A-Fella, Def Jam
ProducerKanye West, 88-Keys, Ackee Juice Rockers, Arca, Benji B, Carlos Broady, Brodinski, Ben Bronfman, Evian Christ, Eric Danchild, Daft Punk, Mike Dean, Dom Solo, Jack Donoghue, Gesaffelstein, Noah Goldstein, Lunice, Lupe Fiasco, Hudson Mohawke, No ID, Che Pope, Rick Rubin (exec.), S1, Travis Scott, Sham Joseph
Kanye West chronology
Cruel Summer
(2012)
Yeezus
(2013)
Singles from Yeezus
  1. "Black Skinhead"
    Released: June 19, 2013 (2013-06-19)
  2. "Bound 2"
    Released: August 28, 2013 (2013-08-28)

Yeezus is the sixth studio album by American hip hop recording artist and producer Kanye West. It was released on June 18, 2013, by Roc-A-Fella Records and Def Jam Recordings. The album began production in the living room of a loft space at a Paris hotel. West gathered various artists and close collaborators for work and production on the album, including Mike Dean and Daft Punk. Yeezus also features guest appearances from Assassin and King L, as well as previous collaborators Justin Vernon, Frank Ocean, Chief Keef, Kid Cudi and Charlie Wilson. West enlisted the help of producer Rick Rubin only 15 days before its due date to strip down the record's sound in favor of a more minimalist approach.

West was primarily inspired by architecture and was particularly interested in the works of Le Corbusier, and visited The Louvre several times while in Paris. Musically, Yeezus is dark and sonically experimental, combining elements of Chicago drill, dancehall, acid house, and industrial music. West continues his use of unconventional samples including, most notably, the vocal refrain from Nina Simone's cover of "Strange Fruit". Yeezus has no album artwork, and the physical CD edition of the album was released in a clear jewel box with little more than a strip of red tape and sample credits. Initial promotion of Yeezus included worldwide video projections of the album's music and live television performances, and West opted to not release singles out of the album in the United States until July, with the song "Black Skinhead".

The album received rave reviews from music critics, who considered Yeezus among West's best work and praised the different sound. However, it was met with mixed reactions from the public, with divided opinions emerging after the album had an internet leak four days before release. Yeezus debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, selling 327,000 copies in its first week of release, but sales soon diminished. It topped the charts of 30 other countries, including the United Kingdom and Australia. After less than two months of release, the album was certified gold by the RIAA.

Background

Following the release of his fifth album, My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy (2010), West collaborated with longtime friend Jay-Z on Watch the Throne (2011). In July 2012, producer No ID revealed that he had been working on West's sixth solo studio album and that it would be released after Cruel Summer (2012), a collaborative compilation album between members of West's record label GOOD Music.[1] For Yeezus, West enlisted several collaborators, including Kid Cudi, Charlie Wilson, S1, The Heatmakerz, Mike Dean, Hudson Mohawke, Skrillex, Young Chop, Chief Keef, Frank Ocean, Odd Future, Travis Scott, The-Dream, Cyhi the Prynce, Malik Yusef, King L, John Legend, James Blake, RZA, Mase and Pusha T. The album features additional vocals by Justin Vernon, Frank Ocean, Chief Keef, King L, Kid Cudi, Assassin and Charlie Wilson.[2]

West was influenced primarily by architecture during the production of Yeezus, and visited a furniture exhibit in the Louvre to study design.[3] A single Le Corbusier lamp was his "greatest inspiration".[3] West worked closely with the architect Oana Stanescu, and took "field trips" to Le Corbusier homes. Fascinated by Stanescu's comments on the unusual and radical nature of Corbusier design choices, West applied the situation to his own life, feeling that "visionaries can be misunderstood by their unenlightened peers."[4] West also met with architect Joseph Dirand and Begian interior designer Axel Vervoordt, and had "rare Le Corbusier lamps, Pierre Jeanneret chairs and obscure body-art journals from Switzerland" delivered to the loft.[4] West also wanted a deep hometown influence on the album, and listened to 1980s house music most associated with his home city of Chicago for influence.[3]

Recording and production

West first began work on Yeezus at his personal loft in Paris, and on numerous occasions visited The Louvre (pictured) for inspiration.[3]

West began recording his sixth studio album in mid-2012 with collaborators including No ID and DJ Khaled.[5] The first recordings were held in January 2013, in his own personal loft's living room at a Paris hotel, referred to in the album's credits as the "No Name Hotel". West kept compositions simple in order to hear the tracks more clearly; too much bass or complexity would simply overpower the room's poor acoustics.[3] The beats emanating from the loft space, which sometimes lasted through the night, provoked complaints from neighbors.[4] Reports emerged that he and his girlfriend Kim Kardashian had moved to the loft in order for West to begin work on the album.[6]

The atmosphere in the studio was described by Evian Christ as "very focused," and West once again brought in several close collaborators. All involved were given a song to work on and return the next day to sit and critique, a process Anthony Kilhoffer compared to an art class.[7] Determined to "undermine the commercial," several tracks were left off the finished product that were deemed too melodic or more in line with West's previous material.[7] West set parameters regarding sound and style, insisting that there be no "bass wobbles" reminiscent of dubstep.[7] The album's recording process was described as "very raw" by Thomas Bangalter of the French electronic duo Daft Punk, who produced four songs for the album, adding that West was "rapping – kind of screaming primally, actually."[8] While previous albums, particularly Dark Fantasy, took considerable time in the studio, Yeezus was described by Kilhoffer as "the fastest record we ever made."[7] In May 2013, Def Jam executives listened to the "final product," (only later to be changed) describing the album as "dark."[9]

West's creative process often bordered on perfectionist. W writer Christopher Bagley reports that West would often describe the album at various points as near completion, only to follow it a short time later with "only 30 percent complete."[4] West made several last-minute alterations to Yeezus, enlisting Rick Rubin as an executive producer for additional recording mere days before its release; changes included re-recording whole songs and rewriting entire verses.[10] For several days in late May and early June 2013, West and a "rotating group of intimates, collaborators and hangers-on" holed up at Rubin's Shangri-La Studio in Malibu in service of completing the record.[3] Rubin thought it impossible to meet the deadline and all involved ended up working long hours with no days off in order to complete the record. The rough cut West played Rubin, originally with 16 tracks, ran nearly three and a half hours long.[11] West's orders to Rubin were to take the music in a "stripped-down minimal direction", often removing elements already recorded. Rubin gave as example "Bound", which was "a more middle of the road R&B song, done in an adult contemporary style" before Kanye decided to replace the musical backing with a minimalistic sample, "a single note baseline in the hook which we processed to have a punk edge in the Suicide tradition." Two days before the album had to be delivered to the label, West wrote and sung lyrics to two songs while also recording the vocals to three others in just two hours.[12] Rubin also suggested to reduce the album from sixteen songs to just ten, saying the others could be reserved for a follow-up.[13]

Composition

Music and style

According to Charles Aaron of Spin, Yeezus is "a hip hop album, not a rap album", because of how its sounds and subject matter are assembled together, and although listeners can hear "'punk' or 'post-punk' or 'industrial'" throughout, "hip-hop has always been about noise and dissonance and dance music as agitation".[14] Slant Magazine's Ted Scheinman wrote that, with the album, West reconceives the "notion of what kind of music (or noise) can underpin hip-hop."[15] According to music critic Greg Kot, Yeezus is a "hostile, abrasive and intentionally off-putting" album that combines "the worlds of" 1980s Chicago acid-house and 2013 Chicago drill music, 1990s industrial music, and the "avant-rap" of Saul Williams, Death Grips and Odd Future.[16] It incorporates industrial music, trap music, avant-garde, punk rock and new wave.[17][18][improper synthesis?] The record "most closely resembles" 1990s industrial rock, during which the genre had a significant pop culture impact, with artists such as Nine Inch Nails, Ministry, and Marilyn Manson gaining success. The industrial scene created a "vast global underground community," and Esquire notes that one of its epicenters was in Chicago, where West was raised.[19] Evan Rytlewksi of The A.V. Club characterized its opening series of songs as electro and industrial hip hop.[20]

Yeezus is primarily electronic in nature, and boasts distorted drum machines and "synthesizers that sound like they're malfunctioning, low-resolution samplers that add a pixelated digital aura to the most analog sounds."[19] To this end, the album incorporates glitches reminiscent of CD skips or corrupted MP3's, and Auto-Tuned vocals are modulated to a point in which they are difficult to decipher.[19] Esquire cites "On Sight" as an early example of the album's connection to electronic music, citing its "droning synthesizer tone," which is "modulated until the signal starts throwing off harshly treble-heavy spikes and begins to clip, as if it were overloading a digital audio processor."[19]

Yeezus continues West's practice of eclectic samples: he employs an obscure Hindi sample on "I Am a God", and a sample of 1970s Hungarian rock group Omega on "New Slaves".[21] "On Sight" interpolates a melody from "Sermon (He'll Give Us What We Really Need)" by the Holy Name of Mary Choral Family, although the track originally sampled an old vocal track from the original recording.[10] As late as a week prior to release, lawyers were forced to track down the choir director and members of the choir on the South Side of Chicago in order to get clearance for such a sample.[22] Def Jam executives were significantly worried enough the deal would not be in place in time for the record's deadline, and producers re-recorded the vocals with a new choir as the sample could not be cleared in enough time.[22]

Song analysis

"I Am a God" was inspired by a "diss" from a major fashion designer, who informed West of his invitation to a widely anticipated runway show on the condition he agree to not attend other shows.[4] "I'm in It" began with a different sample and melody, but West removed the sample and Rubin edited the track down from a six-minute arrangement.[7] "Blood on the Leaves," which samples Nina Simone's 1965 rendition of "Strange Fruit" and was the first track in the first incarnation of the track list, is an example of West's signature dichotomy in which he melds the sacred and profane.[7][23] "Strange Fruit", first recorded by Billie Holiday in 1939, brought the lynchings of black Americans to a "startling poignancy," creating "one of the most towering, important songs of the 20th century." West's anthemic re-telling instead details an MDMA-fueled hookup and the perils of fame.[23]

Packaging

The physical CD edition of Yeezus was released in a clear jewel box with no album artwork, reflecting the minimalist tone. The packaging consists of little more than a piece of red tape and a sticker affixed to the back, with sample credits and the album's UPC. The front is affixed with a Parental Advisory label.[24] The Source pointed out a resemblance between the Yeezus CD packaging and a packaging concept designed for a single by the English band New Order in 2001.[25]

Release and promotion

Projection of "New Slaves" on the W Hotel in Los Angeles.

On May 1, 2013, West used the social networking site Twitter to post a single message reading "June Eighteen," leading several media outlets to speculate that the post referred to the release date of West's upcoming album.[26] On May 17, he began promotion of the album by unveiling the previously unreleased song "New Slaves" through video projections in 66 assorted locations.[27] The following day, West appeared on the American late-night live television sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live and performed the songs "New Slaves" and "Black Skinhead."[28] He subsequently revealed the album's cover and title, Yeezus, on his official website.[29] The iTunes Store made Yeezus available for pre-order on May 20, but the listing was subsequently taken down for unknown reasons.[30] On May 29, A.P.C. founder Jean Touitou unveiled an advertisement for Yeezus which stated that the album would not be available for pre-order.[31] Speaking about the album's minimal promotion, West stated: "With this album, we ain't drop no single to radio. We ain't got no NBA campaign, nothing like that. Shit, we ain't even got no cover. We just made some real music."[10] The final Yeezus track listing was confirmed by the French branch of Amazon.com on June 12.[32]

On September 6, 2013, Kanye West announced the Yeezus Tour, a North American tour to take place between October 19 through December 7, 2013. The tour is being marketed as his "first solo tour in 5 years", and will feature Kendrick Lamar as a supporting act on 18 of the shows.[33]

Singles

Def Jam confirmed in late June that "Black Skinhead" would be serviced to American radio as the album's first single in July 2013 and that a music video for the track was being produced.[34] It had previously impacted radio in the United Kingdom on June 19.[35] The song peaked at number 69 on the US Billboard Hot 100.

In August 2013, it was revealed that "Bound 2" would be released as the second single from Yeezus.[36][37] The single was sent to radio in the United Kingdom on August 28.[38] "Bound 2" features vocals from American soul singer Charlie Wilson and incorporates numerous samples into its production, including prominent elements of the song "Bound" (1971) by soul group Ponderosa Twins Plus One."Bound 2" received general acclaim from music critics, who referred to the song as one of the highlights of the album and compared its soul sample-based production to West's early work from his debut studio album The College Dropout. The song has peaked at number five on the United States Billboard Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles chart.

Public reaction

Kanye West at the Governors Ball Music Festival, where he performed several tracks from Yeezus publicly for the first time.

Public reaction to Yeezus, including its unorthodox and deliberate lack of promotion as well as its brash and aggressive sound, was mixed. Yeezus was noted as one of the most anticipated releases of 2013 by major publications, but the lack of a major radio single was regarded as a risky move.[39] Regardless, radio stations have still played tracks from Yeezus on air, despite it being a departure from the normal playlists found on hip-hop stations.[40] "When I listen to radio, that ain't where I wanna be no more," stated West at his headlining June 9, 2013 Governor's Ball performance, where he unveiled several tracks from the record for the first time. Rolling Stone summarized the audience's response: "Half the crowd cheered, half almost audibly rolled their eyes."[41]

West's June 11 interview with Jon Caramanica of The New York Times was similarly viewed with a mixed reaction, with many outlets mocking West's seemingly vain statements.[42] In the article, West compares himself to Apple co-founder Steve Jobs and refers to himself as "the nucleus of all society."[43]

Yeezus leaked four days prior to release,[44] despite being under a significant level of security. The New York Times wrote that the leak "stirred up a Twitter frenzy" and received widespread media coverage.[45] The Washington Post commented on the significance of the leak: "Kanye West’s new album didn’t leak online over the weekend. It gushed out into the pop ecosystem like a million barrels of renegade crude — ominous, mesmerizing and of great consequence."[46] Critics were very kind to Yeezus regarding critical reviews, but others viewed the release as "musical and commercial suicide," and "fans live-blogged their own befuddlement on Twitter and Facebook."[47] The New Yorker's Sasha Frere-Jones suggests that Yeezus may be preferred over any of West's previous works in coming decades by a new generation due to the "lean vibrancy" of the album.[42] "One of the most fascinating aspects of Yeezus' arrival is the discursive crisis it's caused, produced by a fast-react culture colliding with a work of art so confounding," wrote The Atlantic columnist Jack Hamilton.[47]

West was criticised by the UK and US Parkinson's Disease Associations for controversial lyrics in lead-song "On Sight".[48][49]

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
SourceRating
Metacritic85/100[50]
Review scores
SourceRating
Allmusic4.5/5 stars[51]
Chicago Tribune3/4 stars[16]
Entertainment WeeklyA−[52]
The Guardian4/5 stars[53]
Los Angeles Times3.5/4 stars[17]
New York Daily News5/5 stars[21]
Pitchfork Media9.5/10[54]
Rolling Stone4.5/5 stars[55]
Spin8/10[56]
USA Today4/4 stars[57]

Upon its release, Yeezus received rave reviews from music critics.[58] At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from critics, the album received an average score of 85, which indicates "universal acclaim", based on 45 reviews.[50] Jim Farber of the New York Daily News, in an early review of the leaked edition of Yeezus, called the record "a chutzpah classic," elaborating that "the entire disc rethinks industrial rock of the early '90s for both a new era and genre."[21] Steve Jones of USA Today called the album "immediately stunning [...] he created a polarizing, multi-layered body of work that probably will be debated all summer."[57] Jon Dolan of Rolling Stone called Yeezus a "brilliant, obsessive-compulsive career auto-correct," comparing it to similarly abrasive records: "Every mad genius has to make a record like this at least once in his career – at its nastiest, his makes Kid A or In Utero or Trans all look like Bruno Mars."[55] Pitchfork Media writer Ryan Dombal viewed it a "razor-sharpened take" on West's fourth album, 808s & Heartbreak, concluding that "Cohesion and bold intent are at a premium on Yeezus, perhaps more than any other Kanye album. Each fluorescent strike of noise, incongruous tempo flip, and warped vocal is bolted into its right place across the album's fast 40 minutes."[54]

The Guardian's Alexis Petridis was positive in his assessment of the record: "Noisy, gripping, maddening, potent [...] Yeezus is the sound of a man just doing his job properly."[53] Chicago Tribune writer Greg Kot wrote that "West sounds more complicated than ever, an artist willing to throw himself off the ledge not just to get a reaction, but to open up a conversation about, well, just about everything that matters to him."[16] Randall Roberts of the Los Angeles Times called Yeezus West's "most musically adventurous album [...] It’s also West’s most narcissistic, defiant, abrasive and unforgiving."[17] Jon Pareles of The New York Times commented on the album's mix of genres: "Deploying anything from a Hungarian progressive-rock band to the rasp of dancehall, the album is one long, efficient, inventive kick in the head."[45] Ray Rahman of Entertainment Weekly considered the record a plunge "directly into the darker crevices of his psyche," commending the "dense breathless sound sets the tone for an album that reaches far outside of traditional sample-based hip-hop."[52] Evan Rytlewski, writer for The A.V. Club, wrote that "Even by the standards of an artist who reinvents himself with each release, it’s a drastic departure," calling it West's "loudest and most impulsive album."[20]

David Jeffries of Allmusic called Yeezus an "extravagant stunt with the high-art packed in, offering an eccentric, audacious, and gripping experience that's vital and truly unlike anything else."[51] Dan Buyanovsky of XXL awarded the album an "XL" rating, believing the album featured some of West's "most provocative writing to date, and it sees him perfecting his formula of dissecting power and otherness with a masterpiece mix of awareness, ignorant wit and fuck-off confidence."[59] The Independent's Hardeep Phull felt Yeezus less grandiose than previous efforts, elaborating that "Kanye West has emphatically rejected the idea of making another slick hip-hop record precisely because it’s what has become expected of him. It’s not quite godlike, but Yeezus certainly feels like it was created by a higher power."[60] Paste's Ryan Reed called Yeezus the "least likable album Kanye’s ever made," citing several lines on "Bound 2" as a "beautiful blast of humanity on an album—a perplexing, fascinating, absorbing album—that often feels outside normal human grasp."[61] The Washington Post's Chris Richards called West's lyricism on the album "refined and probably his least compelling. But they don’t feel lazy so much as drunk on bitterness."[46] In a more mixed review, Ted Scheinman of Slant Magazine praised the production as "head-spinning," but criticized West's lyrics, commenting that he is "seeking social-commentary cred that he hasn't earned."[15] Robert Christgau, writing for MSN Music, gave the album a three-star honorable mention and suggested that West was imitating Death Grips.[62]

Accolades

In October 2013, Complex named it the sixth best hip hop album of the last five years.[63]

Commercial performance

Within one day of availability on iTunes, Yeezus topped sales in the UK, Canada, Australia and Germany, while remaining at number two in the United States behind J Cole's Born Sinner.[64] Yeezus debuted at number one in 31 countries, while also landing top five spots in 20 more charts.[65]

Yeezus debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 chart, selling 327,000 copies in the United States in its first week.[66] The numbers marked West's lowest solo opening week sales in the US.[66] Despite initially being projected to sell 500,000 copies in its first week, the album's leak led to diminished sales figures.[67] However, it still had the third-best first week sales of 2013 at the time of its release and the best first week sales by a hip hop album since Drake's 2011 album Take Care.[67] The album's second-week sales saw the album fall dramatically: although it still ended at number three on the chart, sales dropped 80% to 65,000 units, making Yeezus the largest second-week percentage drop for a number one-debuting album in 2012–2013 and the fourth-largest for a number one-bowing album in the SoundScan era.[68] Billboard's Keith Caulfield attributed the diminished figures to the untraditional marketing, considering that the lack of single and public appearances lead the album to find "difficulty in sustaining its momentum".[68] As of August 25, 2013, the album has sold 517,000 copies in the United States.[69] Other chart-topping performances included the United Kingdom, where Yeezus debuted at number one on the UK Albums Chart on downloads alone, making the album West's first number one on that chart since Graduation in 2007,[70] and Australia, where it became West's first album to top the ARIA Charts.[71] On August 12, 2013, the album was certified Gold for sales of over 500,000 copies.[72][73]

Track listing

Credits adapted from West's official website.[2]

No.TitleWriter(s)Producer(s)Length
1."On Sight"  
2:36
2."Black Skinhead"  
3:08
3."I Am a God" (featuring God)
3:51
4."New Slaves"  
4:16
5."Hold My Liquor"  
  • West
  • Dean
  • Vernon
  • Keith Cozart
  • Rutberg
  • Smith
  • Jones
  • Alejandro Ghersi
  • Young
  • Watkins
5:26
6."I'm in It"  
3:54
7."Blood on the Leaves"  
6:00
8."Guilt Trip"  
  • West
  • Dean
  • S1
  • Travis Scott[a]
  • Ackeejuice Rockers[a]
4:03
9."Send It Up"  
2:58
10."Bound 2"  
3:49
Total length:
40:01
Notes[2]
Sample credits[2]

Personnel

Credits are adapted from the album's liner notes.[2]

  • Alvin Fields – choir director
  • Andrew Dawson – engineer
  • Anthony Kilhoffer – engineer
  • Arca – additional programming
  • Benji B – additional production
  • Brodinski – additional production
  • Carmen Roman – choir
  • Ché Pope – A&R, additional programming, co-executive producer
  • Chris Galland – assistant mixing
  • Chris Gehringer – mastering
  • Crystal Brun – choir
  • Daft Punk – producer
  • Dave "Squirrel" Covell – assistant engineer
  • David Rowland – assistant engineer
  • Delbert Bowers – assistant mixing
  • Dylan Wissing –drums
  • Eric Lynn – assistant mixing
  • Frank Ocean – additional vocals
  • Gesaffelstein – additional production
  • Gloria Ryann – choir
  • Hudson Mohawke – additional programming, co-producer
  • Jack Donoghue – additional production
  • Jessenia Pena – choir
  • Joe Perez – graphic design
  • John Morgan – choir
  • Josh Smith – assistant engineer
  • Justin Vernon – additional vocals
  • K. Nita – choir
  • Kanye West – creative director, executive producer, producer, vocals
  • Keith Parry – assistant engineer
  • Ken Lewis – choir producer, engineer, noises, vocal sounds
  • Kenta Yonesaka – assistant engineer
  • Kevin Matela – assistant engineer
  • Khoï Huynh – assistant engineer
  • Lorraine Berry – choir
  • Lupe Fiasco – additional production
  • Manny Marroquin – mixing
  • Marc Portheau – assistant engineer, engineer
  • Matt Teitelman – percussion
  • Mike Dean – additional production, engineer
  • Nabil Essemlani – assistant engineer
  • Natalis Ruby Rubero – choir
  • Noah Goldstein – additional production, additional programming, associate producer, engineer, mixing
  • Raoul Le Pennec – assistant engineer
  • Rick Rubin – executive producer
  • Ronnie Artis – choir
  • Sean Drew – choir
  • Sean Oakley – assistant engineer, assistant mixing
  • Sham Joseph – additional production
  • Teachers – co-producer
  • Timeka Lee – choir
  • Travi$ Scott – additional programming
  • Uri Djemal – choir engineer
  • Vlado Meller – mastering

Charts

Chart (2013)Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[74]1
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[75]22
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Flanders)[76]4
Belgian Albums (Ultratop Wallonia)[77]22
Canadian Albums (Billboard)[78]1
Czech Albums (ČNS IFPI)[79]33
Danish Albums (Hitlisten)[80]1
Dutch Albums (MegaCharts)[81]16
Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)[82]13
French Albums (SNEP)[83]12
German Albums (Media Control)[84]15
Irish Albums (IRMA)[85]4
Italian Albums (FIMI)[86]40
New Zealand Albums (Recorded Music NZ)[87]1
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[88]2
Russian Albums (NFPS)[89]1
Scottish Albums (OCC)[90]4
Spanish Albums (PROMUSICAE)[91]94
Swedish Albums (Sverigetopplistan)[92]35
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[93]6
Taiwanese Albums (RIT)[94]16
UK Albums (OCC)[95]1
UK R&B Albums Chart (OCC)[96]1
US Billboard 200[97]1
US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums (Billboard)[98]1

Certifications

RegionCertificationSales/shipments
United States (RIAA)[99]Gold500,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

Release history

RegionDateFormatLabel
Australia[100]June 18, 2013CD, digital downloadUniversal
Germany[101]
New Zealand[102]Def Jam
United States[103]
France[32]June 21, 2013Universal
United Kingdom[104]June 22, 2013Virgin

References

  1. ^ Markman, Rob (July 5, 2012). "Kanye West To Drop Solo LP After G.O.O.D.'s Cruel Summer". MTV News. MTV. Retrieved May 20, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Yeezus (Media notes). Kanye West. Roc-A-Fella, Def Jam. 2013. http://images.modlife.com.s3.amazonaws.com/custom/kanye/YEEZUS-CREDITS.pdf. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Caramanica, Jon (June 11, 2013). "Behind Kanye's Mask". The New York Times. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Bagley, Christopher (June 19, 2013). "Kanye West: The Transformer". W. Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  5. ^ Markman, Rob (June 11, 2013). "Kanye West's Yeezus Gets Him 'Don Status' From DJ Khaled". MTV. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ Sieczkowski, Cavan (March 4, 2013). "Kanye West, Kim Kardashian Moving To Paris So He Can Work On New Album (Report)". The Huffington Post (New York). Retrieved May 20, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Dombal, Ryan (June 24, 2013). "The Yeezus Sessions". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved June 26, 2013. 
  8. ^ Weiner, Jonah (April 13, 2013). "Daft Punk Reveal Secrets of New Album – Exclusive". Rolling Stone (New York). Retrieved May 20, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Kanye West to Release New Album 'Yeezus' on June 18". Rap-Up (Los Angeles). May 18, 2013. Retrieved May 20, 2013. 
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