Yasoda

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Yashoda
Raja Ravi Varma, Yasoda Adorning Krishna.jpg
Yashoda adorning Krishna by Raja Ravi Varma
Sanskrit TransliterationYashoda
WeaponNone
 
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Yashoda
Raja Ravi Varma, Yasoda Adorning Krishna.jpg
Yashoda adorning Krishna by Raja Ravi Varma
Sanskrit TransliterationYashoda
WeaponNone

Yashoda (Sanskrit: यशोदा) was wife of Nanda within the Puranic texts of Hinduism. Within the Bhagavata Purana it is described that Yasoda later became the foster-mother to Krishna, who was born to Devaki but was given to Yashoda and Nanda in Gokul, by Krishna's father Vasudeva on the night of his birth, for his protection from Devaki's brother, the king of Mathura, Kansa.

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Yasoda and Krishna[edit]

illustration of a Bhagavata Purana manuscript, ca. 1500 A.D., Yashoda bathing the child Krishna.
Yashoda and Nanda pushing baby Krishna on a swing.
Indian. Yashoda Ties Krishna to a Mortar, Page from a dated Rasikapriya Series, 1634

Various childhood episodes or Lilas of Krishna, growing in Yashoda's household abound in Hindu religious texts, important amongst them are, Krishna giving darshan to Yashoda with his Vishwaroopa or his Divine Form. Also it is stated by Ved Vyasa in Mahabharata, the main Epic which portrays Lord Krishna as principal hero, that venerable sage Maharishi Narada once visited Lord Krishna at Brindavan.

Lord Krishna as usual was playing in sand and was swallowing it. Mother Yashoda, upon seeing it, was furious with Krishna for disobeying her and punished Krishna by tying him to a grinding stone. Upon witnessing this act a couplet broke forth Sage Narada "Enna Thavam Saidhanai, Yashoda" which in Tamil literally means: "What penance have You (Mother Yashoda) undertaken to be bestowed with the powers to punish the supreme Lord (Narayana)". And also seen as a question to the Lord himself as to how he accepts all this. It literally means what penance Yashoda had undertaken in her previous birth to be bestowed upon with the powers to punish, love, and care for the Supreme Lord Vishnu (Lord Satyanarayana also known as Emperor of Gods in Hindu Scriptures).

Upon this request it is said that Lord Krishna opens his mouth in front of Yashoda who sees the Seven Oceans, the entire Universe with its vast expanse and also Lord Narayana seated upon Adishesha (The Divine Snake), attended upon by his beloved consort Mahalakshmi. Upon this divine intervention, Mother Yashoda faints only to be revived by Lord Krishna and attended by Sage Narada, who explains to her about Krishna's Life.,[1] Krishna stealing the butter, Krishna tied to mortar [2] especially in couplets written by poet-saint Surdas,[3] where her deep affection for Krishna becomes an epitome of 'Vatsalya Prema', Mother's Love and even 'Vatsalya Bhakti’, Mother's Devotion,.[4][5]

Yashoda and Balarama[edit]

Yasoda also played an important role in the upbringing of Balarama (the son of Rohini) and his sister Subhadra. She is also sometimes described as having her own daughter, known as Ekānaṅgā.

Separation from Krishna[edit]

With the discovery of Krishna's real parents as well as the public knowledge that he is the heir apparent of Mathura, Yashoda had to let go of her son in the end. This episode and pain of separation of adopted son and foster mother has been depicted in several folk tales, songs and films. While leaving Nandgram, Krishna declares that Yashoda would always be designated as his de facto mother.

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