Yabrud

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Yabrud
يبرود
Yabrud is located in Syria
Yabrud
Yabrud
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 33°58′N 36°40′E / 33.967°N 36.667°E / 33.967; 36.667
Country Syria
GovernorateRif Dimashq Governorate
DistrictYabroud District
NahiyahYabrud
Elevation1,550 m (5,090 ft)
Population (2004 census)[1]
 • City25,891
 • Metro~50,000
Area code(s)12
 
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Yabrud
يبرود
Yabrud is located in Syria
Yabrud
Yabrud
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 33°58′N 36°40′E / 33.967°N 36.667°E / 33.967; 36.667
Country Syria
GovernorateRif Dimashq Governorate
DistrictYabroud District
NahiyahYabrud
Elevation1,550 m (5,090 ft)
Population (2004 census)[1]
 • City25,891
 • Metro~50,000
Area code(s)12

Yabrud or Yabroud (Arabic: يبرود‎) is a city in Syria, located in the Rif Dimashq (i.e. Damascus' countryside) governorate about 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of the capital Damascus. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Yabrud had a population of 25,891 in the 2004 census.[1] The city is known for its ancient caves, most notably the Iskafta cave (where, in 1930, a thirty-year old German traveller and would-be archeologist Alfred Rust made many important pre-historical findings), and the Yabrud temple, which was once Jupiter Yabrudis 's temple but later became "Konstantin and Helena Cathedral". Yabrud is home of the oldest church in Syria.[2] The name Yabrud is said to have originated from an Aramaic word meaning "cold" : the city rests upon the Qalamun Mountains slopes (Anti-Lebanon) at a height of 1,550 m.

The parents of former President of Argentina Carlos Menem were both born in Yabrud; they emigrated to Argentina before the end of World War I. The Natufian archeological site Yabrud III is named for the town of Yabrud.

Localities in Yabrud District[edit]

According to the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), the following villages, towns and cities, make up the district of Yabrud:[3]

English NameArabic NamePopulationSubdistrict
Yabrudيبرود25,891Yabrud
Ras al-Maaraرأس المعرة8,520Yabrud
Assal al-Wardعسال الورد5,812Assal al-Ward
al-Jebbahالجبة2,829Assal al-Ward
Ras al-Aynرأس العين2,754Yabrud
al-Sarkha (Bakhah)(الصرخه (بخعة1,405Yabrud
Rimaريما1,034Yabrud
Wadi an-Naaimوادي النعيم125Assal al-Ward

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°58′N 36°40′E / 33.967°N 36.667°E / 33.967; 36.667