Wylie, Texas

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Wylie, Texas
—  City  —
Location of Wylie in Collin County, Texas
Coordinates: 33°1′7″N 96°31′44″W / 33.01861°N 96.52889°W / 33.01861; -96.52889Coordinates: 33°1′7″N 96°31′44″W / 33.01861°N 96.52889°W / 33.01861; -96.52889[1]
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountiesCollin, Rockwall, Dallas
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Eric Hogue
M.G. "Red" Byboth
David Goss
Kathy Spillyards
Bennie Jones
Rick White
Carter Porter
 • City ManagerMindy Manson
Area
 • Total35.3 sq mi (91.5 km2)
 • Land21.0 sq mi (54.5 km2)
 • Water14.3 sq mi (37.0 km2)
Elevation558 ft (170 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total41,427
 • DensityBad rounding here1,200/sq mi (Bad rounding here450/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code75098
Area code(s)972
FIPS code48-80356[2]
GNIS feature ID1350621[3]
WebsiteCity of Wylie Official Website
 
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Not to be confused with the unincorporated area of Wylie, Taylor County, Texas, just outside Abilene.

Wylie, Texas
—  City  —
Location of Wylie in Collin County, Texas
Coordinates: 33°1′7″N 96°31′44″W / 33.01861°N 96.52889°W / 33.01861; -96.52889Coordinates: 33°1′7″N 96°31′44″W / 33.01861°N 96.52889°W / 33.01861; -96.52889[1]
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountiesCollin, Rockwall, Dallas
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Eric Hogue
M.G. "Red" Byboth
David Goss
Kathy Spillyards
Bennie Jones
Rick White
Carter Porter
 • City ManagerMindy Manson
Area
 • Total35.3 sq mi (91.5 km2)
 • Land21.0 sq mi (54.5 km2)
 • Water14.3 sq mi (37.0 km2)
Elevation558 ft (170 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total41,427
 • DensityBad rounding here1,200/sq mi (Bad rounding here450/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code75098
Area code(s)972
FIPS code48-80356[2]
GNIS feature ID1350621[3]
WebsiteCity of Wylie Official Website

Wylie is a city in Collin, Dallas, and Rockwall counties in the U.S. state of Texas, and a suburb of Dallas. As of the 2010 census the population was 41,427,[4] having grown 173.8% since the 2000 census, when the population was 15,132. Once solely located in Collin County, Wylie now extends into neighboring Dallas and Rockwall counties. Both Lake Lavon and Lake Ray Hubbard are within easy reach of the city.

Contents

History

The City of Wylie was incorporated in 1887 along the right-of-way of the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway. It was named for Colonel W.D. Wylie, a Santa Fe Railroad official and Civil War veteran.

In 1890, Wylie had a population of 239, and the first one-room school house was built. In the next decade, the population tripled.

That same year Wylie had given itself its name, established a post office branch and incorporated, choosing an alderman form of government. Two years later, the St. Louis Southwestern Railway reached the town. The two railroads and the rich agricultural region of the Blackland Prairies contributed to the town's growth. Wylie had a population of 400 in 1890 and 773 in 1900. Before 1920 the community had over thirty-five businesses, including two banks, a school, and a weekly newspaper.

Unlike many rural Texas communities, Wylie grew during the Great Depression years, reaching 914 residents by 1940. In part this was a result of increased dairy farming to meet the demands of nearby Dallas. Following World War II, the population increase continued.

Onions were the town's cash crop in the 1930s and '40s. “Wide Awake Wylie” became the city’s nickname in the late 1940s and '50s, a result of late night get-togethers of its citizens and businesses that stayed open until midnight on some evenings.

The construction of Lake Lavon 5 miles (8 km) north of town, designed to provide water for towns in four counties, and the selection of Wylie to house the offices of the North Texas Municipal Water District pushed the population to 1,804 in 1960.

In the 1990s, Wylie saw two disasters. On May 9, 1993 (Mother's Day), a tornado ravaged downtown Wylie. In December 1998, two fires destroyed and damaged several businesses. After that, the downtown area was renovated, while preserving the many century-old buildings that remained standing.

In the 21st century Wylie has been a city of fast growth, as many new retail and other businesses opened and subdivisions were built in the area. It has been ranked the 8th fastest growing city in the nation.[5]

Geography

Wylie is located on State Route 78 about 20 miles (32 km) northeast of central Dallas.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.3 square miles (91.5 km2), of which 21.0 square miles (54.5 km2) is land and 14.3 square miles (37.0 km2), or 40.43%, is water.[6]

Climate

Wylie is part of the humid subtropical region.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 15,132 people, 5,085 households, and 4,108 families residing in the city. The population density was 781.2 people per square mile (301.6/km2). There were 5,326 housing units at an average density of 275.0 per square mile (106.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.45% White, 2.07% African American, 0.70% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.30% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.44% of the population.

There were 5,085 households out of which 50.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.9% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.2% were non-families. 15.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 37.6% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $58,393, and the median income for a family was $62,903. Males had a median income of $44,239 versus $31,084 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,987. About 2.4% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.

As of the 2006 census estimate, the North Texas Central Council of Governments has placed the city's population at 33,000. Most recent estimates show the population approaching 39,000.

Government

Wylie has a council-manager form of government, composed of a Mayor and seven council members (elected at large) along with an appointed City Manager. The city has operated under a city charter (home rule) since 1985 when voters approved the measure in a referendum. Wylie has received recognition for its Fire and police Departments in recent years.

Education

Most of the Collin County portion of Wylie is served by Wylie Independent School District. A minuscule portion in Collin County is served by Princeton Independent School District. The Dallas County portion is served by Garland Independent School District. The Rockwall County portion is served by Rockwall Independent School District.

Transportation

Wylie is served by the following highways that run through the city:

Kansas City Southern provides freight rail services (its line roughly parallels State Highway 78) and operates an intermodal facility in the city.

Local attractions

Wylie is located near Lake Lavon and Lake Ray Hubbard.

In-Sync Exotics, an exotic cat rescue facility, is located northeast of town near the Lake Lavon dam.

The well-known Southfork Ranch, popularized by the TV show Dallas, is located just northwest of Wylie in nearby Parker.

Notable people

See also

References

External links