Wrestling at the Summer Olympics

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Wrestling at the Summer Olympics
Governing bodyFILA
Events18 (men: 14; women: 4)
Games
189619001904190819121920
192419281932193619481952
195619601964196819721976
198019841988199219962000
200420082012
Medalists (freestyle • Greco-Roman)
 
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Wrestling at the Summer Olympics
Governing bodyFILA
Events18 (men: 14; women: 4)
Games
189619001904190819121920
192419281932193619481952
195619601964196819721976
198019841988199219962000
200420082012
Medalists (freestyle • Greco-Roman)

Wrestling had been contested at the Summer Olympic Games since the sport was introduced in the ancient Olympic Games in 708 BC.[1] When the modern Olympic Games resumed in Athens in 1896, wrestling became a focus of the Games, with the exception of the 1900 Summer Olympics when wrestling did not appear on the program. Freestyle wrestling and weight classes both made their first appearance in 1904. The women's competition was introduced in 2004. In February 2013, the IOC voted to remove the sport from the 2020 Summer Olympics onwards.[2] On 8 September 2013, the IOC announced that wrestling would return to the Summer Olympics in 2020.[3][4] Along with boxing, it is one of only two sports that still require participants to have amateur status to participate in the Olympics.

Possible cancellation[edit]

Because of growing costs, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) has been under pressure to reduce the number of events and the number of athletes in each summer game.[citation needed] The IOC had adopted a system where "core sports" would continue indefinitely in future Olympics, but "non-core" sports would be selected for inclusion on an Olympic game-by-game basis. Wrestling had been one of the 26 core sports. However, following the 2012 London Olympics, the IOC's Executive Committee conducted a study of the 26 core sports in terms of their success at the London Olympics as well as world-wide grassroots support. The study sought to trim one core sport so that starting with the 2020 Olympics, only 25 core sports would continue to make room for one non-core sport. On February 12, 2013, the IOC Executive Board voted to recommend that wrestling be dropped as a core sport.

The international federation that governs wrestling (FILA) responded with a statement the same day:

FILA was greatly astonished by today's recommendation of the IOC Executive Board not to maintain wrestling among the 25 core sports for the 2020 Olympic Games. FILA will take all necessary measures to convince the IOC Executive Board and IOC members of the aberration of such decision against one of the founding sports of the ancient and modern Olympic Games.[5]

On February 15, FILA held an emergency meeting and its President, Raphaël Martinetti, asked for a vote of confidence. When only 50% of his Board voted to support him, he resigned as FILA President.[5] Although wrestlers would be able to continue to compete in the World Games, United States wrestlers expressed grave disappointment at the possibility that they could be excluded from future Olympics.[6]

Wrestling had to compete with seven other non-core sports - baseball/softball, squash, karate, sport climbing, wakeboarding, wushu and roller sports - for a place in the 2020 Games.[2] On September 8, 2013, the IOC announced that wrestling had won the bid as a non-core sport and would return to the 2020 Summer Olympics.[3] Nenad Lalovic, the new president of FILA, was largely credited with bringing the sport back into contention after wrestling made the short list in May.[3] Lalovic following the announcement stated, "Normally this is done in a few years, we did it in a few months. It was a question of our survival" and that, "We did all we could, we changed our sport and the federation was successful. We continue to work tomorrow."[3]

Men[edit]

Event960004081220242832364852566064687276808488929600040812Years
Greco-Roman light flyweightXXXXXXX7
Greco-Roman flyweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXX14
Greco-Roman bantamweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX21
Greco-Roman featherweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX23
Greco-Roman lightweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX24
Greco-Roman welterweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX19
Greco-Roman middleweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX24
Greco-Roman light heavyweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX19
Greco-Roman heavyweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX23
Greco-Roman super heavyweightXXXXXXXXXXXX11
Greco-Roman openX1
Freestyle light flyweightXXXXXXXX8
Freestyle flyweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX15
Freestyle bantamweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX22
Freestyle featherweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX24
Freestyle lightweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX24
Freestyle welterweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX22
Freestyle middleweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX23
Freestyle light heavyweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX18
Freestyle heavyweightXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX24
Freestyle super heavyweightXXXXXXXXXXX11
Events1079510131314141616161616162020202020202016141414

Women[edit]

Event960004081220242832364852566064687276808488929600040812Years
Freestyle flyweightXXX3
Freestyle lightweightXXX3
Freestyle middleweightXXX3
Freestyle heavyweightXXX3
Events000000000000000000000000444

Participating nations[edit]

Nation960004081220242832364852566064687276808488929600040812Years
 Afghanistan (AFG)---785885-1-7
 Albania (ALB)XXX3
 Algeria (ALG)XXXXXX6
 American Samoa (ASA)XX2
 Argentina (ARG) 5XXXXXX
 Armenia (ARM)XXXX4
 Australia (AUS) 13XXXXXXXXXXXX
 Austria (AUT) 882XXXXXXXX
 Azerbaijan (AZE)XXXX4
 Belarus (BLR)XXXX4
 Belgium (BEL) 41121713XXXXXXX
 Bohemia (BOH)441
 Bolivia (BOL)X1
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)X1
 Brazil (BRA)XXXX4
 Bulgaria (BUL)XXXXXXXXXXXXX13
 Cambodia (CAM)X1
 Cameroon (CMR)XXXXX5
 Canada (CAN) 1155XXXXXXXXXXX
 China (CHN)XXXXXXX7
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)XXX3
 Colombia (COL)XXXXXXX7
 Ivory Coast (CIV)X1
 Croatia (CRO)XX2
 Cuba (CUB)XXXXXXXX8
 Cyprus (CYP)XX2
 Czech Republic (CZE)XXXX4
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1096XXXXXXXXXX
 Denmark (DEN) 11910117XXXXXX
 Dominican Republic (DOM)XXXX4
 Ecuador (ECU)XX2
 Egypt (EGY) 124XXXXXXXXXX
 El Salvador (ESA)XXX3
 Estonia (EST)4861844319
 Finland (FIN)437182413XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX2
 France (FRA)6172313XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX17
 The Gambia (GAM)X1
 Georgia (GEO)XXXX4
 Germany (GER)11146XXXXXXX11
 Unified Team of Germany (EUA)XXX3
 East Germany (GDR)XXXXX5
 West Germany (FRG)XXXXXX6
 Great Britain (GBR)1531210146XXXXXXXXX13
 Greece (GRE)21523XXXXXXXXXXX12
 Guam (GUM)XXXXX5
 Guatemala (GUA)XXXX4
 Guinea (GUI)X1
 Guinea-Bissau (GBS)XXXX4
 Hungary (HUN)1710126XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX21
 Iceland (ISL)11
 Independent Participants (IOP)X1
 India (IND)2XXXXXXXXXX10
 Indonesia (INA)X1
 Iran (IRI)XXXXXXXXXXXXXX14
 Iraq (IRQ)XXX3
 Ireland (IRL)X1
 Israel (ISR)XXXXXXX7
 Italy (ITA)168175XXXXXXXXXXXXXX16
 Japan (JPN)11XXXXXXXXXXXXXX15
 Jordan (JOR)X1
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)XXXX4
 Kenya (KEN)X1
 North Korea (PRK)XXXXXXXX8
 South Korea (KOR)XXXXXXXXXX10
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)XXXX4
 Latvia (LAT)62XXXXX5
 Lebanon (LIB)XXXXXX6
 Lithuania (LTU)132345
 Luxembourg (LUX)223
 Macedonia (MKD)XXXX4
 Malta (MLT)XX2
 Mauritania (MTN)XX2
 Mauritius (MRI)X1
 Mexico (MEX)XXXXXXXX8
 Moldova (MDA)XXXX4
 Mongolia (MGL)XXXXXXXXXX10
 Morocco (MAR)XXXXXX6
 Namibia (NAM)X1
 Netherlands (NED)93986XX3
 New Zealand (NZL)XXXXXX6
 Nicaragua (NCA)X1
 Nigeria (NGR)XXXXXXXX8
 Norway (NOR)19777XXXXXXXXXX12
 Pakistan (PAK)XXXXXXX7
 Palau (PLW)XX2
 Panama (PAN)XXXXXX6
 Peru (PER)XXXXXXX7
 Philippines (PHI)XX2
 Poland (POL)24XXXXXXXXXX10
 Portugal (POR)21XXXXXX6
 Puerto Rico (PUR)XXXXXX6
 Romania (ROU)XXXXXXXXXXXXXX14
 Russia (RUS)411XXXX16
 Samoa (SAM)XX2
 Senegal (SEN)XXXXXXXXXX10
 Serbia (SRB)X1
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)X1
 Slovakia (SVK)XXXX4
 South Africa (RSA)11XXXXX5
 Soviet Union (URS)XXXXXXXXX9
 Spain (ESP)2XXXXXX6
 Sweden (SWE)93413139XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX22
 Switzerland (SUI)41211XXXXXXXXXX13
 Syria (SYR)XXXXXX6
 Tajikistan (TJK)XXX3
 Tunisia (TUN)XXXXXXX7
 Turkey (TUR)56XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX16
 Turkmenistan (TKM)XX2
 Ukraine (UKR)XXXX4
 Unified Team (EUN)X1
 United States (USA)426218147XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX22
 Uzbekistan (UZB)XXXX4
 Venezuela (VEN)XXXXX5
 Vietnam (VIE)XX2
 Virgin Islands (ISV)X1
 Yemen (YEM)X1
 North Yemen (YAR)X1
 Yugoslavia (YUG)-25XXXXXXXXX9
No. of nations41141819262950413544695975556659
No. of wrestlers542115170152229166

All-time medal table – 1896–2012[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Soviet Union (URS)623123116
2 United States (USA)504332125
3 Sweden (SWE)28272984
4 Japan (JPN)28171762
5 Turkey (TUR)28161458
6 Finland (FIN)26282983
7 Russia (RUS)25131351
8 Hungary (HUN)19161954
9 Bulgaria (BUL)16322068
10 South Korea (KOR)11111335
11 Iran (IRI)8131738
12 Romania (ROU)781732
13 Italy (ITA)74920
14 Poland (POL)691126
15 Cuba (CUB)65718
16 Unified Team (EUN)65516
17 Estonia (EST)52411
18 Germany (GER)411520
19 Yugoslavia (YUG)46616
20 Azerbaijan (AZE)45514
21 France (FRA)44816
22 Switzerland (SUI)44614
23 Uzbekistan (UZB)4206
24 Great Britain (GBR)341017
25 Ukraine (UKR)34613
26 North Korea (PRK)3249
27 Canada (CAN)27716
28 China (CHN)2338
29 East Germany (GDR)2327
 Egypt (EGY)2327
31 Georgia (GEO)22711
32 Norway (NOR)2215
33 Czechoslovakia (TCH)17715
34 Unified Team of Germany (EUA)1539
35 Kazakhstan (KAZ)14914
36 West Germany (FRG)1444
37 Greece (GRE)13711
38 Armenia (ARM)1236
39 Mongolia (MGL)0459
40 Belarus (BLR)0358
41 Belgium (BEL)0303
42 Denmark (DEN)0268
43 India (IND)0134
44 Lebanon (LIB)0123
 Australia (AUS)0123
46 Syria (SYR)0101
 Mexico (MEX)0101
 Latvia (LAT)0101
49 Austria (AUT)0022
 Colombia (COL)0022
 Lithuania (LTU)0022
52 Macedonia (MKD)0011
 Pakistan (PAK)0011
 Moldova (MDA)0011
Total9589599621078

All-time medal table – Greco-Roman – 1896–2012[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Soviet Union (URS)34161060
2 Finland (FIN)18211958
3 Sweden (SWE)20171956
4 Hungary (HUN)16101036
5 Bulgaria (BUL)914831
6 Romania (ROU)681327
7 Turkey (TUR)115420
8 Poland (POL)68620
9 Russia (RUS)55414
10 Italy (ITA)54918
11 South Korea (KOR)52512
12 Germany (GER)49518
13 Japan (JPN)45211
14 United States (USA)36514
15 Yugoslavia (YUG)35412
16 Cuba (CUB)3429
17 Iran (IRI)3115
18 Estonia (EST)3047
19 Egypt (EGY)2226
20 East Germany (GDR)2114
20 Norway (NOR)2114
22 Czechoslovakia (TCH)16411
23 Greece (GRE)1359
24 West Germany (FRG)1315
25 France (FRA)1225
26 Kazakhstan (KAZ)1113
26 Ukraine (UKR)1113
28 Armenia (ARM)1001
28 Azerbaijan (AZE)1001
38 Uzbekistan (UZB)1001
31 Unified Team of Germany (EUA)0437
32 Denmark (DEN)0268
33 Belarus (BLR)0235
34 Georgia (GEO)0123
34 Lebanon (LIB)0123
36 Unified Team (EUN)3339
37 Latvia (LAT)0101
37 Mexico (MEX)0101
39 Lithuania (LTU)0022
40 Austria (AUT)0011
40 China (CHN)0011
40 Moldova (MDA)0011
40 North Korea (PRK)0011
40 Switzerland (SUI)0011
Total174175175523

All-time medal table – Freestyle – 1904–2012[edit]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States (USA)473726110
2 Soviet Union (URS)28151356
3 Japan (JPN)20121345
4 Turkey (TUR)1711836
5 Russia (RUS)135422
6 Sweden (SWE)810826
7 Finland (FIN)871025
8 Bulgaria (BUL)7171135
9 Iran (IRI)5111430
10 South Korea (KOR)49720
11 Switzerland (SUI)44513
12 Great Britain (GBR)341017
13 Hungary (HUN)34714
14 North Korea (PRK)3238
15 Unified Team (EUN)3227
16 Canada (CAN)26614
17 Ukraine (UKR)2349
18 Uzbekistan (UZB)2305
19 France (FRA)2259
20 Cuba (CUB)2147
21 Estonia (EST)2103
21 China (CHN)2103
23 Germany (GER)[7]1332
24 Yugoslavia (YUG)1124
24 Azerbaijan (AZE)1124
26 Romania (ROU)1045
26 Georgia (GEO)1045
28 Italy (ITA)1001
29 Mongolia (MGL)0448
30 Kazakhstan (KAZ)0336
31 Belgium (BEL)0303
32 East Germany (GDR)0213
33 Poland (POL)0144
34 West Germany (FRG)0134
34 Czechoslovakia (TCH)0134
34 India (IND)0134
36 Australia (AUS)0123
37 Belarus (BLR)0112
38 Armenia (ARM)0101
38 Norway (NOR)0101
38 Syria (SYR)0101
38 Tajikistan (TJK)0101
43 Greece (GRE)0022
44 Austria (AUT)0011
44 Colombia (COL)0011
44 Macedonia (MKD)0011
44 Pakistan (PAK)0011
44 Slovakia (SVK)0011
Total1931931205591

Source: Wrestling Freestyle Olympics Medal Table at olympicmedals.com

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.olympic.org/wrestling-greco-roman-equipment-and-history?tab=1
  2. ^ a b http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/olympics/21427455
  3. ^ a b c d KAROLOS GROHMANN (8 September 2013). "Wrestling wins vote and will be part of 2020 Tokyo Olympics". Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2013-09-08. 
  4. ^ "India Welcomes Re-Inclusion Of Wrestling In Olympic Games". Retrieved 9 September 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Recommendation of IOC Executive Board". Retrieved February 23, 2013. 
  6. ^ Sheinin, Dave (February 15, 2012). "Wrestling prodigy's Olympic dream in jeopardy". Washington Post. p. A1. 
  7. ^ Includes the  Unified Team of Germany (EUA)