Working Time Directive

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European Union European Union directive:
Directive 2003/88/EC
Directive 2003/88/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 November 2003 concerning certain aspects of the organisation of working time
Made byEuropean Parliament & Council of the EU
Made underArt. 137(2)
Journal referenceL 299, 2003-11-18, p. 9
History
Made2003-11-04
Came into force
Preparative texts
EESC opinionC 61, 2003-03-14, p. 123
EP opinion2002-12-17
Other legislation
Status: Current legislation
 
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European Union European Union directive:
Directive 2003/88/EC
Directive 2003/88/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 November 2003 concerning certain aspects of the organisation of working time
Made byEuropean Parliament & Council of the EU
Made underArt. 137(2)
Journal referenceL 299, 2003-11-18, p. 9
History
Made2003-11-04
Came into force
Preparative texts
EESC opinionC 61, 2003-03-14, p. 123
EP opinion2002-12-17
Other legislation
Status: Current legislation

The Working Time Directive 2003/88/EC is a European Union Directive, which creates the right for EU workers to a minimum number of holidays each year, paid breaks, and rest of at least 11 hours in any 24 hours; restricts excessive night work; and makes a default right to work no more than 48 hours per week. It was issued as an update on earlier versions from 22 June 2000 and 23 November 1993.[1] Excessive working time being cited as a major cause of stress, depression and illness, the stated purpose of the Directive is to protect people's health and safety.

Contents

Background

Like all European Union directives, this is an instrument which requires member states to enact its provisions in national legislation. Although the directive applies to all member states, in the United Kingdom, it is possible to opt out of the 48 hour working week and work longer hours. However, it is not possible to opt out of the other requirements. France passed stricter legislation limiting the maximum working week to 35 hours, but French president Nicolas Sarkozy promised to abolish this legislation.[citation needed][when?]

After the 1993 Council Negotiations, when the Directive was agreed to after a 11-1 vote, UK Employment Secretary David Hunt said "It is a flagrant abuse of Community rules. It has been brought forward as such simply to allow majority voting - a ploy to smuggle through part of the Social Chapter by the back door. The UK strongly opposes any attempt to tell people that they can no longer work the hours they want."[2]

Contents

Aims and definitions

arts 25-26 review of derogations for fishing boats and passenger carriers

Breaks

Working week

Holidays

Night work

Case law

The Working Time Directive has also been clarified and interpreted through a number of rulings in the European Court of Justice. The most notable of these have been the "SIMAP" and "Jaeger" judgments (Sindicato de Médicos de Asistencia Pública v Conselleria de Sanidad y Consumo de la Generalidad Valenciana, 2000 and Landeshauptstadt Kiel v Jaeger, 2003). The SIMAP judgment defined all time when the worker was required to be present on site as actual working hours, for the purposes of work and rest calculations. The Jaeger judgment confirmed that this was the case even if workers could sleep when their services were not required.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ formerly Directive 93/104/EC of 23 November 1993
  2. ^ The Scotsman, “Britain plans court challenge over limit on working week”, 2 June 1993.

References

External links

Documents from the European Council, Commission, and Parliament
Judgments from the European Court of Justice
Non-governmental organization documents
With regard to the United Kingdom