Woodlawn (plantation)

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Woodlawn Plantation
Woodlawn August 2003 A.jpg
Woodlawn, August 2003
Woodlawn (plantation) is located in Virginia
Woodlawn (plantation)
LocationWest of junction of U.S. 1 and Rte. 235, Alexandria, Virginia
Coordinates38°43′0″N 77°8′10″W / 38.71667°N 77.13611°W / 38.71667; -77.13611Coordinates: 38°43′0″N 77°8′10″W / 38.71667°N 77.13611°W / 38.71667; -77.13611
Built1800-1805
ArchitectDr. William Thornton
Architectural styleFederal
Governing bodyPrivate
NRHP Reference #70000792, 11000836 (Boundary Increase)[1]
VLR #029-0056
Significant dates
Added to NRHPFebruary 26, 1970, November 18, 2011 (Boundary Increase)
Designated NHLAugust 6, 1998[3]
Designated VLRDecember 2, 1969, September 22, 2011[2]
 
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Woodlawn Plantation
Woodlawn August 2003 A.jpg
Woodlawn, August 2003
Woodlawn (plantation) is located in Virginia
Woodlawn (plantation)
LocationWest of junction of U.S. 1 and Rte. 235, Alexandria, Virginia
Coordinates38°43′0″N 77°8′10″W / 38.71667°N 77.13611°W / 38.71667; -77.13611Coordinates: 38°43′0″N 77°8′10″W / 38.71667°N 77.13611°W / 38.71667; -77.13611
Built1800-1805
ArchitectDr. William Thornton
Architectural styleFederal
Governing bodyPrivate
NRHP Reference #70000792, 11000836 (Boundary Increase)[1]
VLR #029-0056
Significant dates
Added to NRHPFebruary 26, 1970, November 18, 2011 (Boundary Increase)
Designated NHLAugust 6, 1998[3]
Designated VLRDecember 2, 1969, September 22, 2011[2]

Woodlawn Plantation is a historic home located in Fairfax County, Virginia, and was originally a part of Mount Vernon, George Washington's historic plantation estate.

Eleanor "Nelly" Parke Custis was Martha Washington's granddaughter and had been raised on the Mount Vernon estate as a part of the First Family. In 1799, George Washington gave Custis and his nephew Major Lawrence Lewis 2,000 acres (810 ha) of land as a wedding present. The President asked the distinguished architect Dr. William Thornton, architect of the U.S. Capitol, to design a home for the young newlywed couple.[4]

Construction of the Woodlawn house began in 1800 and was finished in 1805. The main Woodlawn house is located on a hill, overlooking Mount Vernon, and the Mount Vernon home is visible from the Woodlawn house. Today, 126 acres containing the original house and surrounding gardens are all that remain of the original plantation. The remainder of the property was sold for development over the years. The Woodlawn Plantation is owned and operated as a museum by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, part of the National Trust Community Investment Corporation.

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970 and designated a U.S. National Historic Landmark in 1998.[3][5]

On the premises of the Woodlawn Plantation is also the site of the Loren Pope Residence, a Frank Lloyd Wright designed house.

The address is 9000 Richmond Highway, Alexandria, Virginia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Woodlawn". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-27. 
  4. ^ "Woodlawn information page". National Trust for Historic Preservation. 
  5. ^ Craig Tuminaro and Carolyn Pitts (March 4, 1998). National Historic Landmark Nomination: Woodlawn PDF (32 KB). National Park Service.  and Accompanying nine photos, exterior and interior, from 1997 PDF (32 KB)

External links[edit]