Woodbridge Township, New Jersey

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Woodbridge Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Woodbridge
Map of Woodbridge Township in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Woodbridge Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°33′39″N 74°17′33″W / 40.560751°N 74.292627°W / 40.560751; -74.292627Coordinates: 40°33′39″N 74°17′33″W / 40.560751°N 74.292627°W / 40.560751; -74.292627[1][2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyMiddlesex
Settled1664
CharteredJune 1, 1669
IncorporatedFebruary 21, 1798
Named forJohn W. Woodbridge
Government[6]
 • TypeFaulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • MayorJohn E. McCormac (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
Area[2]
 • Total24.507 sq mi (63.473 km2)
 • Land23.213 sq mi (60.122 km2)
 • Water1.294 sq mi (3.350 km2)  5.28%
Area rank112th of 566 in state
5th of 25 in county[2]
Elevation[7]59 ft (18 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total99,585
 • Estimate (2012[11])100,228
 • Rank6th of 566 in state
2nd of 25 in county[12]
 • Density4,290.0/sq mi (1,656.4/km2)
 • Density rank138th of 566 in state
11th of 25 in county[12]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code07001 - Avenel[13]
07064 - Port Reading[14]
07067 - Colonia[15]
07077 - Sewaren[16]
07095 - Woodbridge[17]
08832 - Keasbey[18]
08837 - Menlo Park Terrace[19]
08861 - Hopelawn[20]
08863 - Fords[21]
Area code(s)732/848
FIPS code3402382000[22][2][23]
GNIS feature ID0882165[24][2]
Websitehttp://www.twp.woodbridge.nj.us/
 
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Woodbridge Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Woodbridge
Map of Woodbridge Township in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Woodbridge Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°33′39″N 74°17′33″W / 40.560751°N 74.292627°W / 40.560751; -74.292627Coordinates: 40°33′39″N 74°17′33″W / 40.560751°N 74.292627°W / 40.560751; -74.292627[1][2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyMiddlesex
Settled1664
CharteredJune 1, 1669
IncorporatedFebruary 21, 1798
Named forJohn W. Woodbridge
Government[6]
 • TypeFaulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • MayorJohn E. McCormac (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
Area[2]
 • Total24.507 sq mi (63.473 km2)
 • Land23.213 sq mi (60.122 km2)
 • Water1.294 sq mi (3.350 km2)  5.28%
Area rank112th of 566 in state
5th of 25 in county[2]
Elevation[7]59 ft (18 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total99,585
 • Estimate (2012[11])100,228
 • Rank6th of 566 in state
2nd of 25 in county[12]
 • Density4,290.0/sq mi (1,656.4/km2)
 • Density rank138th of 566 in state
11th of 25 in county[12]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code07001 - Avenel[13]
07064 - Port Reading[14]
07067 - Colonia[15]
07077 - Sewaren[16]
07095 - Woodbridge[17]
08832 - Keasbey[18]
08837 - Menlo Park Terrace[19]
08861 - Hopelawn[20]
08863 - Fords[21]
Area code(s)732/848
FIPS code3402382000[22][2][23]
GNIS feature ID0882165[24][2]
Websitehttp://www.twp.woodbridge.nj.us/

Woodbridge Township is a township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township had a total population of 99,585,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 2,382 (+2.5%) from the 97,203 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,117 (+4.4%) from the 93,086 counted in the 1990 Census.[25] Woodbridge was the sixth-most-populous municipality in New Jersey in 2010, the same ranking it held a decade earlier.[26]

The Township of Woodbridge is the oldest original township in New Jersey and is named after Reverend John W. Woodbridge (1613–1691) of Newbury, Massachusetts, who settled in the early autumn of 1664 and was granted a royal charter on June 1, 1669, by King Charles II of England. It was reincorporated on October 31, 1693. Woodbridge Township was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as part of the initial group of 104 townships incorporated in the state under the Township Act. Portions of the township were taken to form Rahway (April 19, 1858), Raritan Township (March 17, 1870, now Edison Township) and Roosevelt (April 11, 1906, now Carteret).[27][28]

According to Joshua Coffin, the early settlers included "Captain John Pike, the ancestor of General Zebulon Montgomery Pike, who was killed at the battle of Queenstown in 1813; Thomas Bloomfield, the ancestor of Joseph Bloomfield, some years governor of New Jersey, for whom the township of Bloomfield, New Jersey is named; John Bishop, senior and junior; Jonathan Haynes; Henry Jaques; George March; Stephen Kent; Abraham Toppan, junior; Elisha Ilsley; Hugh March; John Bloomfield; Samuel Moore; Nathaniel Webster; John Ilsley; and others."[29] Woodbridge was the site of the first gristmill in New Jersey.[30][31] The mill was built by Jonathan Singletary Dunham (married to Mary Bloomfield, relative of Joseph Bloomfield),[32][32][33][33] who is President Barack Obama’s eighth great-grandfather.[34][35]

Geography[edit]

Woodbridge Township is located at 40°33′39″N 74°17′33″W / 40.560751°N 74.292627°W / 40.560751; -74.292627 (40.560751,-74.292627). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 24.507 square miles (63.473 km2), of which, 23.213 square miles (60.122 km2) of it is land and 1.294 square miles (3.350 km2) of it (5.28%) is water.[1][2]

Area codes 732 and 848 are used in Woodbridge.

Communities[edit]

Many distinct communities exist within Woodbridge Township. Several of these communities have their own ZIP codes, and many are listed by the United States Census Bureau as census-designated places (CDPs), but they are all unincorporated communities and neighborhoods within the Township that, together, make up Woodbridge Township.

Avenel (with 2010 Census population of 17,011[36]), Colonia (17,795[37]), Fords (15,187[38]), Iselin (18,695[39]), Port Reading (3,728[40]), Sewaren (2,756[41]), Woodbridge Proper (19,265[42]) are census-designated places and unincorporated communities located within Woodbridge Township.[43][44] Other unincorporated communities within the township are Hopelawn, Keasbey and Menlo Park Terrace.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
17903,520
18104,247
18204,226−0.5%
18303,969−6.1%
18404,82121.5%
18505,1416.6%
18603,987*−22.4%
18703,717*−6.8%
18804,09910.3%
18904,66513.8%
19007,63163.6%
19108,948*17.3%
192013,42350.0%
193025,26688.2%
194027,1917.6%
195035,75831.5%
196078,846120.5%
197098,94425.5%
198090,074−9.0%
199093,0863.3%
200097,2034.4%
201099,5852.5%
Est. 2012100,228[11]0.6%
Population sources: 1790-1920[45]
1810-1930[46] 1840[47] 1850-1870[48]
1850[49] 1870[50] 1880-1890[51]
1890-1910[52] 1910-1930[53]
1930-1990[54] 2000[55][56] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory since previous census.

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 99,585 people, 34,615 households, and 25,754 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,290.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,656.4 /km2). There were 36,124 housing units at an average density of 1,556.2 per square mile (600.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 59.18% (58,935) White, 9.85% (9,810) Black or African American, 0.32% (321) Native American, 22.42% (22,324) Asian, 0.04% (39) Pacific Islander, 5.28% (5,254) from other races, and 2.91% (2,902) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.63% (15,562) of the population.[8]

There were 34,615 households of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.27.[8]

In the township, 21.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.6 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $79,277 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,537) and the median family income was $88,656 (+/- $2,537). Males had a median income of $60,139 (+/- $1,971) versus $46,078 (+/- $1,635) for females. The per capita income for the township was $32,144 (+/- $717). About 3.8% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.[57]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[22] there were 97,203 people, 34,562 households, and 25,437 families residing in the township. The population density was 4,224.5 people per square mile (1,631.0/km2). There were 35,298 housing units at an average density of 1,534.1/sq mi (592.3/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 70.83% White, 8.75% African American, 0.17% Native American, 14.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.30% from other races, and 2.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.21% of the population.[55][56]

As of the 2000 Census, 9.19% of Woodbridge Township's residents identified themselves as being of Indian American ancestry, which was the tenth-highest of any municipality in the United States and the fifth highest in New Jersey — behind Edison (17.75%), Plainsboro Township (16.97%), Piscataway Township (12.49%) and South Brunswick Township (10.48%) — of all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.[58]

There were 34,562 households out of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.19.[55][56]

In the township the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.[55][56]

The median income for a household in the township was $60,683, and the median income for a family was $68,492. Males had a median income of $49,248 versus $35,096 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,087. About 3.2% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.[55][56]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Woodbridge is governed under the Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council) system of municipal government.[6] The Township Council is the legislative body of Woodbridge Township.

The Mayor of Woodbridge Township is John E. McCormac,[59] who was first elected on November 7, 2006 and sworn in on November 14, 2006.[60] McCormac replaced Frank G. Pelzman, who became mayor on January 17, 2002 when former Mayor James E. McGreevey resigned to become governor.[61] Mayor is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition,[62] a bi-partisan group with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The Coalition is co-chaired by Boston Mayor Thomas Menino and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg.

As of 2013, members of the Township Council are Council President Charles Kenny (First Ward), Council Vice President Kyle Anderson (at-large), James V. Carroll (at-large), Michele Charmello (Third Ward), Richard A. Dalina (Second Ward), Gregg M. Ficarra (at-large), Robert G. Luban (Fifth Ward), James Major (Fourth Ward) and Brenda Yori Velasco (at-large).[63]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Woodbridge Township is located in the 6th Congressional District[64] and is part of New Jersey's 19th state legislative district.[9][65][66] Prior to the 2010 Census, Woodbridge Township had been split between the 7th Congressional District and the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[67]

New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch).[68] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[69][70] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[71][72]

The 19th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph Vitale (D, Woodbridge Township) and in the General Assembly by Craig Coughlin (D, Woodbridge Township) and John S. Wisniewski (D, Sayreville).[73] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[74] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[75]

Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects from among its members a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director. As of 2013, Middlesex County's Freeholders (with committee chairmanship, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Christopher D. Rafano (Ex-officio on all committees; South River, term ends December 31, 2013),[76] Freeholder Deputy Director Ronald G. Rios (County Administration; Carteret, 2015),[77] Carol Barrett Bellante (Finance; Monmouth Junction in South Brunswick, 2014),[78] H. James Polos (Public Safety and Health; Highland Park, 2015),[79] Charles E. Tomaro (Business Development and Education; Edison, 2014)[80] and Blanquita B. Valenti (Community Services; New Brunswick, 2013).[81] The seat of Stephen J. "Pete" Dalina (D-Fords, Woodbridge) – Chairperson, Infrastructure Management Committee[82], is vacant following his death in October 2013 after serving 23 years in office as the longest-serving freeholder in the county.[83] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (Old Bridge Township),[84] Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (Piscataway)[85] and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (New Brunswick).[86][87]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 54,674 registered voters in Woodbridge Township, of which 20,900 (38.2%) were registered as Democrats, 6,135 (11.2%) were registered as Republicans and 27,611 (50.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 28 voters registered to other parties.[88]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 55.9% of the vote here (21,590 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 42.0% (16,251 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (472 votes), among the 38,657 ballots cast by the township's 55,075 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.2%.[89] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 53.5% of the vote here (19,662 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 45.1% (16,589 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (367 votes), among the 36,770 ballots cast by the township's 51,913 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 70.8.[90]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 50.1% of the vote here (11,987 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 41.9% (10,029 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.2% (1,710 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (261 votes), among the 23,913 ballots cast by the township's 53,843 registered voters, yielding a 44.4% turnout.[91]

Economy[edit]

Wakefern Food Corporation, owner of ShopRite, has its headquarters in Keasbey in the township.[92][93]

Education[edit]

The Woodbridge Township School District served over 13,000 students in kindergarten through twelfth grade in its 24 schools. All schools in the district are accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Secondary Schools. The district's three high schools offer more than 150 courses, including Advanced Placement, college preparatory, business, vocational and cooperative work/study programs.

Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[94]) are 16 elementary schools: Mawbey Street School #1[95] (297), Avenel Street School #4&5[96] (471), Port Reading School #9[97] (404), Ross Street School #11[98] (419), Ford Avenue School #14[99] (221), Indiana Avenue School #18[100] (517), Menlo Park Terrace #19[101] (331), Claremont Avenue School #20[102] (324), Oak Ridge Heights School #21[103] (279), Lynn Crest School #22[104] (330), Woodbine Avenue School #23[105] (428), Kennedy Park School #24[106] (360), Lafayette Estates School #25[107] (503), Robert Mascenik School #26[108] (272), Pennsylvania Avenue School #27[109] (238) and Matthew Jago School #28[110] (416);[111] Five middle schools: Avenel Middle School[112] (636), Colonia Middle School[113] (619), Fords Middle School[114] (701), Iselin Middle School[115] (625) and Woodbridge Middle School[116] (427);[117] High schools in the district are Colonia High School[118] (1,412), John F. Kennedy Memorial High School[119] (1,355) and Woodbridge High School[120] (1,443).[121][122]

Transportation[edit]

There are three train stations in the township: Metropark, Avenel (which has a limited service) and Woodbridge. Service is provided by New Jersey Transit and North Jersey Coast Line as well as Amtrak Northeast Corridor services to Newark (Penn Station), New York (Penn Station), Philadelphia, Washington, D.C. and Boston.[123]

New Jersey Transit provides bus service on the 115 and 116 routes to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, on the 62 to Newark and local service on the 801, 802, 803, 804, 805, 810, 813 and 815.[123]

The Garden State Parkway extends 7 12 miles (12 km) through the Township, including exits 127 to 131. In addition, the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) passes through Woodbridge Township for about 5 14 miles (8.4 km), and is accessible at Exit 11 (which features a 24-lane toll gate). The Turnpike's Grover Cleveland service area is located between Interchanges 11 and 12 northbound at milepost 92.9 and the Thomas Edison service area is located between Interchanges 11 and 12 southbound at milepost 92.9.[124]

U.S. Route 1 and U.S. Route 9 serve the township and merge heading north of the township as the U.S. Route 1/9 concurrency. Other roadways passing through the township are Route 27, Route 35, Route 184, and Route 440.

The 15-lane Driscoll Bridge on the Garden State Parkway and the adjacent 6-lane Edison Bridge on U.S. Route 9 both span the Raritan River, connecting Woodbridge Township on the north with Sayreville on the south.

The first cloverleaf interchange in the United States opened in 1929 at the intersection of Route 25 (now U.S. Route 1/9) and Route 4 (now Route 35).[125]

Points of interest[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Woodbridge Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Administration and Finance, Woodbridge Township. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  5. ^ Clerks Office, Woodbridge Township. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 87.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Woodbridge, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Englewood Cliffs borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 1, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Englewood Cliffs borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 1, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Avenel, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Port Reading, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  15. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Colonia, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  16. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  17. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Woodbridge, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 4, 2011.
  18. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Keasbey, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  19. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Menlo Park Terrace, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  20. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Hopelawn, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  21. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Fords, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  22. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  23. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 31, 2012.
  24. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  25. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  26. ^ The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 20, 2012.
  27. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 174. Accessed March 20, 2012.
  28. ^ John P. Snyder (1969). The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968. p. 174. 
  29. ^ Coffin, Joshua. A Sketch of the History of Newbury, Newburyport and West Newbury, S.G.Drake, Boston, 1845. p.70
  30. ^ Dally, Joseph W. (1989). Woodbridge and Vicinity. p. 44. 
  31. ^ Leonard, O. B. (1930). THE DUNHAM FAMILY (pp. 194-196), in Monnette, Orra Eugene (Eds.) FIRST SETTLERS of YE PLANTATIONS of PISCATAWAY and WOODBRIDGE, OLDE EAST NEW JERSEY, 1664-1714. The Leroy Carman Press, Los Angeles, CA. 
  32. ^ a b Ed. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff and David Pulsifer (1968). Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England. 
  33. ^ a b Anderson, Robert Charles (1995). The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633: Great Migration Study Project (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society). 
  34. ^ Reitwiesner, William Addams. "Ancestry of Barack Obama". Retrieved 2008-10-09. 
  35. ^ Dunham, Kenneth Royal (1987). Dunham-Singletary Genealogy, Descendants of Richard Singletary of Salem, Newbury, and Haverhill, Massachusetts And Deacon John Dunham of Plymouth, Massachusetts, With Particular Emphasis on the Life of David Elson Dunham, Architect of New Brunswick. Canada, Royal Press, Rochester, NY. 
  36. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Avenel CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  37. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Colonia CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  38. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Fords CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  39. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Iselin CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  40. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Port Reading CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  41. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Sewaren CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  42. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Woodbridge CDP CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  43. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  44. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  45. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 23, 2013.
  46. ^ Staff. "Township's 1810 Population Greater Than in 1880, Census Shows; 400% Increase in Last 40 Years Shows Steady Upward Trend in Number of Residents. Leader Gets Complete Figures for Last 120 Years.", The Woodbridge Leader, May 29, 1930. Accessed November 27, 2012.
  47. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 23, 2013. Source lists 1840 population as 4,822, one higher than listed in the table based on other sources.
  48. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 248, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 23, 2013. "Woodbridge is on the northeastern end of the county and contained in 1850, 5,141 inhabitants; and in 1870, 3,717. It is about ten miles long and nine miles in breadth. Uniontown and Woodbridge are in this township. The town of Woodbridge was first settled by emigrants from England who came over in 1665 with Governor Carteret. It was at one time a prominent place in the province." No population is listed in 1860.
  49. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 137. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 23, 2013.
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