Wood County, West Virginia

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Wood County, West Virginia
Wood County Courthouse Parkersburg West Virginia.jpg
The Wood County Courthouse in Parkersburg
Map of West Virginia highlighting Wood County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 21, 1798
Named forJames Wood
SeatParkersburg
Largest cityParkersburg
Area
 • Total377 sq mi (976 km2)
 • Land367 sq mi (951 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (28 km2), 2.8%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013)86,569
Congressional district1st
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.woodcountywv.com
 
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Wood County, West Virginia
Wood County Courthouse Parkersburg West Virginia.jpg
The Wood County Courthouse in Parkersburg
Map of West Virginia highlighting Wood County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 21, 1798
Named forJames Wood
SeatParkersburg
Largest cityParkersburg
Area
 • Total377 sq mi (976 km2)
 • Land367 sq mi (951 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (28 km2), 2.8%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013)86,569
Congressional district1st
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.woodcountywv.com
First courthouse in Wood County (ca. 1802), sketch by Joseph H. Diss Debar.

Wood County is a county located in the State of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 86,956,[1] making it the fifth-most populous county in West Virginia. Its county seat is Parkersburg.[2] The county was formed in 1798 from the western part of Harrison County and it was named for James Wood, governor of Virginia from 1796 to 1799.[3]

Wood County is included in the Parkersburg-Vienna, WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Wood County was formed on December 21, 1798 from portions of Harrison County. It was named for James Wood, a brigadier general in the American Revolutionary War who was then Governor of Virginia (1796–99).

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 377 square miles (980 km2), of which 366 square miles (950 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (2.8%) is water.[4]

Wood County's northern and western boundary is the Ohio River. The Little Kanawha River flows northwestward through the county to its mouth at the Ohio River in Parkersburg. Tributaries of the Little Kanawha River in Wood County include Worthington Creek, Tygart Creek, and Walker Creek.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18001,217
18103,036149.5%
18205,86093.0%
18306,4299.7%
18407,92323.2%
18509,45019.3%
186011,04616.9%
187019,00072.0%
188025,00631.6%
189028,61214.4%
190034,45220.4%
191038,00110.3%
192042,30611.3%
193056,52133.6%
194062,39910.4%
195066,5406.6%
196078,33117.7%
197086,81810.8%
198093,6487.9%
199086,915−7.2%
200087,9861.2%
201086,956−1.2%
Est. 201386,569−0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 87,986 people, 36,275 households, and 24,884 families residing in the county. The population density was 240 people per square mile (92/km²). There were 39,785 housing units at an average density of 108 per square mile (42/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.32% White, 1.01% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 36,275 households out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 15.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,285, and the median income for a family was $40,436. Males had a median income of $34,899 versus $22,109 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,073. About 10.60% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.50% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Below is partial listing of known unincorporated communities within Wood County. A complete listing is available here

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.wvculture.org/history/wvcounties.html
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ West Virginia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1997. pp. 22–23, 33–34. ISBN 0-89933-246-3. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 16, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

Coordinates: 39°13′N 81°31′W / 39.21°N 81.51°W / 39.21; -81.51