Williamsburg, Kentucky

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Williamsburg, Kentucky
City
Community Assessment 017.jpg
Nickname(s): The 'Burg; Gateway to the Cumberlands
Motto: "Feels Like Home"
Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky
Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky
Coordinates: 36°44′12″N 84°9′53″W / 36.73667°N 84.16472°W / 36.73667; -84.16472Coordinates: 36°44′12″N 84°9′53″W / 36.73667°N 84.16472°W / 36.73667; -84.16472
CountryUnited States
StateKentucky
CountyWhitley
EstablishedFebruary 5, 1819 (1819-02-05)
IncorporatedMarch 3, 1851 (1851-03-03)[1]
First meeting of city governmentJune 4, 1894 (1894-06-04)[2]
Government
 • Mayor  Roddy Harrison
Area
 • Total4.8 sq mi (12.4 km2)
 • Land4.7 sq mi (12.1 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation928 ft (283 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total5,245
 • Density1,092.7/sq mi (423.0/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code40769
Area code(s)606
FIPS code21-83334
GNIS feature ID0516385
Websitehttp://www.williamsburgky.com/
 
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Williamsburg, Kentucky
City
Community Assessment 017.jpg
Nickname(s): The 'Burg; Gateway to the Cumberlands
Motto: "Feels Like Home"
Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky
Location in the Commonwealth of Kentucky
Coordinates: 36°44′12″N 84°9′53″W / 36.73667°N 84.16472°W / 36.73667; -84.16472Coordinates: 36°44′12″N 84°9′53″W / 36.73667°N 84.16472°W / 36.73667; -84.16472
CountryUnited States
StateKentucky
CountyWhitley
EstablishedFebruary 5, 1819 (1819-02-05)
IncorporatedMarch 3, 1851 (1851-03-03)[1]
First meeting of city governmentJune 4, 1894 (1894-06-04)[2]
Government
 • Mayor  Roddy Harrison
Area
 • Total4.8 sq mi (12.4 km2)
 • Land4.7 sq mi (12.1 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation928 ft (283 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total5,245
 • Density1,092.7/sq mi (423.0/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code40769
Area code(s)606
FIPS code21-83334
GNIS feature ID0516385
Websitehttp://www.williamsburgky.com/

Williamsburg is a city in and the county seat of Whitley County, Kentucky, United States.[3] The population was 5,245 at the 2010 census. The city was founded in 1818 and named after William Whitley. The Cumberland River flows through the city.

History[edit]

Williamsburg was first known as the Spring Ford after a nearby ford crossing the Cumberland River. The city was officially formed when Samuel Cox donated the land for the courthouse in 1818. The town was then known at Whitley Courthouse. The town's initial growth was fueled by three fresh water springs in the area and later by coal and lumber industries. At its peak the city of Williamsburg boasted more millionaires per capita than any other city in the nation.[4]

Geography[edit]

Williamsburg is located at 36°44′12″N 84°09′53″W / 36.736576°N 84.164713°W / 36.736576; -84.164713[5], within the Eastern Mountain Coal Fields and the Appalachian Plateau regions. It rests along the I-75 corridor at exits 11 and 15. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12 km2), of which 4.7 square miles (12 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (2.10%) is water.

Percent of U.S. within 600 miles (970 km) of Williamsburg:[6]

Points of interest[edit]

Williamsburg is home to the Kentucky Splash water park (located within the Hal Rogers Family Entertainment Center). The $5 million facility also houses a go-cart course, a miniature golf course, and a five-station batting cage. The park opened on Memorial Day weekend 2001 and is the largest family entertainment center in Kentucky with a capacity of up to 3,000 guests.[7]

Williamsburg is located 18 miles (29 km) away Cumberland Falls State Resort Park within the Daniel Boone National Forest. The park is the home of Cumberland Falls, sometimes called the Little Niagara, the Niagara of the South or the Great Falls and is the only venue in the Western Hemisphere where a moonbow or lunar rainbow is regularly visible on a clear night with a full moon.[8] On average the falls, which flow over a resistant sandstone bed, are 68 feet (21 m) high and 125 feet (38 m) wide, with an average water flow of 3,600 cubic feet (100 m3) per second (100 m³/s).Trails winding downstream from the park on either side of the river lead to the smaller Angel Falls and Dog Slaughter Falls. Angel Falls is located 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from the park on the McCreary County side and Dog Slaughter Falls is located 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from the park on the Whitley County side. The Below the Falls section of the river includes a five-mile (8 km) long class 2-3 run that is ideal for families and beginner stage white water rafters and kayakers.

Williamsburg is located 20 minutes away from the Big South Fork of the Cumberland River, a major tributary of the Cumberland River system and a class 3-4 whitewater canoeing and kayaking stream. The Big South Fork is also home to Yahoo Falls, which stand 113 feet (34.8 m) high. Further along, the trail leads to the Yahoo Arch.

Religion[edit]

As of the 2000 census Whitley County, Kentucky of which Williamsburg is the county seat consisted of 22,645 Evangelical Christians, 1,741 Mainstream Christians, 130 Catholics, and 11,394 individuals who are not members of the 188 groups included in the Churches & Church Membership Data. As of the same date 69.4% of individuals in Whitley County were members of the Southern Baptist Convention.[9] Williamsburg boasts 21 religious institutions or one religious institution per 243 citizens, and as of the year 2000 the region that contains the town has been designated the second densest region of the bible belt.[10] University of the Cumberlands, located in the town is a private Christian college affiliated with the Kentucky Baptist Convention, a member of the Southern Baptist Convention.

Economy[edit]

Top Employers:[6]

  1. Firestone Industrial Products
  2. Whitley County School System
  3. Williamsburg Plastics
  4. University of The Cumberlands
  5. Southeastern Kentucky Rehabilitation Industries (SEKRI)
  6. Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC)
  7. Wal Mart
  8. Kentucky Consular Center

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870139
188020849.6%
18901,376561.5%
19001,4958.6%
19102,00434.0%
19201,767−11.8%
19301,8263.3%
19402,33127.7%
19503,34843.6%
19603,4783.9%
19703,6876.0%
19805,56050.8%
19905,493−1.2%
20005,143−6.4%
20105,2452.0%
Est. 20125,2560.2%
U.S. Census Bureau[11]2012 estimate[12]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 5,143 people, 1,928 households, and 1,127 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,102.5 people per square mile (426.1/km²). There were 2,118 housing units at an average density of 454.0 per square mile (175.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.46% White, 1.73% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population.

There were 1,928 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.9% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.5% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.5% under the age of 18, 24.9% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $18,114, and the median income for a family was $25,996. Males had a median income of $31,905 versus $17,339 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,224. About 29.3% of the population and 35.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 49.0% of those under the age of 18 and 15.1% of those ages 65 and older.

Education[edit]

K-12[edit]

Two public school districts serve the city:

In addition, Corbin Education Center serves as an alternative school for students in the Corbin, Williamsburg, and Whitley County school districts.[14]

Colleges and universities[edit]

University of the Cumberlands marker off of Main Street, in Williamsburg, Kentucky

The campus of the University of the Cumberlands (formerly Cumberland College) is located on College Hill adjacent to the downtown area of Williamsburg. UC is a private liberal arts college, with an enrollment of approximately 2,200 students. The school is affiliated with the Kentucky Baptist Convention (the Kentucky affiliate of the Southern Baptist Convention), and the school's sports teams participate in the NAIA.

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Radio[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Williamsburg has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kentucky Secretary of State-Land Office Retrieved on 2010-06-19
  2. ^ History of Williamsburg Retrieved on 2010-06-19
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ The Other Historical Williamsburg
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ a b Williamsburg, KY Quick Facts
  7. ^ Kentucky Splash Waterpark - Hal Rogers Entertainment Center
  8. ^ Kentcky Splash Waterpark - Hal Rogers Entertainment Center
  9. ^ The Association of Religion Data Archives | Maps & Reports
  10. ^ Williamsburg, KY - Religious History
  11. ^ Census Bureau Retrieved on 2010-2-14
  12. ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 Population Estimates U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ http://thetimestribune.com/local/x1405850432/Former-utilities-building-to-serve-new-purpose/print Former utilities building to serve new purpose]
  15. ^ The Bonds, by R. M. Williams
  16. ^ Climate Summary for Williamsburg, Kentucky

External links[edit]