William Holden

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William Holden
Holden-portrait.jpg
Holden in a publicity photo, 1954
BornWilliam Franklin Beedle, Jr.
(1918-04-17)April 17, 1918
O'Fallon, Illinois, U.S.
DiedNovember 12, 1981(1981-11-12) (aged 63)
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Cause of death
Exsanguination following a fall
EducationSouth Pasadena High School
Alma materPasadena Junior College
OccupationActor, wildlife conservationist
Years active1938–1981
Political party
Republican[1]
Spouse(s)Brenda Marshall (m. 1941–71)
Children3
AwardsAcademy Award for Best Actor (1953)
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor (1974)
 
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William Holden
Holden-portrait.jpg
Holden in a publicity photo, 1954
BornWilliam Franklin Beedle, Jr.
(1918-04-17)April 17, 1918
O'Fallon, Illinois, U.S.
DiedNovember 12, 1981(1981-11-12) (aged 63)
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Cause of death
Exsanguination following a fall
EducationSouth Pasadena High School
Alma materPasadena Junior College
OccupationActor, wildlife conservationist
Years active1938–1981
Political party
Republican[1]
Spouse(s)Brenda Marshall (m. 1941–71)
Children3
AwardsAcademy Award for Best Actor (1953)
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor (1974)

William Holden (April 17, 1918 – November 12, 1981) was an American actor. One of the most popular movie stars of all time, Holden was one of the biggest box office draws of the 1950s. Holden won the Academy Award for Best Actor in 1953 for his role in Stalag 17, and a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor for his role in the 1973 television film The Blue Knight.

Holden starred in some of the most popular and critically acclaimed films of all time, including such blockbusters as Sunset Boulevard, The Bridge on the River Kwai, The Wild Bunch, The Towering Inferno, and Network. He was named one of the "Top 10 Stars of the Year" six times (1954–1958, 1961), and appeared on the American Film Institute's AFI's 100 Years…100 Stars list as number 25.

Early life and career[edit]

Holden was born William Franklin Beedle, Jr. in O'Fallon, Illinois, the son of Mary Blanche (née Ball), a schoolteacher, and William Franklin Beedle, Sr., an industrial chemist.[2] He had two younger brothers, Robert and Richard. Holden's paternal great-grandmother, Rebecca Westfield, was born in England in 1817, while some of his mother's ancestors settled in Virginia's Lancaster County after emigrating from England in the 17th century.[2] His younger brother, Robert W. "Bobbie" Beedle, later became a U.S. Navy fighter pilot who was killed in action in World War II, over New Ireland, on January 5, 1944.

His family moved to South Pasadena when he was three. After graduating from South Pasadena High School, Holden attended Pasadena Junior College, where he became involved in local radio plays. Contrary to legend and theatre publicity, he did not study at the Pasadena Playhouse, nor was he discovered in a play there. Rather, he was spotted by a talent scout from Paramount Pictures in 1937 while playing the part of an 80-year-old man, Marie Curie's father-in-law, in a play at the Playbox, a separate and private theatre owned by Pasadena Playhouse director Gilmor Brown. His first film role was in Prison Farm the following year.

With Lee J. Cobb in Holden's first starring role in a film, Golden Boy (1939)

Career[edit]

Holden's first starring role was in Golden Boy (1939), in which he played a violinist-turned-boxer. That was followed by the role of George Gibbs in the film adaptation of Our Town.[3]

After Columbia Pictures picked up half of his contract, he alternated between starring in several minor pictures for Paramount and Columbia before serving as a 2nd lieutenant in the United States Army Air Forces during World War II, where he acted in training films for the First Motion Picture Unit. Beginning in 1950, his career took off when Billy Wilder tapped him to star as the down-at-the-heels screenwriter Joe Gillis, who is taken in by faded silent-screen star Norma Desmond (Gloria Swanson) in Sunset Boulevard, for which Holden earned his first Best Actor Oscar nomination.[4]

William Holden and Chandran Rutnam while shooting The Bridge on the River Kwai.

Following this breakthrough film, his career quickly grew in stature as he played a series of roles that combined good looks with cynical detachment, including a prisoner-of-war entrepreneur in Stalag 17 (1953), for which he won the Academy Award for Best Actor, a pressured young engineer/family man in Executive Suite (1954), an acerbic stage director in The Country Girl (1954), a conflicted jet pilot in the Korean War film The Bridges at Toko-Ri (1954), a carefree playboy in Sabrina (1954), a wandering college football star in Picnic (1955), a dashing war correspondent in Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing (1955), his most widely recognized role as an ill-fated prisoner in The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), a World War II tug boat captain in The Key (1958), and an American Civil War military surgeon in The Horse Soldiers (1959), which also starred John Wayne.

With Audrey Hepburn in Sabrina (1954)

He also played a number of sunnier roles in light comedy, such as the handsome architect pursuing virginal Maggie McNamara in the controversial Production Code-breaking The Moon Is Blue (1953), as Judy Holliday's tutor in Born Yesterday (1950), as a playwright captivated by Ginger Rogers' character in Forever Female (1953) and as Humphrey Bogart's younger brother, a playboy, in Sabrina (1954), which also starred Audrey Hepburn. In 1954, Holden was featured on the cover of Life.

On February 7, 1955, he appeared as a guest star on I Love Lucy as himself. His career peaked in 1957 with the enormous success of The Bridge on the River Kwai, but Holden spent the next several years starring in a number of films that rarely succeeded commercially or critically.[5] By the mid-1960s, the quality of his roles and films had noticeably diminished.

Later career[edit]

In 1969, Holden made a comeback when he starred in director Sam Peckinpah's graphically violent Western The Wild Bunch, winning much acclaim. Also in 1969, Holden starred in director Terence Young's family film L'Arbre de Noël, co-starring Italian actress Virna Lisi, based on the novel of the same name by Michel Bataille. This film was originally released in the United States as The Christmas Tree and on home video as When Wolves Cry.[6]

Five years later, he starred with Paul Newman and Steve McQueen in the critically acclaimed disaster film The Towering Inferno, which became a box office smash and one of the highest grossing films of Holden's career. He was also praised for his Oscar-nominated leading performance in Sidney Lumet's classic Network (1976), a prescient examination of the media written by Paddy Chayefsky, playing an older version of the character type he had become iconic for in the 1950s, only now more jaded and aware of his own mortality.

In 1974, Holden won a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie for his portrayal of a cynical, tough veteran LAPD street cop in the television film The Blue Knight, based upon the best-selling Joseph Wambaugh novel of the same name.

In 1980, Holden appeared in The Earthling with popular child actor Ricky Schroder, playing a loner dying of cancer who goes to the Australian outback to end his days, meets a young boy whose parents have been killed in an accident, and teaches him how to survive. During his last years, Holden also appeared in his second Irwin Allen film, When Time Ran Out, a critical and commercial failure and heavily disliked by Holden himself; his final film, Blake Edwards's S.O.B., was more successful and a Golden Globe-nominated picture.

Matron of Honor Brenda Marshall and Best Man William Holden, sole guests at Ronald Reagan and Nancy Reagan's wedding in 1952.

Personal life[edit]

While in Italy in 1966, Holden killed another driver in a drunk driving incident. He received an eight-month suspended sentence for vehicular manslaughter.[7]

Holden maintained a home in Switzerland and also spent much of his time working for wildlife conservation as a managing partner in an animal preserve in Africa. His Mount Kenya Safari Club in Nanyuki (founded 1959) became a mecca for the international jet set.[8]

Holden in The Revengers (1972)

Marriage and relationships[edit]

Holden was married to actress Ardis Ankerson (stage name Brenda Marshall) from 1941 until their divorce (after many long separations) in 1971. They had two sons, Peter Westfield (born November 17, 1943) and Scott Porter (born May 2, 1946; died January 21, 2005, San Diego, California). He also adopted his wife's daughter, Virginia, from her first marriage.

Holden was best man at the marriage of his friend Ronald Reagan to Nancy Davis in 1952; however, he never involved himself in politics.

Holden met French actress Capucine in the early 1960s. The two starred in the films The Lion (1962) and The 7th Dawn (1964). They began a two-year affair, which is alleged to have ended due to Holden's alcoholism.[9] Capucine and Holden remained friends until his death in 1981.[10]

In 1972, Holden began a nine-year relationship with actress Stefanie Powers, which sparked her interest in animal welfare.[11] After his death, Powers set up the William Holden Wildlife Foundation at Holden's Mount Kenya Game Ranch.[12]

Death[edit]

According to the Los Angeles County Coroner's autopsy report, Holden was alone and intoxicated in his apartment in Santa Monica, California, on November 12, 1981, when he slipped on a rug, severely lacerated his forehead on a teak bedside table, and bled to death. Evidence suggests he was conscious for at least half an hour after the fall. It is probable that he may not have realized the severity of the injury and did not summon aid, or was unable to call for help. His body was found four days later.[8]

Holden had dictated in his will that the Neptune Society cremate him and scatter his ashes in the Pacific Ocean. No funeral or memorial service was held, per his wishes.[13]

For his contribution to the film industry, William Holden has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame located at 1651 Vine Street.[14]

In popular culture[edit]

In 2007, his stepdaughter, Virginia Holden Gaines, wrote a book, Growing Up with William Holden: A Memoir, reliving her memories of life with her father.

In a podcast for Turner Classic Movies (February 2012) singer-songwriter Suzanne Vega revealed that years after she had released her famous song "Tom's Diner", she was told that her line from this song ("I open up the paper, there's a story of an actor who had died while he was drinking, it was no one I had heard of") actually referred to William Holden, and that "You can date Tom's Diner day by the date of his death". Video on YouTube

In the film Mona Lisa Smile, students gossip about an affair between their professor Katherine Watson, a California native, and William Holden.

Filmography[edit]

Film
YearTitleRoleNotes
1938Prison FarmPrisoneruncredited
1939Million Dollar LegsGraduate who says "Thank You"uncredited
Golden BoyJoe Bonaparte
Invisible StripesTim Taylor
1940Our TownGeorge Gibbs
Those Were the Days!P.J. "Petey" Simmons
ArizonaPeter Muncie
1941I Wanted WingsAl Ludlow
TexasDan Thomas
1942The Fleet's InCasey Kirby
The Remarkable AndrewAndrew Long
Meet the StewartsMichael Stewart
1943Young and WillingNorman Reese
Reconnaissance PilotHimselfshort film
Wings UpHimselfshort film
1947Blaze of NoonColin McDonald
Dear RuthLt. William Seacroft
Variety GirlHimself
1948The Man from ColoradoCapt. Del Stewart
Rachel and the StrangerDavid Harvey
Apartment for PeggyJason Taylor
The Dark PastAl Walker
1949Streets of LaredoJim Dawkins
Miss Grant Takes RichmondDick Richmond
Dear WifeBill Seacroft
1950Father Is a BachelorJohnny Rutledge
Sunset BoulevardJoe GillisNominated-Academy Award for Best Actor
Union StationLt. William Calhoun
Born YesterdayPaul Verrall
1951Force of ArmsSgt. Joe "Pete" Peterson
Submarine CommandLt. Cmdr. Ken White
1952Boots MaloneBoots Malone
The Turning PointJerry McKibbon
1953Stalag 17Sgt. J.J. SeftonAcademy Award for Best Actor
The Moon Is BlueDonald Gresham
Die Jungfrau auf dem DachTouristcameo
Forever FemaleStanley Krown
Escape from Fort BravoCapt. Roper
1954Executive SuiteMcDonald WallingVenice Film Festival Special Award for Ensemble Acting
SabrinaDavid Larrabee
Samurai I: Musashi MiyamotoNarratoruncredited
The Country GirlBernie Dodd
The Bridges at Toko-RiLt. Harry Brubaker
1955Love Is a Many-Splendored ThingMark Elliott
PicnicHal CarterNominated-BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor
1955The Proud and ProfaneLt. Col. Colin Black
Toward the UnknownMaj. Lincoln Bond
1957The Bridge on the River KwaiShears
1958The KeyCapt. David Ross
1959The Horse SoldiersMajor Henry Kendall
1960The World of Suzie WongRobert LomaxLaurel Award for Top Male Dramatic Performance (2nd place)
1962Satan Never SleepsFather O'Banion
The Counterfeit TraitorEric Erickson
The LionRobert Hayward
1964Paris When It SizzlesRichard Benson/Rick
The 7th DawnMajor Ferris
1966Alvarez KellyAlvarez Kelly
1967Casino RoyaleRansome
1968The Devil's BrigadeLt. Col. Robert T. Frederick
1969The Wild BunchPike Bishop
The Christmas TreeLaurent Ségur
1971Wild RoversRoss Bodine
1972The RevengersJohn Benedict
1973BreezyFrank Harmon
1974Open SeasonHal Wolkowski
The Towering InfernoJim Duncan
1976NetworkMax SchumacherNational Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor (2nd place)
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor (3rd place)
Nominated-Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated-BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
1978FedoraBarry "Dutch" Detweiler
Damien: Omen IIRichard Thorn
1979Escape to AthenaPrisoner smoking a cigar in prison campuncredited
AshantiJim Sandell
1980When Time Ran OutShelby Gilmore
The EarthlingPatrick Foley
1981S.O.B.Tim Culley
Television
YearTitleRoleNotes
1955Lux Video TheatreIntermission Guestepisode: Love Letters
I Love LucyHimselfepisode: Hollywood at Last
1956The Jack Benny ProgramHimselfepisode: William Holden/Frances Bergen Show
1973The Blue KnightBumper MorganPrimetime Emmy Award for Best Actor in a Limited Series
197621 Hours at MunichChief of Police Manfred Schreiber

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Heymann, C. David (2009). Bobby and Jackie: A Love Story. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 25. ISBN 1-416-55629-X. Retrieved 04–01–13. 
  2. ^ a b "Ancestry of William Holden." Genealogy.com. Retrieved: November 13, 2011.
  3. ^ Capua 2009, pp. 16–17.
  4. ^ Capua 2009, pp. 54–55.
  5. ^ "Film Ratings." IMDb. Retrieved: December 6, 2012.
  6. ^ Capua 2009, pp. 135–136, 141.
  7. ^ Brown, Andrew M. "When Alcoholics drink themselves to death." The Telegraph, April 7, 2011.
  8. ^ a b Bennett, Bruce. "William Holden's Unscripted Fall From Grace." New York Sun, July 2, 2008.
  9. ^ The Lion (hosted by Robert Osborne); air date: November 4, 2012 on Turner Classic Movies
  10. ^ Strodder 2000, p. 112.
  11. ^ Capua 2009, p. 165.
  12. ^ Bacon, Doris Klein. "For Love of Bill." People, Vol. 17, No. 21, May 31, 1982.
  13. ^ Capua 2009, p. 164
  14. ^ "Hollywood Star Walk: William Holden". latimes.com. Retrieved March 26, 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Capua, Michelangelo. William Holden: A Biography. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-7864-4440-3.
  • Gaines, Virginia Holden. Growing Up with William Holden: A Memoir. Newark, Notts, UK: Strategems, 2007. ISBN 978-0-9741304-5-3.
  • Phillips, Gene D. Some Like It Wilder: The Life and Controversial Films of Billy Wilder. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, 2010. ISBN 0-8131-2570-7.
  • Quirk, Lawrence J. The Complete Films of William Holden. Sacramento, California: Citadel Press, 1986. ISBN 978-0-8065-0998-3.
  • Quirk, Lawrence J.The Films of William Holden. Sacramento, California: Citadel Press, 1973. ISBN 978-0-8065-0375-2.
  • Strodder, Chris. Swingin' Chicks Of the Sixties. San Rafael, California: Cedco Publishing Company, 2000. ISBN 0-7683-2232-4.
  • Thomas, Bob. Golden Boy: The Untold Story of William Holden. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1983. ISBN 978-0-312-33697-4.

External links[edit]