William Henry Dietz

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William Henry Dietz
101 dietz carlisle.JPG
Dietz, as a member of the Carlisle football team between 1909 and 1912
Sport(s)Football, baseball
Biographical details
Born(1884-08-17)August 17, 1884
Rice Lake, Wisconsin
DiedJuly 20, 1964(1964-07-20) (aged 79)
Reading, Pennsylvania
Playing career
Football
1909–1912

Carlisle Indian
Coaching career (HC unless noted)
Football
1915–1917
1921
1922–1923
1924–1926
1929–1932
1933–1934
1936
1937–1942

Baseball
1923

Washington State
Purdue
Louisiana Tech
Wyoming
Haskell
Boston Redskins
Ole Miss (assistant)
Albright


Louisiana Tech
Head coaching record
Overall96–62–8 (college football)
16–6 (college baseball)
11–11–2 (NFL)
Bowls1–0
Statistics
College Football Data Warehouse
Accomplishments and honors
Championships
Football
1 PCC (1917)
College Football Hall of Fame
Inducted in 2012 (profile)
 
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William Henry Dietz
101 dietz carlisle.JPG
Dietz, as a member of the Carlisle football team between 1909 and 1912
Sport(s)Football, baseball
Biographical details
Born(1884-08-17)August 17, 1884
Rice Lake, Wisconsin
DiedJuly 20, 1964(1964-07-20) (aged 79)
Reading, Pennsylvania
Playing career
Football
1909–1912

Carlisle Indian
Coaching career (HC unless noted)
Football
1915–1917
1921
1922–1923
1924–1926
1929–1932
1933–1934
1936
1937–1942

Baseball
1923

Washington State
Purdue
Louisiana Tech
Wyoming
Haskell
Boston Redskins
Ole Miss (assistant)
Albright


Louisiana Tech
Head coaching record
Overall96–62–8 (college football)
16–6 (college baseball)
11–11–2 (NFL)
Bowls1–0
Statistics
College Football Data Warehouse
Accomplishments and honors
Championships
Football
1 PCC (1917)
College Football Hall of Fame
Inducted in 2012 (profile)

William Henry "Lone Star" Dietz (August 17, 1884 – July 20, 1964) was an American football player and coach. He served as the head football coach at Washington State University (1915–1917), Purdue University (1921), Louisiana Tech University (1922–1923), University of Wyoming (1924–1926), Haskell Institute—now Haskell Indian Nations University (1929–1932), and Albright College (1937–1942). From 1933 to 1934, Dietz was the head coach of the National Football League's Boston Redskins, where he tallied a mark of 11–11–2. He was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 2012.

Dietz's true identity remains highly controversial. Although he is recognized as an "Indian athlete" by Dan Snyder, owner of the Washington Redskins, Indian Country Today Media Network ran a series of articles in 2004 exposing Dietz as a white man masquerading as an Indian.[1] In 1988, the National Congress of American Indians attempted to meet and discuss the issue with the team’s former owner, Jack Kent Cooke, but Cooke refused a meeting.

Playing career[edit]

Dietz played at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, with teammate Jim Thorpe, under famed coach Pop Warner.[2]

Coaching career[edit]

George Preston Marshall, owner and founder of the Boston Braves sought to rename the franchise in 1933 after leaving the stadium they shared with the baseball team of the same name. Marshall chose the name Redskins in honor of Dietz, who claimed to be of the Sioux Nation, by analogy with the Red Sox who shared the team's new home, Fenway Park.[3]

Recognition[edit]

Dietz was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 2012.

Personal life[edit]

Noted historian Linda M. Waggoner has traced Dietz' heritage in several articles in Indian Country Today Media Network and at a 2013 symposium at the National Museum of the American Indian. He was born William Henry Dietz, or “Willie,” on August 17, 1884, in Rice Lake, Wisconsin, at 16 West Humbird Street. His father William Wallace Dietz, settled in the area in 1871 and was elected county sheriff in 1877. He married Leanna Ginder in November 1879. "Willie" attended Oklahoma’s Chilocco Indian Agricultural School, where it is likely he feigned some kind of Indian identity for the first time. As Waggoner wrote, "Naturally, visitors to the St. Louis World’s Fair exhibit, including Dietz’s future wife, Winnebago artist Angel De Cora, thought Dietz was a Chilocco student."[4]

In 1921, Dietz took a coaching position with Purdue University in Indiana. He married Doris O. Pottlitzer, a middle-aged local journalist, on January 29, 1922. The week previous to their marriage, Purdue officials fired him for illegal recruiting. In spring 1933, George Preston Marshall, owner of the Boston Braves, hired Dietz to replace Coach Lud Wray. Marshall then came up with a new name: the “Boston Redskins.” In 1937, the team moved to Washington, D.C.[5]

For the rest of his life, Dietz continued to promote himself as Lone Star Dietz, the son of W.W. and Julia One Star of Pine Ridge. He took on his last coaching job in 1937 for Albright College in Pennsylvania; in 1964, still married to Doris, Dietz died in Reading, Pennsylvania. He and Doris were so poor that former teammates purchased his headstone. It reads: “William ‘Lone Star’ Dietz born in South Dakota.”[6]

Nickname[edit]

Dietz named himself "Lone Star" after James One Star, the alleged nephew of an Oglala Buffalo Bill Performer sometime after the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair. "Lone Star" and "One Star" are the same name in Oglala.[citation needed]

Contested heritage[edit]

Dietz's Indian heritage was first contested in 1916 after former neighbors who settled on the Pacific Coast heard he was posing as an Indian. In December 1918 the Federal Bureau of Investigation looked into his heritage after he fraudulently registered for the draft as a "Non-Citizen Indian" with an allotment. The Bureau found he had taken on the identity of James One Star, an Oglala man of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation 12 years his senior who had disappeared in 1894. Dietz also falsely claimed he was the head of an American film company that produced propaganda films for the war.

Dietz divorced De Cora in November 1918, charging her with abandonment. It is not clear how much she knew about his true identity. She died six days after his indictment.

Dietz was tried in Spokane, Washington in June of 1919 for the first offense. One Star's sister, Sallie Eaglehorse, testified after seeing him for the first time at the trial that Dietz was definitely not her brother. Still, the judge instructed the jury to determine whether Dietz "believed" he was an Indian, not whether it was true. Despite that others had witnessed his birth in the summer of 1884 or had seen him the following day, Dietz's mother Leanna claimed he was the Indian son of her husband who had been switched a week or more after she had a stillbirth. Dietz's acting ability along with his mother's fallacious testimony (to protect him from prison) resulted in a hung jury, but Dietz was immediately re-indicted. The second trial resulted in a sentence of 30 days in the Spokane County Jail after he pleaded "no contest".[7]

Head coaching record[edit]

College football[edit]

YearTeamOverallConferenceStandingBowl/playoffs
Washington State Cougars (Independent) (1915–1916)
1915Washington State7–0W Rose
1916Washington State4–2
Washington State Cougars (Pacific Coast Conference) (1917)
1917Washington State6–0–13–01st
Washington State:17–2–13–0
Purdue Boilermakers (Big Ten Conference) (1921)
1921Purdue1–61–4T–8th
Purdue:1–61–4
Louisiana Tech Bulldogs (Louisiana Intercollegiate Athletic Association) (1922–1923)
1922Louisiana Tech5–1–11–1–13rd
1923Louisiana Tech6–22–1T–2nd
Louisiana Tech:11–3–1
Wyoming Cowboys (Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference) (1924–1926)
1924Wyoming2–62–610th
1925Wyoming6–34–35th
1926Wyoming2–4–21–2–28th
Wyoming:10–13–27–11–2
Haskell Fighting Indians (Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference) (1929–1932)
Haskell:26–15–2
Albright Lions () (1937–1942)
1937Albright7–0–1
1938Albright4–5–1
1939Albright5–4
1940Albright5–5
1941Albright6–4
1942Albright4–5
Albright:31–23–2
Total:96–62–8

NFL[edit]

YearTeamOverallConferenceStandingBowl/playoffs
Boston Redskins (Eastern) (1933–1934)
1933Boston Redskins5–5–23rd
1934Boston Redskins6–62nd
Boston Redskins:11–11–2
Total:11–11–2

College baseball[edit]

SeasonTeamOverallConferenceStandingPostseason
Louisiana Tech Bulldogs () (1923)
1923Louisiana Tech16–6
Louisiana Tech:16–6
Total:16–6

References[edit]

  1. ^ Linda M. Waggoner, Reclaiming James One Star, Indian Country Today Media Network, 5 pt. series, July 2, 12, 20, 27, Aug. 8, 2004.
  2. ^ Richard Leiby (November 6, 2013). "The legend of Lone Star Dietz: Redskins namesake, coach — and possible impostor?". The Washington Post. 
  3. ^ The Racist Redskins
  4. ^ Linda M. Waggoner, "On Trial The Washington R*dskins' Wily Mascot: Coach William Lone Star Dietz", Montana: The Magazine of Western History, Spring 2013, pp. 24-47. Available at http://nmai.si.edu/sites/1/files/pdf/seminars-symposia/WaggonerWEBSpr2013.pdf
  5. ^ Waggoner, "On Trial: The Washington Redskins Wily Mascot"
  6. ^ Waggoner, "On Trial: The Washington R*dskins Wily Mascot"
  7. ^ Waggoner, "On Trial: The Washington R*dskins Wily Mascot"

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]