William Glasser

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

William Glasser
Glasser at the 2009 Evolution of Psychotherapy Conference
Born(1925-05-11)May 11, 1925
Cleveland, Ohio
DiedAugust 23, 2013(2013-08-23) (aged 88)
Los Angeles, California
ResidenceUnited States of America
NationalityAmerican
FieldsPsychiatry
InstitutionsCalifornia State University, Northridge, William Glasser Institute, Institute for Reality Therapy
Alma materCase Western Reserve University, UCLA
Known fordeveloped reality therapy and choice theory
Notable awardsDoctor of Humane Letters, Honoris Causa, University of San Francisco, American Counseling Association Professional Development Award, American Psychotherapy Association Master Therapist
 
Jump to: navigation, search
William Glasser
Glasser at the 2009 Evolution of Psychotherapy Conference
Born(1925-05-11)May 11, 1925
Cleveland, Ohio
DiedAugust 23, 2013(2013-08-23) (aged 88)
Los Angeles, California
ResidenceUnited States of America
NationalityAmerican
FieldsPsychiatry
InstitutionsCalifornia State University, Northridge, William Glasser Institute, Institute for Reality Therapy
Alma materCase Western Reserve University, UCLA
Known fordeveloped reality therapy and choice theory
Notable awardsDoctor of Humane Letters, Honoris Causa, University of San Francisco, American Counseling Association Professional Development Award, American Psychotherapy Association Master Therapist

William Glasser (May 11, 1925 – August 23, 2013) was an American psychiatrist.

Glasser was the developer of reality therapy and choice theory. His ideas, which focus on personal choice, personal responsibility and personal transformation, are considered controversial by mainstream psychiatrists, who focus instead on classifying psychiatric syndromes, and who often prescribe psychotropic medications to treat mental disorders. Glasser was also notable for applying his theories to broader social issues, such as education, management, and marriage, to name a few. Glasser notably deviated from conventional psychiatrists by warning the general public about the potential detriments caused by the profession of psychiatry in its traditional form because of the common goal to diagnose a patient with a mental illness and prescribe medications to treat the particular illness when, in fact, the patient may simply be acting out of unhappiness, not a brain disorder. Glasser advocated the consideration of mental health as a public health issue.

Early Life and Career[edit]

Glasser was born May 11, 1925, in Cleveland, Ohio, to Ben Glasser, a watch and clock repairman, and his wife Betty. He attended Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, where he earned his BS in Chemical Engineering in 1945. After a short career as an engineer, Glasser returned to Case Western in 1946, but was drafted into the army during his first semester and stationed at Dugway Proving Ground in Utah. He returned to Case Western in 1947, earning his MA in Clinical Psychology in 1949 and his MD in Psychiatry in 1953. He completed his medical internship and psychiatric residency at UCLA and the Veterans Administration Hospital, respectively, and became board certified in 1961. [1] [2] [3] [4]

After being "thrown off the staff" at the VA hospital due to his anti-Freudian beliefs, Glasser took a position as staff psychiatrist at the Ventura School for Delinquent Girls, where he began teaching ideas that became the basis for reality therapy. [1] During this time, Glasser met Dr. G. L. Harrington, an older psychiatrist who openly disbelieved the Freudian model of mental illness, who Glasser credits as his "mentor." [3]

He set up a private psychotherapy practice in Los Angeles, which he maintained until 1986. [2]

Work[edit]

Glasser authored and co-authored numerous and influential books on mental health, counseling, and the improvement of schools, teaching, and several publications advocating a public health approach to mental health versus the prevailing "medical" model.

Glasser founded The Institute for Reality Therapy in 1967, which was renamed The Institute for Control Theory, Reality Therapy and Quality Management in 1994 and later The William Glasser Institute in 1996. The institute is located in Tempe, Arizona, and has branch institutes throughout the world.

By the 1970s Dr. Glasser called his body of work Control Theory. By 1996, the theoretical structure evolved into a comprehensive body of work renamed Choice Theory, mainly because of the confusion with perceptual control theory by William T. Powers, developed in the 1950s.

Reality therapy organizations[edit]

In the USA, the Glasser Institute is organized with regional groups in New England, the Sunbelt, the Northwest, the Midwest, the Southeast, and the West Coast.

In July, 2010, William Glasser Association International was established with an interim governing board charged with setting up the organization to coordinate worldwide activities and conferences, the first of which is June 6–9, 2012, in Los Angeles.

Outside the USA, the Glasser Institute has active independent national organizations in Canada, the UK, throughout Europe, Asia, Central and South America, Australia and New Zealand.

The Institute for Reality Therapy UK (IRT UK), with its own administration executive, co-ordinates the faculty workshops and practicums in the United Kingdom on behalf of the WGI, leading up to, and including Reality Therapy Certification (RTC). The IRT UK strives to promote and develop choice theory, reality therapy, and lead management in the UK, offering guidance and support to its membership made up of a body of like-minded individuals, committed to their own personal and professional advancement. Support is offered by a team of training and practicum supervisors. Members of the institute subscribe to the 'ethos' that choice theory, reality therapy, and lead management guide and support their relationships both on a personal and professional basis, and that reality therapy should be taught with integrity and adherence to fundamental concepts as described by Dr. William Glasser and others who write, teach, and are associated with the WGI.

Death[edit]

Glasser died at his home in Los Angeles on August 23, 2013 at 6:30pm, in the company of his wife, Carleen, and others. [5] Glasser's obituary reported the cause of death as respiratory failure stemming from pneumonia. [1] The William Glasser Institute website referred to his death as "a massive shock to all", in spite of Glasser having been "in poor health for some time". [6]

Bibliography[edit]

with co-author Carleen Glasser, M.Ed.[edit]

Other:

Chapters in books edited by others[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Dr. William Glasser, unorthodox psychiatrist and author, dies at 88". Retrieved 2013-08-28. 
  2. ^ a b "Dr. Glasser - William Glasser Institute". Retrieved 2013-08-25. 
  3. ^ a b "Development and Evolution of William Glasser's Ideas". Retrieved 2013=08=28. 
  4. ^ "Biography of William Glasser". Retrieved 2013-08-25. 
  5. ^ "William Glasser Institute". Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  6. ^ "William Glasser, Champion of Choice". Retrieved 2013-08-25. 

External links[edit]