Second Lady of the United States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Second Lady of the
United States
Jill Biden official portrait headshot.jpg
Incumbent
Jill Biden

since January 20, 2009
StyleDr. Biden
ResidenceNumber One Observatory Circle
Inaugural holderAbigail Adams
FormationApril 20, 1789
WebsiteJill Biden
 
  (Redirected from Wife of the Vice President of the United States)
Jump to: navigation, search
Second Lady of the
United States
Jill Biden official portrait headshot.jpg
Incumbent
Jill Biden

since January 20, 2009
StyleDr. Biden
ResidenceNumber One Observatory Circle
Inaugural holderAbigail Adams
FormationApril 20, 1789
WebsiteJill Biden

Second Lady of the United States is an informal title for the wife of the Vice President of the United States, coined in contrast to the First Lady (who is almost always the wife of the president).

The second lady's visibility in the public sphere has been a somewhat recent development. Although the role of the First Lady as White House hostess dates from the beginning of the republic (and was typically filled by another member of the president's family if the president was unmarried or a widower), with a few exceptions, it was generally not until the late 20th century and early 21st century that vice-presidential wives took on public roles that attracted significant media attention.

Floride Calhoun, wife of Vice President John C. Calhoun, was a central figure in the Petticoat Affair, a social-political scandal which involved the social ostracism of Secretary of War John H. Eaton and his wife Margaret O'Neill Eaton further damaging already-strained relations between Vice President Calhoun and President Andrew Jackson. Tipper Gore, wife of Vice President Al Gore, was active in several campaigns to remove material she found objectionable from popular American entertainment like movies, television shows and music, starting when her husband was a senator. She challenged performers over their use of profane lyrics and often debated with her critics, such as Dead Kennedys singer Jello Biafra. Lynne Cheney, wife of Vice President Dick Cheney, championed education reform, citing specific failures of the American public education system during her tenure as second lady. She is a particularly outspoken supporter of American history education, having written five bestselling books on this topic for children and their families.[1] Jill Biden, the current second lady, works as an English professor at Northern Virginia Community College, and is thought to be the first second lady to hold a paying job while her husband is vice president. She has been involved in various causes, including breast cancer awareness and literacy.

List of wives of the vice presidents[edit]

#ImageSecond LadyDate of birthVice President
Marriage date
TenureDate of death (age)First Lady's tenure
01.0 1Abigail Adams.jpgAdams, Abigail Abigail Adams (née Smith)(1744-11-11)November 11, 1744Adams, John John Adams
October 25, 1764
April 30, 1789—March 4, 1797(1818-10-28) October 28, 1818(1818-10-28) (aged 73)1797–1801
01.1 Vacant; Jefferson, Thomas Thomas Jefferson was a widower.March 4, 1797—March 4, 1801 
01.2 Vacant; Aaron Burr was a widower.March 4, 1801—March 4, 1805 
01.3 Vacant; George Clinton was a widower.March 4, 1805—April 20, 1812 
01.4 Vacant; no Vice President.April 20, 1812—March 4, 1813 
02.0 2Gerry, Ann Ann Gerry (née Thompson)(1763-08-12)August 12, 1763Gerry, Elbridge Elbridge Gerry
March 4, 1813—November 23, 1814(1849-03-17) March 17, 1849(1849-03-17) (aged 85)
02.1 Vacant; no Vice President.November 23, 1814—March 4, 1817 
03.0 3Tompkins, Hannah Hannah Tompkins (née Minthorne)(1781-08-28)August 28, 1781Tompkins, Daniel D Daniel D Tompkins
March 4, 1817—March 4, 1825(1829-02-18) February 18, 1829(1829-02-18) (aged 47)
04.0 4Floride Calhoun nee Colhoun.jpgCalhoun, Floride Floride Calhoun (née Colhoun)(1792-02-15)February 15, 1792Calhoun, John C. John C. Calhoun
January 8, 1811
March 4, 1825—December 28, 1832(1866-07-25) July 25, 1866(1866-07-25) (aged 74)
04.1 Vacant; no Vice President.December 28, 1832—March 4, 1833 
04.2 Vacant; Buren, Martin Van Martin Van Buren was a widower.March 4, 1833—March 4, 1837 
04.3 Vacant; Johnson, Richard Mentor Richard Mentor Johnson was unmarried.March 4, 1837—March 4, 1841 
05.0 5Letitia Tyler2.jpgTyler, Letitia Christian Letitia Christian Tyler (née Christian)(1790-11-12)November 12, 1790Tyler, John John Tyler
March 4, 1841—April 4, 1841(1842-09-12) September 12, 1842(1842-09-12) (aged 51)1841–1842
05.1 Vacant; no Vice President.April 4, 1841—March 4, 1845 
06.0 6Mrs Nicklin etching from Gilbert Stuart painting.jpgDallas, Sophia Sophia Dallas (née Nicklin)(1798-06-24)June 24, 1798Dallas, George M. George M. Dallas
1816
March 4, 1845—March 4, 1849(1869-01-11) January 11, 1869(1869-01-11) (aged 70)
07.0 7Abigail Fillmore (Library of Congress).jpgFillmore, Abigail Abigail Fillmore (née Powers)(1798-03-13)March 13, 1798Fillmore, Millard Millard Fillmore
February 5, 1826
March 4, 1849—July 9, 1850(1853-03-30) March 30, 1853(1853-03-30) (aged 55)1850–1853
07.1 Vacant; no Vice President.July 9, 1850—March 4, 1853 
07.2 Vacant; King, William R. William R. King was unmarried.March 4, 1853—April 18, 1853 
07.3 Vacant; no Vice President.April 18, 1853—March 4, 1857 
08.0 8Mary-Cyrene-Breckinridge.jpgBreckinridge, Mary Cyrene Burch Mary Cyrene Burch Breckinridge (née Cyrene Burch Rhodes)(1826-08-16)August 16, 1826Breckinridge, John C. John C. Breckinridge
December 12, 1843
March 4, 1857—March 4, 1861(1907-10-08) October 8, 1907(1907-10-08) (aged 81)
09.0 9Ellen Hamlin.jpgHamlin, Ellen Ellen Hamlin (née Emery)(1835-09-14)September 14, 1835Hamlin, Hannibal Hannibal Hamlin
1855
March 4, 1861—March 4, 1865(1925-02-01) February 1, 1925(1925-02-01) (aged 89)
10Mrs-E-Johnson.jpgJohnson, Eliza McCardle Eliza McCardle Johnson (née McCardle)(1810-10-04)October 4, 1810Johnson, Andrew Andrew Johnson
May 17, 1827
March 4, 1865—April 15, 1865(1876-01-15) January 15, 1876(1876-01-15) (aged 65)1865–1869
11Colfax, Ellen Maria Ellen Maria Colfax (née Wade)(1836-07-26) (1836-07-26)July 26, 1836Colfax, Schuyler Schuyler Colfax
November 18, 1868
March 4, 1869—March 4, 1873(1911-03-04) March 4, 1911(1911-03-04) (aged 74)
11.1 Vacant; Wilson, Henry Henry Wilson was a widower.March 4, 1873—November 22, 1875 
11.2 Vacant; no Vice President.November 22, 1875—March 4, 1877 
11.3 Vacant; Wheeler, William A. William A. Wheeler was a widower.March 4, 1877—March 4, 1881 
11.4 Vacant; Arthur, Chester A. Chester A. Arthur was a widower.March 4, 1881—September 19, 1881 
11.5 Vacant; no Vice President.September 19, 1881—March 4, 1885 
12Hendricks, Eliza Eliza Hendricks (née Morgan)(1823-11-23)November 23, 1823Hendricks, Thomas A. Thomas A. Hendricks
March 4, 1885—November 25, 1885(1903-01-03) January 3, 1903(1903-01-03) (aged 79)
12.1 Vacant; no Vice President.November 25, 1885—March 4, 1889 
13Morton, Anna Anna Morton (née Street)(1846-05-18)May 18, 1846Morton, Levi P. Levi P. Morton
1873
March 4, 1889—March 4, 1893(1918-08-14) August 14, 1918(1918-08-14) (aged 72)
14Letitiastevenson.jpgStevenson, Letitia Letitia Stevenson (née Green)(1843-01-08)January 8, 1843Stevenson, Adlai I Adlai Stevenson I
1866
March 4, 1893–March 4, 1897(1913-12-25) December 25, 1913(1913-12-25) (aged 70)
15JTHobart.gifHobart, Jennie Tuttle Jennie Tuttle Hobart (née Tuttle)(1849-04-30)April 30, 1849Hobart, Garret Garret Hobart
July 21, 1869
March 4, 1897–November 21, 1899(1941-01-08) January 8, 1941(1941-01-08) (aged 91)
15.1 Vacant; no Vice President.November 21, 1899—March 4, 1901 
16Edith Roosevelt.jpgRoosevelt, Edith Edith Roosevelt (née Carow)(1861-08-06)August 6, 1861Roosevelt, Theodore Theodore Roosevelt
December 2, 1886
March 4, 1901–September 14, 1901(1948-09-30) September 30, 1948(1948-09-30) (aged 87)1901–1909
16.1 Vacant; no Vice President.September 14, 1901—March 4, 1905 
17Fairbanks 4408868314 de2f1cd85b o.jpgFairbanks, Cornelia Cole Cornelia Cole Fairbanks (née Cole)January 1852Fairbanks, Charles W. Charles W. Fairbanks
1874
Mary 4, 1905–March 4, 1909(1913-10-25) October 25, 1913(1913-10-25) (aged 61)
18Sherman, Carrie Babcock Carrie Babcock Sherman (née Babcock)(1856-11-16)November 16, 1856Sherman, James S. James S. Sherman
January 26, 1881
March 4, 1909–October 6, 1912(1931-10-06) October 6, 1931(1931-10-06) (aged 74)
18.1 Vacant; no Vice President.October 6, 1912—March 4, 1913 
19Marshall, Lois Irene Lois Irene Marshall (née Kimsey)(1873-05-09)May 9, 1873Marshall, Thomas R. Thomas R. Marshall
October 2, 1895
March 4, 1913–March 4, 1921(1958-01-06) January 6, 1958(1958-01-06) (aged 84)
20Grace Coolidge knitting.jpgCoolidge, Grace Grace Coolidge (née Goodhue)(1879-01-03)January 3, 1879Coolidge, Calvin Calvin Coolidge
October 4, 1905
March 4, 1921–August 2, 1923(1957-07-08) July 8, 1957(1957-07-08) (aged 78)1923–1929
20.1 Vacant; no Vice President.August 2, 1923—March 4, 1925 
21Caro Dawes 1924.jpgDawes, Caro Caro Dawes (née Blymyer)(1866-01-06)January 6, 1866Dawes, Charles G. Charles G. Dawes
1889
March 4, 1925–March 4, 1929(1957-10-03) October 3, 1957(1957-10-03) (aged 91)
21.1 Vacant; Curtis, Charles Charles Curtis was a widower.March 4, 1929—March 4, 1933 
22Garner, Mariette Rheiner Mariette Rheiner Garner (née Rheiner)(1869-07-17)July 17, 1869Garner, John Nance John Nance Garner
November 25, 1895
March 4, 1933–March 4, 1941(1948-08-17) August 17, 1948(1948-08-17) (aged 79)
23Wallace, Ilo Ilo Wallace (née Browne)(1888-03-10)March 10, 1888Wallace, Henry A. Henry A. Wallace
March 4, 1941–January 20, 1945(1981-02-22) February 22, 1981(1981-02-22) (aged 92)
24Beth Truman cropped.jpgTruman, Bess Bess Truman (née Wallace)(1885-02-13)February 13, 1885Truman, Harry S. Harry S. Truman
June 28, 1919
January 20, 1945–April 12, 1945(1982-10-18) October 18, 1982(1982-10-18) (aged 97)1945–1953
24.1 Vacant; no Vice President.April 12, 1945—January 20, 1949 
24.2 Vacant; Barkley, Alben W. Alben W. Barkley was a widower.January 20, 1949—November 18, 1949 
25Barkley, Jane Hadley Jane Hadley Barkley (née Rucker)(1911-09-23)September 23, 1911Barkley, Alben W. Alben W. Barkley
November 18, 1949
November 18, 1949–January 20, 1953(1964-09-06) September 6, 1964(1964-09-06) (aged 52)
26PatNixon.jpgNixon, Pat Pat Nixon (née Ryan)(1912-03-16)March 16, 1912Nixon, Richard Richard Nixon
June 21, 1940
January 20, 1953–January 20, 1961(1993-06-22) June 22, 1993(1993-06-22) (aged 81)1969–1974
27Lady Bird Johnson, bw photo ca1962.jpgJohnson, Lady Bird Lady Bird Johnson (née Taylor)(1912-12-22)December 22, 1912Johnson, Lyndon B. Lyndon B. Johnson
November 17, 1934
January 20, 1961–November 22, 1963(2007-07-11) July 11, 2007(2007-07-11) (aged 94)1963–1969
27.1 Vacant; no Vice President.November 22, 1963—January 20, 1965 
28Senator Muriel Humphrey (D-MN).jpgHumphrey, Muriel Buck Muriel Buck Humphrey (née Buck, later Brown)(1912-02-20)February 20, 1912Humphrey, Hubert Hubert Humphrey
September 3, 1936
January 20, 1965–January 20, 1969(1998-09-20) September 20, 1998(1998-09-20) (aged 86)
29Agnew, Judy Judy Agnew (née Judefind)(1921-04-23)April 23, 1921Agnew, Spiro Spiro Agnew
May 27, 1942
January 20, 1969–October 10, 1973(2012-06-20) June 20, 2012(2012-06-20) (aged 91)
30Betty Ford, official White House photo color, 1974.jpgFord, Betty Betty Ford (née Bloomer)(1918-04-08)April 8, 1918Ford, Gerald Gerald Ford
October 15, 1948
December 6, 1973–August 9, 1974(2011-07-08) July 8, 2011(2011-07-08) (aged 93)1974–1977
30.1 Vacant; no Vice President.August 9, 1974—December 19, 1974 
31Happy Rockefeller 1973.JPGRockefeller, Happy Happy Rockefeller (née Fitler)(1926-06-06)June 6, 1926Rockefeller, Nelson Nelson Rockefeller
May 4, 1963
December 19, 1974–January 20, 19772014-04-13 Living
32JoanMondale.jpgMondale, Joan Joan Mondale (née Adams)(1930-08-08)August 8, 1930Mondale, Walter Walter Mondale
December 27, 1955
January 20, 1977–January 20, 1981(2014-02-03) February 3, 2014(2014-02-03) (aged 83)
33Barbara Bush portrait.jpgBush, Barbara Barbara Bush (née Pierce)(1925-06-08)June 8, 1925Bush, George H. W. George H. W. Bush
January 6, 1945
January 20, 1981–January 20, 19892014-04-13 Living1989–1993
34Marilyn Quayle.jpgQuayle, Marilyn Marilyn Quayle (née Tucker)(1949-07-29)July 29, 1949Quayle, Dan Dan Quayle
November 18, 1972
January 20, 1989–January 20, 19932014-04-13 Living
35Mary Elizabeth Gore.JPGGore, Tipper Tipper Gore (née Aitcheson)(1948-08-19)August 19, 1948Gore, Al Al Gore
May 19, 1970
January 20, 1993–January 20, 20012014-04-13 Living
36Mrscheney.jpegCheney, Lynne Lynne Cheney (née Vincent)(1941-08-14)August 14, 1941Cheney, Dick Dick Cheney
August 29, 1964
January 20, 2001–January 20, 20092014-04-13 Living
37Jill Biden official portrait crop.jpgBiden, Jill Jill Biden (née Jacobs)(1951-06-05)June 5, 1951Biden, Joe Joe Biden
June 17, 1977
January 20, 2009–present2014-04-13 Living

List of living current or former vice presidents’ wives[edit]

As of February 2014, there were six living current or former vice presidents’ wives. The most recent second lady to die was Walter Mondale's wife, Joan Adams Mondale, on February 3, 2014.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mrs. Lynne Cheney". whitehouse.gov. The White House. Retrieved 2008-10-13. 

External links[edit]