Where the Red Fern Grows

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Where the Red Fern Grows
Where the red fern grows 1996.jpg
First edition hardback cover.
AuthorWilson Rawls
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
GenreChildren's novel
PublisherDoubleday
Publication date
1961
Media typePrint (Hardcover)
Pages245 pp
ISBNISBN 0-440-22814-X
OCLC39850615
 
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Where the Red Fern Grows
Where the red fern grows 1996.jpg
First edition hardback cover.
AuthorWilson Rawls
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
GenreChildren's novel
PublisherDoubleday
Publication date
1961
Media typePrint (Hardcover)
Pages245 pp
ISBNISBN 0-440-22814-X
OCLC39850615

Where the Red Fern Grows is a 1961 novel by Wilson Rawls about a boy who buys and trains two Redbone Coonhound hunting dogs.[1]


Plot summary[edit]

After leaving work one afternoon, Billy Coleman spots a Redbone Coonhound in a fight with other neighborhood dogs. He chases the latter away and helps it recover from its wounds. When it is feeling stronger again, he realizes he must set it free, knowing that it will find its way home. This event makes him revisit his past, and the two Redbone Coonhounds he owned when he was a boy in the Ozarks.

Growing up in the Ozarks with his parents and four younger sisters, Billy, at age 10, wants to own a pair of Redbone Coonhounds but his parents tell him that they can't afford them. One day he finds an article in a sportsman magazine offering a pair in Kentucky for $25 each. He decides to earn the money himself. For two years, he works many different jobs, and manages to save $50. His grandfather writes to the kennel and finds out that the dogs have dropped in price by $5 each. He sends for two Redbone Coonhound puppies.

The mail does not deliver packages, and so the puppies have to be sent to the depot at Tahlequah, Oklahoma. Billy travels on his own by walking there and gets them. With the extra $10 his grandfather gave him, he buys gifts for his family: a pair of overalls for his father, cloth for making dresses for his mother, and a bag of candy for his sisters. On the way back home, he spends the night in Robber's Cave on Sparrow Hawk Mountain. There he builds a fire and plays with the puppies. While trying to sleep, he hears a noise that at first seems like a woman screaming, but he soon realizes it is really that of a mountain lion from far away. Both puppies run to the mouth of the cave and challenge it. Billy worries for them, and he remembers that his father told him, "Mountain lions are scared of fire," so he makes one and waits for morning. In the morning, he continues on. He comes to a sycamore tree and sees the names Dan and Ann carved inside a heart in the bark and decides to name the puppies Old Dan and Little Ann.

To train his dogs, Billy catches a raccoon with the help of his grandfather and uses its fur to teach them how to hunt one. During their training, their personalities become apparent: Old Dan is brave and strong, while Little Ann is very intelligent. Both are very loyal to each other and to Billy. Old Dan has the brawn and Little Ann has the brains.

On the first day of the hunting season, Billy takes his dogs out for their very first hunt. He promises them that if they tree a raccoon, he will do the rest. They are very ready to chase their first one in a large tree, which Billy had before nicknamed "the Big Tree", and is one of the largest in the woods. As he tries to call his well-trained dogs off the hunt, they look at him sadly and he cuts the enormous tree down to keep his promise — an exhausting effort that takes him a few days and costs him blistered hands. In the end, when he's about to give up his effort, Billy offers a short prayer for strength to continue. Mysteriously, a strong wind starts to blow and the tree comes crashing down. Old Dan and Little Ann take the raccoon down.

Billy, Old Dan, and Little Ann go out hunting almost every night. As months go by, he brings more fur to his grandfather's store than any other hunter, and the stories of his dogs spread throughout the Ozarks. One day, he and his grandfather make a bet with Rubin and Rainie Pritchard, that his dogs can catch the legendary "ghost coon." The Pritchard boys set out with him to see if Old Dan and Little Ann can do so. It leads them on a long, complicated chase, and the Pritchard boys want to give up. But Billy is determined. Finally, when they have it treed, Billy refuses to kill it. Just as Rubin starts to beat him up, Old Dan and Little Ann begin to attack the Pritchards' dog, Old Blue. Rubin runs to attack them with an axe, but he falls on it and kills himself. Billy is very distraught afterward. Finally he goes to Rubin's grave with some flowers, then feels much better.

A few weeks later, Billy's grandfather enters him into a championship raccoon hunt, putting him against experienced hunters and the finest dogs in all the country. Before it starts, he enters Little Ann into a contest for the best-looking dog, where she wins and is given the silver cup. On the fourth night of the hunt, Old Dan and Little Ann chase three raccoons, making it to the final round. The sixth night, they chase one before a blizzard hits. Billy, his dad, grandfather, and the judge lose sight of them. When they finally find them, Billy's grandfather falls and sprains his ankle which prevents him from walking. They build a fire, and when Billy's dad chops down a tree, three raccoons rise. The dogs take down two of them, and chase the third one to another tree. In the morning, the hunters find them covered with ice circling the bottom of a tree. The last raccoon wins them the championship and the gold cup.

Billy's mother and sisters are overjoyed. He keeps up his hunting. One night, however, his dogs tree a mountain lion. Old Dan howls defiantly, and it attacks. Billy is horrified, and with his axe he enters the fray, hoping to save his dogs, but they end up having to save him. Eventually, they defeat the mountain lion, but Old Dan is badly wounded, and Billy soon finds his intestines in a bush. He dies the next day. Billy is heartbroken, and Little Ann loses the will to live and stops eating, and dies of starvation a few days later on Old Dan's grave. Billy's father tries to tell him that it is all for the best, because with the money he earned, they hope to move to town. He does not completely recover until on the day of the move. He goes to visit his dogs' graves and finds a giant red fern between them. According to Indian legend, only an angel can plant one. He and his family look at it in awe, and he feels ready to move.

Films[edit]

The novel was made into a popular 1974 film starring Stewart Petersen, James Whitmore and Beverly Garland.[2] It was followed by a sequel in 1992, which starred Wilford Brimley, Chad McQueen, Lisa Whelchel, and Karen Carlson.[3] The film was remade in 2003 and starred Joseph Ashton, Dabney Coleman, Ned Beatty and Dave Matthews.[4]

Background[edit]

In a talk given to a group of schoolteachers, Wilson Rawls related how he wrote the first version of the novel (along with five full novels, and hundreds of short stories and novelettes) during the years that he worked on construction in Mexico, and later, in Idaho. He rolled the manuscripts up and saved them in a trunk at his parents' home. When he met his fiance Sophie, he did not want her to know about his failed dreams of becoming a writer, so about a week before he got married he visited his parents and burned all his manuscripts. He then returned to Idaho and married Sophie. About three months later, he confessed to his wife that he had burned all his manuscripts and had always dreamed of being a writer. She encouraged him to rewrite one of his stories. He quit his job and wrote the novel in just six weeks. He said, "I had it memorized." [5] He would not let her read it until it was finished. He said, "I finished it on a Friday. I gave it to her Saturday morning and I went to town. I stayed in town all day. I knew she had time to read it. I called her on the phone. I just knew she was going to laugh at that writing...but when I called on the phone, she said, 'You get back out here to the house, I want to talk to you...this is the most wonderful dog and boy story I've ever heard in my life.'" [6] She encouraged him to lengthen the story, because she felt it was too short to be a novel but too long to be a short story. He went to work on lengthening the manuscript. He wrote it longhand. She then typed it up and submitted it to the Saturday Evening Post. [7][8]

The Saturday Evening Post rejected the manuscript in 3 weeks. Sophie then sent the manuscript to the Ladies Home Journal. She believed that a woman editor at the Ladies Home Journal would like the story. About four months later, Rawls received a letter from the Ladies Home Journal saying that it was the wrong kind of story for their magazine, but they wanted to send it to the Saturday Evening Post. Upon the second submission to the Saturday Evening Post, it was accepted. It was first published in serialization in the Saturday Evening Post in 1961 under the title The Hounds of Youth. [9][10]

DoubleDay then accepted the book for publication. Rawls said DoubleDay then "broke my heart." They changed the title to Where the Red Fern Grows, and attempted to market it to adult readers. For about six years, it languished on shelves and failed to sell. DoubleDay was going to put it out of print, but one agent named Mr. Breinholt from Salt Lake City fought for it and asked for just a few more months to market it. He got Rawls a speaking engagement at the University of Utah to a conference of over 5,000 reading teachers and librarians. Copies of it were made available to them. When they took it back to their schools, the children loved it, and orders began pouring in. Jim Trelease states, "Each year since then, it has sold more copies than the previous year."[11]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Where the Red Fern Grows Discussion Guide | Scholastic.com
  2. ^ Where the Red Fern Grows (1974) at the Internet Movie Database
  3. ^ IMDb: Where the Red Fern Grows: Part Two
  4. ^ Where the Red Fern Grows (2003) at the Internet Movie Database
  5. ^ Wilson Rawls, Dreams Can Come True, audio recording with commentary by Jim Trelease
  6. ^ Wilson Rawls, Dreams Can Come True, audio recording with commentary by Jim Trelease
  7. ^ Wilson Rawls, Dreams Can Come True, audio recording with commentary by Jim Trelease
  8. ^ http://www.trelease-on-reading.com/rawls.html
  9. ^ Wilson Rawls, Dreams Can Come True, audio recording with commentary by Jim Trelease
  10. ^ http://www.trelease-on-reading.com/rawls.html
  11. ^ Wilson Rawls, Dreams Can Come True, audio recording with commentary by Jim Trelease

External links[edit]