Westford, Massachusetts

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Westford, Massachusetts
Town
Old Westford Academy,
now the Westford Museum
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°34′45″N 71°26′18″W / 42.57917°N 71.43833°W / 42.57917; -71.43833Coordinates: 42°34′45″N 71°26′18″W / 42.57917°N 71.43833°W / 42.57917; -71.43833
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyMiddlesex
Settled1635[citation needed]
IncorporatedSeptember 23, 1729
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
Area
 • Total31.3 sq mi (81.1 km2)
 • Land30.6 sq mi (79.3 km2)
 • Water0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
Elevation406 ft (124 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total21,951
 • Density712.1/sq mi (274.8/km2)
Time zoneEastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code01886
Area code(s)351 / 978
FIPS code25-76135
GNIS feature ID0618244
Websitehttp://www.westford-ma.gov/
 
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Westford, Massachusetts
Town
Old Westford Academy,
now the Westford Museum
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°34′45″N 71°26′18″W / 42.57917°N 71.43833°W / 42.57917; -71.43833Coordinates: 42°34′45″N 71°26′18″W / 42.57917°N 71.43833°W / 42.57917; -71.43833
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyMiddlesex
Settled1635[citation needed]
IncorporatedSeptember 23, 1729
Government
 • TypeOpen town meeting
Area
 • Total31.3 sq mi (81.1 km2)
 • Land30.6 sq mi (79.3 km2)
 • Water0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
Elevation406 ft (124 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total21,951
 • Density712.1/sq mi (274.8/km2)
Time zoneEastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code01886
Area code(s)351 / 978
FIPS code25-76135
GNIS feature ID0618244
Websitehttp://www.westford-ma.gov/

Westford is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 21,951 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Westford Common, looking down Main Street

Originally a part of neighboring Chelmsford, West Chelmsford soon grew large enough to sustain its own governance, and was officially incorporated as Westford on September 23, 1729.[1][2]

In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Westford primarily produced granite, apples, and worsted yarn. The Abbot Worsted Company was the first company in the nation to use camel hair for worsted yarns.[citation needed] Citizens from Westford also had some notable involvement in the Revolutionary War.[1] Westford Minutemen were alerted by efforts of Samuel Prescott who alerted Acton, to the southeast towards Stow.[citation needed]

Paul Revere's son attended Westford Academy and a bell cast by Revere graces its lobby today.[3] A weather vane made by Paul Revere sits atop the Abbot Elementary school.

By the end of the American Civil War, as roads and transportation improved, Westford began to serve as a residential suburb for the factories of Lowell, becoming one of the earliest notable examples of suburban sprawl.[citation needed] Throughout the 20th century (and with the invention of the automobile), Westford progressively grew, continuing to serve as residential housing for the industries of Lowell, and later, Boston.

In the 1960s, the town was home to one of the research sites supporting Project West Ford.

By the 1970s, with the advent of the 128 Technology Belt, Westford began to act as a suburb for high-tech firms in Burlington, Woburn, and other areas, and later became a center of technology itself.

By the 1990s, Westford was home to offices for Red Hat, Samsung, Seagate, Iris Associates, Visual Solutions, and many other technology firms, most located along Massachusetts Route 110, parallel to I-495. It is also the North American headquarters for Puma, which holds a road race in town.[4] The leading manufacturer of EEG electrodes, HydroDot Inc., located here in 2007.

Today, Westford's agricultural past has given way to rapidly expanding high technology industries, suburban retail, and upper-middle class residential areas.

Westford's inter-town sports teams have the colors of maroon, white, and sometimes black.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.3 square miles (81 km2), of which 30.6 square miles (79 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (2.30%) is water.

The town is bordered by Chelmsford to the east, Tyngsborough to the north, Groton to the west, Littleton to the southwest, Acton to the south, and Carlisle to the southeast.

Regionally, it is on the edge of the Merrimack Valley, Northern Middlesex County, and the Metrowest regions of Massachusetts.

Colloquially, the town is divided into different regions based on location, including Forge Village, Nabnasset, Graniteville, Parkerville, and Center of Town.

The town was rated as #11 Best Places to live by CNN Money in 2013. http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/best-places/2013/snapshots/CS2576135.html

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.  ±%  
18501,473—    
18601,624+10.3%
18701,803+11.0%
18802,147+19.1%
18902,250+4.8%
19002,624+16.6%
19102,851+8.7%
19203,170+11.2%
19303,600+13.6%
19403,830+6.4%
19504,262+11.3%
19606,261+46.9%
197010,368+65.6%
198013,434+29.6%
199016,392+22.0%
200020,754+26.6%
2001*21,168+2.0%
2002*21,294+0.6%
2003*21,338+0.2%
2004*21,514+0.8%
2005*21,561+0.2%
2006*21,579+0.1%
2007*21,913+1.5%
2008*22,275+1.7%
2009*22,642+1.6%
201021,951−3.1%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

As of the 2000 census[15] there were 20,754 people, 6,808 households, and 5,807 families residing in the town. The population density was 678.0 people per square mile (261.8/km²). There were 6,941 housing units at an average density of 226.8 per square mile (87.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.69% White, 0.30% African American, 0.06% Native American, 4.79% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.10% of the population.

There were 6,808 households out of which 48.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.2% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.7% were non-families. 11.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the town the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $98,272, and the median income for a family was $104,029 (these figures had risen to $113,160 and $120,410 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[16]). Males had a median income of $77,417 versus $45,095 for females. The per capita income for the town was $37,979. About 1.3% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.2% of those under age 18 and 1.0% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Westford is run by a board of five Selectmen who are the chief policy making officials for the Town and who are responsible for the enforcement of all town Bylaws and regulations. The Town is managed on a day-to day basis by a Town Manager who is a town employee and who acts as the agent for the Board of Selectmen.

Residents contribute to their local government by volunteering for Town Boards and Committees and by participating at Town Meeting, which occurs in the spring, and occasional Special Town Meetings, with one usually occurring in the fall.

In Westford, as in many New England towns, voters participate directly in the major decisions that affect how the town runs itself and how it spends its money.

Town meeting is the legislative branch of Westford’s government, and all registered voters may attend, speak and vote at the open town meeting. Town meeting has two primary responsibilities: establishing an annual budget by voting to appropriate money for all Town departments, and voting on the Town’s local statutes, called bylaws.

All residents, renters as well as property owners, if registered to vote, may attend and vote at town meeting. A voter must attend in person as no absentee voting is allowed. The non-voting public may attend open town meetings as observers.

Westford's award winning[17] government website is http://www.westfordma.gov

Education[edit]

Westford Public Schools[edit]

The Superintendent of Westford's Public Schools is Everett "Bill" Olsen, who has held that role since 1986. [1] The Assistant Superintendent is Christine Francis.

Nashoba Valley Technical High School District[edit]

Nashoba Valley Technical High School draws students from Westford, as well as Chelmsford, Ayer, Groton, Littleton, Dunstable and Shirley.

Transportation[edit]

Freight travels daily through Westford over the tracks of the historic Stony Brook Railroad. The line currently serves as a major corridor of Pan Am Railways' District 3 which connects New Hampshire and Maine with western Massachusetts, Vermont, and New York.[18] Interstate 495 (Massachusetts) also passes through the town, linking it to other parts of the state as well as New Hampshire.[19] US-3 passes through the town, although the nearest interchanges are located in neighboring Tyngsborough (exit 33) and Chelmsford (exit 32).

Local routes passing through town are Massachusetts Routes 110, 40, 225, and 27.

Annual events[edit]

Media[edit]

Westford has its own community television station, called Westford Community Access Television or Westford CAT, which broadcasts on channels 8, 9 and 99 on the Comcast cable network and channels 33, 34, and 35 on the Verizon cable network. It produces Public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable TV programming for the residents and organizations of Westford.

Westford Community Access Television, Inc. (Westford CAT) is a non-profit corporation charged with the mission to promote and encourage the use of local Public-access television cable TV to enhance a free and diverse exchange of ideas and interests that foster community participation and educational opportunities.

Prior to January 1, 2006, the production facilities of Westford's PEG cable channels were operated by Comcast Corporation. This arrangement was carried out as part of the Town of Westford's previous cable license agreement. Beginning in 2006, Comcast would no longer be responsible to manage the PEG production facilities. As part of the current agreement, Comcast agreed to turn over control of PEG Access to the community. In the summer of 2005, a group of interested residents worked to create a new an independent PEG access management organization, and on July 12, 2005, Westford Community Access Television came into existence. In September 2005, the Board of Selectmen voted unanimously to appoint Westford CAT as the Town's public access provider.

As an independent, non-profit organization, Westford CAT has the opportunity to expand the capabilities of the PEG access programs to meet the needs of the residents of Westford. Plans are currently being formulated to improve and expand the Westford CAT programming schedule to obtain these goals to the best of the corporation's ability.

In terms of newspapers, Westford is covered by The Westford Eagle, a weekly newspaper of the Gatehouse Media network, the Lowell Sun, a regional daily paper, and Westford Patch, a local affiliate of Patch Media.

For most media, Westford is part of the large Greater Boston market.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.westford.com/museum/research_westford_history.html
  2. ^ http://westford.patch.com/articles/you-asked-patch-answers-7c8c087c
  3. ^ http://www.wickedlocal.com/westford/town_info/history/x2136193253#axzz1YSz4BoBM
  4. ^ http://westford.patch.com/articles/image-gallery-puma-5-miler-road-race#photo-7436786 IMAGE GALLERY: Puma 5 Miler Road Race, Westford Patch
  5. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  6. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  7. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts". US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  9. ^ "1950 Census of Population". 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "1920 Census of Population". Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "1890 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "1870 Census of the Population". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ "1860 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  14. ^ "1850 Census". Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ADPTable?_bm=y&-context=adp&-qr_name=ACS_2007_3YR_G00_DP3YR3&-ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_G00_&-tree_id=3307&-redoLog=false&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=06000US2501776135&-format=&-_lang=en
  17. ^ http://www.mma.org/municipal-services/7361
  18. ^ Pan Am Railways route map.panamrailways.com. Accessed April 30, 2007.
  19. ^ "interstate-guide.com". Accessed November 5, 2008.
  20. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967. 
  21. ^ World Golf Hall of Fame Profile: Pat Bradley
  22. ^ http://westford.patch.com/articles/this-week-in-sports-fall-2011-openers
  23. ^ Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War, 1775-1783 13, Boston: Wright and Potter, 1905, p. 451 
  24. ^ O'Connor, Austin (2003-05-04), "Westford actor Aaron Stanford is hot", Lowell Sun, retrieved 2012-01-22 
  25. ^ "Ellen Swallow Richards", Biographical Snapshots of Famous Women and Minority Chemists (Journal of Chemical Education), retrieved 2012-01-22 
  26. ^ Carr, Kathleen (2008-05-01), Tom Severo '06: This Geek is a Beauty, Holy Cross Magazine, retrieved 2008-05-01 
  27. ^ Hare, Bill (2010-11-03), Mike Fucito: Seattle Sounders' Embodiment of Desire and Spirit, Bleacher Report, retrieved 2012-01-22 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]