Woodland Park, New Jersey

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Woodland Park, New Jersey
—  Borough  —
Map of Woodland Park in Passaic County (shown under its former name West Paterson). Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Detailed Census Bureau map of West Paterson in 2000
Coordinates: 40°53′24″N 74°11′40″W / 40.889908°N 74.194581°W / 40.889908; -74.194581Coordinates: 40°53′24″N 74°11′40″W / 40.889908°N 74.194581°W / 40.889908; -74.194581
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyPassaic
IncorporatedMay 1, 1914 (as West Paterson)
RenamedNovember 3, 2009 (to Woodland Park)
Government[1]
 • TypeFaulkner Act (Small Municipality)
 • MayorKeith Kazmark (term ended December 31, 2011)[2]
 • Administrator / ClerkKevin V. Galland[3]
Area[4]
 • Total3.115 sq mi (8.068 km2)
 • Land2.964 sq mi (7.676 km2)
 • Water0.151 sq mi (0.392 km2)  4.85%
Area rank329th of 566 in state
13th of 16 in county[4]
Elevation[5]344 ft (105 m)
Population (2010 Census)[6][7][8]
 • Total11,819
 • Rank206th of 566 in state
9th of 16 in county
 • Density3,987.9/sq mi (1,539.7/km2)
 • Density rank152nd of 566 in state
8th of 16 in county
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code07424[9]
Area code(s)862/973
FIPS code3403182423[10][4][11]
GNIS feature ID0885439[12][4]
Websitehttp://www.wpnj.us/
 
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Woodland Park, New Jersey
—  Borough  —
Map of Woodland Park in Passaic County (shown under its former name West Paterson). Inset: Location of Passaic County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Detailed Census Bureau map of West Paterson in 2000
Coordinates: 40°53′24″N 74°11′40″W / 40.889908°N 74.194581°W / 40.889908; -74.194581Coordinates: 40°53′24″N 74°11′40″W / 40.889908°N 74.194581°W / 40.889908; -74.194581
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyPassaic
IncorporatedMay 1, 1914 (as West Paterson)
RenamedNovember 3, 2009 (to Woodland Park)
Government[1]
 • TypeFaulkner Act (Small Municipality)
 • MayorKeith Kazmark (term ended December 31, 2011)[2]
 • Administrator / ClerkKevin V. Galland[3]
Area[4]
 • Total3.115 sq mi (8.068 km2)
 • Land2.964 sq mi (7.676 km2)
 • Water0.151 sq mi (0.392 km2)  4.85%
Area rank329th of 566 in state
13th of 16 in county[4]
Elevation[5]344 ft (105 m)
Population (2010 Census)[6][7][8]
 • Total11,819
 • Rank206th of 566 in state
9th of 16 in county
 • Density3,987.9/sq mi (1,539.7/km2)
 • Density rank152nd of 566 in state
8th of 16 in county
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code07424[9]
Area code(s)862/973
FIPS code3403182423[10][4][11]
GNIS feature ID0885439[12][4]
Websitehttp://www.wpnj.us/

Woodland Park (formerly West Paterson[13]) is a borough in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough population was 11,819,[6][7][8] reflecting an increase of 832 (+7.6%) from the 10,987 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 5 (+0.0%) from the 10,982 counted in the 1990 Census.[14]

Woodland Park was formed as a borough under the name West Paterson, by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 25, 1914, from portions of Little Falls Township, based on the results of a referendum held on May 1, 1914.[15]

On November 4, 2008, the citizens of West Paterson voted to change the official name of the borough from West Paterson to Woodland Park.[16] The new name retains the initials "W.P." and is a reference to the community's wooded areas. At a November 10, 2008, community meeting attended by 200 residents, a number of residents demanded that a recount be held if the official results showed that the measure had passed. In case the recount demand was unsuccessful, the group discussed filing a petition to change the name back to West Paterson, including discussion of how to raise the $33,000 needed to cover the cost of a special election in spring 2009 for voters to reconsider the name.[17] By November 25, 2008, the provisional vote counts had been tallied, and the name change won by 25 votes. The Mayor and Council approved Resolution R08-253 at the council meeting on Dec. 17, changing the borough's name to the Borough of Woodland Park, effective Jan. 1, 2009.[18][19] A referendum held on November 3, 2009 affirmed the name change.

Contents

Geography

Woodland Park is located at 40°53′24″N 74°11′40″W / 40.889908°N 74.194581°W / 40.889908; -74.194581 (40.889908,-74.194581). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 3.115 square miles (8.068 km2), of which, 2.964 square miles (7.676 km2) of it is land and 0.151 square miles (0.392 km2) of it (4.85%) is water.[4][20]

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
19201,858
19303,10166.9%
19403,3066.6%
19503,93118.9%
19607,60293.4%
197011,69253.8%
198011,293−3.4%
199010,982−2.8%
200010,9870%
201011,8197.6%
Est. 201111,837[21]0.2%
Population sources:1920-1930[22]
1930-1990[23] 2000[24] 2010[6][7][8]

Census 2010

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,819 people, 4,632 households, and 3,215 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,987.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,539.7 /km2). There were 4,835 housing units at an average density of 1,631.4 per square mile (629.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 82.33% (9,730) White, 4.23% (500) African American, 0.16% (19) Native American, 4.20% (496) Asian, 0.10% (12) Pacific Islander, 6.15% (727) from other races, and 2.83% (335) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.66% (2,442) of the population.[6]

There were 4,632 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.06.[6]

In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 19.7% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 28.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.9 years. For every 100 females there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.[6]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $67,250 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,035) and the median family income was $75,080 (+/- $7,661). Males had a median income of $48,514 (+/- $6,624) versus $41,659 (+/- $6,602) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,623 (+/- $3,252). About 5.6% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.[25]

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census[10] there were 10,987 people, 4,397 households, and 3,025 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,715.5 people per square mile (1,433.1/km2). There were 4,497 housing units at an average density of 1,520.8 per square mile (586.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 86.53% White, 3.16% African American, 0.08% Native American, 3.83% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.17% from other races, and 3.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.06% of the population.[24][26]

As of the 2000 census, 34.3% of Woodland Park residents were of Italian ancestry, the 18th-highest percentage of any municipality in the United States, and seventh-highest in New Jersey, among all places with more than 1,000 residents identifying their ancestry.[27]

There were 4,397 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.2% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.01.[24]

In the borough the population was spread out with 19.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 33.9% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.[24]

The median income for a household in the borough was $60,273, and the median income for a family was $67,292. Males had a median income of $47,389 versus $36,814 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $29,758. About 3.2% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.[24]

Government

Local government

The Borough of Woodland Park was chartered by the State of New Jersey to function under a variation of the Faulkner Act's, Small Municipality Plan C of the Option Municipal Charter Law form of government. The government consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at large. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a three-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with elections take place in a three-year cycle, with the mayor elected one year and three council seats up for election in years two and three.[1] A government reorganization takes place on January 1 of every year, at which time a mayor-elect or newly elected council members are sworn in.

The Mayor exercises executive power and appoints department heads with Council approval. The Council may adopt the municipal budget proposed by the Mayor, but revisions may be required by a majority of the governing body before final approval.

As of 2012, the Mayor of Woodland Park is Keith Kazmark. Members of the Woodland Park Borough Council are Council President Tina Gatti, Vincent DeCesare, DominickDi Domenico, Gary Holloway, Rita Pascrell and Joseph Spinelli.[28]

Federal, state and county representation

Woodland Park is in the 8th Congressional district[29] and is part of New Jersey's 40th state legislative district.[7][30] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Woodland Park had been in the 34th state legislative district.[29] Based on the results of the 2010 Census, the New Jersey Redistricting Commission has shifted Woodland Park into the 11th Congressional District, a change that will take effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[31]

New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

The 40th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Kevin J. O'Toole (R, Cedar Grove) and in the General Assembly by Scott Rumana (R, Wayne) and David C. Russo (R, Ridgewood).[32] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[33] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[34]

Passaic County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected to staggered three-year terms office on an at-large basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year.[35] As of 2011, Passaic County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Bruce James (D, term ends December 31, 2011; Clifton), Freeholder Deputy Director Pat Lepore (D, 2013; Woodland Park), Deborah E. Ciambrone (R, 2012; Wayne), Terry Duffy (D, 2013; West Milford), Greyson P. Hannigan (D, 2011; Paterson), Michael Marrotta (R, 2012; Wayne) and Edward O'Connell (R, 2012; Wanaque).[36]

Borough renaming

Borough residents voted in November 2008 to change the community's name to Woodland Park. This close decision — the majority was only 33 votes according to early results — marked the fourth attempt to change the borough's historic name of West Paterson: voters rejected the names "Whispering Pines", "West Park," and "Garret Mountain" in 1989, 1995, and 2001 respectively.[37]

Such a change is not unique in recent New Jersey history: Dover Township in Ocean County became Toms River Township in November 2006,[38] and Washington Township in Mercer County became Robbinsville Township in November 2007.[39] Moreover, the Paterson vicinity has also seen a previous name change in recent decades, as the borough of East Paterson (located in adjacent Bergen County) changed its name to Elmwood Park in 1972.[37]

Both East and West Paterson changed their names in hopes of dissociating themselves from the larger city of Paterson, which is significantly poorer and faces higher levels of crime, while preserving their E.P. and W.P. initials. In West Paterson, proponents of name change claimed that their proposal would improve the borough's reputation and thus property values within the borough, as outsiders would be less likely to confuse it with Paterson. Conversely, opponents of changing saw no need to change, with businesses and the fire department fearing the expense of changing and the consequences of forgetting the community's history as West Paterson. Also, the name change has been marred with accusations of racism and discrimination due to the city of Paterson's lower quality of life and diverse minority demographics. Some Paterson residents and advocates have suggested renaming Paterson to East Woodland Park and West Elmwood Park.[40]

Residents who voted "NO" to the name change petitioned the municipal government in an attempt to change the name back to West Paterson. A referendum was held on November 3, 2009, and the proposal was defeated by 2248 votes to 2216.[41]

There is an unincorporated area called Woodland Park in the city of Summit, in Union County, adjacent to New Providence.

Education

Students in public school for Kindergarten through eighth grade are educated by the Woodland Park School District. Schools in the district (with 2009-10 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[42]) are Charles Olbon School (grades K-2; 364 students), Beatrice Gilmore School (3-4; 239) and Memorial School (5-8; 482).

For grades 9 - 12, public school students attend Passaic Valley Regional High School, which serves students from Little Falls Township, Totowa, and Woodland Park. The school facility is located in Little Falls Township.[43]

The Garret Mountain campus of Berkeley College is located in Woodland Park.

Notable people

Notable current and former residents of Woodland Park include:

References

  1. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2006, p. 148
  2. ^ 2012 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, August 9, 2012. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  3. ^ Administrator / Municipal Clerk, Borough of Woodland Park. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of West Paterson, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed January 4, 2008
  6. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Woodland Park borough, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  7. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 16. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Woodland Park borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  9. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Woodland Park, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  10. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  11. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed August 30, 2012
  12. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  13. ^ "New Year, New Name For West Paterson, New Jersey", WINS (AM), December 31, 2008. Accessed December 31, 2008.
  14. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  15. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 211
  16. ^ West Paterson no more, The Record, November 5, 2008. Accessed November 5, 2008.
  17. ^ Appel, Heather. "Recount wanted in vote to change town's name", Herald News, November 10, 2008. Accessed November 13, 2008.
  18. ^ The Borough’s Name Change, Borough of Woodland Park. Accessed August 14, 2011. "As a simple majority is all that is required for passage, the governing body did as required by state statute and approved Resolution R08-253 on Dec. 17, 2008 making the official name the Borough of Woodland Park, effective Jan. 1, 2009."
  19. ^ Woodland Park officially wins out, The Record, December 18, 2008. Accessed January 1, 2009
  20. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  21. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  22. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  23. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  24. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for West Paterson borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  25. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Woodland Park borough, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  26. ^ DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for West Paterson borough, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  27. ^ Italian Communities, EPodunk. Accessed July 15, 2008.
  28. ^ Mayer & Council, Borough of Woodland Park. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  29. ^ a b 2011 New Jersey Citizen’s Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  30. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  31. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. August 30, 2012.
  32. ^ Legislative Roster 2012-2013 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2012.
  33. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  34. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/lt/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  35. ^ The Role of The Freeholders, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2011.
  36. ^ 2010 Passaic County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Passaic County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2011.
  37. ^ a b A new push for a new name, The Record, October 2, 2008. Accessed November 5, 2008
  38. ^ Toms the Word in N.J., New York Post, November 12, 2006. Accessed November 5, 2008
  39. ^ Then there were five, South Jersey News Online, November 7, 2007. Accessed November 5, 2008
  40. ^ Schweber, Nate. "Bid for Name Change Roils Town", The New York Times, November 14, 2008. Accessed August 14, 2011. "Thomas Rooney, who was sworn in as mayor in Paterson on the day East Paterson became Elmwood Park, joked in the 1970s that Paterson should rename itself “West Elmwood Park.” Today he jokes that Paterson should call itself “East Woodland Park” because it sounds “elegant.” "
  41. ^ "http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2009/11/after_final_count_borough_is_o.htmlAfter final count, voters choose to affirm name change to Woodland Park". NJ.com. Nov 14, 2009. http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2009/11/after_final_count_borough_is_o.html. Retrieved 6 December 2009. 
  42. ^ Educational statistics for the West Paterson School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 30, 2012
  43. ^ District Information, Passaic Valley High School. Accessed August 30, 2012. "The regional district which is served by Passaic Valley High School is comprised of the communities of Little Falls, Totowa Borough and Woodland Park."
  44. ^ New Jersey Legislative Digest, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed October 23, 2007. "TO BE A MEMBER OF THE NEW JERSEY HALL OF FAME ADVISORY COMMISSION: Rick Cerone, of West Paterson *NOT* Fort Lee."

External links