West Palm Beach, Florida

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West Palm Beach, Florida
City
City of West Palm Beach
West Palm Beach Skyline
West Palm Beach Skyline
Official seal of West Palm Beach, Florida
Seal
Nickname(s): Orchid City, West Palm, WPB
Location in Palm Beach County and the state of Florida.
Location in Palm Beach County and the state of Florida.
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
Coordinates: 26°42′35″N 80°03′51″W / 26.70972°N 80.06417°W / 26.70972; -80.06417Coordinates: 26°42′35″N 80°03′51″W / 26.70972°N 80.06417°W / 26.70972; -80.06417
Country United States
State Florida
CountyPalm Beach
IncorporatedNovember 5, 1894
Government
 • MayorJeri Muoio (D)
Area
 • City58.2 sq mi (150.7 km2)
 • Land55.1 sq mi (142.8 km2)
 • Water3.1 sq mi (7.9 km2)
Elevation13 ft (6.4 m)
Population (2013)[1]
 • City103,038
 • RankUS: 280th
 • Density1,833.8/sq mi (707.6/km2)
 • Urban5,502,379 (US: 4th)
 • Metro5,828,191 (US: 8th)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes33401–33422
Area code561
FIPS code12-76600
GNIS feature ID0293097[2]
Websitehttp://wpb.org
 
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West Palm Beach, Florida
City
City of West Palm Beach
West Palm Beach Skyline
West Palm Beach Skyline
Official seal of West Palm Beach, Florida
Seal
Nickname(s): Orchid City, West Palm, WPB
Location in Palm Beach County and the state of Florida.
Location in Palm Beach County and the state of Florida.
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
Coordinates: 26°42′35″N 80°03′51″W / 26.70972°N 80.06417°W / 26.70972; -80.06417Coordinates: 26°42′35″N 80°03′51″W / 26.70972°N 80.06417°W / 26.70972; -80.06417
Country United States
State Florida
CountyPalm Beach
IncorporatedNovember 5, 1894
Government
 • MayorJeri Muoio (D)
Area
 • City58.2 sq mi (150.7 km2)
 • Land55.1 sq mi (142.8 km2)
 • Water3.1 sq mi (7.9 km2)
Elevation13 ft (6.4 m)
Population (2013)[1]
 • City103,038
 • RankUS: 280th
 • Density1,833.8/sq mi (707.6/km2)
 • Urban5,502,379 (US: 4th)
 • Metro5,828,191 (US: 8th)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes33401–33422
Area code561
FIPS code12-76600
GNIS feature ID0293097[2]
Websitehttp://wpb.org

West Palm Beach is a city in and the county seat of Palm Beach County, Florida, United States.[3] The population was 99,919 at the 2010 census. The University of Florida Bureau of Economic and Business Research (BEBR) estimates a 2013 population of 103,038, a 3.03% increase from 2010. It is the oldest municipality in the South Florida metropolitan area, having been incorporated as a city two years before Miami in November 1894. West Palm Beach is located approximately 68 miles (109 km) north of Downtown Miami.

History[edit]

West Palm Beach in the 1880s
West Palm Beach in the 1960s

The beginning of the historic period in south Florida is marked by Juan Ponce de León’s first contact with native people in 1513. Europeans found a thriving native population, which they categorized into separate tribes: the Mayaimi in the Lake Okeechobee Basin and the Jaega and Ais people in the East Okeechobee area and on the east coast north of the Tequesta. When the Spanish arrived, there were perhaps about 20,000 Native Americans in south Florida. By 1763, when the English gained control of Florida, the native peoples had all but been wiped out through war, enslavement, or European diseases.[4]

Other native peoples from Alabama and Georgia moved into Florida in the early 18th century. They were of varied ancestry, but Europeans called them all “Creeks.” In Florida, they were known as the Seminole and Miccosukee Indians. The Seminoles clashed with American settlers over land and over escaped slaves who found refuge among them. They resisted the government’s efforts to move them to the Indian Territory west of the Mississippi. Between 1818 and 1858, three wars were fought between Seminoles and the United States government. By 1858 there were very few Seminoles remaining in Florida.[5]

The area that was to become West Palm Beach was settled in the late 1870s and 1880s by a few hundred settlers who called the vicinity "Lake Worth Country." These settlers were a diverse community from different parts of the United States and the world. They included founding families such at the Potters and the Lainharts, who would go on to become leading members of the business community in the fledgling city. The first white settlers in Palm Beach County lived around Lake Worth, then an enclosed freshwater lake, named for Colonel William Jenkins Worth, who had fought in the Second Seminole War in Florida in 1842. Most settlers engaged in the growing of tropical fruits and vegetables for shipment the north via Lake Worth and the Indian River. By 1890, the U.S. Census counted over 200 people settled along Lake Worth in the vicinity of what would become West Palm Beach. The area at this time also boasted a hotel, the "Cocoanut House", a church, and a post office. The city was platted by Henry Flagler as a community to house the servants working in the two grand hotels on the neighboring island of Palm Beach, across Lake Worth in 1893, coinciding with the arrival of the Florida East Coast railroad. Flagler paid two area settlers, Captain Porter and Louie Hillhouse, a combined sum of $45,000 for the original townsite, stretching from Clear Lake to Lake Worth.

On November 5, 1894, 78 people met at the "Calaboose" (the first jail and police station located at Clematis St. and Poinsettia, now Dixie Hwy.) and passed the motion to incorporate the Town of West Palm Beach in what was then Dade County (now Miami-Dade County).[6] This made West Palm Beach the first incorporated municipality in Dade County and in South Florida. The town council quickly addressed the building codes and the tents and shanties were replaced by brick, brick veneer, and stone buildings. The city grew steadily during the 1890s and the first two decades of the 20th century, most residents were engaged in the tourist industry and related services or winter vegetable market and tropical fruit trade. In 1909, Palm Beach County was formed by the Florida State Legislature and West Palm Beach became the county seat. In 1916, a new neo-classical courthouse was opened, which has been painstainkingly restored back to its original condition, and is now used as the local history museum.

The city grew rapidly in the 1920s as part of the Florida land boom. The population of West Palm Beach quadrupled from 1920 to 1927, and all kinds of businesses and public services grew along with it. Many of the city's landmark structures and preserved neighborhoods were constructed during this period. Originally, Flagler intended for his Florida East Coast Railway to have its terminus in West Palm, but after the area experienced a deep freeze, he chose to extend the railroad to Miami instead.

The land boom was already faltering when city was devastated by the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane. The Depression years of the 1930s were a quiet time for the area, which saw slight population growth and property values lower than during the 1920s. The city only recovered with the onset of World War II, which saw the construction of Palm Beach Air Force Base, which brought thousands of military personnel to the city. The base was vital to the allied war effort, as it provided an excellent training facility and had unparalleled access to North Africa for a North American city. Also during World War II, German U-Boats sank dozens of merchant ships and oil tankers just off the coast of West Palm Beach. Nearby Palm Beach was under black out conditions to minimize night visibility to German U-boats.

The 1950s saw another boom in population, partly due to the return of many soldiers and airmen who had served in the vicinity during the war. Also, the advent of air conditioning encouraged growth, as year-round living in a tropical climate became more acceptable to northerners. West Palm Beach became the one of the nation's fastest growing metropolitan areas during the 1950s; the city's borders spread west of Military Trail and south to Lake Clarke Shores. However, many of the city's residents still lived within a narrow six-block wide strip from the south to north end. The neighborhoods were strictly segregated between White and African-American populations, a legacy that the city still struggles with today. The primary shopping district remained downtown, centered around Clematis Street.

In the 1960s, Palm Beach County's first enclosed shopping mall, the Palm Beach Mall, and an indoor arena were completed. These projects led to a brief revival for the city, but in the 1970s and 1980s crime continued to be a serious issue and urban sprawl continued to drain resources and business away from the old downtown area. By the early 1990s there were very high vacancy rates downtown, and serious levels of urban blight.

Since the 1990s, developments such as CityPlace and the preservation and renovation of 1920s architecture in the nightlife hub of Clematis Street have seen a downtown resurgence in the entertainment and shopping district. The city has also placed emphasis on neighborhood development and revitalization, in neighborhood districts such as Northwood Village, Old Northwood, Flamingo Park and El Cid. Many neighborhoods still struggle with urban blight and crime, as well as lowered property values caused by the Great Recession, which hit the city particularly hard. The latest large scale development within the city is the re-development of the mostly abandoned 1,000,000 + square foot Palm Beach Mall, located at the Interstate 95/Palm Beach Lakes Boulevard interchange. Ironically, the very mall that initiated the original abandonment of the downtown, is itself now abandoned and considered by many an eyesore. Re-development of the mall into the Palm Beach Fashion Outlets has begun as of late 2012. The building of the outlet mall has been finished since February 2014.

Geography and climate[edit]

The Grassy Waters Preserve

According to the United States Census Bureau, this city has a total area of 58.2 square miles (151 km2). 55.1 square miles (143 km2) of it is land and 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2) of it (5.26%) is water.

Due to vast areas of swampland immediately to the west of the city's downtown, growth occurred to the north and south in a linear fashion. Until the 1960s, the city was no more than several blocks wide but over 100 blocks in length. Large scale development finally occurred to the west of the city with improved access and drainage in the 1960s. However, the city boundaries were not expanded much with the exception of the "Water Catchment Area", an uninhabited area in the northwest part of the city that serves as a reservoir for the city drinking

Places[edit]

Historic neighborhoods and communities[edit]

West Palm Beach skyline from the north
Clematis Street
Comeau Building, Clematis Street
Flamingo Park Historic Marker

Bel Air Historic District: Developed from 1925 to 1935 as a neighborhood for tradesmen and real estate salesmen who helped develop Palm Beach County, some of Belair was originally a pineapple plantation owned by Richard Hone. Hones's frame vernacular house, built around 1895, still stands at 211 Plymouth Road. After Hone was murdered in 1902, his property was sold to George Currie, who created Currie Development Co. But before it was developed, the land was sold to William Ohlhaber, who raised coconut palms and ferns. Eventually, Ohlhaber platted the subdivision and sold off lots. The first house built in the subdivision was Ohlhaber's mission-style home at 205 Pilgrim. Ohlhaber's grandson said Ohlhaber bought the tract to provide dockage for his 90-foot (27 m) yacht, but the yacht ran aground in the Gulf of Mexico and never reached Lake Worth. In 1947 Hone's house was bought by Max Brombacher, Henry Flagler's chief engineer, and it remains in the Brombacher family today. Belair became West Palm Beach's fourth historic district in August 1993.

Central Park: Central Park is a collective name for several subdivisions north of Southern Boulevard. It originally was part of the Estates of South Palm Beach (which went from Wenonah Place to Pilgrim Road east of Dixie Highway). Like other West Palm Beach neighborhoods, the Estates of South Palm Beach boomed after Henry Flagler's descent on Palm Beach. In 1884, James W. Copp, a bachelor in the boating business, borrowed $367.20 from Valentine Jones to buy the land. The ownership of what is now known as Central Park changed hands many times before being developed. Around 1919, the tropical wilderness was transformed into an exclusive neighborhood with curbed roads, sidewalks and a pier (at the foot of what is now Southern Boulevard). The neighborhood became part of West Palm Beach in 1926, and was named a city historic district in December 1993. In 1999 the neighborhood was listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

El Cid: Noted for its Mediterranean revival and mission-style homes, El Cid developed in the height of Florida's real estate boom. In the late 19th century, most of the land north of Sunset Road was pineapple fields, but the crop dwindled in the early 20th century. Pittsburgh socialite Jay Phipps subdivided the old pineapple fields in the 1920s. He named it El Cid, after the celebrated Spanish hero, Rodrigo Diaz de Bivar, who conquered Valencia in 1094. He was called "Cid", meaning "lord". El Cid became a city historic district in June 1993. In 1995 the neighborhood was listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Flamingo Park: Originally a pineapple plantation, Flamingo Park was established by local contractors and developers, who saw the potential in this area—one of the highest coastal ridge sections from downtown West Palm Beach to Miami. Some ridge houses even had ocean views from upper floors. Houses cost about $10,000 to $18,000 in the boom era, and many buyers were owners of shops and businesses on fashionable Dixie Highway nearby. Recently, residents rallied to have stop signs installed throughout the neighborhood and have banded together to ward off commercial and industrial zoning. Property values are rising as residents renovate and restore Spanish-style houses. Most of the homes in the neighborhood, developed from 1921 to 1930, are mission style, but nearly every style is represented. There are many Mediterranean revival-style houses along the high ridge line. Only two buildings in the historic district are known to have been designed by architects: 701 Flamingo Drive designed by Harvey and Clarke, and the Armory Arts Center designed by William Manly King. The neighborhood became a West Palm Beach historic district in January 1993 and was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 2000.

Grandview Heights: One of the city's oldest neighborhoods still intact, Grandview Heights was built as an extension of Palm Beach Heights from around 1910 to 1925. Almost all of Palm Beach Heights and half of Grandview Heights was demolished in 1989 to make way for the proposed Downtown/Uptown project, which became CityPlace. Grandview Heights originally attracted construction workers who helped build the luxury hotels, ministers and store owners. The neighborhood has one of the city's best collection of early craftsman-style bungalows, as well as some modest, Mediterranean revival-style homes. The neighborhood became a West Palm Beach historic district in 1995 and was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1999.

Mango Promenade: Mango Promenade became a West Palm Beach historic district in 1995 and was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1999. Lies just south of Palm Beach Atlantic University.

Northboro Park: An expansion of Old Northwood, Northboro Park was mostly custom houses for upper-middle-class professionals. Most of the houses are Mediterranean revival, mission and frame vernacular. Developed from 1923 to 1940, the neighborhood became the city's second historic district (November 1992) and the historic designation may soon expand north to 45th Street. The oldest building in the neighborhood is Northboro Elementary School at 36th Street and Spruce, built in 1925 by DaCamara and Chace. The demolition of Northboro Elementary School began in late 2009. The first home in Northboro Park is 418 36th St., built in 1923.

Northwest: West Palm Beach's first historic district to be included on the National Register of Historic Places (February 1992), the Northwest neighborhood was first settled in 1894, when the black community was moved from the Styx in Palm Beach to West Palm Beach. It also served as the city's segregated black community from 1929 to 1960 (along with Pleasant City). Northwest remains a predominantly black community but according to the city planning department, most middle- and upper-class blacks moved to other neighborhoods after desegregation. Tamarind and Rosemary Avenues were the commercial centers for blacks by 1915, but most commercial buildings have been demolished or remodeled so the architecture is no longer significant. There are still good examples of late 19th- and early 20th-century American bungalow/craftsman-style homes in this neighborhood, which also has mission, shotgun, Bahamian vernacular and American Foursquare styles. The Alice Frederick Mickens house, at 801 Fourth St., is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Mickens was a philanthropist and humanitarian who promoted education for black youth. Another notable house is the Gwen Cherry house at 625 Division Ave. Cherry, Florida's first black woman legislator and a resident of Miami, inherited the house from relative Mollie Holt, who built the house in 1926. Now it is the Palm Beach County Black Historical Society. The Northwest neighborhood was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1992. The next year the neighborhood became a West Palm Beach historic district in 1993.

Old Northwood Historic District: Old Northwood was developed from 1920 to 1927—the height of the city's real estate boom. The Pinewood Development Co., platted and developed the area. Old Northwood became a neighborhood of what was considered extravagant Mediterranean revival, mission and frame vernacular houses, at $30,000 to $36,000. The buyers were professionals, entrepreneurs and tradesmen. Among them was Dunkle, who was mayor of West Palm Beach. There are houses here designed by notable architects John Volk (best known for his Palm Beach houses), William Manly King (who designed Palm Beach High School and the Armory Arts Center) and Henry Steven Harvey (whose Seaboard Railroad Passenger Station on Tamarind Avenue is listed in the National Register of Historic Places). The neighborhood became a West Palm Beach historic district in 1991 and listed in the National Register of Historic Places in June 1994.

Northwood Hills Historic District: On August 4, 2003, the City Commission designated the Northwood Hills neighborhood as the 13th Historic District in the City of West Palm Beach. Northwood Hills comprises the area from 29th Street on the South to 39th Court on the North. The east side of Windsor is the Western boundary, and Greenwood Avenue is the Eastern boundary. The Neighborhood Association has worked several years to achieve the distinction of historic designation. This is the first district to be designated since 1996. Northwood Hills has a number of Mission Revival houses, a significant collection of Post-World War II architecture, a unique street layout, and one of the highest elevations in the City. The Northwood Hills neighborhood has also elected to allow the establishment of Bed and Breakfast establishments within the neighborhood.

Prospect Park: Promoted as a high-end neighborhood patterned after the prominent Prospect Park district in Brooklyn, this area consisted of mostly smaller estates for prominent businesspeople and northern investors. The neighborhood has a high concentration of Mediterranean revival and Mission revival houses. It was developed from 1920 to 1935 and became a city historic district in November 1993.

West Northwood Historic District: Cashing in on the real estate boom, developers of West Northwood built speculative and custom houses for upper-middle-class professionals from 1925 to '27. Dominant architectural styles are Mediterranean revival and mission. Although the area was declining, that has reversed in recent years, as more investors buy and restore the houses. West Northwood became a city historic district in August 1993.

West Palm Beach Census Designated Places and Urbanized Area[edit]

[7] The estimated 2012 population of West Palm Beach and the immediately adjacent Census Designated Places is 134,795. Much of this urbanized area lies directly west of the city and includes the neighborhoods of Westgate, Belvedere Homes, Lakeside Green, Century Village, Schall Circle, Lake Belvedere Estates, Plantation Mobile Homes, and Golden Lakes. These neighborhoods are not technically within the boundaries of West Palm Beach, being located in unincorporated Palm Beach County. However, residents possess a "West Palm Beach" address and urban services, such as police, fire, parks, water and sewer, are provided by a combination of Palm Beach County and the City of West Palm Beach in these areas. The City of West Palm Beach also provides water and sewer service to the Town of Palm Beach. The contiguous "urbanized" area, of which West Palm Beach is the core city, includes most of eastern Palm Beach County and has an estimated 2008 population of around 1,250,000.[8]

Key incorporated cities and their populations within the West Palm Beach urbanized area include:

  1. 89,407 - Boca Raton
  2. 71,097 - Boynton Beach
  3. 64,072 - Delray Beach
  4. 60,202 - Wellington
  5. 58,298 - Jupiter
  6. 50,699 - Palm Beach Gardens
  7. 38,696 - Greenacres
  8. 36,306 - Royal Palm Beach
  9. 36,000 - Lake Worth
  10. 33,263 - Riviera Beach
  11. 20,872 - Palm Springs
  12. 12,348 - North Palm Beach
  13. 10,867 - Lantana
  14. 8,649 - Palm Beach
  15. 3,472 - Lake Clarke Shores
  16. 3,283 - Loxahatchee
  17. 2,057 - Atlantis
  18. 1,940 - Haverhill
  19. 1,939 - Mangonia Park

Notable buildings[edit]

Tallest buildings
NameStoriesHeight
Trump Plaza32331 ft (101 m)
Tower 1515(demolished)32321 ft (98 m)
Palm Beach House28278 ft (85 m)
Placido Mar30278 ft (85 m)
Esperante20278 ft (85 m)
Northbridge Centre25272 ft (83 m)
One Clear Lake Center20270 ft (82 m)
Waterview Tower25250 ft (76 m)
Phillips Point[9]20225 ft (69 m)

Cityscapes[edit]

Climate[edit]

Despite being located more than three degrees north of the Tropic of Cancer, West Palm Beach has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen Af) with mean temperatures in all months above 64.4 °F (18 °C).[10][11] This tropical climate allows for the West Palm Beach to have many species of tropical plants and palm trees through out the city.

The wet season of May through October is hot, humid and wet with the average window for 90 °F (32 °C) temperatures April 20 thru October 8, but 100 °F (38 °C) has only occurred four times since record-keeping began in 1888. During this period, more than half of the summer days bring afternoon thunderstorms and seabreezes that cool the air for the rest of the day.[12]

The dry season of November through April is warm and mostly dry with 80 °F (27 °C) temperatures remaining rather commonplace even from December thru February. However, the area experiences occasional cold fronts during this period, holding daytime temperatures below 65 °F (18 °C) and lows dropping to 45 °F (7 °C) or further, lasting only for few days before going back up to the seventies to low eighties and low temperature in the mid sixties.[12] During a severe and prolonged cold snap in January 2010, the city recorded 12 consecutive days of low temperatures at or below 45 °F (7 °C) and nine of the twelve days below 40 °F (4 °C) with several mornings at or near freezing.[13]

Annual average precipitation is 63 in (1,600 mm), making it the fourth wettest city in the country after Mobile, Alabama; Pensacola, Florida; and New Orleans.[14] Most of the precipitation occurs during the wet season of May through October, mainly as short-lived heavy afternoon thunderstorms. Occasionally, stalled cold fronts in the fall and spring can also lead to heavy and prolonged rainfall. West Palm Beach has an average of 133 wet days and 234 sunshine days annually. The hurricane season is officially from June 1 through November 30, with the peak months being August, September and October. The city has received direct or near direct hits from hurricanes in 1928, 1947, 1949, 1964, 1965, 1979, 1992, 1999, 2004, and 2005.[12]

Climate data for West Palm Beach, Florida (1981–2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)89
(32)
90
(32)
95
(35)
99
(37)
99
(37)
100
(38)
101
(38)
99
(37)
97
(36)
95
(35)
92
(33)
90
(32)
101
(38)
Average high °F (°C)74.8
(23.8)
75.6
(24.2)
78.7
(25.9)
82.7
(28.2)
85.7
(29.8)
88.4
(31.3)
89.9
(32.2)
90.1
(32.3)
88.3
(31.3)
84.9
(29.4)
80.1
(26.7)
76.2
(24.6)
83.9
(28.8)
Average low °F (°C)57.8
(14.3)
59.1
(15.1)
63.2
(17.3)
65.8
(18.8)
71.0
(21.7)
74.3
(23.5)
75.5
(24.2)
75.9
(24.4)
75.2
(24)
71.7
(22.1)
65.5
(18.6)
60.0
(15.6)
67.8
(19.9)
Record low °F (°C)26
(−3)
27
(−3)
26
(−3)
38
(3)
45
(7)
60
(16)
64
(18)
65
(18)
61
(16)
46
(8)
36
(2)
24
(−4)
24
(−4)
Rainfall inches (mm)3.13
(79.5)
2.82
(71.6)
4.59
(116.6)
3.66
(93)
4.51
(114.6)
8.30
(210.8)
5.76
(146.3)
7.95
(201.9)
8.34
(211.8)
5.13
(130.3)
4.75
(120.7)
3.38
(85.9)
62.31
(1,582.7)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.01 in)8.17.68.97.19.715.315.117.416.712.19.28.7136.0
Source: NOAA (extremes 1888–present)[15]
Historical population
CensusPop.
1890244
1900564131.1%
19101,743209.0%
19208,659396.8%
193026,610207.3%
194033,69326.6%
195043,16228.1%
196056,20830.2%
197057,3752.1%
198063,30510.3%
199067,7647.0%
200082,10321.2%
201099,91921.7%
Est. 2013103,0383.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
2013 Estimate[17]

Demographics[edit]

West Palm Beach Demographics
2010 CensusWest Palm BeachPalm Beach CountyFlorida
Total population99,9191,320,13418,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010+21.7%+16.7%+17.6%
Population density1,807.1/sq mi670.2/sq mi350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)56.7%73.5%75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)41.6%60.1%57.9%
Black or African-American32.5%17.3%16.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)22.6%19.0%22.5%
Asian2.3%2.4%2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan0.5%0.5%0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian0.1%0.1%0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial)2.7%2.3%2.5%
Some Other Race5.2%3.9%3.6%

As of the census of 2010, there were 54,179 households, out of which 20.8% were vacant. As of 2000, 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.3% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.5% were non-families. 37.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 3.02.

As of 2000, the population was spread out with 21.3% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.

In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $36,774, and the median income for a family was $42,074. Males had a median income of $30,221 versus $26,473 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,188. About 14.5% of families and 18.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.2% of those under the age of 18 and 14.8% of those ages 65 and older.

As of 2000, those who spoke only English at home accounted for 72.49% of all residents, while those who spoke Spanish made up 17.71%, French Creole (mainly Haitian Creole) 4.46%, 1.27% spoke French, German was spoken by 0.62%, and Italian speakers made up 0.52% of the population.[18]

Education[edit]

K–12 education[edit]

K–12 public education is administrated by the School District of Palm Beach County, which is the eleventh-largest school district in the United States by enrollment.[19]

Bak Middle School of the Arts is a magnet middle school in West Palm Beach, just south of Mangonia Park, Florida.[20] The school's campus was formerly that of the Dreyfoos School of the Arts, their high school counterpart, which is in CityPlace and boasts alumni such as Burt Reynolds. The first auditions took place in July 1997. The campus property of Bak Middle School of the Arts was also home to North Shore High School from 1965 to 1989. In 2007, the new campus was completed and the original buildings were demolished. The school accepts students from all over Palm Beach County. Students may audition for two out of five art areas: communications, dance, music (consisting of band, keyboard, strings, and vocal arts), theater, and visual arts.

Private schools in the area include Cardinal Newman High School, The King's Academy, and Oxbridge Academy.[21]

Post-secondary education[edit]

The original Palm Beach Junior College building was restored and is now part of the campus of the Dreyfoos School of the Arts, a magnet high school
Palm Beach Atlantic University lies along the Intracoastal Waterway Lake Worth Lagoon

Palm Beach Atlantic University (PBAU), a four-year private Christian university with approximately 3,200 students, is located in the city on seven blocks within the south end of downtown. The campus includes several historic structures converted to academic use. PBAU has recently added schools of nursing and of pharmacy.

Northwood University has a residential campus in West Palm Beach, Florida.

Keiser University is a regionally accredited school that offers a variety of degrees at the Associate, Bachelor, Master, and Doctoral levels. One of their 16 Florida campuses is located in West Palm Beach.

Various private for-profit institutions are located in the city, including the Lincoln College of Technology (formerly known as New England Institute of Technology) and Florida Culinary Institute, owned by the New Jersey-based Lincoln Group of Schools.

Libraries[edit]

The West Palm Beach Public Library serves the city.[22] The new city public library opened in April 2009 at 411 Clematis Street, replacing the 1950s building which stood at the end of the street. That area is being developed as Centennial Park. A library had occupied that spot as far back as the 1930s when the city opened it as a place to discourage people from drinking during prohibition.[citation needed]

The Main Branch of the Palm Beach County Library System is also located in West Palm Beach.[23]

Economy[edit]

Companies based in West Palm Beach include Florida Public Utilities, ION Media Networks, Ocwen, and The Palm Beach Post. Other major employers are Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne, Sikorsky Aircraft, General Dynamics, Cemex, and CSC.[24]

Arts and culture[edit]

The Richard and Pat Johnson Palm Beach County History Museum is operated and maintained by the Historical Society of Palm Beach County,[25] and is in the Historic 1916 Court House in downtown West Palm Beach. The museum provides access to Palm Beach County history through on-site investigation in the Research Library, on-line research on www.pbchistoryonline.org, the Public Programming Series and the Distinguished Lecture Series. The Museum is free to visitors and offers Docent-led tours for adults and school groups.

Richard and Pat Johnson Palm Beach County History Museum
The exterior of the Raymond F. Kravis Center for the Performing Arts
Harriet Himmel Theater in CityPlace

Raymond F. Kravis Center for the Performing Arts: Built in 1992, the Kravis Center hosts performances of music, dance, opera and theatre.

Florida Stage: A professional theater company in residence at the Kravis Center. (Out of business)

Norton Museum of Art: is the largest art museum in Florida and also organizes traveling exhibits. The permanent collection features 19th and 20th century European and American art, Chinese, contemporary art and photography.

The Carefree Theatre: Built in 1940, in the historic Flamingo Park district, it was variously an art house cinema and alternative music performance venue until severely damaged by Hurricane Wilma. The venue has re-opened at a renovated church located nearby and under a new name, The Theater.

Meyer Amphitheater: An abandoned Holiday Inn, demolished in 1993 and transformed into an amphitheater.

Palm Beach County Convention Center: A complex with 350,000 square feet (33,000 m2) of exhibit halls and meeting rooms in downtown West Palm Beach.

Festivals and shows[edit]

SunFest is Florida's largest waterfront music festival

SunFest: an annual music, art, and waterfront festival in Florida, founded in 1982 to draw visitors to the area during the ‘shoulder season’ of April and May. SunFest has an annual attendance of more than 275,000 people. Artists who have performed include Carrie Underwood, John Mayer, Ray Charles, Ludacris, Nelly, Lenny Kravitz, Dizzy Gillespie, Bob Dylan, Kenny G, Earth Wind and Fire, Cyndi Lauper, Pink Floyd, MGMT, and The Wailers. SunFest is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization.[26]

Palm Beach International Film Festival

Barrett-Jackson Collector Car Auction: Classic car auction held every March in the South Florida Expo Center.

Sports[edit]

West Palm Beach does not host any professional sports teams, but the Florida Panthers of the National Hockey League play at BB&T Center in Sunrise to the south. Major League Baseball's Miami Marlins, the National Football League's Miami Dolphins and the Miami Heat of the National Basketball Association all play in nearby Miami-Dade County. In the past West Palm Beach has hosted various professional teams such as Arena Football, minor league hockey and baseball as well as semi-pro football.

Spring Training Baseball: The Miami Marlins and St. Louis Cardinals conduct spring training in suburban West Palm Beach in the town of Jupiter, Florida at Roger Dean Stadium. In the past West Palm Beach hosted the Atlanta Braves and Montreal Expos at the former Municipal Stadium and the Philadelphia Athletics and St. Louis Browns at Connie Mack Field, which was demolished in 1992.

Collegiate Athletics: Palm Beach Atlantic University competes in NCAA Division II basketball, baseball and soccer. PBAU has recently purchased a large tract of land just west of downtown where there will be built a multi-use athletic stadium.[27] Indoor athletics play their home games at the Greene Complex which is an on campus arena. Florida Atlantic University's athletic programs are played in neighboring Boca Raton. FAU competes in the highest level of NCAA athletics including football, basketball, baseball, softball and tennis. Northwood University competes at the NAIA level, where their basketball coach Rollie Massimino, has given the athletic program national exposure.

Professional Golf: PGA National Resort & Spa in suburban Palm Beach Gardens hosts the PGA Tour Honda Classic.

Polo and Equestrian: Palm Beach Polo and Country Club counts 7 polo fields among its world-class facilities and many high-goal games are played in the area. The equestrian events at the Palm Beach International Equestrian Center are the world-renowned Winter Equestrian Festival, the Global Dressage Festival and over 40 weeks a year of equestrian competitions, hosted in Wellington.

Tennis: The Delray Beach International Tennis Championships, a hard court stop on the ATP Tour, takes place annually in Delray Beach, slightly to the south of West Palm Beach.

Croquet: The National Croquet Center has 12 full sized croquet lawns, making it the largest dedicated croquet facility in the world. It hosts several national championships and in May 2009 will host the World Championship when representatives of up to 25 countries will be competing for the Wimbledon Cup.

BMX Racing: Okeeheelee park contains one of the most celebrated BMX race tracks in the state of Florida. Insured by USA BMX, the Okeeheelee track is host to State Qualifiers and National Races, it is also home to several National Champions.

Tourism and recreation[edit]

I-95/PBIA Interchange, Downtown WPB in background

Shopping areas/districts[edit]

CityPlace: Opened in 2000 where single family homes and dilapidated apartments once stood. There is a multi-plex movie theater, IMAX Theater, several night clubs (comedy, dance), restaurants, clothing and home-decor retail outlets and multi-story town houses and apartments.

Clematis Street: is West Palm Beach's historic shopping venue, now home to Clematis by Night, an outdoor event held on the street with live music and food.

Antique Row: a shopping district on the south side of the city along Dixie Highway. Architectural Digest, The New York Times, Art & Antiques, and House Beautiful have all heralded Antique Row as one of the east coast's premier antique districts, considered the "antique design center" of Florida.[29]

Transportation[edit]

Cruise Transportation: Celebration Cruise Line provides two-night roundtrip Bahamas cruises and one-way cruise transportation between Palm Beach and Grand Bahama Island (Freeport). Celebration's Bahamas Celebration sails every other day out of the Port of Palm Beach.[30]

The historic Seaboard Air Line Station serves both Amtrak and Tri-Rail
The Water Taxi is means of transportation in West Palm Beach

Air: The city is served by Palm Beach International Airport, located in unincorporated Palm Beach County. The airport attracts people from all over the county as well as from the Treasure Coast and Space Coast counties to the north. In 2006 there were 6,824,789 passengers who passed through the gates of PBIA making it the 58th busiest airport in the nation.[31]

Highways: U.S. 1 passes though the city's downtown, commercial, and industrial districts. Interstate 95 bisects the city from north to south with multiple interchanges serving West Palm Beach, including an entrance to Palm Beach International Airport. Florida's Turnpike passes through West Palm Beach further west, connecting with the western suburbs of Royal Palm Beach and Wellington. State Road 80, running east-west, is a partial expressway, that runs from Interstate 95 to State Road 7.

Rail: Tri-Rail commuter rail system serves the city from a historical station located on the west side of Tamarind Avenue, just east of I-95. Tri-Rail provides commuter rides north to Mangonia Park and south to Miami. Amtrak has daily trains arriving and departing to points north. CSX Transportation and the Florida East Coast Railway also serve the city.

Trolley: There is a free downtown trolley that provides transportation around downtown including Clematis, City Place and Waterfront districts of the city.

Bus: Greyhound Lines operates scheduled intercity bus service out of the train station on the west side of Tamarind Avenue. Palm Tran, the Palm Beach County municipal bus service, operates scheduled service throughout the city and the suburban areas of Palm Beach County.

Port: The Port of Palm Beach is located on the northern edge of the city limits. It is the fourth busiest container port in Florida and the 18th busiest in the continental United States. In addition to intermodal capacity, the Port is a major modal point for the shipment of various goods[31] as well as being the home to several small passenger cruise lines.[32]

Water Taxi: As a waterfront city there is specific need for water transportation between points in the city and surrounding areas. Waterway transportation is available to and from the downtown Clematis Street District, Sailfish Marina Resort, waterfront attractions, Peanut Island and special events.

Media[edit]

Newspapers:
The Palm Beach Post is owned by Atlanta-based Cox Enterprises. Its name notwithstanding, the Post is based in West Palm Beach, not Palm Beach. The Post is the 57th highest daily circulation in the country, according to the 2007 BurrellesLuce survey, and is the city's sole daily newspaper. It serves Palm Beach County and the Treasure Coast, the area north of Palm Beach County that includes Martin and St. Lucie Counties.

South Florida Sun-Sentinel: is based in Fort Lauderdale and covers portions of Southern Palm Beach County.

Palm Beach Daily News: sister publication of the Palm Beach Post serving the town of Palm Beach, it covers events and social affairs of the celebrities and wealthy residents of Palm Beach. Frequently extends coverage to events taking place in West Palm Beach.

New Times Broward-Palm Beach is an alternative weekly publication serving West Palm Beach along with Fort Lauderdale.

Radio:
West Palm Beach is ranked as the 46th largest radio market in the country by Arbitron.

Television:
West Palm Beach is ranked as the 38th largest television market in the country by Nielsen Media Research. The market is served by stations affiliated with major American networks including:
WPTV-TV/5 (NBC), WPEC/12(CBS), WTCN-CA/15(MYTV), WPBF/25 (ABC), WFLX/29 (FOX), WTVX/34 (CW), WXEL-TV/42 (PBS), WWHB/48 (Ind.), WFGC/61 (Ind.), WPXP/67 (ION), WBWP/57 (MundoFox)

The area's official Telemundo affiliate is WSCV in Miami, and WLTV is the area's Univision affiliate, also in Miami. In addition to those, many Miami/Ft. Lauderdale market TV and radio stations are also available and viewed in West Palm Beach.

Sister cities[edit]

West Palm Beach has three sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Notable people[edit]

Crime[edit]

West Palm Beach
Crime rates (2012)
Crime typeRate*
Homicide:17
Robbery:334
Aggravated assault:439
Total Violent crime:821
Burglary:1,289
Larceny-theft:3,801
Motor vehicle theft:314
Arson:21
Total Property crime:5,404
Notes
* Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.
2012 population: 102,422
Source: 2012 FBI UCR Data

Violent crime: According to Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE) statistics, West Palm Beach is experiencing a steep drop in major crimes. In the past decade, crime has dropped more in West Palm Beach than in any other major city (approximately 100,000 residents or more) in the state of Florida. In 1993, West Palm Beach was featured in a 60 Minutes segment on urban decay. At the time, 80% of downtown properties were vacant. Since then, the city has done much to improve its image, at least in the physical sense. Occupancy is high, and housing prices have risen rapidly. FDLE stats show that the total crime rate per 100,000 residents has dropped by more than 50% since 2000, from 13,880 that year to 6,571 in 2008. In 2008 alone, there was a 17.9% drop in crime. Annual crime rates are always more than three times the national average. However, as of 2006, the city's crime average has been gradually decreasing while robbery was up 17 percent.[36] West Palm Beach's northern neighbor, Riviera Beach, has an even higher violent crime rate.[37]

The following are the crime rates, per 100,000 people, for West Palm Beach as of 2005.[38]

Dunbar Village: In 2007, a resident was gang-raped by Jakaris Taylor[39] and a group of 3 other teenagers in one of the City's public housing developments, Dunbar Village Housing Projects, with her son forced to participate, drawing national outrage.[40]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-15. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Native Americans. Pbchistoryonline.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  5. ^ The Seminole War in Palm Beach County. Pbchistoryonline.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  6. ^ "Historic Gallery". The City of West Palm Beach. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  7. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml
  8. ^ http://www.bebr.ufl.edu/population
  9. ^ "Phillips Point". 
  10. ^ "Köppen Classification Map". .johnabbott.qc.ca. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  11. ^ "Normal Daily Mean Temperatures of Select Cities". Erh.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  12. ^ a b c "Historical Weather for West Palm Beach, Florida, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  13. ^ "National Weather Service Forecast Office: Miami-South Florida". Weather.gov. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  14. ^ Thompson, Andrea (2007-05-18). "Study Reveals Top 10 Wettest U.S. Cities". LiveScience. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  15. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  16. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 18, 2013. 
  17. ^ "BEBR Florida Estimates of Population 2013 - Table 1". Retrieved August 21, 2014. 
  18. ^ "MLA Data Center Results of West Palm Beach, Florida". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2007-11-14. 
  19. ^ "Largest 100 School Districts". Proximityone.com. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  20. ^ "Bak Middle School of the Arts". Bak MSOA. Retrieved 2012-10-10. 
  21. ^ "Private Schools in Palm Beach County, Florida". Floridasmart.com. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  22. ^ "Hours of Operation." West Palm Beach Public Library. Retrieved on July 13, 2010.
  23. ^ "Main Library - West Palm Beach - Palm Beach County Library System". Pbclibrary.org. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  24. ^ Palm Beach County Top Employers
  25. ^ [1]
  26. ^ "SunFest". SunFest of Palm Beach County. Retrieved 2010-11-29. 
  27. ^ "University Finalizes Local Land Deal". Palm Beach Atlantic University. 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  28. ^ http://www.bahamascelebration.com
  29. ^ "Florida Antiques Shopping Design Center". Antique Row West Palm Beach. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  30. ^ http://bahamascelebration.com
  31. ^ a b "Why Palm Beach County?". Pbcgov.com. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  32. ^ [2][dead link]
  33. ^ "Sister city of West Palm Beach: Mersin, Turkey". Turkish American Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  34. ^ "About the Tzahar Project". edugal.org/. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  35. ^ Abramson, Andrew (15 April 2012). "Montenegrin officials arrive to solidify ties to West Palm Beach as part of sister city program". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  36. ^ "West Palm Beach, Florida (FL) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, news, sex offenders". City-data.com. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  37. ^ "Crime Rate Comparison: West Palm Beach Vs. Riviera Beach". Areaconnect.com. 2006. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  38. ^ "Crime Rate Comparison: West Palm Beach Vs. West Palm Beach". Areaconnect.com. 2006. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  39. ^ Tejedor, Chrystian (2007-11-26). "Dunbar rape defendant pleads guilty, gets 20 years - Firearms, Volusia County - South Florida". Sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  40. ^ "Topic Galleries - South Florida". Sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 

External links[edit]