West Orange, New Jersey

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West Orange, New Jersey
Township
Township of West Orange
Thomas Edison National Historical Park in West Orange
Thomas Edison National Historical Park in West Orange
Map of West Orange Township in Essex County. Inset: Location of West Orange highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of West Orange Township in Essex County. Inset: Location of West Orange highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of West Orange, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of West Orange, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°47′09″N 74°15′54″W / 40.785753°N 74.26506°W / 40.785753; -74.26506Coordinates: 40°47′09″N 74°15′54″W / 40.785753°N 74.26506°W / 40.785753; -74.26506[1][2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyEssex
IncorporatedApril 10, 1863 (as township)
ReincorporatedFebruary 28, 1900 (as town)
Government[6]
 • TypeFaulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • MayorRobert D. Parisi (term ends June 30, 2014)[3]
 • AdministratorJohn K. Sayers[4]
 • ClerkKaren J. Carnevale[5]
Area[2]
 • Total12.171 sq mi (31.522 km2)
 • Land12.046 sq mi (31.198 km2)
 • Water0.125 sq mi (0.324 km2)  1.03%
Area rank190th of 566 in state
3rd of 22 in county[2]
Elevation[7]512 ft (156 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10][11]
 • Total46,207
 • Estimate (2012[12])46,602
 • Rank40th of 566 in state
5th of 22 in county[13]
 • Density3,836.0/sq mi (1,481.1/km2)
 • Density rank160th of 566 in state
14th of 22 in county[13]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code07052[14][15]
Area code(s)973[16]
FIPS code3401379800[17][2][18]
GNIS feature ID1729718[19][2]
Websitewww.westorange.org
 
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West Orange, New Jersey
Township
Township of West Orange
Thomas Edison National Historical Park in West Orange
Thomas Edison National Historical Park in West Orange
Map of West Orange Township in Essex County. Inset: Location of West Orange highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of West Orange Township in Essex County. Inset: Location of West Orange highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of West Orange, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of West Orange, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°47′09″N 74°15′54″W / 40.785753°N 74.26506°W / 40.785753; -74.26506Coordinates: 40°47′09″N 74°15′54″W / 40.785753°N 74.26506°W / 40.785753; -74.26506[1][2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyEssex
IncorporatedApril 10, 1863 (as township)
ReincorporatedFebruary 28, 1900 (as town)
Government[6]
 • TypeFaulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • MayorRobert D. Parisi (term ends June 30, 2014)[3]
 • AdministratorJohn K. Sayers[4]
 • ClerkKaren J. Carnevale[5]
Area[2]
 • Total12.171 sq mi (31.522 km2)
 • Land12.046 sq mi (31.198 km2)
 • Water0.125 sq mi (0.324 km2)  1.03%
Area rank190th of 566 in state
3rd of 22 in county[2]
Elevation[7]512 ft (156 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10][11]
 • Total46,207
 • Estimate (2012[12])46,602
 • Rank40th of 566 in state
5th of 22 in county[13]
 • Density3,836.0/sq mi (1,481.1/km2)
 • Density rank160th of 566 in state
14th of 22 in county[13]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code07052[14][15]
Area code(s)973[16]
FIPS code3401379800[17][2][18]
GNIS feature ID1729718[19][2]
Websitewww.westorange.org

West Orange is a township in central Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 46,207,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 1,264 (+2.8%) from the 44,943 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 5,840 (+14.9%) from the 39,103 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

The township is set off by two large parks: the South Mountain Reservation along its southwestern borders with Maplewood and Millburn,[21] and the Eagle Rock Reservation along its northeastern borders with Montclair and Verona.[22] The township straddles the transition between the low-lying Newark Bay basin and the high terrain of the Watchung Mountains.

Geography and neighborhoods[edit]

West Orange is located at 40°47′09″N 74°15′54″W / 40.785753°N 74.26506°W / 40.785753; -74.26506 (40.785753,-74.26506). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 12.171 square miles (31.522 km2), of which, 12.046 square miles (31.198 km2) of it is land and 0.125 square miles (0.324 km2) of it (1.03%) is water.[1][2] It is located approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) west of downtown Newark and 13 miles (21 km) west of New York City.

The township is marked by an eclectic mix of neighborhoods and housing types, which roughly correspond to the township's geographic features. Generally, the township has four distinct neighborhoods:

Downtown West Orange and The Valley

The oldest and most densely populated part of the township is Downtown West Orange, which lies in the low basin along the township's eastern border with the city of Orange. Main Street, in this section, is home to the Thomas Edison National Historical Park, as well as the municipal building, police headquarters, and a branch post office. The West Orange Public Library is located on Mount Pleasant Avenue in this section, just west of Main Street. Downtown West Orange is laid out in the pattern of a traditional town, and is formed around the western termini of two major east-west arteries of the Newark street grid: Central Avenue and Park Avenue. Downtown West Orange has the most urban character of the township's neighborhoods, while the Valley is home to a growing arts district and a significant African American community.

The First Mountain

West of Downtown, the neighborhoods of West Orange become increasingly suburban as one ascends the steep hill of the First Watchung Mountain along Northfield, Mount Pleasant, or Eagle Rock Avenue. The housing stock in the neighborhoods of Hutton Park and Gregory is a mixture of Victorian, Jazz Age, and Tudor-style houses; large estates; garden apartments; and post-World War II modern houses. The Victorian enclave of Llewellyn Park, one of America's first planned residential communities, is also located on the First Mountain, having been created in 1853 as a site for country homes for the wealthy from New York City.[23] Many blocks on the First Mountain have sweeping views of the Newark and New York City skylines.

Pleasant Valley and Pleasantdale

Beyond the high ridge traced by Prospect Avenue, West Orange becomes a patchwork of post-World War II suburban neighborhoods, interspersed with pockets of older Victorian homes, as well as golf courses, professional campuses, and shopping centers. Pleasantdale, a walkable business district in this part of the township, includes a number of restaurants, office buildings, and houses of worship. Pleasantdale is also home to a significant Orthodox Jewish community.[24]

Aerial view
The Second Mountain

Finally, the westernmost section of West Orange lies along the eastern face of the Second Watchung Mountain, and includes large portions of the South Mountain Reservation. The housing stock in this neighborhood resembles that of Pleasantdale, as well as those of the adjacent suburban townships of Millburn and Livingston.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18702,106
18803,38560.7%
18904,35828.7%
19006,88958.1%
191010,98059.4%
192015,57341.8%
193024,32756.2%
194025,6625.5%
195028,60511.5%
196039,89539.5%
197043,7159.6%
198039,510−9.6%
199039,103−1.0%
200044,94314.9%
201046,2072.8%
Est. 201246,602[12]0.9%
Population sources:
1870-1920[25] 1870[26][27] 1880-1890[28]
1890-1910[29] 1900-1930[30]
1900-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 46,207 people, 16,790 households, and 11,753 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,836.0 per square mile (1,481.1 /km2). There were 17,612 housing units at an average density of 1,462.1 per square mile (564.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 57.15% (26,406) White, 26.58% (12,284) Black or African American, 0.38% (174) Native American, 7.96% (3,680) Asian, 0.02% (10) Pacific Islander, 4.82% (2,227) from other races, and 3.09% (1,426) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 16.20% (7,487) of the population.[8]

There were 16,790 households of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.28.[8]

In the township, 23.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.6 years. For every 100 females there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $88,917 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,480) and the median family income was $106,742 (+/- $5,256). Males had a median income of $65,854 (+/- $4,548) versus $43,223 (+/- $2,769) for females. The per capita income for the township was $43,368 (+/- $2,021). About 4.9% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.[34]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 44,943 people, 16,480 households, and 11,684 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,708.7 people per square mile (1,431.7/km2). There were 16,901 housing units at an average density of 1,394.7 per square mile (538.4/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 67.6% White, 17.5% African American, 0.14% Native American, 8.09% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.52% from other races, and 3.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.04% of the population.[32][33]

There were 16,480 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.1% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.19. In the township the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.0 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the town was $69,254, and the median income for a family was $83,375. Males had a median income of $52,029 versus $39,484 for females. The per capita income for the township was $34,412. About 4.6% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.[32][33]

Government[edit]

West Orange Municipal Building, Main Street & Mount Pleasant Avenue.

West Orange is governed by Plan B of the Mayor-Council system of municipal government pursuant to the Faulkner Act, as implemented on July 1, 1962, by direct petition.[35] Each member of the Council is elected to a four-year term of on a staggered basis, with either three council seats or two seats and the mayoral seat up for election every even-numbered year. Township elections are nonpartisan and at-large.[6]

As of 2013, the Mayor of West Orange is Robert Parisi, whose term of office ends June 30, 2014.[36] Members of the Township Council are Council President Victor Cirilo (2014), Jerry Guarino (2016), Joe Krakoviak (2016), Susan McCartney (2014) and Patty Spango (2016).[37]

Municipal court[edit]

Officers of the municipal court are:[38]

Township facilities

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 30,561 registered voters in West Orange, of which 14,166 (46.4%) were registered as Democrats, 3,273 (10.7%) were registered as Republicans and 13,108 (42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[39]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 67.8% of the vote here (15,423 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 29.3% (6,667 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (154 votes), among the 22,740 ballots cast by the township's 30,260 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.1%.[40] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 64.7% of the vote here (13,535 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 34.0% (7,118 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (186 votes), among the 20,933 ballots cast by the township's 28,418 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 73.7.[41]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 59.3% of the vote here (8,168 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 32.9% (4,530 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.2% (858 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (100 votes), among the 13,773 ballots cast by the township's 29,898 registered voters, yielding a 46.1% turnout.[42]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

West Orange is split between the 10th and 11th Congressional Districts[43] and is part of New Jersey's 27th state legislative district.[9][44][45] Prior to the 2010 Census, West Orange had been split between the 8th Congressional District and the 10th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[46] In the redistricting that took effect in 2013, 18,122 residents in the eastern third of the township were placed in the 10th district, while 28,085 residents in the western portion of the township were placed in the 11th District.[43][47]

New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne, Jr. (D, Newark).[48] New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township).[49] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[50][51] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[52][53]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 27th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Richard Codey (D, Roseland) and in the General Assembly by Mila Jasey (D, South Orange) and John F. McKeon (D, West Orange).[54][55] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[56] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[57]

Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders.[58] As of 2013, the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr.[59] The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end in 2014.[58][60][61] Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Blonnie R. Watson (at large; Newark)[62], Freeholder Vice President Patricia Sebold (at large; Livingston)[63], Rufus I. Johnson (at large; Newark)[64], Gerald M. Owens (At large; South Orange, filling the vacant seat after the resignation of Donald Payne, Jr.)[65] Rolando Bobadilla (District 1 - Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark)[66], D. Bilal Beasley (District 2 - Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Irvington)[67], Carol Y. Clark (District 3 - East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; East Orange)[68] and Leonard M. Luciano (District 4 - Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell),[69] and Brendan W. Gill (District 5 - Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Montclair).[70][71][72] Constitutional elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell, 2015),[73] Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (2015)[74] and Surrogate Thomas N. Stephen, II (2016).[75][60][76]

Education[edit]

The West Orange Public Schools serves students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade, including a total of eleven school facilities. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[77]) are seven elementary schools (all K-5, except as noted) — Gregory Elementary School[78] (562 students), Hazel Avenue Elementary School[79] (357), Mount Pleasant Elementary School[80] (402), Pleasantdale Elementary School[81] (PreK-5; 437), Redwood Elementary School[82] (548), St. Cloud Elementary School[83] (395) and Washington Elementary School[84] (396) — three middle schools — Thomas A. Edison Central Six School[85] (6; 466), Liberty Middle School[86] (7&8; 555) and Roosevelt Middle School[87] (7&8; 452) — and one high school, West Orange High School[88] (2,143), for grades 9-12.[89]

History[edit]

West Orange was initially a part of the city of Newark, and remained so until November 27, 1806, when the territory now encompassing all of The Oranges was detached to form Orange Township.[90] On April 13, 1807, the first government was elected. On January 31, 1860, Orange was incorporated as a town, and on April 3, 1872, it was officially incorporated as a city.[90] Almost immediately, Orange began fragmenting into smaller communities, primarily because of local disputes about the costs of establishing paid police, fire, and street departments. South Orange was organized on April 1, 1861, Fairmount (an independent municipality for less than one year that was later to become part of West Orange) on March 11, 1862, and East Orange on March 4, 1863.[90] West Orange (including what had been the briefly independent municipality of Fairmount) was formed as a township on April 10, 1863, and was reformed as a town on February 28, 1900.[90]

The Thomas Edison factory in West Orange.

Llewellyn Park, the first planned community in America, is located within West Orange, and was designed by entrepreneur Llewellyn Haskell and architect Alexander Jackson Davis in 1857.[91] Llewellyn Park is considered among the best examples of the "Romantic Landscape" movement of that period.[92] Thomas Edison was one of the many residents.[93]

Evangelical Methodist Church

Sports[edit]

The Jersey Rockhoppers hockey team of the Eastern Professional Hockey League, formed for the 2008-09 season, played home games at the Richard J. Codey Arena.[94] The arena also used to be the practice facility for the New Jersey Devils from 1986-2007. The New Jersey Daredevils, a special needs hockey team formed in 2002 that plays in the SHI (Special Hockey International League), uses the arena for home games and practices. Annually in October, the Daredevils host a Halloween themed tournament for Special Hockey International teams (including the Daredevils themselves) called "Frankenfest". Frankenfest has been going on every October since 2009. The New Jersey Devils Youth Hockey team also plays here as well.

Mass media and telecommunications[edit]

For years West Orange has been a hotbed for the mass-media and telecommunications industries. Edison's Black Maria, the first movie studio ever, was located here. Several broadcast antennas are located in the town. From the mid-1970s until the early 1990s Channel 68 TV maintained their offices, studios and transmitter on Eagle Rock Avenue which was later occupied by WNBC-TV and WPXN-TV as a backup transmitter facility after Channel 68 moved to West Market Street in Newark. As of March 2007, the 416 Eagle Rock Avenue property is an empty lot, the main building which housed Channel 68 was recently demolished and the transmitter tower stands alone. WFME Radio has offices studios and transmitter while their sister station WNYJ-TV has executive offices in the same building on Mount Pleasant Avenue next to an MCI Communications (Now part of Verizon Communications) Fiber optics and satellite transmission facility and a Fiber Optic and satellite transmission facility on Eagle Rock Avenue next to the old Channel 68 building. Former Upsala College radio station WFMU's transmitter is on Marcella Avenue just down the street from WFME. Sprint Nextel and Verizon Wireless all have cell towers located throughout the township to provide clear coverage and Verizon maintains a huge Central Office on Prospect Avenue.

Shopping and Entertainment[edit]

There is an outdoor mall called Essex Green Shopping Center where it has stores, restaurants, and an AMC Theaters Fork and Screen, a dine in movie theater. [1]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of West Orange include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Administration Administration, Township of West Orange. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  5. ^ Township Clerk, Township of West Orange. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 125.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of West Orange, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for West Orange township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 23, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 13. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for West Orange township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed May 23, 2012.
  11. ^ Census 2010: Essex County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed June 15, 2011.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for West Orange, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed May 23, 2012.
  15. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for West Orange, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  17. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed May 23, 2012.
  19. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  20. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  21. ^ South Mountain Reservation, Essex County, New Jersey Department of Parks, Recreation, and Cultural Affairs. Accessed May 23, 2012.
  22. ^ Eagle Rock Reservation, Essex County, New Jersey Department of Parks, Recreation, and Cultural Affairs. Accessed May 23, 2012.
  23. ^ Martin, Antoinette. "An Enclave Wonders if It Is Too Private", The New York Times, July 10, 2005. Accessed May 23, 2012.
  24. ^ Caldwell, Dave. "Harder to Get to, Easier to Pay For", The New York Times, December 12, 2008. Accessed July 11, 2011.
  25. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 23, 2013.
  26. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 246, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 23, 2013. "West Orange was formed from the town of Orange; population in 1870, 2,106."
  27. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 23, 2013.
  28. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 23, 2013.
  29. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed May 22, 2012. 1890 population for West Orange Township is listed in Footnote 11.
  30. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 712. Accessed May 22, 2012.
  31. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed May 22, 2012.
  32. ^ a b c d Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for West Orange township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 23, 2012.
  33. ^ a b c d DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for West Orange township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 10, 2012.
  34. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for West Orange township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 23, 2012.
  35. ^ "The Faulkner Act: New Jersey's Optional Municipal Charter Law", New Jersey State League of Municipalities, July 2007. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  36. ^ Mayor's Office, Township of West Orange. Accessed July 23, 2013.
  37. ^ Council, Township of West Orange. Accessed July 23, 2013.
  38. ^ Municipal Budget for 2010, Township of West Orange, p. 34. Accessed July 11, 2011.
  39. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Essex, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  40. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  41. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  42. ^ 2009 Governor: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  43. ^ a b Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  44. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  45. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  46. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  47. ^ New Jersey Congressional Districts 2012-2012: West Orange, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  48. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  49. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  50. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  51. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Former Newark Mayor Cory Booker was sworn in as a Democratic senator from New Jersey today, taking the oath of office, exchanging hugs with Vice President Joe Biden and acknowledging the applause of friends and family members seated in the visitor's gallery that rings the chamber.... Booker, 44, was elected to fill out the term of the late Sen. Frank Lautenberg, who died earlier this year."
  52. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  53. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  54. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 18, 2014.
  55. ^ District 27 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 18, 2014.
  56. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  57. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  58. ^ a b General Information, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013. "The Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are elected at-large. They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in November."
  59. ^ Essex County Executive, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
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  131. ^ Staff. "N.J. Statehouse to honor Sherry Ross", New Jersey Devils, March 22, 2010. Accessed April 11, 2011. "The resident of West Orange, NJ has covered the Stanley Cup Finals on 15 occasions, while attending the Kentucky Derby six times."
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