Names of the days of the week

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"Days of the week" redirects here. For the song by Stone Temple Pilots, see Days of the Week (song).
Italian cameo bracelet representing the days of the week, corresponding to the planets as Roman gods: Diana as the Moon for Monday, Mars for Tuesday, Mercury for Wednesday, Jupiter for Thursday, Venus for Friday, Saturn for Saturday, and Apollo as the Sun for Sunday (Walters Art Museum).

The English language days of the week are named after gods and mythological figures, the product and confluence of an array of contributing cultures and traditions; while some other contemporary names stem from the same source as those used in English, others do not. Though the first day and numeration has varied by society and tradition, it is now set to Monday through international consensus as codified in ISO 8601.

Days named after planets[edit]

Greco-Roman tradition[edit]

Further information: Seven-day week and Planetary hours

The earliest attestation of a seven-day week associated with heavenly luminaries is in the title of a lost work by Plutarch (AD 46–120) titled Why are the days named after the planets reckoned in a different order from the actual order?[1] Between the 1st and 3rd centuries the Roman Empire gradually replaced the eight-day Roman nundinal cycle with the seven-day week. The order of the days was Sun, Moon, Ares, Hermes, Zeus, Aphrodite, and Cronos, named after the heavenly bodies that presided over the first daylight hour of each day, according to Hellenistic astrology. From Greece the planetary week names passed to the Romans, and from Latin to other languages of southern and western Europe, and to other languages later influenced by them.

Day:
(see Irregularities)
Sunday
Sōl (Sun)
Monday
Luna (Moon)
Tuesday
Mars (Mars)
Wednesday
Mercurius (Mercury)
Thursday
Iuppiter (Jupiter)
Friday
Venus (Venus)
Saturday
Saturnus (Saturn)
Ancient Greekἡμέρα Ἡλίου
hêméra Hêlíou
ἡμέρα Σελήνης
hêméra Selếnês
ἡμέρα Ἄρεως
hêméra Áreôs
ἡμέρα Ἑρμοῦ
hêméra Hermoú
ἡμέρα Διός
hêméra Diós
ἡμέρα Ἀφροδίτης
hêméra Aphrodítês
ἡμέρα Κρόνου
hêméra Krónou
Latindies Sōlisdies Lūnaedies Martisdies Mercuriīdies Iovisdies Venerisdies Saturnī
Italiandomenica [☉1]lunedìmartedìmercoledìgiovedìvenerdìsabato [♄1]
Old Portuguesedomingo [☉1]luesmartesmércoresjovesvernessábado [♄1]
Spanishdomingo [☉1]lunesmartesmiércolesjuevesviernessábado [♄1]
Romanianduminică [☉1]lunimarţimiercurijoivinerisâmbătă [♄1]
BulgarianНеделяПонеделникВторникСрядаЧетвъртъкПетъкСъбота
RussianВоскресенье [☉3]ПонедельникВторникСредаЧетвергПятницаСуббота
Frenchdimanche [☉1]lundimardimercredijeudivendredisamedi [♄1]
Galiciandomingo [☉1]luns
segunda feira
martes
terza feira
terceira feira
mércores
corta feira
quarta feira
xoves
quinta feira
venres
sexta feira
sábado [♄1]
Hungarianvasárnap [☉1]hétfőkeddszerdacsütörtökpéntekszombat [♄1]
Catalandiumenge [☉1]dillunsdimartsdimecresdijousdivendresdissabte [♄1]
Asturiandomingu [☉1]llunesmartesmiércolesxuevesvienressábadu [♄1]
Friuliandomenie [☉1]lunismartarsmiercusjoibevinarssabide [♄1]
NeapolitanDummenecaLunnerìMarterìMiercurìGioverìViernarìSàbbatu
FilipinoLinggò [☉1]
Dominggo in most other Philippine languages
LunesMartesMiyerkulesHuwebesBiyernesSábado
Sardiniandominiga [☉1]lunismartismercurisgiobiachenaburasappadu [♄1]
InterlinguaDominica [☉1]LunediMartediMercuridiJovediVenerdiSabbato [♄1]
IdoSundioLundioMardioMerkurdioJovdioVenerdioSaturdio
Esperantodimanĉo [☉1]lundomardomerkredoĵaŭdovendredosabato [♄1]
IrishAn Domhnach [☉1]
Dé Domhnaigh
An Luan
Dé Luain
An Mháirt
Dé Máirt
An Chéadaoin [☿2]
Dé Céadaoin
An Déardaoin [♃1]
Déardaoin
An Aoine [♀1]
Dé hAoine
An Satharn
Dé Sathairn
Scottish GaelicDi-Dòmhnaich/Didòmhnaich [☉1]
Di-Luain/Diluain
Di-Màirt/Dimàirt
Di-Ciadain/Diciadain [☿2]
Di-Ardaoin/Diardaoin [♃1]
Di-Haoine/Dihaoine [♀1]
Di-Sàthairne/Disathairne
Welshdydd Suldydd Llundydd Mawrthdydd Mercherdydd Iaudydd Gwenerdydd Sadwrn
CornishDy' SulDy' LunDy' MeurthDy' MergherDy' YowDy' GwenerDy' Sadorn
BretonDisulDilunDimeurzhDimerc’herDiriaouDigwenerDisadorn
ManxJedoonee [☉1]JeluneJemayrtJecreanJerdeinJeheineyJesarn
AlbanianE dielE hënëE martëE mërkurëE enjteE premteE shtunë

Gaelic-Irish traditions[edit]

In pre-Christian Gaelic-Irish society, time was measured in "one-, three-, five-, ten-, or fifteen-day periods; the seven-day week was entirely unknown."[2] MS. 17 (now held at St. John's College, Oxford), dating at least from 1043, records five week-day lists, which it names as follows: secundum Hebreos (according to the Hebrews); secundum antiquos gentiles (according to the ancient gentiles, i.e., Romans); secundum Siluestrum papam (according to Pope Sylvester,[disambiguation needed] i.e., a list derived from the apocryphal Acta Syluestri); secundum Anglos (according to the English); secundum Scottos (according to the Irish). Each term begins with the word Diu, Classical Old Irish for dia, day. According to Ó Cróinín, "we have a clear reflex of the Indo-European nominative singular, with a lengthened grade, giving archaic Old Irish diu; it is suggested that what we have in the Oxford list and in Cormac's Glossary is the oldest form of Old Irish dia, representing the old nominative case of the noun in adverbial usage."[3]

The names in the Irish list are:

The form Ethomuin is found in Rawlinson B 502.

Germanic tradition[edit]

Further information: Germanic calendar

The Germanic peoples adapted the system introduced by the Romans but glossed their indigenous gods over the Roman deities (with the exception of Saturday) in a process known as interpretatio germanica. The date of the introduction of this system is not known exactly, but it must have happened later than AD 200 but before the introduction of Christianity during the 6th to 7th centuries, i.e., during the final phase or soon after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire.[7] This period is later than the Common Germanic stage, but still during the phase of undifferentiated West Germanic. The names of the days of the week in North Germanic languages were not calqued from Latin directly, but taken from the West Germanic names.

Day:
(see Irregularities)
Sunday
Sunna/Sól
Monday
Mona/Máni
Tuesday
Tiw/Tyr
Wednesday
Woden/Odin
Thursday
Thunor/Thor
Friday
Frige or Freya
Saturday
Saturn
Proto-Germanic*Sunnōniz dagaz*Mēniniz dagaz*Tīwas dagaz / *Þingsus dagaz*Wōdanas dagaz*Þunras dagaz*Frijjōz dagaz*Saturnus dagaz / *Laugō dagaz
Old EnglishSunnandægMōnandægTīwesdægWōdnesdægÞunresdægFrīgedægSæternesdæg
Old SaxonSunnundag*Mānundag*Tiuwesdag or *ThingesdagWōdanesdag*ThunaresdagFrīadag*Sunnunāƀand or *Satarnesdag
Old High GermanSunnûntagMânetagZîestagWôdanstag (Wuotanstag)DonarestagFrîjatagSunnûnâband or Sambaztag [♄1]
Middle Low GermanSunnedagManedagDingesdagWodenesdagDonersdagVrīdagSunnenavend and Satersdag
GermanSonntagMontagDienstag [♂1] or Ziestag (Swiss German)Mittwoch [☿1] (older Wutenstag)DonnerstagFreitagSonnabend) [♄3] or Samstag [♄1]
YiddishZuntik - זונטיקMontik - מאנטיקDinstik - דינסטיקMitvokh - מיטוואךDonershtik - דאנערשטיקFraytik - פרייטיקShabbes - שבת
Dutchzondagmaandagdinsdag [♂1]woensdagdonderdagvrijdagzaterdag
ScotsSaubath/SundayMonandayTysdayWadensdayFuirsdayFridaySeturday [♄1]
AfrikaansSondagMaandagDinsdag [♂1]WoensdagDonderdagVrydagSaterdag
West FrisianSneinMoandeiTiisdeiWoansdeiTongersdeiFreedSneon[♄3] or Saterdei
Low SaxonSünndagMaandagDingsdagWoonsdag and MiddeweekDünnersdagFreedagSünnavend and Saterdag
Old Norsesunnudagrmánadagrtysdagróðinsdagrþórsdagrfrjádagrlaugardagr [♄2] or sunnunótt
Faroesesunnudagurmánadagurtýsdagurmikudagur [☿1] or ónsdagur (Suðuroy)hósdagur or tórsdagur (Suðuroy)fríggjadagurleygardagur
Icelandicsunnudagurmánudagurþriðjudagurmiðvikudagur [☿1]fimmtudagurföstudagurlaugardagur
Norwegian, Bokmålsøndagmandagtirsdagonsdagtorsdagfredaglørdag [♄2]
Norwegian, Nynorsksundagmåndagtysdagonsdagtorsdagfredaglaurdag [♄2]
Danishsøndagmandagtirsdagonsdagtorsdagfredaglørdag [♄2]
Swedishsöndagmåndagtisdagonsdagtorsdagfredaglördag [♄2]
Finnishsunnuntaimaanantaitiistaikeskiviikko [☿1]torstaiperjantailauantai [♄2]
Estonianpühapäev [☉2]esmaspäevteisipäevkolmapäevneljapäevreedelaupäev [♄2]
Maori (derived from English; other version is indigenous)wiki/Rātapumane/Rāhinatūrei/Rātūwenerei/Rāapatāite/Rāpareprairie/Rāmerehāterei/Rāhoroi

Indian astrology[edit]

Main article: Navagraha
Sunday
Ravi (the Sun)
Monday
Soma (the Moon)
Tuesday
Mangala (Mars)
Wednesday
Budha (Mercury)
Thursday
Guru (Jupiter)
Friday
Shukra (Venus)
Saturday
Shani (Saturn)
Nepaliआइतवार
Aaitabar
सोमवार
Sombar
मंगलवार
Mangalbar
बुधवार
Budhbar
बिहिवार
Bihibar
शुक्रवार
Sukrabar
शनिवार
Sanibar
Sanskritभानुवासरम्
Bhaanu Vāsaram
इन्दुवासरम्
Indu Vāsaram
भौमवासरम्
Bhauma Vāsaram
सौम्यवासरम्
Saumya Vāsaram
गुरूवासरम
Bruhaspathi/Guru Vāsaram
भृगुवासरम्
Bhrgu Vāsaram
स्थिरवासरम्
Sthira Vāsaram
Hindiरविवार
Ravivār
सोमवार
Somavār
मंगलवार
Mangalavār
बुधवार
Budhavār
गुरूवार
Guruvār
शुक्रवार
Shukravār
शनिवार
Shanivār
Marathiरविवार
Ravivār
सोमवार
Somavār
मंगळवार
Mangaḷavār
बुधवार
Budhavār
गुरूवार
Guruvār
शुक्रवार
Shukravār
शनिवार
Shanivār
Bengaliরবিবার
Robibar
সোমবার
Shombar
মঙ্গলবার
Monggolbar
বুধবার
Budhbar
বৃহস্পতিবার
Brihôshpotibar
শুক্রবার
Shukrobar
শনিবার
Shonibar
UrduItwār اتوارPīr پیر[☽4] or Somwar سوموارMangal منگلBudh Charshumba بدھJumā-rāt جمعراتRaat = EveJum'ah جمعہ[♀4]Sanīchar سنیچرor ہفتہ Haftah [♄6]
Kashmiriاَتھ وار
Aath'var
ژندر وار
Tsander'var
پم وار
Bom'var
برھ وار
Budh'var
برس وار
Bres'var
جُمھ
Jummah
بٹ وار
Bat'var
Gujaratiરવિવાર
Ravivār
સોમવાર
Somvār
મંગળવાર
Mangaḷvār
બુધવાર
Budhvār
ગુરૂવાર
Guruvār
શુક્રવાર
Shukravār
શનિવાર
Shanivār
Punjabiਐਤਵਾਰ
etvār
ਸੋਮਵਾਰ
sōmvār
ਮੰਗਲਵਾਰ
mangalvār
ਬੁੱਧਵਾਰ
búdvār
ਵੀਰਵਾਰ
vīrvār
ਸ਼ੁੱਕਰਵਾਰ
shukkarvār
ਸ਼ਨਿੱਚਰਵਾਰ
shaniccharvār
Maldivianއާދީއްތަ
Aadheettha
ހޯމަ
Homa
އަންގާރަ
Angaara
ބުދަ
Budha
ބުރާސްފަތި
Buraasfathi
ހުކުރު
Hukuru
ހޮނިހިރު
Honihiru
Kannadaಭಾನುವಾರ
Bhanu Vaara
ಸೋಮವಾರ
Soma Vaara
ಮಂಗಳವಾರ
Mangala Vaara
ಬುಧವಾರ
Budha Vaara
ಗುರುವಾರ
Guru Vaara
ಶುಕ್ರವಾರ
Shukra Vaara
ಶನಿವಾರ
Shani Vaara
Teluguఆదివారం
Aadi Vāram
సోమవారం
Soma Vāram
మంగళవారం
Mangala Vāram
బుధవారం
Budha Vāram
గురువారం
Bestha/Guru/Lakshmi Vāram
శుక్రవారం
Shukra Vāram
శనివారం
Shani Vāram
Tamilஞாயிற்று கிழமை
Nyāyitru kizhamai
திங்கட் கிழமை
Thingat kizhamai
செவ்வாய்க் கிழமை
Sevvāi kizhamai
புதன் கிழமை
Budhan kizhamai
வியாழக் கிழமை
Vyāzha kizhamai
வெள்ளிக் கிழமை
Velli kizhamai
சனிக் கிழமை
Shani kizhamai
Malayalamഞായര്‍
Nhāyar
തിങ്കള്‍
Tingal
ചൊവ്വ
Chovva
ബുധന്‍
Budhan
വ്യാഴം
Vyāzham
വെള്ളി
Velli
ശനി
Shani
Burmeseတနင်္ဂနွေ
IPA: [tənɪ́ɴ ɡənwè]
(Tananganve)
တနင်္လာ
IPA: [tənɪ́ɴ là]
(Tanangla)
အင်္ဂါ
IPA: [ɪ̀ɴ ɡà]
(Angga)
ဗုဒ္ဓဟူး
IPA: [boʊʔ dəhú]
(Buddhahu)
(afternoon=new day)
ရာဟု
Rahu
ကြာသာပတေး
IPA: [tɕà ðà bədé]
(Krasapate)
သောကြာ
IPA: [θaʊʔ tɕà]
(Saukra)
စနေ
IPA: [sənè]
(Cane)
Monတ္ၚဲ အဒိုတ်
[ŋoa ətɜ̀t]
from Sans. āditya
တ္ၚဲ စန်
[ŋoa cɔn]
from Sans. candra
တ္ၚဲ အၚါ
[ŋoa əŋɛ̀a]
from Sans. aṅgāra
တ္ၚဲ ဗုဒ္ဓဝါ
[ŋoa pùt-həwɛ̀a]
from Sans. budhavāra
တ္ၚဲ ဗြဴဗ္တိ
[ŋoa pɹɛ̀apətɔeʔ]
from Sans. bṛhaspati
တ္ၚဲ သိုက်.
[ŋoa sak]
from Sans. śukra
တ္ၚဲ သ္ၚိ သဝ်
[ŋoa hɔeʔ sɔ]
from Sans. śani
Khmerថ្ងៃអាទិត្យ
[tŋaj ʔaːtɨt]
ថ្ងៃចន្ទ
[tŋaj can]
ថ្ងៃអង្គារ
[tŋaj ʔɑŋkiə]
ថ្ងៃពុធ
[tŋaj put]
ថ្ងៃព្រហស្បត្ណិ
[tŋaj prɔhoə̯h]
ថ្ងៃសុក្រ
[tŋaj sok]
ថ្ងៃសៅរ៍
[tŋaj saʋ]
Laoວັນອາທິດ
[wán ʔàːtʰīt]
ວັນຈັນ
[wán càn]
ວັນອັງຄານ
[wán ʔàŋkʰáːn]
ວັນພຸດ
[wán pʰūt]
ວັນພະຫັດ
[wán pʰāhát]
ວັນສຸກ
[wán súk]
ວັນເສົາ
[wán sǎu]
Shanဝၼ်းဢႃတိတ်ႉ
IPA: [wan˦ ʔaː˩ tit˥]
ဝၼ်းၸၼ်
IPA: [wan˦ tsan˩]
ဝၼ်းဢင်းၵၼ်း
IPA: [wan˦ ʔaŋ˦ kan˦]
ဝၼ်းၽုတ်ႉ
IPA: [wan˦ pʰut˥]
ဝၼ်းၽတ်း
IPA: [wan˦ pʰat˦]
ဝၼ်းသုၵ်း
IPA: [wan˦ sʰuk˦]
ဝၼ်းသဝ်
IPA: [wan˦ sʰaw˩]
Thaiวันอาทิตย์
Wan Āthit
วันจันทร์
Wan Chan
วันอังคาร
Wan Angkhān
วันพุธ
Wan Phut
วันพฤหัสบดี
Wan Phruehatsabodi
วันศุกร์
Wan Suk
วันเสาร์
Wan Sao
Mongolianадъяа
ad'yaa
сумъяа
sum'yaa
ангараг
angarag
буд
bud
бархабадь
barhabad'
сугар
sugar
санчир
sanchir
JavaneseRadityaSomaAnggaraBudaRespatiSukraTumpek
BalineseRediteComaAnggaraBudaWraspatiSukraSaniscara
Sinhalaඉරිදා
Iridaa
සඳුදා
Sandudaa
අඟහරුවාදා
Angaharuwaadaa
බදාදා
Badaadaa
බ්‍රහස්පතින්දා
Brahaspathindaa
සිකුරාදා
Sikuraadaa
සෙනසුරාදා
Senasuraadaa

East Asian Seven Luminaries[edit]

The East Asian naming system of days of the week closely parallels that of the Latin system and is ordered after the "Seven Luminaries" (七曜), which consists of the Sun, Moon and the five planets visible to the naked eye. The five planets are named after the five elements in traditional East Asian philosophy: Fire (Mars), Water (Mercury), Wood (Jupiter), Metal (Venus), and Earth (Saturn). The earliest known reference in East Asia to the seven-day week in its current order and name is the writings attributed to the Chinese astrologer Fan Ning, who lived in the late 4th century of Jin Dynasty.[citation needed] Later diffusions from the Manichaeans are documented with the writings of the Chinese Buddhist monk Yi Jing and the Ceylonese Buddhist monk Bu Kong of the 8th century under the Tang Dynasty. The Chinese transliteration of the planetary system was soon brought to Japan by the Japanese monk Kobo Daishi; surviving diaries of the Japanese statesman Fujiwara Michinaga show the seven day system in use in Heian Period Japan as early as 1007. In Japan, the seven day system was kept in use (for astrological purposes) until its promotion to a full-fledged (Western-style) calendrical basis during the Meiji era. In China, with the founding of the Republic of China in 1911, Monday through Saturday in China are now numbered one through six, with the reference to the Sun remaining for Sunday (星期日).

For more information on the Chinese ten-day week, see Week#China, Japan.
For more information on the five elements and their relation to the planets, see Chinese astrology#Wu Xing and Wu Xing.
SundayMondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFridaySaturday
Celestial Object and ElementsSun (日)Moon (月)Fire (火)Water (水)Tree/Wood (木)Gold/Metal (金)Earth (土)
Chinese星期日 Xingqiri星期一 Xingqiyi星期二 Xingqi'er星期三 Xingqisan星期四 Xingqisi星期五 Xingqiwu星期六 Xingqiliu
Japanese日曜日 Nichiyōbi月曜日 Getsuyōbi火曜日 Kayōbi水曜日 Suiyōbi木曜日 Mokuyōbi金曜日 Kin'yōbi土曜日 Doyōbi
Korean (Hangul)일요일 Iryoil월요일 Woryoil화요일 Hwayoil수요일 Suyoil목요일 Mogyoil금요일 Geumyoil토요일 Toyoil
Tibetan (བོད་ཡིག་)གཟའ་ཉི་མ།གཟའ་ཟླ་བ།གཟའ་མིག་དམར།གཟའ་ལྷག་པ།གཟའ་ཕུར་བུ།གཟའ་པ་སངས།གཟའ་སྤེན་པ།
Pronunciations for Old Chinese names are given in Modern Standard Chinese.

Numbered days of the week[edit]

Days numbered from Sunday[edit]

See also: Feria

Sunday comes first in order in calendars shown in the table below. In the Judeo-Christian or Abrahamic tradition, the first day of the week is Sunday. Biblical Sabbath (corresponding to Saturday), when God rested from six-day Creation, made the day following Sabbath the first day of the week (corresponding to Sunday). Seventh-day Sabbaths were sanctified for celebration and rest. After the week was adopted in early Christianity, Sunday remained the first day of the week, but also gradually displaced Saturday as the day of celebration and rest, being considered the Lord's Day.

Saint Martin of Dumio (c. 520580), archbishop of Braga, decided not to call days by pagan gods and to use ecclesiastic terminology to designate them. This may be the origin of the present Portuguese numbered system.[8] Martin also tried to replace the names of the planets, but was not successful. In the Middle Ages, Galician-Portuguese retained both systems. The Roman gods' names are still used in Galician.

In the Hebrew and Islamic calendars the days extend from sunset to sunset. Thus, Jewish Shabbat starts at sunset on Friday and extends into Saturday nightfall when three stars become visible.[9] The first day of the Islamic calendar, yaum al-ahad, starts on Saturday after sunset and extends to sunset on Sunday.

Icelandic is notably divergent, maintaining only the Sun and Moon (sunnudagur and mánudagur respectively), while dispensing with the names of the explicitly heathen gods in favour of a combination of numbered days and days whose names are linked to pious or domestic routine (föstudagur, "Fasting Day" and laugardagur, "Washing Day"). The "washing day" is also used in other North Germanic languages, although the Pagan names generally are retained.

Day
(see Irregularities)
Sunday
Day One
Monday
Day Two
Tuesday
Day Three
Wednesday
Day Four
Thursday
Day Five
Friday
Day Six
Saturday
Day Seven
Icelandicsunnudagur (Sun)mánudagur (Moon)þriðjudagurmiðvikudagur [☿1]fimmtudagurföstudagur [♀1]laugardagur [♄2]
Hebrewיום ראשון
yom rishon
יום שני
yom sheyni
יום שלישי
yom shlishi
יום רביעי
yom revi'i
יום חמישי
yom khamishi
יום שישי
yom shishi
יום שבת
yom Shabbat[♄1]
Ecclesiastical LatinDominica [☉1]feria secundaferia tertiaferia quartaferia quintaferia sextasabbatum [♄1]
Portuguesedomingo [☉1]segunda-feiraterça-feiraquarta-feiraquinta-feirasexta-feirasábado [♄1]
GreekΚυριακή
Kyriakí [☉1]
Δευτέρα
Deftéra
Τρίτη
Tríti
Τετάρτη
Tetárti
Πέμπτη
Pémpti
Παρασκευή
Paraskeví [♀2]
Σάββατο
Sávato [♄1]
Georgianკვირა k'viraორშაბათი oršabatiსამშაბათი samšabatiოთხშაბათი otxšabatiხუთშაბათი xutšabatiპარასკევი p'arask'eviშაბათი šabati
ArmenianԿիրակի
Kiraki [☉1]
Երկուշաբթի
Yerkushabti
Երեքշաբթի
Yerekshabti
Չորեքշաբթի
Chorekshabti
Հինգշաբթի
Hingshabti
Ուրբաթ
Urbat
Շաբաթ
Shabat [♄1]
Vietnamesechủ nhật or chúa nhật [☉1](ngày) thứ hai(ngày) thứ ba(ngày) thứ tư(ngày) thứ năm(ngày) thứ sáu(ngày) thứ bảy
SomaliAxadIsniinTalaadoArbacoKhamiisJimcoSabti
Amharicእሑድ
əhud
ሰኞ
säñño (Next)
ማክሰኞ
maksäñño
ረቡዕ, ሮብ
räbu, rob
ሐሙስ
hamus
ዓርብ
arb (Sunset)
ቅዳሜ
ḳədame (First)
Arabicيوم) الأحد)
(yawm) al-aḥad
يوم) الإثنين)
(yawm) al-ithnayn
يوم) الثُّلَاثاء)
(yawm) ath-thulathā’
يوم) الأَرْبعاء)
(yawm) al-’arbi‘ā’
يوم) الخَمِيس)
(yawm) al-khamīs
يوم) الجُمْعَة)
(yawm) al-jum‘ah [♀4]
يوم) السَّبْت)
(yawm) as-sabt [♄5]
Sindhiaacheru
آچر
soomaru
سومر
angaro
انڱارو
arbau
اربع
kameesa
خميس
jum'o
جمعو
chhanchher
ڇنڇر
Malteseil-Ħaddit-Tnejnit-Tlietal-Erbgħail-Ħamisil-Ġimgħa [♀4]is-Sibt [♄5]
MalayAhadIsninSelasaRabuKhamisJumaat [♀4]Sabtu [♄5]
IndonesianMinggu [☉1] (Portuguese)SeninSelasaRabuKamisJumat [♀4]Sabtu [♄5]
SundaneseMinggu / MinggonSenénSalasaReboKemisJumaah [♀4]Saptu [♄5]
Persianیکشنبه
yekšanbe
Mehr ruz
مهرروز
دوشنبه
došanbe
Māh ruz
ماه روز
سه شنبه
sešanbe
Bahrām ruz
بهرام روز
چهارشنبه
čāhāršanbe
Tir ruz
تیر روز
پنجشنبه
panjšanbe
Hormazd ruz
هرمزد روز
آدینه or جمعه
ādine [♀3] or djome [♀4]
Nāhid ruz
ناهید روز
شنبه
šanbe
Keyvān ruz
کیوان روز
Khowarیک شمبے
yak shambey
دو شمبے[☽4]
du shambey
سہ شمبے
sey shambey
چار شمبے
char shambey
پچھمبے
pachhambey
آدینہ[♀3]
adina
شمبے
shambey
KurdishYekşem (ku)Duşem (ku)Sêşem (ku)Çarşem (ku)Pêncşem (ku)În (ku)Şemî (ku)
Old Turkicbirinç künikinç künüçünç küntörtinç künbeşinç künaltınç künyetinç kün
NavajoDamóo/Damíigo [☉1] (Spanish)Damóo Biiskání
Sunday has ended
Damóo dóó Naakiską́o
Sunday +2 × sunrise
Damóo dóó Tááʼ Yiką́o
Sunday +3 × sunrise
Damóo dóó Dį́į́ʼ Yiką́o
Sunday +4 × sunrise
Ndaʼiiníísh
It ends/done for the week
Yiką́o Damóo
[upon] sunrise [it is] Sunday

Days numbered from Monday[edit]

The ISO prescribes Monday as the first day of the week with ISO-8601 for software date formats.

The Slavic, Baltic and Uralic languages (except Finnish and partially Estonian) adopted numbering but took Monday rather than Sunday as the "first day".[10]

Chinese Sunday means "week day" (星期日 or 星期天). Monday is named literally "first day of the (seven-day) week cycle", Tuesday is "second day of the (seven-day) week cycle," and so on. When China adopted the Western calendar Sunday was at the beginning of the calendar week but today Monday is preferred.

A second way to refer to the days of the week is to use the word zhōu (週), meaning "week." Therefore Sunday is referred to as zhōumò (週末), meaning "week's end" and Monday to Saturday are termed accordingly zhōuyī (週一) "first of week," zhōu'èr (週二) "second of week," and etc.

Another Chinese numbering system, found in spoken Mandarin and in southern dialects/languages (e.g. Wu, Yue and Min), refers to Sunday as the "day of worship" (lǐbàirì 禮拜日 or lǐbàitiān 禮拜天) and numbers the other days "first [day after] worship" (Monday) through to "sixth [day after] worship" (Saturday). The Chinese word used for "worship" is associated with Christian and Muslim worship.

Day
(see Irregularities)
Monday
First Day
Tuesday
Second Day
Wednesday
Third Day
Thursday
Fourth Day
Friday
Fifth Day
Saturday
Sixth Day
Sunday
Seventh Day
ISO 8601 #1234567
Russianпонедельник
ponedel'nik [☽1]
вторник
vtornik
среда
sreda [☿1]
четверг
chetverg
пятница
pyatnitsa
суббота
subbota [♄1]
воскресенье
voskresen'ye [☉3]
BelarusianПанядзелак
panyadzelak [☽1]
Аўторак
awtorak
Серада
serada [☿1]
Чацьвер
chats'ver
Пятніца
pyatnitsa
Субота
subota [♄1]
Нядзеля
nyadzelya [☉6]
Ukrainianпонедiлок
ponedilok [☽1]
вiвторок
vivtorok
середа
sereda [☿1]
четвер
chetver
п'ятниця
p'yatnitsya
субота
subota [♄1]
недiля
nedilya [☉6]
Bulgarianпонеделник
ponedelnik [☽1]
вторник
vtornik
сряда
sryada [☿1]
четвъртък
chetvărtăk
петък
petăk
събота
săbota [♄1]
неделя
nedelya [☉6]
Polishponiedziałek [☽1]wtorekśroda [☿1]czwartekpiąteksobota [♄1]niedziela [☉6]
Kashubianpòniedzôłkwtórkstrzodaczwiôrtkpiątksobòtaniedzela
Slovakpondelok [☽1]utorokstreda [☿1]štvrtokpiatoksobota [♄1]nedeľa [☉6]
Czechpondělí or pondělek [☽1]úterý or úterekstředa [☿1]čtvrtekpáteksobota [♄1]neděle [☉6]
SlovenePonedeljek [☽1]TorekSreda [☿1]ČetrtekPetekSobota [♄1]Nedelja [☉6]
CroatianPonedjeljak [☽1]UtorakSrijeda [☿1]ČetvrtakPetakSubota [♄1]Nedjelja [☉6]
SerbianПонедељак
Ponedeljak [☽1]
Уторак
Utorak
Среда
Sreda [☿1]
Четвртак
Četvrtak
Петак
Petak
Субота
Subota [♄1]
Недеља
Nedelja [☉6]
Macedonianпонеделник
ponedelnik [☽1]
вторник
vtornik
среда
sreda [☿1]
четврток
chetvrtok
петок
petok
сабота
sabota [♄1]
недела
nedela [☉6]
LithuanianPirmadienisAntradienisTrečiadienisKetvirtadienisPenktadienisŠeštadienisSekmadienis
LatvianPirmdienaOtrdienaTrešdienaCeturtdienaPiektdienaSestdienaSvētdiena
Hungarianhétfő [☽3]kedd [♂2]szerda [☿1] Slaviccsütörtök Slavicpéntek Slavicszombat [♄1]vasárnap [☉5]
Estonianesmaspäevteisipäevkolmapäevneljapäevreedelaupäevpühapäev
Chinese characters
(in Pinyin)
星期一
xīngqīyī
星期二
xīngqī'èr
星期三
xīngqīsān
星期四
xīngqīsì
星期五
xīngqīwǔ
星期六
xīngqīliù
星期日 or 星期天
xīngqīrì or xīngqítiān
Mongolian
(numerical)
нэг дэх өдөр
neg dekh ödör
хоёр дахь өдөр
hoyor dahi ödör
гурав дахь өдөр
gurav dahi ödör
дөрөв дэх өдөр
döröv dekh ödör
тав дахь өдөр
tav dahi ödör
хагас сайн өдөр
hagas sayn ödör [♄7]
бүтэн сайн өдөр
büten sayn ödör [☉7]
Mongolian
(Tibetan)
Даваа
davaa
Мягмар
myagmar
Лхагва
lhagva
Пүрэв
pürev
Баасан
baasan
Бямба
byamba
Ням
nyam
TurkishPazartesi [☽2]Salı [♂4]Çarşamba [☿4]Perşembe [♃4]Cuma [♀4]Cumartesi [♄4]Pazar [☉4]
UzbekDushanbaSeshanbaChorshanbaPayshanbaJumaShanbaYakshanba
LuoWuok tichTich ariyoTich adekTich ang'uenTich abichChieng' ngesoJuma pil

Days numbered from Saturday[edit]

In Swahili the day begins at sunrise rather than sunset, and so offset by twelve hours from the Arabic and Hebrew calendar. Saturday is therefore the first day of the week, as it is the day that includes the first night of the week in Arabic.

Etymologically speaking, Swahili has two "fifth" days. The words for Saturday through Wednesday contain the Bantu-derived Swahili words for "one" through "five." The word for Thursday, Alhamisi, is of Arabic origin and means "the fifth" (day). The word for Friday, Ijumaa, is also Arabic and means (day of) "gathering" for the Friday noon prayers in Islam.

Day
(see Irregularities)
Saturday
First Day
Sunday
Second Day
Monday
Third Day
Tuesday
Fourth Day
Wednesday
Fifth Day
Thursday
Fifth Day
Friday
Day of Congregational Prayers
Swahili[11]jumamosijumapilijumatatujumannejumatanoalhamisi [♃2]ijumaa [♀4]

Mixing of numbering and planetary names[edit]

In the Žejane dialect of Istro-Romanian, lur (Monday) and virer (Friday) follow the Latin convention, while utorek (Tuesday), sredu (Wednesday), and četrtok (Thursday) follow the Slavic convention.[12]

Day:
(see Irregularities)
MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFridaySaturdaySunday
Istro-Romanian, Žejane dialectlurutoreksredučetrtokvirersimbota [♄1]dumireca [☉1]

There are several systems in the different Basque dialects.[13]

Day:MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFridaySaturdaySunday
Standard Basque, Guipuscoan Basqueastelehena ("week-first")asteartea ("week-between")asteazkena ("week-last")osteguna ("Ortzi/Sky day")ostirala (see Ortzi)larunbata ("fourth", "meeting of friends"), neskenegun ("girls' day")igandea
Biscayne Basqueastelena ("week-first"), ilen ("Moon day")martitzena ("Mars day")eguaztena ("day last")eguena ("day of days", "day of light")barikua ("day without supper"), egubakotxzapatua (compare with Spanish sábado from Sabbath)domeka (from Latin dominica [dies])

Notes[edit]

Sunday[edit]

☉1 From Latin Dominicus (Christian Sabbath)
☉2 Holy Day (Christianity)
☉3 Resurrection (Christianity)
☉4 Bazaar Day
☉5 Market Day
☉6 No Work
☉7 Full good day

Monday[edit]

☽1 After No Work. In Russian also "Day After Week(end)" - see понедельник
☽2 After Bazaar
☽3 Head of Week
☽4 Master (as in Pir, because Muhammad was born on a Monday[citation needed])

Tuesday[edit]

♂1 Thing (Assembly), of which god Tyr/Ziu was the patron.
♂2 Second day of the week (cf. Hungarian kettő "two")
♂4 From Arabic "ath-Thalaathaaʼ" (third day)

Wednesday[edit]

☿1 Mid-week or Middle
☿2 The First Fast (Christianity)

Thursday[edit]

♃1 The day between two fasts (An Dé idir dhá aoin, contracted to An Déardaoin) (Christianity)
♃2 Five (Arabic)

Friday[edit]

♀1 The Fast (Celtic) or Fasting Day (Icelandic) (Christianity)
♀2 Good Friday or Preparation (Christianity)
♀3 Day of Faith (Islam)
♀4 Gathering/Assembly/Meeting (Islam) – in Malta with no Islamic connotations

Saturday[edit]

♄1 Shabbat or seventh-day Sabbath (Judeo–Christian and Muslim)
♄2 Wash or Bath day
♄3 Sun-eve (Eve of Sunday)
♄4 After the Gathering (Islam)
♄5 End of the Week (Arabic Sabt = Rest) (Islam)
♄6 Week
♄7 Half good day

See also[edit]

Week wheel for children

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Mapping Time, the Calendar and History, Richards, E.G. Oxford 1999. p. 269)
  2. ^ Dáibhí Ó Cróinín, 2003, p. 7
  3. ^ Dáibhí Ó Cróinín, 2003, p. 12
  4. ^ Dáibhí Ó Cróinín, 2003, p. 13
  5. ^ Dáibhí Ó Cróinín, 2003, p. 15
  6. ^ Dáibhí Ó Cróinín, 2003, p. 17
  7. ^ see J. Grimm, Teutonic Mythology, p. 122-123
  8. ^ McKenna, Stephen (1938). "Pagan Survivals in Galicia in the Sixth Century". Paganism and Pagan Survivals in Spain Up to the Fall of the Visigothic Kingdom. Catholic University of America. pp. 93–94. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "Judaism 101". JewFAQ.org. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  10. ^ Falk, Michael (19 March 1999). "Astronomical names for the days of the week". Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada 93 (1999–06): 122–133. Bibcode:1999JRASC..93..122F. doi:10.1016/j.newast.2003.07.002. 
  11. ^ Swahili days, months, dates
  12. ^ [1][dead link]
  13. ^ Astronomy and Basque Language, Henrike Knörr, Oxford VI and SEAC 99 "Astronomy and Cultural Diversity", La Laguna, June 1999. It references Alessandro Bausani, 1982, The prehistoric Basque week of three days: archaeoastronomical notes, The Bulletin of the Center for Archaeoastronomy (Maryland), v. 2, 16-22.