Washington and Old Dominion Railroad

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Washington and Old Dominion Railway/Railroad
Reporting markWOD
LocaleVirginia
Dates of operation1912–1968
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Length72 miles (116 kilometres)
HeadquartersWashington, D.C., Arlington, Virginia
 
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Washington and Old Dominion Railway/Railroad
Reporting markWOD
LocaleVirginia
Dates of operation1912–1968
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Length72 miles (116 kilometres)
HeadquartersWashington, D.C., Arlington, Virginia

The Washington and Old Dominion Railroad (colloquially referred to as the W&OD), the successor to the bankrupt Washington and Old Dominion Railway, was an intrastate short-line railroad located in Northern Virginia. Its oldest line extended from Alexandria on the Potomac River northwest to Bluemont at the foot of the Blue Ridge Mountains near Snickers Gap, not far from the boundary line between Virginia and West Virginia. The railroad's route largely paralleled the routes of the Potomac River and the present Virginia State Route 7 (VA Route 7).

The line followed the winding course of Four Mile Run upstream from Alexandria through Arlington to Falls Church. At that point, the railroad was above the fall line and was able to follow a more direct northwesterly course in Virginia through Dunn Loring, Vienna, Sunset Hills (now in Reston), Herndon, Sterling, Ashburn, Leesburg, Paeonian Springs, Hamilton, Purcellville and Round Hill to its terminus at Bluemont, turning sharply to the west only after passing through Clarks Gap in Catoctin Mountain west of Leesburg. A branch connected the line to Rosslyn. The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Trail (W&OD Trail), the Bluemont Junction Trail and several other trails have replaced much of the railroad's route.

History[edit]

Predecessors of the Washington and Old Dominion Railway/Railroad[edit]

A Union Army train running on the line was the focus of a Confederate States Army attack in the 1861 Battle of Vienna, Virginia.

Originally incorporated as the Alexandria and Harper's Ferry Railroad, construction on the line began in 1855 by the Alexandria, Loudoun and Hampshire (AL&H) Railroad under the presidency of Lewis McKenzie[1] First intended to cross the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Shenandoah River to reach the coal fields in the western part of Hampshire County, Virginia, that are now within Mineral County, West Virginia, the AL&H began operating to Vienna in 1859 from a terminal station near Princess and Fairfax Streets in old town Alexandria.[2] In 1860, the AL&H reached Leesburg in Loudoun County.[3] Because of its proximity to Washington, D.C., the line saw much use and disruption during the Civil War.[4] After the war, the name of the line was changed in 1870 to the Washington and Ohio Railroad.[5] The line was extended from Leesburg to Hamilton in 1870 and to Round Hill in 1874.[6]

Upon acquisition by new owners in the 1880s, the line's name was changed twice: first to the Washington and Western Railroad in 1882 and in the next year to the Washington, Ohio and Western (WO&W) Railroad.[7] However, the line's trains did not serve either Washington, Ohio, or the West.

In 1886, the Richmond and Danville Railroad, whose trunk line travelled between Washington, D.C., and Atlanta with connections to New York City and New Orleans, leased the WO&W.[8] In 1888, the Richmond and Danville began to operate the WO&W's trains between Washington, D.C., and Round Hill.[9]

In 1894, the newly formed Southern Railway absorbed the Richmond and Danville Railroad and acquired the WO&W.[10][11][12] In 1900, the Southern Railway extended the line westward for four miles from Round Hill to Bluemont (formerly Snickersville).[10][11] The Southern Railway designated the line as its Bluemont Branch.[10][11]

By 1908, steam locomotives were hauling Southern Railway passenger trains from the new Union Station in Washington, D.C., to Alexandria Junction (north of old town Alexandria), where they switched to travel westward on the Bluemont Branch.[10] Connecting trains shuttled passengers between Alexandria Junction and the former AL&H terminal in old town Alexandria.[10] On weekends, express trains carried vacationers from Washington to Bluemont and other towns in western Loudoun County in which resorts had developed.[10][11][13]

Meanwhile, in 1906, electric trolleys had begun to run on the Great Falls and Old Dominion Railroad (GF&OD) northwest to Great Falls from Georgetown in Washington, D.C.[14] This line, which John Roll McLean and Stephen Benton Elkins owned at the time, crossed the Potomac River on the old Aqueduct Bridge, passed through Rosslyn, and traveled northwest on a double-tracked line through Arlington and Fairfax County to an amusement park (trolley park) that the railway constructed and operated near the Falls.[15]

Washington and Old Dominion Railway[edit]

Diagram of Washington area trolley lines c. 1920–1925 (enlargeable image showing the Great Falls Division of the W&OD Railway in dark green and the Bluemont Division in light green).

In 1911, McLean and Elkins formed a new corporation, the Washington and Old Dominion Railway.[16] In that year, they concluded negotiations with the Southern Railway to lease the Southern's Bluemont Branch and to take over all service on the branch on July 1, 1912.[17] The lease excluded the portion of the Southern's route that connected Potomac Yard with the former AL&H terminal in old town Alexandria.[17]

In 1912, the GF&OD became the "Great Falls Division" of the W&OD Railway, while the Southern's Bluemont Branch became a part of the W&OD Railway's "Bluemont Division".[18] The W&OD electrified all of its operations over the next four years, becoming an interurban electric trolley system that carried passengers, mail, milk and freight.[19] From that time onward, W&OD trains crossed over Potomac Yard on a long trestle constructed earlier for the Southern Railway.[20] In contrast to the Southern Railway's earlier Bluemont Branch service, the W&OD Railway's Bluemont Division did not serve Washington's Union Station.[21]

To join its two lines, the W&OD Railway constructed in 1912 a double-tracked Bluemont Division connecting line that traveled between two new junctions in Arlington: Bluemont Junction on the Alexandria-Bluemont line and Thrifton Junction on the Georgetown-Great Falls line.[17][22] The connecting line passed through Lacey (near the west end of Ballston), crossing on a through girder bridge over a competing interurban electric trolley line, the Fairfax line of the Washington-Virginia Railway (see Northern Virginia trolleys).[23][24] The rival line carried passengers between Rosslyn, Clarendon, Ballston, Falls Church, Vienna and Fairfax City.[25]

The railway's electrification system distributed 650 volts direct current (DC) to its Bluemont Division cars and trains through overhead catenary lines.[26] Single overhead lines carried the Great Falls Division's electricity over its tracks.[26][27] Stationary and movable electrical substations containing Westinghouse alternating current (AC) to DC converters were located at various points along the railway's routes.[26][28]

The W&OD's main passenger line ran from Georgetown and Rosslyn through Thrifton Junction, Bluemont Junction and westward to Bluemont.[29] However, after crossing the Potomac River from Georgetown, many W&OD passengers transferred in Rosslyn to the trolleys of the competing Washington-Virginia Railway.[30] Most of the W&OD's freight trains ran between Potomac Yard, Bluemont Junction and either Rosslyn or various locations along the Bluemont Division.[29]

In 1923, the W&OD Railway ceased operating from Georgetown when the federal government replaced the aging Aqueduct Bridge with the new Francis Scott Key Bridge.[31] At the same time, the railroad constructed a new passenger station in Rosslyn which became its "Washington" terminal.[31]

The W&OD Railway fell upon hard times in the 1930s during the Great Depression.[32] In 1932, the railway went into bankruptcy and was placed in receivership.[33] In 1934, the railway abandoned operations on the Great Falls Division between Thrifton Junction and Great Falls.[31][34]

Washington and Old Dominion Railroad[edit]

In 1936, the Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, a new corporation that Davis Elkins (the son of Stephen Benton Elkins) had created, assumed operation of the remnants of the W&OD Railway, which consisted only of the Railway's Bluemont Division and the portion of the former Great Falls Division that had remained between Rosslyn and Thrifton (which was no longer a junction).[35][36] Shortly thereafter, in 1939, the railroad abandoned the western end of its line, which had connected the towns of Purcellville and Bluemont.[35]

In 1945, the W&OD Railroad acquired ownership of the section of line between Potomac Yard and Purcellville that the W&OD Railway had earlier leased from the Southern Railway.[37] The Southern Railway retained ownership of the easternmost section of the railroad's route, which still connected Potomac Yard to the Southern's freight and passenger stations in old town Alexandria.

During the 1940s, the W&OD Railroad converted all of its lines' operations from electric to diesel or gasoline power.[36][38] During that decade, the railroad discontinued its electrified passenger service in 1941, but temporarily resumed passenger service during the Second World War using gas-electric motor cars and cars pulled by diesel-electric locomotives.[39] Passenger and mail service finally ended in 1951; thereafter, the railroad carried only freight.[40]

The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) purchased the W&OD Railroad in 1956, but did not change the railroad's name.[41] In 1963, the C&O abandoned the segment of its line that traveled between Rosslyn, Thrifton and Lacey.[42] The Virginia Department of Highways then purchased this segment to acquire a right-of-way for the planned route of Interstate 66 (I-66).[42]

Five years later, in 1968, the railroad, which by that time operated only between Potomac Yard and Purcellville, ceased operations.[43] Shortly thereafter, the C&O sold the remainder of the railroad's route to the Virginia Department of Highways.[43] The Highway Department then sold most of the route to the Virginia Electric and Power Company (VEPCO) (now Dominion Virginia Power), whose transmission lines had run along the railroad's right-of-way.[43] The Highway Department retained a portion of the route in Arlington immediately east of Falls Church, on which it built I-66, and the section of the route which crossed the Henry G. Shirley Memorial Highway (presently part of Interstate 395 (I-395)) along the Arlington-Alexandria boundary.[44]

Maps[edit]

Bluemont Division, Alexandria-Bluemont Line[edit]

Most of the Bluemont Division's passenger cars or trains ran on the W&OD Railway's Great Falls Division's line from Georgetown over the Aqueduct Bridge through Rosslyn to Thrifton Junction. From Thrifton Junction, the trains ran on the Bluemont Division's connecting line to Bluemont Junction, where they met other Bluemont Division passenger cars or trains that ran from Alexandria, following Four Mile Run in Arlington. Some of the Bluemont Division cars or trains then continued their trips through Falls Church, Vienna, Herndon, Sterling, Ashburn, Leesburg, Clarkes Gap and Purcellville to terminate in Bluemont, Virginia, at the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains, following a route that was similar to that of Virginia State Route 7.[45]

The Norfolk Southern Railway now operates a spur between the Alexandria waterfront and a north-south route that had traveled through Potomac Yard before the Yard closed.[46] The spur formerly served trains traveling from the eastern end of the Bluemont Division to the Southern Railway's freight and passenger stations in old town Alexandria.[46] As the Southern Railway owned and operated the spur and the stations, this section of track remained in operation after the W&OD closed.[46]

A paved trail in Alexandria's linear Mt. Jefferson Park has replaced part of the Bluemont Division's course through that city.[47] The Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority's W&OD Trail travels in the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park within the Bluemont Division's former right-of-way from the Alexandria/Arlington boundary through Bluemont Junction to Purcellville.[48] The section of the Bluemont Division between Purcellville and Bluemont has not become a part of any trail, as the W&OD Railroad abandoned this section in 1938, thirty years before the remainder of its line closed.

Stations[edit]

The stations on the Alexandria-Bluemont line of the W&OD's Bluemont Division (with locations of sites in 2008) were:

Station[49]LocationCoordinatesJurisdictionW&OD Trail Mile[50]Side of TracksPhotoNotes
Alexandria Passenger Terminal[51][52]Northeast corner of Princess Street and N. Fairfax Street38°48′29″N 77°02′30″W / 38.808041°N 77.041572°W / 38.808041; -77.041572 (Alexandria Passenger Terminal (Southern Railway))City of Alexandria----------WestOperated by Southern Railway
Alexandria Freight House[52][53]Northwest corner of Princess Street and N. Lee Street38°48′29″N 77°02′27″W / 38.808024°N 77.040972°W / 38.808024; -77.040972 (Alexandria Freight Terminal (Southern Railway))City of Alexandria----------EastOperated by Southern Railway
W&OD locomotive maintenance shed[47]Northwest of intersection of Massey Lane and Hunting Creek Drive38°49′21″N 77°02′46″W / 38.8224781°N 77.0460114°W / 38.8224781; -77.0460114 (Former site of locomotive maintenance shed (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))City of Alexandria----------NortheastEast end of W&OD Railroad; Northeast of Southern Railway junction on east side of Potomac Yard
Alexandria Junction[47][54]Mt. Jefferson Park, between Calvert Avenue and Stewart Avenue, west of Jefferson Davis Highway (U.S. Route 1)38°49′46″N 77°03′16″W / 38.8294239°N 77.0544899°W / 38.8294239; -77.0544899 (Alexandria Junction Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))City of Alexandria----------Southwestcirca 1918

undated

Site of track connecting to Washington & Ohio Junction on Washington and Alexandria Railway (Southern Railway main line).[55] Connecting track removed in 1912.[56]
Historical markers near site:[57][58]
1) The Bluemont Line
2) St. Asaph Racetrack
St. Elmo[47][59]Commonwealth Avenue (northwest side) at intersection with Ashby Street near northwest end of Mt. Jefferson Park and Greenway38°50′00″N 77°03′32″W / 38.833237°N 77.058899°W / 38.833237; -77.058899 (St. Elmo Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))City of Alexandria----------Southwest1932
1932
Crossing of Washington-Mt. Vernon line of Washington-Virginia Railway[47]
Historical marker near site:[57][58] The Electric Railway
Cowdon[59]Opposite side (east side) of S. Shirlington Road from Mile Zero of W&OD Trail (0.1 mile west of Henry G. Shirley Memorial Highway (I-395))38°50′39″N 77°05′08″W / 38.8441553°N 77.0854908°W / 38.8441553; -77.0854908 (Cowdon Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County[60]0[61]SouthHistorical markers near site:[62]
1) Washington and Old Dominion Trail
2) Tracks Into History: The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad
3) Nauck: A Neighborhood History
Barcroft[63]Columbia Pike (VA Route 244) (south side) & W&OD Trail38°51′23″N 77°06′34″W / 38.8563063°N 77.109569°W / 38.8563063; -77.109569 (Barcroft Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County1.6[64]Southwestcirca 1910Formerly Arlington Mill station
Barcroft Freight HouseColumbia Pike (VA Route 244) (northwest side) & W&OD Trail38°51′24″N 77°06′36″W / 38.856686°N 77.109947°W / 38.856686; -77.109947 (Barcroft Freight Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County1.6[64]Northeastcirca 1967
Glencarlyn[65]W&OD Trail in Glencarlyn Park (near north side of Arlington Boulevard (U.S. Route 50) overpass)38°52′01″N 77°07′29″W / 38.866845°N 77.124667°W / 38.866845; -77.124667 (Glencarlyn Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County2.7[64]Southwest1896–1912
1918
Agency station. Formerly Carlin Springs station.
Historical marker at site.[66]
Bluemont Junction[65][67]W&OD Trail between Wilson Boulevard and Bluemont Junction Trail38°52′22″N 77°07′57″W / 38.872834°N 77.1325073°W / 38.872834; -77.1325073 (Bluemont Junction Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County3.4[68]Northeast1934 (aerial)

1950s
Junction with Thrifton-Bluemont Junction connecting line
Wye on east side of tracks.[67]
Station and electrical substation within wye[67]
Station near south side of electrical substation in 1916.[67]
Station adjacent to south side of electrical substation after 1918
Historical markers at site:[62]
1) Bluemont Junction
2) The Great Falls Line
3) Rosslyn Station
4) Bluemont Junction, c. 1934
Historical marker near site:[62]
Tracks into History: The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad
Torrison[65]Wilson Boulevard (northwest side) & W&OD Trail38°52′30″N 77°08′02″W / 38.875115°N 77.133958°W / 38.875115; -77.133958 (Torrison Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County3.6[68]Northeast
Fostoria[69]North Ohio Street (west side) & W&OD Trail38°52′55″N 77°08′46″W / 38.8820761°N 77.1462268°W / 38.8820761; -77.1462268 (Fostoria Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County4.4[68]SouthwestHistorical marker near site:[70] Brandymore Castle
Falls Church (East Falls Church)[69]Lee Highway (U.S. Route 29) (northwest side) & W&OD Trail38°53′14″N 77°09′45″W / 38.887358°N 77.162583°W / 38.887358; -77.162583 (Falls Church (East Falls Church) Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County5.6[68]Southwest1951
Undated
circa 1966
Agency station
Historical marker at site:[62]
East Falls Church Station
Historical marker near site:[71]
East Falls Church
Three stations near site[72]
Rothsay[69]W&OD Trail southeast of Oak Street38°53′26″N 77°10′36″W / 38.890611°N 77.176551°W / 38.890611; -77.176551 (Rothsay Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))City of Falls Church6.5[73]NortheastHistorical marker near site:[62] Train Wrecks
West Falls Church (West End)[74]W. Broad Street (VA Route 7) (east side) & W&OD Trail38°53′30″N 77°11′07″W / 38.891653°N 77.185282°W / 38.891653; -77.185282 (West Falls Church Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))City of Falls Church7.0[73]South1890s
undated
Historical marker at site:[62]
West Falls Church Station
Historical marker near site:[62]
Tracks into History: The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad
EvansW&OD Trail near Fowler Street38°53′30″N 77°11′35″W / 38.8915798°N 77.1931091°W / 38.8915798; -77.1931091 (Evans Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax County7.4[73]
GreenNorthern Virginia Regional Park Authority right-of-way near Interstate 66 and Avon Lane; 0.4 miles south of W&OD Trail38°53′21″N 77°12′47″W / 38.8892103°N 77.2130942°W / 38.8892103; -77.2130942 (Green Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax County----------
Dunn Loring[75]Sandburg Street (west side) & W&OD Trail38°53′30″N 77°13′21″W / 38.891734°N 77.222471°W / 38.891734; -77.222471 (Dunn Loring Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax County9.1[76]North1950sAgency station.
Historical markers at site:[62]
1) Dunn Loring Station
2) Camp Alger
3) Tracks into History: The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad
Wedderburn[75]W&OD Trail, 0.2 miles west of Cedar Lane38°53′46″N 77°14′23″W / 38.8962268°N 77.239755°W / 38.8962268; -77.239755 (Wedderburn Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax County10.1[76]SouthUndated
FranklinW&OD Trail, between Owaissa Road SE and Adahi Road SE (0.1 mile southeast of bridge abutment of Fairfax line of Washington-Virginia Railway on north side of W&OD Trail)38°53′56″N 77°14′40″W / 38.8988987°N 77.2443151°W / 38.8988987; -77.2443151 (Franklin Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Vienna10.3[76]
Park StreetPark St. SE & W&OD Trail38°54′04″N 77°15′34″W / 38.901013°N 77.259515°W / 38.901013; -77.259515 (Park Street Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Vienna11.3[76]West of site of Civil War Battle of Vienna, Virginia
Historical markers near site:[62]
1) "Civil War Action at Vienna". 
2) Electric Trains on the W&OD
3) The Great Falls Line
Church StreetChurch Street NE & W&OD Trail38°54′12″N 77°15′56″W / 38.903232°N 77.265419°W / 38.903232; -77.265419 (Church Street Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Vienna11.7[76]Adjacent to Vienna Station of Washington-Virginia Railway
Vienna[77]231 Dominion Road NE at Ayr Hill Avenue NE (southeast side) & W&OD Trail38°54′15″N 77°16′01″W / 38.904142°N 77.266974°W / 38.904142; -77.266974 (Vienna Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Vienna11.8[78]Southwest1894–1912Agency station.
National Register of Historic Places nomination form for station prepared in 2002[79]
Historical marker at site:[62]
Tracks into History: The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad
Historical markers near site:[62]
1) Vienna Station
2) Vienna Centennial Park
Clarks Crossing[80]Clarks Crossing Road (southwest side) & W&OD Trail38°55′16″N 77°17′09″W / 38.921097°N 77.285804°W / 38.921097; -77.285804 (Clarks Crossing Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax County13.3[78]Northeast
PineyPiney Branch & W&OD Trail (northwest of Peppermill Place)38°55′32″N 77°17′18″W / 38.925563°N 77.288336°W / 38.925563; -77.288336 (Piney Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax County13.7[78]Historical marker near site:[62] Terror by the Tracks
LowlandLowland Station Road & W&OD Trail38°55′42″N 77°17′34″W / 38.928382°N 77.292686°W / 38.928382; -77.292686 (Lowland Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax County14.0[78]
Hunters[81]Hunter Mill Road (VA Route 674) (east side) & W&OD Trail38°55′57″N 77°18′18″W / 38.9325737°N 77.3049277°W / 38.9325737; -77.3049277 (Hunter Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax County14.7[82]Southwestbefore 1912
circa 1950
Historical markers near site:[62]
1) Hunter Station Circa 1900
2) Hunter Station
3) Strategic Junction: Hunter Mill Road and the AL&H Railroad
4) Crossroads to War
PinecrestW&OD Trail near Michael Faraday Court38°56′58″N 77°19′57″W / 38.949535°N 77.33245°W / 38.949535; -77.33245 (Pinecrest Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax County16.7[82]
Soapstone SidingW&OD TrailFairfax County
Sunset Hills[83]Old Reston Avenue (northwest side) & W&OD Trail38°57′21″N 77°21′06″W / 38.955869°N 77.351789°W / 38.955869; -77.351789 (Sunset Hills Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax County17.7[84]Northeast1966Agency station. Formerly Wiehle station.
Historical markers near site:[62]
1) Sunset Hills Station
2) Train Wrecks
ThorntonW&OD Trail east of Town Center Parkway38°57′23″N 77°21′41″W / 38.956330°N 77.361367°W / 38.956330; -77.361367 (Thornton Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax County18.4[84]
JacksonSugarland Run & W&OD Trail, between Fairfax County Parkway and Herndon Parkway E38°57′34″N 77°22′16″W / 38.959511°N 77.371025°W / 38.959511; -77.371025 (Jackson Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax County18.8[84]
Coral[85]Coral Road (northeast side) & W&OD Trail38°57′57″N 77°22′47″W / 38.9657322°N 77.3796594°W / 38.9657322; -77.3796594 (Coral Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Herndon19.6[84]Southwest
Herndon[85][86]717 Lynn Street at Station Street (south side) & W&OD Trail38°58′13″N 77°23′09″W / 38.970170°N 77.385700°W / 38.970170; -77.385700 (Herndon Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Herndon19.9[84]Southwest1890;

1905

Agency station.
Wye northwest of station (northeast side of tracks).[85]
Electrical substation attached to southeast side of station.[85]
Station listed on National Register of Historic Places in 1979.[87][88]
Historical markers near site:[62]
1) Herndon Station
2) Mosby’s Herndon Station Raid
3) Tracks into History: The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad
4) The Rail Strike of 1916
Herndon Heights[89]Crestview Drive (northwest side) & W&OD Trail38°58′48″N 77°23′56″W / 38.9800163°N 77.3988855°W / 38.9800163; -77.3988855 (Herndon Heights Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Herndon20.9[90]Northeast
Oak GroveLocust Lane & W&OD Trail (near Dominion Lane)38°59′02″N 77°24′14″W / 38.983871°N 77.403995°W / 38.983871; -77.403995 (Oak Grove Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County21.3[90]
LynnW&OD Trail38°59′17″N 77°24′29″W / 38.988077°N 77.408059°W / 38.988077; -77.408059 (Lynn Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County21.6[90]
BuchananWarwick Court & W&OD Trail38°59′46″N 77°25′17″W / 38.996040°N 77.421470°W / 38.996040; -77.421470 (Buchanan Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County22.6[90]
Sterling[91]W&OD Trail, north of Ruritan Circle (Old Church Road) (VA Route 859)39°00′25″N 77°25′44″W / 39.006996°N 77.4289852°W / 39.006996; -77.4289852 (Sterling Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County23.4[92]West1927Agency station. Formerly Guilford station.
Historical marker at site:[62] Sterling Station
Smiths[93]W&OD Trail; 0.4 miles southeast of crossing of Smith's Switch Road and W&OD Trail39°01′25″N 77°27′13″W / 39.0236389°N 77.453565°W / 39.0236389; -77.453565 (Smiths Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County25.1[92]Historical marker near site:[62] Rails to Dulles Airport
Normans (Smith's)[94]0.1 mile northwest of crossing of Smith's Switch Road and W&OD Trail; 0.03 miles northwest of W&OD Trail rest stop.39°01′41″N 77°27′39″W / 39.0279918°N 77.4607506°W / 39.0279918; -77.4607506 (Normans (Smith's) Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County25.7[95]Northeast1920sHistorical markers near site:
1) Norman's Station[62]
2) Tracks into History: The Washington and Old Dominion Railroad[96]
Ashburn[97]Ashburn Road (VA Route 641) (east side) & W&OD Trail39°02′38″N 77°29′14″W / 39.043974°N 77.487305°W / 39.043974; -77.487305 (Ashburn Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County27.5[95]Northeast1967Agency station.
Historical marker at site:[62] Ashburn Station
GravesW&OD Trail (west of west end of Graves Lane)39°03′00″N 77°29′52″W / 39.050115°N 77.497644°W / 39.050115; -77.497644 (Graves Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County28.1[95]
Belmont Park[86]Belmont Ridge Road (VA Route 659) & W&OD Trail39°03′49″N 77°30′40″W / 39.063594°N 77.511082°W / 39.063594; -77.511082 (Belmont Park Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County29.4[98]Historical marker near site: Belmont[99]
Trap RockLuck Stone Quarry & W&OD Trail (0.5 miles west of Belmont Ridge Road (VA Route 659))39°03′49″N 77°30′40″W / 39.063594°N 77.511082°W / 39.063594; -77.511082 (Trap Rock Quarry)Loudoun County29.9[98]NorthServed Trap Rock Quarry (now Leesburg plant of Luck Stone Corp.).
Historical marker near site:[62] Diesel Trains on the W&OD
CompherCochrane Mill Road & W&OD Trail39°04′26″N 77°31′42″W / 39.073773°N 77.528232°W / 39.073773; -77.528232 (Compher Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County30.6[98]
Pleasant ViewW&OD Trail (west of intersection of Trailview Boulevard and Breakstone Drive)39°04′52″N 77°31′57″W / 39.081007°N 77.532438°W / 39.081007; -77.532438 (Pleasant View Station)Loudoun County31.2[100]
Lawson[101]Lawson Road SE (southeast side) & W&OD Trail39°05′59″N 77°32′47″W / 39.0997139°N 77.5464445°W / 39.0997139; -77.5464445 (Lawson Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Leesburg32.7[100]Northeast
Leesburg Freight House[101]Harrison Street SE (west side) & W&OD Trail39°06′40″N 77°33′50″W / 39.1111031°N 77.5640023°W / 39.1111031; -77.5640023 (Leesburg Freight Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Leesburg34.2[102]Northeast1966Wye on northeast side of tracks
Freight House inside of wye
Historical marker at site:[62] Leesburg Freight Station
Historical markers near site:[62]
1) The Leesburg Lime Company
2) Stationmaster's House
3) The Depot
4) Norman-Harding Barn (The "Wharf")
5) McKimmey's Mill
Leesburg Passenger Station[101]S. King Street (U.S. Route 15) (west side) & W&OD Trail39°06′44″N 77°33′58″W / 39.112156°N 77.566164°W / 39.112156; -77.566164 (Leesburg Passenger Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Leesburg34.4[102]Northeast1906

1909 colorized postcard

Agency station.
Historical marker at site:[62] Leesburg Passenger Station
Historical markers near site:[62]
1) Electric Trains on the W&OD
2) The Great Falls Line
Dry MillW&OD Trail, north of intersection of Dry Mill Road and Woodburn Road39°06′42″N 77°35′34″W / 39.111715°N 77.592852°W / 39.111715; -77.592852 (Dry Mill Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County35.8[102]
Clarkes Gap[103]Dry Mill Road (northwest side) & W&OD Trail39°08′16″N 77°36′35″W / 39.1378331°N 77.6096374°W / 39.1378331; -77.6096374 (Clarkes Gap Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County38.0[104]Northeast1930Agency station.
Historical marker at site:[62] Clarkes Gap
Paeonian Springs[103]Simpson Circle (west side) & W&OD Trail39°08′52″N 77°37′10″W / 39.147768°N 77.619438°W / 39.147768; -77.619438 (Paeonian Springs Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County39.2[63]South1920sAgency station.
Historical marker at site:[62] Paeonian Springs Station
Hamilton[105]Hamilton Station Road (east side) & W&OD Trail39°08′39″N 77°39′05″W / 39.144091°N 77.651303°W / 39.144091; -77.651303 (Hamilton Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County40.9[106]SouthBefore 1912

Undated

Agency station.
Historical markers at site:[62]
1) Hamilton Station
2) Tracks into History: The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad
Ivandale[107]Ivandale Road (east side) & W&OD Trail39°08′47″N 77°40′12″W / 39.1463955°N 77.6699495°W / 39.1463955; -77.6699495 (Ivandale Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County42.0[106]North
FloranceN. Maple Avenue (VA Route 722) & W&OD Trail39°08′28″N 77°42′12″W / 39.141012°N 77.703284°W / 39.141012; -77.703284 (Florance Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Purcellville43.8[108]Historical marker near site:[62] Electric Trains on the W&OD
Purcellville[109]N. 21st Street (northeast side) and W&OD Trail39°08′19″N 77°42′58″W / 39.1384821°N 77.7161211°W / 39.1384821; -77.7161211 (Purcellville Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Purcellville44.8[108]

(End)

South1940
1951
Agency station.
Listed on National Register of Historic Places in 2010.[110][111]
Historical markers at site:[62]
1) Purcellville Station
2) Beyond Purcellville
Historical marker near site:[62]
Tracks into History: The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad
Simmons----------
Round Hill Passenger Station[112]35 Main Street (southeast side of Main street)39°08′10″N 77°46′08″W / 39.1360397°N 77.7688479°W / 39.1360397; -77.7688479 (Round Hill Passenger Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Round Hill----------Southcirca 1912 looking south
circa 1912 looking west
Agency station.
Electrical substation adjacent to south side of station.
Round Hill Freight House[112]34 Main Street (northwest side of Main Street)39°08′10″N 77°46′09″W / 39.1360668°N 77.7692932°W / 39.1360668; -77.7692932 (Round Hill Freight House (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Round Hill----------Northcirca 1912 looking west
Scotland Heights[113]Scotland Heights Road (northeast side)Loudoun County----------Southwest
Homestead----------
Bluemont Terminal[114]Railroad Street (VA Route 753), north of Snickersville Turnpike (VA Route 734)39°06′40″N 77°49′56″W / 39.111066°N 77.832169°W / 39.111066; -77.832169 (Bluemont Terminal)Town of Bluemont----------Northwestcirca 1905
circa 1912
1939
Agency station.
Wye on southeast side of tracks, opposite station.
Original station constructed circa 1900; later burned. Replaced by smaller station.

Existing remnants of Bluemont Division, Alexandria-Bluemont Line[edit]

The following remnants of the Alexandria-Bluemont Line existed in 2000 and later.[115] Some were photographed in 1997 or in subsequent years:

Stations[edit]

Herndon Depot Museum, August 2012
Purcellville Station, August 2008
StationLocationCoordinatesJurisdictionOperatorPresent usePhotoNotes
Vienna231 Dominion Road NE at Ayr Hill Avenue NE (southeast side) & W&OD Trail38°54′15″N 77°16′01″W / 38.904142°N 77.266974°W / 38.904142; -77.266974 (Vienna Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of ViennaNorthern Virginia Model Railroaders, Inc.[116]Museum and model railroad layout2007Nomination form for National Register of Historic Places prepared in 2002.[79]
Sunset HillsOld Reston Avenue (west side) & W&OD Trail38°57′21″N 77°21′06″W / 38.955869°N 77.351789°W / 38.955869; -77.351789 (Sunsett Hills Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax CountyNorthern Virginia Regional Park AuthorityVacant2009

undated

Former headquarters office of Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park.
Herndon717 Lynn Street at Station Street (south side) & W&OD Trail38°58′13″N 77°23′09″W / 38.970170°N 77.385700°W / 38.970170; -77.385700 (Herndon Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of HerndonHerndon Historical Society[117]Herndon Depot Museum and visitor centervideo

2006 undated

Listed on National Register of Historic Places in 1979.[87][88]
Leesburg Freight HouseMarket Station[118] at Harrison Street SE (west side) and Royal Street SE (201 Harrison Street SE)39°06′46″N 77°33′46″W / 39.112851°N 77.562854°W / 39.112851; -77.562854 (Relocated Leesburg Freight Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of LeesburgMetro Management Services[119]Pizza restaurant[120]2008Moved two blocks north of original location in 1984.[121]
Historical marker on building: The Depot
Clarkes Gap Passenger ShelterSimpson Circle (west side) & W&OD Trail39°08′52″N 77°37′10″W / 39.147768°N 77.619438°W / 39.147768; -77.619438 (Relocated Clarkes Gap Passenger Shelter (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad)Loudoun CountyNorthern Virginia Regional Park AuthorityTrailside shelter2007Replaced burned Clarkes Gap station. Preserved by former W&OD Railroad employee. Relocated to former site of Paeonian Springs station by Northern Virginia Regional Parks Authority.[122]
HamiltonHamilton Station Road (east side) & W&OD Trail39°08′36″N 77°39′02″W / 39.143375°N 77.650509°W / 39.143375; -77.650509 (Hamilton Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun CountyLoudoun County Milling CompanyMill equipment storageundated
2010
Purcellville21st Street N (east side) and W&OD Trail39°08′19″N 77°42′58″W / 39.1384821°N 77.7161211°W / 39.1384821; -77.7161211 (Purcelleville Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of PurcellvilleTown of Purcellville[123]Loudoun Visitors Center.[124]
Public meeting space
undated
2009
2009
Preserved and restored by Purcellville Preservation Association.[125]
Listed on National Register of Historic Places in 2010.[110][111]
Round Hill Passenger Station35 Main Street (south side of Main Street)39°08′10″N 77°46′08″W / 39.1360397°N 77.7688479°W / 39.1360397; -77.7688479 (Round Hill Passenger Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Round HillPrivate property ownerResidence1997
Round Hill Freight House34 Main Street (northwest side of Main Street)39°08′10″N 77°46′09″W / 39.1360668°N 77.7692932°W / 39.1360668; -77.7692932 (Round Freight Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Round HillPrivate property owner

Bridges[edit]

Stone arch at Clarks Gap crossing the former route of the W&OD in August 2008
CrossingLocationCoordinatesJurisdictionW&OD Trail MileRemnantPhoto
Russell RoadRussell Road (west side) between W. Glebe Road and Kentucky Avenue38°50′17″N 77°03′53″W / 38.838109°N 77.064588°W / 38.838109; -77.064588 (Russell Road Bridge abutment (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))City of Alexandria------------Abutment of former railroad bridgeundated
Four Mile RunW&OD Trail between Columbia Pike and Arlington Boulevard (U.S. Route 50)38°51′51″N 77°07′07″W / 38.864051°N 77.118632°W / 38.864051; -77.118632 (Four Mile Run Bridge abutments (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County2.3[64]Abutments under trail bridge
Four Mile RunW&OD Trail between Arlington Boulevard (U.S. Route 50) and N. Carlin Springs Road38°52′03″N 77°07′34″W / 38.86762°N 77.125987°W / 38.86762; -77.125987 (Four Mile Run Bridge abutments (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County2.8[64]Abutments under trail bridge
Four Mile RunW&OD Trail between N. Carlin Springs Road and Wilson Boulevard38°52′25″N 77°07′59″W / 38.873653°N 77.133143°W / 38.873653; -77.133143 (Four Mile Run Bridge abutments (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County3.4[68]Abutments under trail bridge
Four Mile RunW&OD Trail between Wilson Boulevard and N. Patrick Henry Drive38°52′42″N 77°08′16″W / 38.878464°N 77.137713°W / 38.878464; -77.137713 (Four Mile Run Bridge abutments (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County3.9[68]Abutments under trail bridge
Four Mile RunW&OD Trail between Lee Highway (U.S. Route 29) and Little Falls Street38°53′17″N 77°09′55″W / 38.888191°N 77.165407°W / 38.888191; -77.165407 (Four Mile Run Bridge abutments(Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County5.9[73]Abutments under trail bridge
Piney BranchW&OD Trail between Ayr Hill Avenue NE and Hunter Mill Road38°55′32″N 77°17′18″W / 38.925642°N 77.288381°W / 38.925642; -77.288381 (Piney Branch Bridge abutments (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax County13.6[78]Abutments under trail bridge2010
Difficult RunW&OD Trail between Ayr Hill Avenue NE and Hunter Mill Road38°55′51″N 77°17′54″W / 38.930942°N 77.29834°W / 38.930942; -77.29834 (Difficult Run Bridge abutments (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Fairfax County14.3[78]Abutments under trail bridge2009
Broad RunW&OD Trail between Sully Road and Panorama Parkway39°01′06″N 77°26′42″W / 39.01845°N 77.444923°W / 39.01845; -77.444923 (Broad Run Bridge abutments (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County24.6[92]Abutments under trail bridge
Beaverdam RunW&OD Trail between Smiths Switch Road and Ashburn Village Boulevard39°01′55″N 77°28′02″W / 39.031905°N 77.467293°W / 39.031905; -77.467293 (Beaverdam Run Bridge abutments (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County26.2[95]Abutments under trail bridge
Goose CreekW&OD Trail between Belmont Ridge Road and Cochrane Mill Road39°04′10″N 77°31′10″W / 39.0694962°N 77.5195634°W / 39.0694962; -77.5195634 (Goose Creek Bridge abutments (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County30.1[98]Abutments and piers supporting trail bridge2007
Sycolin CreekW&OD Trail between Belmont Ridge Road and Cochrane Mill Road39°04′20″N 77°31′29″W / 39.0723241°N 77.5247133°W / 39.0723241; -77.5247133 (Sycolin Creek Bridge (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County30.4[98]Span, abutments and pier of railroad bridge (now trail bridge).
Tuscarora CreekW&OD Trail between Cochran Mill Road and Lawson Road SE39°05′44″N 77°32′32″W / 39.0955841°N 77.5422603°W / 39.0955841; -77.5422603 (Tuscarora Creek Bridge abutments and piers (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Leesburg32.3[100]Abutments and piers of railroad bridge south of W&OD Trail
Clarks GapW&OD Trail and Dry Mill Road39°08′22″N 77°36′39″W / 39.1395702°N 77.6109248°W / 39.1395702; -77.6109248 (Clarkes Gap Stone Arch (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Loudoun County38.2[104]Stone arch above former W&OD line.2007

Other remnants[edit]

RemnantLocationCoordinatesJurisdictionW&OD Trail MileSide of W&OD TrailPhotoNotes
Norfolk Southern Railway spurTracks between Pendleton Street (east of intersection with N. Fairfax St.) and CSX main line near Slaters Lane38°49′01″N 77°02′22″W / 38.81694°N 77.039523°W / 38.81694; -77.039523 (Norfolk Southern Railway spur (former route of Washington & Old Dominion Railway))City of Alexandria------------------------------------Operating railroad; formerly owned by Southern Railway
Floor of electrical substation at Bluemont JunctionBetween soccer field and 1971 Southern Railway caboose east of W&OD Trail in Bluemont Junction Park (between Bluemont Junction Trail and Wilson Boulevard)38°52′23″N 77°07′57″W / 38.872955°N 77.132521°W / 38.872955; -77.132521 (Floor of electrical substation at Bluemont Junction (Washington & Old Dominion Railway))Arlington County3.4[68]East2009In Bluemont Junction Historical Railroad Display[126] in Bluemont Junction Park[127]
Coal trestle with rails and ties[128]0.05 mile west of Lee Highway (U.S. Route 29); south of W&OD Trail38°53′15″N 77°09′48″W / 38.8875844°N 77.1634462°W / 38.8875844; -77.1634462 (Coal trestle (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County5.6[68]South2007Formerly used to unload coal from hopper cars and fuel oil from tank cars[129]
Partially demolished in June 2014. Designated as local historic district in September 2014.[130]
Leesburg Stationmaster's HouseMarket Station at Harrison Street SE (west side) and South Street SE (205 Harrison Street SE)39°06′44″N 77°33′47″W / 39.1123206°N 77.563042°W / 39.1123206; -77.563042 (Relocated Leesburg Station Master's House (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Leesburg------------------------2008Moved to Market Station (south of relocated freight station). Used as cigar and pipe store.[131]
Historical marker on building: Stationmaster's House
Round Hill Electrical SubstationAdjacent to south side of former passenger station at 35 Main Street (southeast side of Main Street)39°08′09″N 77°46′08″W / 39.1359357°N 77.7688774°W / 39.1359357; -77.7688774 (Round Hill Electrical Substation (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Town of Round Hill------------------------1997Private residence
Enclosed by house

Existing trails and parks along railroad route[edit]

Rail trails[edit]

Other trails[edit]

Linear parks[edit]

Great Falls Division[edit]

Thrifton-Bluemont Junction connecting line[edit]

The Thrifton-Bluemont Junction connecting line, a component of the W&OD's Bluemont Division, opened in 1912. The line connected the W&OD's Great Falls Division (formerly the Great Falls and Old Dominion Railroad) with the Bluemont Division's Alexandria-Bluemont line.

The line closed in sections in 1963 and 1968.[42][43] I-66 and the adjacent Custis Trail replaced the line between Thrifton and Washington Boulevard in Ballston. Arlington County's Bluemont Junction Trail replaced the line between Washington Boulevard and Bluemont Junction.

Bluemont Junction, where the Bluemont Junction Trail now meets the W&OD Trail, presently contains an Arlington County railroad display that features a Southern Railway bay window caboose.[136] The caboose was built in 1971, three years after the W&OD Railroad closed.[137]

The stations on the Thrifton-Bluemont Junction connecting line (with locations of sites in 2008) were:

StationLocationCoordinatesJurisdictionSide of TracksPhotoNotes
Thrifton[138]I-66 between Lee Highway and Spout Run Parkway38°53′49″N 77°05′50″W / 38.8969866°N 77.0972228°W / 38.8969866; -77.0972228 (Thrifton Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington CountyNorth of Lyon Village shopping center. Named for Hugh A. Thrift. East of junction with Thrifton – Bluemont Junction connecting line.
Hayes[138]N. Lincoln Street (east side) and I-6638°53′26″N 77°06′13″W / 38.890676°N 77.103577°W / 38.890676; -77.103577 (Hayes Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington CountySouth
Douglas[138]N. Quincy Street (east side) and I-6638°53′23″N 77°06′29″W / 38.889619°N 77.108164°W / 38.889619; -77.108164 (Douglas Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington CountySouth
Waverley HillsN. Stafford Street and I-6638°53′20″N 77°06′41″W / 38.888851°N 77.11128°W / 38.888851; -77.11128 (Waverley Hills Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington CountyFormerly Clements Avenue Station[138]
Clarenford[138]N. Utah Street (east side) and I-6638°53′17″N 77°06′51″W / 38.888162°N 77.114207°W / 38.888162; -77.114207 (Clarenford Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington CountySouth
Lacey[138]N. Glebe Road (east side) and I-6638°53′12″N 77°07′03″W / 38.886592°N 77.11757°W / 38.886592; -77.11757 (Lacey Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington CountySoutheast
Washington Boulevard[139]Washington Boulevard and I-6638°53′07″N 77°07′08″W / 38.8853499°N 77.1187931°W / 38.8853499; -77.1187931 (Washington Boulevard Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County
WaycroftN. Buchanan Street and Bluemont Junction Trail38°52′50″N 77°07′09″W / 38.8806°N 77.119198°W / 38.8806; -77.119198 (Waycroft Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County0.2 mile south of crossing of Fairfax line of Washington-Virginia Railway
Historical marker near site: Lacey Car Barn.[24][140]
Garrison[138]N. George Mason Drive at Wilson Boulevard (north side) and Bluemont Junction Trail38°52′42″N 77°07′15″W / 38.87842°N 77.120832°W / 38.87842; -77.120832 (Garrison Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington CountySoutheastUndated
Arlington Avenue[139]N. Jefferson Street and Bluemont Junction Trail38°52′19″N 77°07′35″W / 38.872016°N 77.126295°W / 38.872016; -77.126295 (Arlington Avenue Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington County
Bon Air[138]N. Kensington Street (northeast side) and Bluemont Junction Trail38°52′15″N 77°07′41″W / 38.870886°N 77.128151°W / 38.870886; -77.128151 (Bon Air Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington CountySouth
Bluemont Junction[138]W&OD Trail between Wilson Boulevard and Bluemont Junction Trail38°52′22″N 77°07′57″W / 38.872834°N 77.1325073°W / 38.872834; -77.1325073 (Bluemont Junction Station (Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))Arlington CountyEast1950sJunction with Alexandria-Bluemont line
Historical markers at site:
1) Bluemont Junction
2) The Great Falls Line
3) Rosslyn Station
4) Bluemont Junction, c. 1934
Historical marker near site:
Tracks into History: The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad

Existing roads, trails and parks along railroad route[edit]

Road[edit]

I-66 between Lee Highway (U.S. Route 29) and Washington Boulevard.[141]

Rail Trail[edit]

Bluemont Junction Trail between Washington Boulevard and Mile 3.3 of Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Trail.[142]

Other Trail[edit]

Custis Trail between Lee Highway (U.S. Route 29) and Washington Boulevard.[143]

Linear park[edit]

Bluemont Junction Park between Fairfax Drive and W&OD Trail.[144][145]

Surviving Locomotives[edit]

At least four locomotives that the W&OD had owned or leased still survived in 2012.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Williams, p. 3
  2. ^ Harwood, pp. 12, 15
  3. ^ Williams, p. 4
  4. ^ Williams, pp. 8-10
  5. ^ (1)Harwood, p. 21
    (2) Washington and Ohio Railroad Company (1873). "Washington and Ohio Railroad. A Glance at the country through which it passes, between Washington D.C., and the Ohio River, a distance of 325 miles". Philadelphia: Collins, Printer. 
  6. ^ Williams, p. 27
  7. ^ Williams, pp. 27-28
  8. ^ (1) Harwood, p. 24
    (2) Williams, p. 28
    (3) 1882 system map of Richmond and Danville Railroad
  9. ^ 1893 system map of Richmond and Danville Railroad
  10. ^ a b c d e f Williams, pp. 42-43
  11. ^ a b c d Harwood, p. 26
  12. ^ 1895 system map of Southern Railway
  13. ^ "Complete Schedule Between Washington and Bluemont". Southern Railway Company. May 28, 1911.  at Harwood, p. 29
  14. ^ (1) Harwood, pp. 33-41
    (2) Williams, pp. 44, 71
  15. ^ Harwood, pp. 33-41
  16. ^ Harwood, p. 45
  17. ^ a b c Harwood, p. 46
  18. ^ Harwood, pp. 46, 49
  19. ^ Williams, pp. 45, 72
  20. ^ (1) Harwood, pp. 32, 46-47
    (2) "Photo, Virginia Memories: W&OD bridge over Pot Yards". Railroads of Washington, DC, Part 3: The Potomac River and Pot Yard. Florida: SMARTT: Scale Models, Arts, & Technologies, Inc. Archived from the original on 2013-03-31. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  21. ^ Williams, pp. 43-44
  22. ^ Williams, p. 72
  23. ^ Williams, pp. 107, 144, 156
  24. ^ a b ""Lacey Car Barn" marker". HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database. Archived from the original on 2014-03-01. Retrieved 2014-02-28. In 1896, the Washington, Arlington & Falls Church Railway began running electric trolleys from Rosslyn to Falls Church on the present routes of Fairfax Drive and I-66. By 1907, the line linked downtown Washington to Ballston, Vienna, and the Town of Fairfax. In 1910, the railway built at this location a car barn, rail yard, workshop, electrical substation, and general office. In 1912, the rival Washington & Old Dominion Railway began crossing the tracks on a bridge 200 yards west of here, traveling the present route of I-66 from Rosslyn. The line to Fairfax closed in 1939, but Metrorail’s Orange Line follows its route through Arlington. 
  25. ^ Harwood, p. 31, 33
  26. ^ a b c Harwood, pp. 48-49
  27. ^ Harwood, p. 39
  28. ^ Williams, pp. 70-71
  29. ^ a b Harwood, p. 47
  30. ^ Harwood, p. 38
  31. ^ a b c (1)Williams, p. 74
    (2) Harwood, pp. 68-69
  32. ^ (1) Williams, pp. 74, 93
    (2) Harwood, pp. 73-79
  33. ^ (1) Williams, p. 93
    (2) Harwood, p. 73
  34. ^ Harwood, pp. 77-78
  35. ^ a b (1) Harwood, p. 79-80
  36. ^ a b Williams, p. 91
  37. ^ (1) Harwood, p. 90
    (2) Williams, p. 94
  38. ^ Harwood, pp. 83-84
  39. ^ (1) Harwood, p. 81, 83-88, 137-138
    (2) Williams, pp. 93-94
  40. ^ (1) Harwood, pp. 90-91
    (2) Williams, p. 95
  41. ^ (1) Harwood, p. 97
    (2) Williams, p. 96
  42. ^ a b c (1) Harwood, p. 101
    (2) Williams, p. 107
  43. ^ a b c d (1) Harwood, p. 106
    (2) Williams, p. 131
  44. ^ Harwood, pp. 106-107
  45. ^ Williams, p. 43; Washington and Old Dominion Railway timetables: Bluemont Division, pp. 40, 68; Great Falls Division, p. 67.
  46. ^ a b c Harwood, p. 112
  47. ^ a b c d e f Stone
  48. ^ Harwood, pp. 108-109, 112
  49. ^ Locations of stations existing in 1916 according to distances in Harwood, pp. 139-141 and W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps
  50. ^ W&OD Trail mileages from detailed maps of portions of trail accessed from "Map of the W&OD". The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  51. ^ (1) Harwood, p. 9.
  52. ^ a b "1949 Aerial photograph and 1951 map (T1951) of Alexandria, Virginia". HistoricAerials.com. 2011. Retrieved 2013-07-25. 
  53. ^ Harwood, p. 10.
  54. ^ W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Map No. 1
  55. ^ 1900 map of Del Ray and St. Elmo showing Alexandria Junction and Washington & Ohio Junction in Ness, Leland (2008). "St. Asaph Racetrack historical marker". Del Ray and the Town of Potomac: Del Ray Interpretive Signs. City of Alexandria, Virginia. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  56. ^ Ness, Leland (2008). "The Bluemont Line historical marker". Del Ray and the Town of Potomac: Del Ray Interpretive Signs. City of Alexandria, Virginia. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  57. ^ a b "Del Ray and the Town of Potomac: Del Ray Interpretive Signs". City of Alexandria, Virginia. 2008. Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  58. ^ a b Locations and partial texts of markers: alsdmf (2010-05-19). "Del Ray Interpretive Markers". Retrieved 2011-05-23. 
  59. ^ a b W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Map No. 2
  60. ^ Johnson, Bert, Arlington County Manager (1967). A History of the Boundaries of Arlington County, Virginia (2nd ed.). Office of the County Manager, Arlington, Virginia. p. 1. , describes the Arlington boundary in the area of the Cowdon station as: ".... westwardly, in general along the line of Four Mile Run, without regard to its meanders, intersecting the south right-of-way line of the Washington and Old Dominion Railroad, then 1,858.44 feet to where the center line of Shirlington Road intersects the said south right-of-way line; thence south and slightly east to the center line of Quaker Lane, ....". The Cowdon station was in Arlington County, between the railroad right-of-way's intersection with Four Mile Run and the right of way's intersection with the center line of Shirlington Road. The station was north of the railroad's south right-of-way line.
  61. ^ "Map 17: Arlington (mileage marker 0)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  62. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "Historical marker(s) in Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Markers series". HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database. Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  63. ^ a b Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 3
  64. ^ a b c d e "Map 16: Arlington (mileage markers 0 to 2.5)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  65. ^ a b c Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 4
  66. ^ Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority. "Glencarlyn Station" marker. Located northwest of Arlington Boulevard (U.S. Route 50) bridge over W&OD Trail and Four Mile Run and southwest of W&OD Trail at former site of station.
  67. ^ a b c d Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps": Bluemont Junction Wye
  68. ^ a b c d e f g h "Map 15: Falls Church (mileage markers 3 to 5.5)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  69. ^ a b c Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 5
  70. ^ ""Brandymore Castle" marker". Erected by Arlington County, Virginia, 0.4 miles (0.6 km) west of site of Fostoria Station. HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  71. ^ ""East Falls Church" marker". Erected by Arlington County, Virginia, 0.1 miles (0.2 km) east of site of Falls Church (East Falls Church) Station. Arlington, Virginia: Arlington County Department of Community Planning and Development. Retrieved 2011-07-15. 
  72. ^ Iekel, John F. "A History of East Falls Church" (PDF). Resources: East Falls Church History: Train Stations. Arlington-East Falls Church Civic Association. Archived from the original on 2012-11-10. Retrieved 2012-11-10. 
  73. ^ a b c d "Map 14: Falls Church (mileage markers 5.6 to 8.5)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  74. ^ Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 6
  75. ^ a b Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 7
  76. ^ a b c d e "Map 13: Vienna (mileage markers 9 to 11.5)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  77. ^ Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 8
  78. ^ a b c d e f "Map 12: Vienna (mileage markers 12 to 14)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  79. ^ a b Wood, Rebekah K. (2002-05-03). "Vienna Depot: Description and Historical Significance: Vienna, Virginia. Prepared for the nomination of the Vienna Depot to the National Register of Historic Places". Washington & Old Dominion Railroad, 1847 to 1968: A Photographic History, by Paul McCray. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  80. ^ Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 9
  81. ^ Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 10
  82. ^ a b "Map 11: Reston (mileage markers 14.5 to 17)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  83. ^ Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 11
  84. ^ a b c d e "Map 10: Herndon-Reston (mileage markers 17.5 to 20)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  85. ^ a b c d Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 12
  86. ^ a b Vetter
  87. ^ a b David, Elizabeth S. (April 1979). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Herndon Depot". National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  88. ^ a b "Herndon Depot". National Register of Historic Places:NPS Focus. National Park Service. June 18, 1979. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  89. ^ Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 13
  90. ^ a b c d "Map 9: Herndon (mileage markers 20.5 to 22.5)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  91. ^ Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 14
  92. ^ a b c "Map 8: Sterling (mileage markers 23 to 25)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  93. ^ Identified as Smiths in 1916 list of stations in Harwood (2000), p. 140 and in August 25, 1940, W&OD Railroad timetable; no station at this location in "Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 15". 
  94. ^ Identified as Normans in 1916 list of stations in Harwood (2000), p. 140 and in August 25, 1940, W&OD Railroad timetable. Identified as Smith's Station in "Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 15". 
  95. ^ a b c d "Map 7: Ashburn (mileage markers 25.5 to 28)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  96. ^ "Tracks Into History" marker in W&OD Trail rest stop located 0.1 mile northwest of crossing of Smith's Switch Road and W&OD Trail.
  97. ^ "Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 16". 
  98. ^ a b c d e "Map 6: Quarry Overlook (mileage markers 28.5 to 30.5)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  99. ^ ""Belmont" historical marker". HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database. Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  100. ^ a b c "Map 5: Leesburg (mileage markers 31.5 to 34)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  101. ^ a b c "Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 20". 
  102. ^ a b c "Map 4: Leesburg (mileage markers 34.5 to 37)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  103. ^ a b "Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 21". 
  104. ^ a b "Map 3: Paeonian Springs (mileage markers 37 to 40)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  105. ^ "Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 22". 
  106. ^ a b "Map 2: Vienna (mileage markers 40 to 42.5)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  107. ^ "Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 23". 
  108. ^ a b "Map 1: Purcellville (mileage markers 43 to 44.5)". Map of the W&OD. The Friends of the Washington & Old Dominion Trail. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  109. ^ "Interstate Commerce Commission (1916-07-01). "W&OD Railway 1916 ICC Valuation Maps". Map No. 24". 
  110. ^ a b Kalbian, Maral S; Peters, Margaret T. (2009-11-20). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form (United States Department of the Interior: National Park Service): Purcellville Train Station". Richmond, Virginia: Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  111. ^ a b Director, National Park Service (2010-06-04). "Weekly list of actions taken on properties for the National Register of Historic Places: 5/24/10 through 5/28/10". U.S. Department of the Interior: National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  112. ^ a b Washington and Old Dominion Railway (1911). "W&OD Railway Track Plats. Map 8". p. 9. 
  113. ^ Washington and Old Dominion Railway (1911). "W&OD Railway Track Plats. Map 5". p. 6. 
  114. ^ Washington and Old Dominion Railway (1911). "W&OD Railway Track Plats. Map 1". p. 2. 
  115. ^ (1) Harwood, p. 107
    (2) Information sheet on interior wall of Bluemont Junction caboose, September 2012.
  116. ^ "Northern Virginia Model Railroaders, Inc.". Vienna, Virginia: Northern Virginia Model Railroaders, Inc. Archived from the original on 2012-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
  117. ^ "The Herndon Historical Society". Herndon, Virginia: Herndon Historical Society. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
  118. ^ "Market Station, Leesburg, Virginia". Archived from the original on 2007-09-26. 
  119. ^ "Properties: Market Station". Metro Management Services, LLC. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
  120. ^ "A Few Words About Us". Fire Works Pizza. Leesburg, Virginia: Fire Works Pizza. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
  121. ^ ""The Depot" marker". HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Datatbase. Retrieved November 18, 2011. It was moved two blocks to Market Station in 1984. 
  122. ^ (1) McCray, Paul. "Paeonian Springs Station". Washington & Old Dominion Railroad 1847 to 1968: A Photographic History. Paul McCray. Retrieved 2011-11-18. The Paeonian Springs Station was located approximately where the small passenger shelter now sits next to the trail in the community of Paeonian Springs. The shelter was originally located at Clarks Gap and was built from pieces of the larger, demolished Clarks Gap station. 
    (2) Photograph entitled "Marker in front of the Shelter Along the Trail" showing passenger shelter and "Additional comment" dated 2008-01-29 in "Paeonian Springs Station marker". HMdb.org: The Historical Marker Database. 2008-01-29. Retrieved 2011-11-18. In 2006, the shelter along the trail at the site of the former Paeonian Springs station contained on its rear wall a sheet of paper within a plastic cover. The sheet described the history of the shelter. The sheet stated that the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad constructed the shelter at the site of the Clarkes Gap station on Dry Mill Road after the Clarkes Gap station burned down. According to the sheet, a railroad employee who lived in Paeonian Springs preserved the shelter. The sheet further stated that the employee's family had donated the shelter to the Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority. 
  123. ^ "Train Station Steering & Oversight Committee". Town of Purcellville, Virginia. Archived from the original on 2012-04-06. Retrieved 2013-07-30. 
  124. ^ "Loudoun Visitors Center in Purcellville: Wine Tastings & Information". Loudoun Convention & Visitors Association (Visit Loudoun). 2012. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved October 20, 2013. 
  125. ^ "History of the Purcellville Preservation Association". Purcellville Preservation Association. Ashley Cyber Services. Archived from the original on 2013-07-30. Retrieved 2013-07-30. 
  126. ^ "Bluemont Junction Caboose". Arlington County, Virginia: Arlington County Department of Parks and Recreation. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
  127. ^ "Bluemont Junction Park". Arlington County, Virginia: Arlington County Department of Parks and Recreation. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
  128. ^ County Manager, Arlington County, Virginia (2014-09-12). "Board Report: Historic District Designation of and Design Guidelines for Benjamin Elliott's Coal Trestle, located on the southern side of the Washington & Old Dominion (W&OD) Trail near the southwestern corner of Lee Highway and Fairfax Drive, adjacent to the northern property line of 6873 Lee Highway, and which district boundary shall include only the trestle structure itself in the portion of the parcel identified as RPC #11-065-001". County Board Agenda Item 50: Meeting of September 20, 2014. Government of Arlington County, Virginia. Retrieved 2014-09-16. 
  129. ^ Liebertz, John (2014-05-21). "Arlington County Register of Historic Places: Historic Designation Form: Benjamin Elliott's Coal Trestle". Arlington County, Virginia, government. Archived from the original on 2014-07-11. Retrieved 2014-07-11. 
  130. ^ (1) Liebertz, John. "Arlington County Register of Historic Places: Historic District Designation Form: Benjamin Elliott's Coal Trestle". p. 2.  in County Manager, Arlington County, Virginia (2014-09-12). "Board Report: Historic District Designation of and Design Guidelines for Benjamin Elliott's Coal Trestle, located on the southern side of the Washington & Old Dominion (W&OD) Trail near the southwestern corner of Lee Highway and Fairfax Drive, adjacent to the northern property line of 6873 Lee Highway, and which district boundary shall include only the trestle structure itself in the portion of the parcel identified as RPC #11-065-001". County Board Agenda Item 50: Meeting of September 20, 2014. Government of Arlington County, Virginia. Archived from the original on 2014-10-30. Retrieved 2014-10-31. 
    (2) Rothstein, Ethan (2014-06-06). "Part of W&OD Railroad Torn Down for Storage Facility". ARLnow. Archived from the original on 2014-07-10. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
    (3) Sullivan, Patricia (2014-06-11). "Landowner removes remnants of Arlington’s industrial past for self-storage units". Local (The Washington Post). Archived from the original on 2014-07-10. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
    (4) Rothstein, Ethan (2014-06-13). "W&OD Trestle Could Get Historic Designation". ARLnow. Archived from the original on 2014-07-10. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
    (5) "Video recording of approval of consent agenda, including agenda item 50: Historic District Designation of and Design Guidelines for Benjamin Elliott's Coal Trestle, located on the southern side of the Washington & Old Dominion (W&OD) Trail near the southwestern corner of Lee Highway and Fairfax Drive, adjacent to the northern property line of 6873 Lee Highway, and which district boundary shall include only the trestle structure itself in the portion of the parcel identified as RPC #11-065-001". Arlington County Board meeting of September 20, 2014. Government of Arlington County, Virginia. 2014-09-20. Retrieved 2014-10-19. 
  131. ^ "Pictures". Leesburg, Virginia: Leesburg Cigar & Pipe. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
  132. ^ (1)"Trail in Mt. Jefferson Park and Greenway" (pdf). Alexandria Bike Map. City of Alexandria, Virginia government. Archived from the original on 2013-03-04. Retrieved 2013-03-04. 
    (2) Coordinates of trail in Mt. Jefferson Park and Greenway: 38°49′55″N 77°03′27″W / 38.8319285°N 77.0573918°W / 38.8319285; -77.0573918 (Trail between Jefferson Davis Highway and Commonwealth Avenue (former route of Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))
  133. ^ Coordinates of trail connecting Russell Road and Landover Street, Alexandria: 38°50′13″N 77°03′48″W / 38.836967°N 77.063266°W / 38.836967; -77.063266 (Unpaved trail connecting Russell Road and Landover Street (former route of Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))
  134. ^ Coordinates of section of Mount Vernon Trail adjacent to Norfolk Southern Railway spur: 38°48′56″N 77°02′20″W / 38.815507°N 77.038979°W / 38.815507; -77.038979 (Section of Mount Vernon Trail adjacent to Norfolk Southern Railway spur between Pendleton Street and E. Abingdon Drive former route of Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))
  135. ^ (1) "Mt. Jefferson Park and Greenway" (pdf). Recreational & Park Facilities Map. City of Alexandria, Virginia government. Archived from the original on 2013-03-04. Retrieved 2013-03-04. 
    (2) Coordinates of Mt. Jefferson Park and Greenway: 38°49′49″N 77°03′19″W / 38.830164°N 77.055187°W / 38.830164; -77.055187 (Mt. Jefferson Park and Greenway)
  136. ^ (1) "Bluemont Junction Caboose". Arlington County, Virginia: Arlington County Department of Parks and Recreation. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
    (2) "Bluemont Junction Park". Arlington County, Virginia: Arlington County Department of Parks and Recreation. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
    (3) "Events Set for Third Annual Arlington Neighborhood Day". News Release. Arlington County, Virginia government. 1999-10-16. Archived from the original on 2013-03-04. Retrieved 2013-03-04. Several park events have been planned as well, including dedication of the Bluemont Junction Caboose and Railroad Display at Bluemont Park .... 
    (4) Coordinates of caboose at Bluemont Junction:38°52′23″N 77°07′57″W / 38.87306°N 77.132564°W / 38.87306; -77.132564 (Bluemont Junction caboose)
    (3) Coordinates of intersection of Bluemont Junction Trail and Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Trail: 38°52′19″N 77°07′56″W / 38.8718317°N 77.1321047°W / 38.8718317; -77.1321047 (intersection of Bluemont Junction Trail and Washington and Old Dominion Railroad Trail)
  137. ^ Copy of Southern Railway records in album inside Bluemont Junction caboose.
  138. ^ a b c d e f g h i Harwood, p. 139
  139. ^ a b Washington and Old Dominion Railroad timetable dated 1940-08-25
  140. ^ Coordinates of Lacey Car Barn historical marker: 38°52′56″N 77°07′00″W / 38.8821931°N 77.1165401°W / 38.8821931; -77.1165401 (Lacey Car Barn (Washington-Virginia Railway)
  141. ^ Coordinates of I-66 between Lee Highway and Washington Boulevard: 38°53′20″N 77°06′41″W / 38.888851°N 77.11128°W / 38.888851; -77.11128 (I-66 between Lee Highway (U.S. Route 29) and Washington Boulevard (former route of Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))
  142. ^ Coordinates of Bluemont Junction Trail: 38°52′25″N 77°07′30″W / 38.873582°N 77.124992°W / 38.873582; -77.124992 (Bluemont Junction Trail between Washington Boulevard and Mile 3.3 of Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Trail (former route of Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))
  143. ^ Coordinates of Custis Trail between Lee Highway and Washington Boulevard: 38°53′36″N 77°06′04″W / 38.893204°N 77.101101°W / 38.893204; -77.101101 (Custis Trail between Lee Highway (U.S. Route 29) and Washington Boulevard (former route of Washington & Old Dominion Railroad))
  144. ^ "Bluemont Junction Park". Arlington County, Virginia: Arlington County Department of Parks and Recreation. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
  145. ^ Coordinates of Bluemont Junction Park: 38°52′32″N 77°07′23″W / 38.8756158°N 77.1231866°W / 38.8756158; -77.1231866 (Bluemont Junction Park))
  146. ^ a b c d e "Rolling Stock of the Utah State Railroad Museum: Cargill 6751: SW1". Utah State Railroad Museum: Spencer S. Eccles Rail Center. Ogden, Utah: Union Station. 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-01-28. 
  147. ^ a b c d e Harwood, p. 137.
  148. ^ Van Cleve, Jeff (1996-07-04). "Photograph of Cargill 6751". RR Picture Archives.net. Ogden, Utah. Archived from the original on 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  149. ^ a b c "Pictures of CRGX 6751". RR Picture Archives.net. 2013-08-12. Retrieved 2014-09-20. 
  150. ^ (1) Kerr, James (2009-11-20). "Columbia & Reading ALCO S2 CORY 2-26". RailPictures.Net. Frank Sahd Salvage Center, Columbia, Pennsylvania. Archived from the original on 2014-01-28. Retrieved 2014-01-28. 
    (2) "Photograph of Columbia & Reading Railway No. 2-26". Green Initiatives. Columbia, Pennsylvania: Sahd Metal Recycling. Archived from the original on 2013-12-21. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
    (3) Walker, Craig (2013-09-27). "Columbia & Reading ALCO S2 CORY 2-26". RailPictures.Net. Columbia, Pennsylvania. Archived from the original on 2014-01-28. Retrieved 2014-01-28. 
  151. ^ (1) Harwood, pp. 131, 137.
    (2) 1941 and 1946 photographs of W&OD 47: Harwood, pp. 83, 88.
  152. ^ a b Zygmunt, Chris (2012-06-08). "BJRY 44". LocoPhotos: Comprehensive Locomotive Archiving. Burlington, Iowa: Jack Hilton. Archived from the original on 2014-09-18. Retrieved 2014-09-17. 
  153. ^ a b Zygmunt, Chris (2012-06-08). "Burlington Junction Railway No. 44 (with 2013-02-24 comment by Jack M. Jakeman)". RailPictures.Net. Burlington, Iowa. Archived from the original on 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  154. ^ "Profiles of Railroads Operating in Iowa". Rail System Plan: Appendix A. Ames, Iowa: Iowa Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2014-09-17. 
  155. ^ Miller, Gerry; Sink, Tom; Zygmunt, Chris (2012-06-08). "Photographs of BJRY 44". RailPictures.Net. Burlington and West Burlington, Iowa. Archived from the original on 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2014-09-17. 
  156. ^ (1) Harwood, p. 135.
    (2) 1922 and 1940 photographs of W&OD 50: Harwood, p. 71.
  157. ^ Rice, Leonard. "Photograph of electric freight locomotive 50 in the Rosslyn shop yard".  in McCray, Paul. "Washington & Old Dominion Railroad, 1847 to 1968: A Photographic History". Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  158. ^ a b c Harwood, p. 135.
  159. ^ (1) Harper, James P. (1947-04-07). "Washington & Old Dominion 50 at Cedar Rapids, IA". Don's Rail Photos. Don Ross Group. Archived from the original on 2012-10-23. Retrieved 2014-09-18. 
    (2) Ross, Don (1954-09-25). "CR&IC 58 at Cedar Rapids, IA". Don's Rail Photos. Don Ross Group. Archived from the original on 2012-10-23. Retrieved 2014-09-18. </ (3)
  160. ^ Ross, Don (1960-03-00). "Kansas City Kaw Valley 507 at Bonner Springs, KS". Don's Rail Photos. Don Ross Group. Archived from the original on 2012-10-23. Retrieved 2014-09-18. 
  161. ^ (1) Ross, Don (1962-10-22). "Iowa Terminal RR 50 at Mason City, IA". Don's Rail Photos. Don Ross Group. Archived from the original on 2012-10-22. Retrieved 2014-09-18. 
    (3) Schneider, Lynn (1980-06-28). "Iowa Terminal RR 50 at Mason City, IA". Don's Rail Photos. Don Ross Group. Archived from the original on 2012-10-23. Retrieved 2014-09-18. 
    (4) Rueber, James (1986-05-24). "IAT 50 at Mason City, IA". Don's Rail Photos. Don Ross Group. Archived from the original on 2012-10-23. Retrieved 2014-09-18. 
    (5) Menge, George (1992-09-03). "IATR 50 at Emery, IA". Don's Rail Photos. Don Ross Group. Archived from the original on 2012-10-23. Retrieved 2014-09-18. 
    (6) Richards, John (2001-12-00). "Iowa Traction RR 50 at Mason City, IA". Don's Rail Photos. Don Ross Group. Archived from the original on 2012-10-23. Retrieved 2014-09-18. 
    (7) Blaszczyk, Andrew (2008-09-24). "IATR 50". RailPictures.Net. Mason City, Iowa. Archived from the original on 2014-09-18. Retrieved 2014-09-18. 
    (8) R., Ryan; R., Jim (2010-03-15). "IATR 50". RailPictures.Net. Mason City, Iowa. Archived from the original on 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2014-09-18. 
    (9) the_trainman407 (2012-07-14). "IATR 50". RailPictures.Net. Mason City, Iowa. Archived from the original on 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  162. ^ (1) "Progressive Rail acquires Iowa Traction Railroad". ProgressiveRailroading.com. October 16, 2012. Archived from the original on 2013-12-20. Retrieved November 13, 2012. 
    (2) "Freight Tariff IATR 9001". Iowa Traction Railway Company. 2012-10-04. Archived from the original on 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2013-12-20. 
  163. ^ a b Terry, Jeff (2014-01-29). "IATR 50". RailPictures.Net. Mason City, Iowa. Archived from the original on 2014-09-18. Retrieved 2014-09-18. 

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Videos[edit]

External links[edit]