Washington County, Illinois

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Washington County, Illinois
Washington County Courthouse in Nashville.jpg
Washington County Courthouse in Nashville
Map of Illinois highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 2, 1818
Named forGeorge Washington
SeatNashville
Largest cityNashville
Area
 • Total563.91 sq mi (1,461 km2)
 • Land562.57 sq mi (1,457 km2)
 • Water1.33 sq mi (3 km2), 0.24%
Population
 • (2010)14,716
 • Density26.2/sq mi (10.1/km²)
Congressional district15th
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.washingtonco.illinois.gov
 
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For counties with a similar name, see Washington County (disambiguation).
Washington County, Illinois
Washington County Courthouse in Nashville.jpg
Washington County Courthouse in Nashville
Map of Illinois highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 2, 1818
Named forGeorge Washington
SeatNashville
Largest cityNashville
Area
 • Total563.91 sq mi (1,461 km2)
 • Land562.57 sq mi (1,457 km2)
 • Water1.33 sq mi (3 km2), 0.24%
Population
 • (2010)14,716
 • Density26.2/sq mi (10.1/km²)
Congressional district15th
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.washingtonco.illinois.gov

Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois, in the southern portion known locally as "Little Egypt". According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 14,716, which is a decrease of 2.9% from 15,148 in 2000.[1] Its county seat is Nashville.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2010 census, the county has a total area of 563.91 square miles (1,460.5 km2), of which 562.57 square miles (1,457.0 km2) (or 99.76%) is land and 1.33 square miles (3.4 km2) (or 0.24%) is water.[3] There are many lakes, rivers, streams, and creeks in this area, including the Kaskaskia River, which is the county's northern border.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

History[edit]

Washington County was formed on January 2, 1818 out of St. Clair County. It was named for George Washington. Despite its relative proximity to the Illinois suburbs of St. Louis, Missouri, the county is not considered part of the St. Louis metropolitan area, also known as the Metro-East.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18201,517
18301,67510.4%
18404,810187.2%
18506,95344.6%
186013,73197.5%
187017,59928.2%
188021,11220.0%
189019,262−8.8%
190019,5261.4%
191018,759−3.9%
192018,035−3.9%
193016,286−9.7%
194015,801−3.0%
195014,460−8.5%
196013,569−6.2%
197013,7801.6%
198015,47212.3%
199014,965−3.3%
200015,1481.2%
201014,716−2.9%
Est. 201214,598−0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]

As of the census of 2000,[6] there were 15,148 people, 5,848 households, and 4,239 families residing in the county. The population density was 27 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 6,385 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.58% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 0.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 50.8% were of German, 13.6% Polish, 11.8% American and 5.6% Irish ancestry.

There were 5,848 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.70% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,932, and the median income for a family was $48,433. Males had a median income of $32,209 versus $22,151 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,108. About 3.70% of families and 6.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.00% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The county is served by seven school districts:[7]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Washington County is divided into these townships:

Climate and weather[edit]

Nashville, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.2
 
38
22
 
 
2.3
 
44
27
 
 
3.5
 
56
35
 
 
3.9
 
67
45
 
 
4.1
 
76
55
 
 
3.7
 
85
64
 
 
3.7
 
88
68
 
 
2.7
 
87
65
 
 
3.2
 
80
58
 
 
3
 
69
47
 
 
3.8
 
54
37
 
 
3
 
42
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[8]

In recent years, average temperatures in Nashville have ranged from a low of 22 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −21 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in December 1989 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1980. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.18 inches (55 mm) in January to 4.10 inches (104 mm) in May.[8] On November 17, 2013, an EF4 tornado swept through the area, destroying many homes and causing a few fatalities.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Washington County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-11-05. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ Education, Illinois State Board of. "Illinois Public School Districts by County" (XLS). Retrieved 2009-05-28. [dead link]
  8. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Nashville, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°21′08″N 89°24′38″W / 38.35222°N 89.41056°W / 38.35222; -89.41056