Warton Aerodrome

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Warton Aerodrome
IATA: noneICAO: EGNO
Summary
Airport typePrivate
Owner/OperatorBAE Systems
LocationPreston
Elevation AMSL55 ft / 17 m
Coordinates53°44′42″N 002°53′02″W / 53.74500°N 2.88389°W / 53.74500; -2.88389Coordinates: 53°44′42″N 002°53′02″W / 53.74500°N 2.88389°W / 53.74500; -2.88389
Map
EGNO is located in Lancashire
EGNO
Location in Lancashire
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
07/252,4227,946Grooved Asphalt
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
 
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Warton Aerodrome
IATA: noneICAO: EGNO
Summary
Airport typePrivate
Owner/OperatorBAE Systems
LocationPreston
Elevation AMSL55 ft / 17 m
Coordinates53°44′42″N 002°53′02″W / 53.74500°N 2.88389°W / 53.74500; -2.88389Coordinates: 53°44′42″N 002°53′02″W / 53.74500°N 2.88389°W / 53.74500; -2.88389
Map
EGNO is located in Lancashire
EGNO
Location in Lancashire
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
07/252,4227,946Grooved Asphalt
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]

Warton Aerodrome (ICAO: EGNO) is located near to Warton village on the Fylde in Lancashire, England. The aerodrome is 6 NM (11 km; 6.9 mi) west of Preston, Lancashire, UK.

Today the airfield is a major assembly and testing facility of BAE Systems Military Air & Information.

Warton Aerodrome has a CAA Ordinary Licence (Number P748) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction as authorised by the licensee (BAE Systems (Operations) Limited).[2]

History[edit]

Establishment and military use[edit]

In 1940 new runways were built at Warton so that it could act as a "satellite" airfield for the RAF Coastal Command station at Squires Gate airfield in Blackpool.[3]

The airfield was first operated as an air depot of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) during World War II, as thousands of aircraft were processed on their way to active service in Britain, North Africa, the Mediterranean and mainland Europe. On 23 August 1944, the accidental crash of a USAAF Consolidated B-24 Liberator heavy bomber caused the Freckleton Air Disaster.[4]

It then became a Royal Air Force station.

Aircraft manufacturers[edit]

Prototype BAC TSR2 at Warton in 1966

In 1947, English Electric took over the site, moving its main design office there from the Strand Road site in Preston in 1948.

With the merger of English Electric Aviation and the other aircraft divisions of the major British manufacturers in 1960, it became a British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) site. BAC was then nationalised and merged with Hawker Siddeley and Scottish Aviation to form British Aerospace (BAe) in 1977. BAe was later privatised in 1981 and was renamed BAE Systems in 1999. As such the airfield has been the testing ground for several frontline aircraft including the English Electric Canberra, the English Electric Lightning, the BAC TSR-2, the Sepecat Jaguar, the Panavia Tornado, the BAE Hawk (formerly the Hawker Siddeley Hawk) and most recently the Eurofighter Typhoon.

In June 2010 The Sun reported that poisonous red back spiders had been discovered in a consignment of parts from Australia. The article expressed fears that these spiders would colonise the surrounding countryside.[5] As a routine response, BAE Systems employed a specialist contractor who quickly managed to eliminate the spiders. The contractors were assisted by the fact that the Australian red back spider has very visible nests, a relatively short two-week gestation period, a reluctance to wander from its nest, and an intolerance to the British climate except at the height of summer. BAE Systems also implemented a number of measures to prevent further incursions of foreign species in subsequent consignments from Australia.

Development[edit]

Eurofighter[edit]

Warton was used as the base for all British development aircraft (DA) and Instrumented Production Aircraft (IPA) in the Eurofighter programme. Warton has been home to the initial Typhoon squadrons of the Royal Air Force, No. 17 Squadron and No. 29 Squadron. This was under the so-called "Case White" programme where BAE assumes more responsibility for training and support of the new aircraft than previous RAF types which were introduced under a more "in house" system. BAE states that this allows inevitable problems with any new aircraft to be quickly ironed out by BAE personnel on site. BAE plans to offer this on site service to any export customers.

Nimrod[edit]

Warton was also used for development flying of the Nimrod MRA4 Maritime Reconnaissance and Attack aircraft until the aircraft was cut in the Strategic Defence and Security Review in 2010.

Production[edit]

Tornado[edit]

The final new build Tornado left Warton in 1998, a GR.1 for Saudi Arabia. Following this the main assembly hall was re-fitted as the final assembly site of the Eurofighter Typhoon. BAE estimate that modern manufacturing techniques will allow the 30 week assembly time for a Tornado to be reduced to 16 weeks for the Typhoon.

Private airfield[edit]

Seen from the River Ribble

Warton is the base for BAE Systems' Corporate Air Travel department which operates scheduled services for employees (and those of partner organisations) to Farnborough, Munich, Filton, Cambridge, RAF Coningsby, and RAF Marham. The Farnborough and Munich services are provided by Corporate Air Travel's BAe 146 aircraft, with the others contracted out to other operators. Many ad hoc passenger flights also take place operated by various VIP operators including the Queen's Flight.

The site is not open to the public, although limited areas are made accessible during Open Days (currently on a four yearly cycle) which the company holds for the families and friends of employees and local residents. These Open Days, which are free of charge, typically include demonstrations of activities, tours of simulation facilities and impressive flying displays.

Police helicopter[edit]

Since November 1994, the Lancashire Constabulary has operated a Eurocopter AS355 helicopter from Warton.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Video clips[edit]