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It opened on 26 June 1903 as the Croydon Mental Hospital (Croydon Borough Mental Hospital or Croydon County Borough Mental Hospital). This is reputedly the first institution to be called a 'mental hospital' and never appears officially to have been called an asylum. It is recorded as having been a pioneering centre for psychosurgery.
In later years it concentrated on providing psychiatric care rather than being a home for people with mental retardation like the nearby St Lawrence's Hospital, Caterham.
This hospital was the first hospital of its kind in 1954 to offer community psychiatric services to patients.
The hospital closed in February 1999 and the archives were deposited with the Bethlem Royal Hospital which also became the primary provider of mental health care to residents of Croydon. The site has been redeveloped as an up-market housing estate called Greatpark.
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