War, West Virginia

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City of War, West Virginia
City
Nickname(s): West Virginia's most southern city
Location in the State of West Virginia
Coordinates: 37°18′4″N 81°41′3″W / 37.30111°N 81.68417°W / 37.30111; -81.68417Coordinates: 37°18′4″N 81°41′3″W / 37.30111°N 81.68417°W / 37.30111; -81.68417
CountryUnited States
StateWest Virginia
CountyMcDowell
Government
 • MayorCarolyn Cempela [1]
Area[2]
 • Total0.92 sq mi (2.38 km2)
 • Land0.89 sq mi (2.31 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation1,342 ft (409 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total862
 • Estimate (2012[4])818
 • Density968.5/sq mi (373.9/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code24892
Area code(s)304
FIPS code54-84484[5]
GNIS feature ID1555916[6]
Websitehttp://www.warwestvirginia.com//
 
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City of War, West Virginia
City
Nickname(s): West Virginia's most southern city
Location in the State of West Virginia
Coordinates: 37°18′4″N 81°41′3″W / 37.30111°N 81.68417°W / 37.30111; -81.68417Coordinates: 37°18′4″N 81°41′3″W / 37.30111°N 81.68417°W / 37.30111; -81.68417
CountryUnited States
StateWest Virginia
CountyMcDowell
Government
 • MayorCarolyn Cempela [1]
Area[2]
 • Total0.92 sq mi (2.38 km2)
 • Land0.89 sq mi (2.31 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation1,342 ft (409 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total862
 • Estimate (2012[4])818
 • Density968.5/sq mi (373.9/km2)
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code24892
Area code(s)304
FIPS code54-84484[5]
GNIS feature ID1555916[6]
Websitehttp://www.warwestvirginia.com//

War is a city in McDowell County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 862 at the 2010 census. War was incorporated in 1920 by the Circuit Court of McDowell County. Its name is derived from War Creek, whose confluence with Dry Fork is located within the city. Legend has it that War Creek was in turn named by the local Native Americans about 1788 because of a battle which occurred near the source of the creek. War is the only place in the United States with this name. War was formerly known as Miner's City. It is well known for being a setting in the movie "October Sky" as writer Homer Hickam is a Big Creek High School alumnus.

Geography[edit]

War is located at 37°18′4″N 81°41′3″W / 37.30111°N 81.68417°W / 37.30111; -81.68417 (37.301140, −81.684031)[7].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.92 square miles (2.38 km2), of which, 0.89 square miles (2.31 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
19301,392
19401,277−8.3%
19503,992212.6%
19603,006−24.7%
19702,004−33.3%
19802,1587.7%
1990417−80.7%
200078889.0%
20108629.4%
Est. 2012818−5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 862 people, 373 households, and 243 families residing in the city. The population density was 968.5 inhabitants per square mile (373.9 /km2). There were 436 housing units at an average density of 489.9 per square mile (189.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.7% White, 3.2% African American, 0.6% Native American, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.

There were 373 households of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.9% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.78.

The median age in the city was 44.7 years. 19.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.9% were from 25 to 44; 30.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 788 people, 331 households, and 225 families residing in the city. The population density was 870.6 people per square mile (334.3/km²). There were 388 housing units at an average density of 428.7 per square mile (164.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.67% White, 4.57% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.38% from other races, and 0.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population.

There were 331 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.0% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $16,012, and the median income for a family was $20,521. Males had a median income of $32,500 versus $18,438 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,285. About 34.8% of families and 43.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 66.5% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.regiononepdc.org/Local_Governments.pdf
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-26. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 11, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved June 11, 2013. 

External links[edit]