Walt Disney anthology television series

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The Wonderful World of Disney
Wwod open.jpg

Opening title
GenreComedy
Drama
Musical
FormatAnthology series
Presented byWalt Disney (1954–1966)
Michael Eisner (1986–1997)
Opening theme"When You Wish upon a Star"
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons53
No. of episodes1,224
Production
Running time60–180 minutes
Broadcast
Original channelABC (1954–61, 1986-88, 1997-08)
NBC (1961-81, 1988-90)
CBS (1981–83)
Disney Junior (2012–present)
Disney Channel (1996–present)
Picture format480i (SD), 720p (HD)
Audio formatMono
5.1 Dolby Surround Sound
Original runOctober 27, 1954 (1954-10-27) – September 24, 1983 (first run)
February 2, 1986 – August 26, 1990 (second run)
September 28, 1997 – December 24, 2008 (third run)
March 23, 2012 – present (fourth run)
 
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The Wonderful World of Disney
Wwod open.jpg

Opening title
GenreComedy
Drama
Musical
FormatAnthology series
Presented byWalt Disney (1954–1966)
Michael Eisner (1986–1997)
Opening theme"When You Wish upon a Star"
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons53
No. of episodes1,224
Production
Running time60–180 minutes
Broadcast
Original channelABC (1954–61, 1986-88, 1997-08)
NBC (1961-81, 1988-90)
CBS (1981–83)
Disney Junior (2012–present)
Disney Channel (1996–present)
Picture format480i (SD), 720p (HD)
Audio formatMono
5.1 Dolby Surround Sound
Original runOctober 27, 1954 (1954-10-27) – September 24, 1983 (first run)
February 2, 1986 – August 26, 1990 (second run)
September 28, 1997 – December 24, 2008 (third run)
March 23, 2012 – present (fourth run)

Walt Disney Productions (later The Walt Disney Company) has produced an anthology television series under several different titles since 1954:

The original version of the series premiered on ABC, Wednesday night, October 27, 1954. The same basic show has since appeared on several networks, with its latest revival debuting in 2012 on Disney Junior.[1] The show is the second longest showing prime-time program on American television, behind its rival, Hallmark Hall of Fame (see List of longest-running U.S. primetime television series). However, Hallmark Hall of Fame was a weekly program only during its first five seasons, while Disney remained a weekly program for more than forty years.

Overview[edit]

Originally hosted by Walt Disney himself, the Disney series presented animated cartoons and other material (some original, some pre-existing) from the studio library. For many years, the show also featured one-hour edits of such then-recent Disney films as Alice in Wonderland, and in other cases, telecasts of complete Disney films split into two or more one-hour episodes.[2] Occasionally, a more educational segment, such as The Story of the Animated Drawing, would be featured.[3]

1950s[edit]

The show spawned the Davy Crockett craze of 1955 with the three-episode series (not shown in consecutive weeks) about the historical American frontiersman, starring Fess Parker in the title role. Millions of dollars of merchandise were sold relating to the title character, and the theme song, "The Ballad of Davy Crockett", was a hit record that year. Three historically-based hour-long shows aired in late 1954/early 1955, and were followed up by two dramatized installments the following year. The TV episodes were edited into two theatrical films later on.

On July 17, 1955, the opening of Disneyland was covered on a live television special, Dateline: Disneyland,[2] which is not technically considered to be part of the series. It was hosted by Walt along with Bob Cummings, Art Linkletter and Ronald Reagan, and featured various other guests.[4]

In the fall of 1958, the series was re-titled, "Walt Disney Presents", and moved to Friday nights, but by 1960, it switched to Sunday nights, where it would remain for twenty-one years.

1960s and 1970s[edit]

Although the basic format remained the same, the series moved to NBC on September 24, 1961 to take advantage of that network's ability to broadcast in color.[2][5] In addition, Walt Disney's relationship with ABC had soured as the network resisted selling its stake in the theme park before doing so in 1960.[6] In a display of foresight, Disney had filmed many of the earlier shows in color, so they were able to be repeated on NBC, and since all but three of Disney's feature-length films were also made in color, they could now also be telecast in that format. (The three Disney black-and-white films were The Shaggy Dog, The Absent-Minded Professor, and Son of Flubber, all family comedies starring Fred MacMurray.)

To emphasize the new feature, the series was re-dubbed "Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color", which premiered in September 1961,[7] and retained that moniker until 1969. The first NBC episode even dealt with the principles of color, as explained by a new character named Ludwig Von Drake (voiced by Paul Frees), a bumbling professor with a thick German accent, and uncle of Donald Duck. Von Drake was the first Disney character created specifically for television.

Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color title sequence

Walt Disney died on December 15, 1966, twelve years after the anthology series premiered. While the broadcast three days after his death had a memorial tribute from NBC news anchor Chet Huntley with film and TV star Dick Van Dyke,[8] the intros Walt already filmed before his death continued to air for the rest of the season. After that, the studio decided that Walt's persona as host was such a key part of the show's appeal to viewers that the host segment was dropped. The series, retitled, '"The Wonderful World of Disney"', in September 1969, continued to get solid ratings, often in the Top 20, until the mid-1970s.

In 1976, Disney showed its hit 1961 film The Parent Trap on television for the first time, as a two-and-a-half-hour special. This was a major step in broadcasting for the studio, which had never shown one of its more popular films on television in a time slot longer than an hour (although they had shown their films Now You See Him, Now You Don't and Napoleon and Samantha respectively in a two-hour format in 1975).[9] They also began showing some of their multi-episode television programs, such as the 1963 Sammy The Way-Out Seal, as televised feature films on the anthology series. A slightly edited version of the Disney classic 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea made its television debut as a two-hour special on NBC in October 1976.[9] Several more Disney films, some of them not especially successful (such as Superdad, an outright flop) were also shown in two-hour formats on the program that year. But the multi-episode format for feature films was not discontinued; as late as 1981, films such as Pollyanna were still being shown on the Disney program in several installments a week apart.[9]

During the early 1970s, the show began to concentrate less and less on animated cartoons and dramatic or comedy films and began to place an emphasis on nature-oriented programs such as the True-Life Adventures.[9]

The show's continued ratings success in the post-Walt era came to an end in the 1975/76 season. At this time, Walt Disney Productions was facing a decline in fortunes due to falling box-office revenues, while NBC as a whole was slipping in the ratings as well. The show became even more dependent on airings of live-action theatrical features, its True-Life Adventures, reruns of older episodes, and cartoon compilations. Nothing from the Disney animated features canon aired except Alice in Wonderland and Dumbo. However, in an era when cable TV was in its infancy and VCRs did not exist, this was the only way to see Disney material that was not re-released to theaters. Additionally, in 1975, when CBS regained the broadcast rights to MGM's film The Wizard of Oz, it was scheduled opposite Disney, as it had been between 1960 and 1968. At that time, telecasts of that film were highly-rated annual events which largely attracted the same family audience as the Disney series. From 1968 to 1975, when NBC owned the rights to Oz, (which it had bought from CBS in 1967) it usually pre-empted Disney to show it. However, the show's stiffest weekly competition came from CBS's newsmagazine 60 Minutes.

In 1975, an amendment to the Prime Time Access Rule gave the Sunday 7:00 p.m. ET slot back to the networks, allowing NBC to move Disney back a half-hour. It also allowed CBS to schedule 60 Minutes at 7:00 p.m. ET starting December 7; before this, 60 Minutes had been telecast at 6:00 p.m. ET and did not begin its seasons until after the NFL football season ended. Disney fell out of the Top 30 while 60 Minutes saw its ratings rise greatly. In September 1979, the studio agreed to the network's request for changes. The show shortened its name to "Disney's Wonderful World", updated the opening sequence with a computer-generated logo and disco-flavored theme song, but kept the format largely the same. After comparing the ratings strength of 60 Minutes to the continuing problems of this show; low ratings, less and less original material, and frequent[citation needed] pre-emptions, NBC cancelled Disney in 1981.

1980s[edit]

CBS picked up the program in the fall of 1981 [5] and moved it to Saturday night at 8:00 p.m. Despite more elaborate credits and yet another title—now simply, Walt Disney—the format remained unchanged. It lasted two years there, its end coinciding with the birth of The Disney Channel on cable TV. While ratings were a factor, the final decision to end the show came from then-company CEO E. Cardon Walker, who felt that having both the show and the new channel active would cannibalize each other.[10]

After the studio underwent a change in management, the series was revived on ABC after three years of absence from the airwaves, it appeared as a two-hour program beginning February 2, 1986,[5] under the title, The Disney Sunday Movies (in the summer, the series was temporarily titled Disney Summer Classics), with new CEO Michael Eisner hosting. Eisner was not the first choice. Many names were considered including Julie Andrews, Dick Van Dyke, Cary Grant (who was asked but turned it down), Tom Hanks (Eisner felt he was "too young" and turned him down),[10] Walter Cronkite, Roy E. Disney (who closely resembled his uncle), and even Mickey Mouse.[11] Eisner was persuaded to do it. He was not a performer, but after making a test video with his wife Jane and a member of his executive team (which required multiple takes), the studio believed he could do it. He hired Michael Kay, a director of political commercials for then-U.S. Senator Bill Bradley, to help him improve his on-camera performance.[11]

The Disney Sunday Movies offered more original programming and a larger selection of library films than the Disney program had in the last few years of its original run, including another animated canon entry, 1973's Robin Hood. However, it still faced heavy competition from CBS; not only from 60 Minutes but now from the top-rated Murder, She Wrote at 8:00 p.m. ET. In the fall of 1987, ABC cut the show down to an hour. It moved back to NBC in 1988 under the new title The Magical World of Disney, where the competition problems it faced on ABC remained unchanged. NBC cancelled the show in 1990, and the title was used as a Sunday night umbrella for movies and specials on The Disney Channel from then until 1997; Eisner continued to host. The old name of The Wonderful World of Disney was used throughout the early part of the decade on many network specials.

1990s and 2000s[edit]

The series was revived once again on ABC in 1997,[5] one year after Disney purchased ABC. Again called The Wonderful World of Disney, it ran on Sundays until 2003, when it moved to Saturday night; it continued in that time slot until 2008 (airing in the midseason of 2005/06 and the summers of 2007 and 2008). Since 2005, Disney features have been split between ABC, NBC, the Hallmark Channel, ABC Family, and Disney Channel Southeast Asia via separate broadcast rights deals. The show aired during the television midseason and/or the summer as an anthology series similar to Hallmark Hall of Fame with features such as the 2005 made-for-TV movie version of Once Upon a Mattress or commercial TV broadcasts of various films. The series finale aired Wednesday 8:00 p.m. ET on December 24, 2008, with a presentation of The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe.

2010s[edit]

On March 23, 2012, the program was revived on the Disney Junior television network and was renamed The Magical World of Disney Junior.[1]

Reruns[edit]

Around the same time as the 1980s ABC and NBC incarnations aired, reruns of older Disney episodes, airing under the Wonderful World of Disney banner, were syndicated to local stations in the United States as well as various International markets. In Australia, the show was broadcast on Network Seven, on Saturday Nights at 6:30pm, prior to being ended in 1994 due to the premiere of The Disney Channel on Optus Vision (later Foxtel), and Saturday Disney replacing the show as the Channel's Disney-based program.

Reruns of the shows were a staple of The Disney Channel for several years under the title Walt Disney Presents (which used the same title sequence as the 1980s CBS incarnation), when it was an outlet for vintage Disney cartoons, TV shows and movies, basically serving the same function that the anthology series served in the days before cable. The original opening titles were restored to the episodes in the late 1990s. When the channel purged all vintage material as of September 16, 2002,[12] this show went with it. However, a few select episodes can be found on VHS or DVD (some being exclusive to the Disney Movie Club), with the possibility of more being issued in the future.

Recently, live-action Disney films from the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s have been telecast commercial-free, uncut and letterboxed on Turner Classic Movies.

All of the episodes and existing material used in the series through 1996 are listed in the book The Wonderful World of Disney Television, by Bill Cotter (Hyperion Books, 1997 ISBN 0-7868-6359-5.)

Format[edit]

The original format consisted of a balance of theatrical cartoons, live-action features, and informational material. Much of the original informational material was to create awareness for Disneyland. In spite of being essentially ads for the park, entertainment value was emphasized as well to make the shows palatable. Some informational shows were made to promote upcoming studio feature films such as 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea and Darby O'Gill and the Little People. Some programs focused on the art and technology of animation itself.

Later original programs consisted of dramatizations of other historical figures and legends along the lines of the Davy Crockett mini-series. These included Daniel Boone (not the Fess Parker characterization), Texas John Slaughter, Elfego Baca, Francis Marion, the "Swamp Fox", and Kit Carson and the Mountain Man (1977), with Christopher Connelly as Kit Carson, Robert Reed as John C. Fremont, and Gregg Palmer as mountain man Jim Bridger.

Also included were nature and animal programs similar to the True-Life Adventures released in theatres, as well as various dramatic installments which were either one part or two, but sometimes more.

Each week, from its inception until the show went to NBC in 1961, the opening titles showed the entrance to Disneyland itself, as well as the four main sections of Disneyland: Fantasy Land, Frontier Land, Adventure Land, and Tomorrow Land. Then, one of these lands was identified as the main feature of that evening's program. Naturally "Davy Crockett" and other pioneers of the Old West, and American History generally, appeared in "Frontier Land". Similarly, "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea" might be the focus of an evening spent in "Adventure Land". But it was also possible to present a documentary on "The Making of Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea" as a topic for "Adventure Land", including only snippets from the actual film. Topics for "Fantasy Land" could include actual cartoons, and animated films, as well as documentaries on "The Making of ...", such as behind-the-scenes presentation of Peggy Lee singing the duet of the wicked Siamese cats in "Lady and the Tramp", or the barbershop quartet of lost dogs in the municipal Dog Pound. This might also include snippets from a "True-Life Adventure" documentary on the life and works of beavers and their dam-building. The use of stroboscopic stop-action photography, such as investigating what really happened when a rain-drop fell in a puddle, might appear, as part of a "Fantasy Land" episode, explaining the techniques of cartoon animation. The multi-plane camera used to create the three-dimensional effects of "Bambi" was another "Fantasy Land" topic. In one episode, four different artists were given the task of drawing the same tree.[citation needed] Each artist used his own preferred ways of drawing, and of imagining a tree.[citation needed] This led to cartoon examples of differently animated trees, as in some of the early "Silly Symphonies", and later full-length animated films. "Fantasy Land" was an opportunity for the Disney Studio staff to present cutting-edge science and technology, and to predict possible futures, such as futuristic automobiles, and highways.

This format remained basically unchanged through the 1980s, though new material was scarce in later years.

When the show was revived in 1986, the format was similar to a movie-of-the-week, with family-oriented TV movies from the studio making up much of the material. Theatrical films were also shown, but with the advent of cable television and home video, they were not as popular. The 1997 revival followed this format as well, with rare exceptions. A miniseries entitled Little House on the Prairie ran for several weeks under the TWWOD banner. Incidentally, this ABC revival included some non-Disney family films under the banner, such as 20th Century Fox's The Sound of Music and Warner Bros.' Harry Potter films, as well as television films such as Princess of Thieves from Granada Productions, and the 2001 remake of Brian's Song from Sony Pictures Television.

Theme music[edit]

The series has had numerous theme songs, most frequently using various arrangements of "When You Wish upon a Star" from the film Pinocchio. From 1961 to 1969, an original song was used, "The Wonderful World of Color," written by Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman & composed by Buddy Baker. This song emphasized the use of color with its lyrics. From 1969 to 1979, The Wonderful World of Disney used an orchestral medley of various Disney songs.

Ratings[edit]

Seasonal Nielsen ratings[edit]

NetworkSeasonTimeslotTV SeasonSeason PremiereSeason FinaleSeason
Rank
Viewers (m)
ABC1Wednesday 7:30 PM ET1954–1955October 27, 1954July 13, 1955#612.00
21955–1956September 14, 1955May 30, 1956#413.05
31956–1957September 12, 1956June 5, 1957#1412.37
41957–1958September 11, 1957May 14, 1958
5Friday 8:00 PM ET1958–1959October 3, 1958May 29, 1959
6Friday 7:30 PM ET1959–1960October 2, 1959April 1, 1960
7Sunday 6:30 PM ET1960–1961October 16, 1960June 11, 1961
NBC8Sunday 7:30 PM ET1961–1962September 24, 1961April 15, 1962#2311.02
91962–1963September 23, 1962March 24, 1963#2411.22
101963–1964September 29, 1963May 17, 1964#2111.87
111964–1965September 20, 1964April 4, 1965#1113.54
121965–1966September 19, 1965April 10, 1966#1712.49
131966–1967September 11, 1966April 2, 1967#1911.85
141967–1968September 10, 1967April 28, 1968#2511.73
151968–1969September 15, 1968March 23, 1969#2212.41
161969–1970September 14, 1969March 29, 1970#913.81
171970–1971September 13, 1970March 14, 1971#1413.46
181971–1972September 19, 1971April 9, 1972#1913.66
191972–1973September 17, 1972April 1, 1973#915.23
201973–1974September 16, 1973March 13, 1974#1314.76
211974–1975September 15, 1974March 23, 1975#1815.07
22Sunday 7:00 PM ET1975–1976September 14, 1975July 25, 1976
231976–1977September 26, 1976May 22, 1977
241977–1978September 18, 1977June 4, 1978
251978–1979September 17, 1978May 13, 1979
261979–1980September 17, 1979July 27, 1980
271980–1981September 14, 1980August 16, 1981
CBS28Saturday 8:00 PM ET1981–1982September 26, 1981July 31, 1982
291982–1983September 25, 1982September 24, 1983
ABC30Sunday 7:00 PM ET1985–1986February 2, 1986June 22, 1986
311986–1987September 21, 1986August 30, 1987
321987–1988October 4, 1987May 22, 1988
NBC331988–1989October 9, 1988July 23, 1989
341989–1990October 1, 1989August 26, 1990
ABC351997–1998September 28, 1997May 18, 1998#3013.50[13]
361998–1999September 27, 1998May 30, 1999#4511.90[14]
371999–2000September 26, 1999May 14, 2000#2912.82[15]
382000–2001October 8, 2000May 31, 2001#3912.10[16]
392001–2002September 16, 2001May 19, 2002#3811.20[17]
402002–2003November 3, 2002July 27, 2003#5310.10[18]
41Saturday 8:00 PM ET2003–2004September 27, 2003May 10, 2004#997.39[19]
422004–2005October 16, 2004June 17, 2005#966.93[20]
432005–2006November 3, 2005July 8, 2006#1375.30[21]
442006–2007December 16, 2006August 4, 2007#208[22]4.28[23]
452007–2008December 23, 2007December 24, 2008#172[24]4.01[25]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Emmy Awards[edit]

Won[edit]

  1. Best Individual Program of the Year (Operation Undersea, 1955)
  2. Best Television Film Editing (Lynn Harrison, Grant K. Smith, Operation Undersea, 1955)
  3. Best Action or Adventure Series (1956)
  4. Best Producer – Film Series (Walt Disney, 1956)
  5. Outstanding Program Achievement in the Field of Children's Programming (1963)
  6. Outstanding Program Achievements in Entertainment (Walt Disney, 1965)
  7. Special Classification of Outstanding Program and Individual Achievement – Programs (Ron Miller, executive producer, 1971)
  8. Outstanding Main Title Design (1998)

Nominated[edit]

  1. Best Television Film Editing (Chester W. Schaeffer, "Davy Crockett: Indian Fighter", 1955)
  2. Best Single Program of the Year ("Davy Crockett and River Pirates", 1956)
  3. Best Musical Contribution for Television (Oliver Wallace, 1957)
  4. Outstanding Program Achievement in the Field of Children's Programming (1962)
  5. Outstanding Program Achievements in the Fields of Variety and Music – Variety (1962)
  6. Outstanding Children's Program (Walt Disney, Ron Miller (Further Adventures of Gallagher, 1966)
  7. Outstanding Achievement in Children's Programming – Programs (Ron Miller, executive producer, 1969)
  8. Outstanding Achievement in Children's Programming – Programs (Ron Miller, executive producer, 1970)
  9. Special Classification of Outstanding Program and Individual Achievement – General Programming (Ron Miller, producer, 1972)
  10. Special Classification of Outstanding Program Achievement (Ron Miller, executive producer, 1977)
  11. Outstanding Children's Program (The Art of Disney Animation, 1981) [26]

Home video[edit]

Several home video releases have included episodes of the anthology series.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Disney Junior Takes Next Big Step, Launches as a 24-Hour Channel on Friday, March 23
  2. ^ a b c "Walt Disney Presents (a Titles & Air Dates Guide)". Epguides.com. 2012-08-05. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  3. ^ "Disneyland (1955)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  4. ^ Cotter, Bill (1997). The Wonderful World of Disney Television. New York: Hyperion Books. p. 17. ISBN 0-7868-6359-5. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color - Company Credits". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  6. ^ "Chronology of Disneyland Theme Park (1960-1965)". Islandnet.com. 1956-02-01. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  7. ^ "The Story of Color Television". 161.58.9.168. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  8. ^ Brooks, Tim; Earle Marsh (1985). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946–present (3rd ed.). New York: Ballantine. p. 1092. ISBN 0-345-31864-1. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Appendix B - The Anthology Series". Billcotter.com. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  10. ^ a b Stewart, James B. (2005). "1". Disneywar (1st ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. pp. 76–78. ISBN 0-684-80993-1. 
  11. ^ a b Masters, Kim (2000). "13". The Keys to the Kingdom: The Rise of Michael Eisner and the Fall of Everybody Else (2nd ed.). New York: HarperCollins. pp. 189–190. ISBN 0-06-662109-7. 
  12. ^ Hill, Jim (September 6, 2002). "Vhat Vood Vault Do?". Jim Hill Media. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  13. ^ "The Final Countdown". EW.com. 1998-05-29. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  14. ^ "Final ratings for the 1998-1999 TV season". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  15. ^ Justin Oppelaar (2002-10-09). "Charts all shook up". Variety. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  16. ^ "The Bitter End". EW.com. 2001-06-01. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  17. ^ "USATODAY.com - How did your favorite show rate?". Usatoday30.usatoday.com. 2002-05-28. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  18. ^ "Rank And File". EW.com. 2003-06-06. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  19. ^ "ABC Medianet". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  20. ^ "ABC Medianet". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  21. ^ "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. 2006-05-23. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  22. ^ "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. 2007-06-05. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  23. ^ "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. 2007-08-21. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  24. ^ "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. 2008-05-28. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  25. ^ "ABC Medianet". ABC Medianet. 2008-08-05. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 
  26. ^ "Awards for Disneyland (1956)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2013-10-15. 

External links[edit]