Walnut Creek, California

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City of Walnut Creek
City
Walnut Creek as seen from Acalanes Open Space
Walnut Creek as seen from Acalanes Open Space
Location of Walnut Creek within California
Location of Walnut Creek within California
Coordinates: 37°54′23″N 122°03′54″W / 37.90639°N 122.06500°W / 37.90639; -122.06500Coordinates: 37°54′23″N 122°03′54″W / 37.90639°N 122.06500°W / 37.90639; -122.06500
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyContra Costa
First settled1849[1]
IncorporatedOctober 21, 1914[1]
Government
 • TypeGeneral Law[2]
 • City CouncilMayor Cindy Silva[3]
Mayor pro tem Kristina Lawson[3]
Bob Simmons[3]
Justin Wedel[3]
Loella Haskew[3]
 • State Leg.Sen. Mark DeSaulnier (D)[4]
Asm. Susan Bonilla (D) and Joan Buchanan (D)[5]
 • U. S. CongressGeorge Miller (D)[6]
Area[7]
 • Total19.769 sq mi (51.201 km2)
 • Land19.757 sq mi (51.169 km2)
 • Water0.012 sq mi (0.031 km2)  0.06%
Elevation131 ft (40 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total64,173
 • Density3,200/sq mi (1,300/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes94595–94598
Area code(s)925
FIPS code06-83346
GNIS feature IDs1660120, 2412174
Websitewww.walnut-creek.org
 
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City of Walnut Creek
City
Walnut Creek as seen from Acalanes Open Space
Walnut Creek as seen from Acalanes Open Space
Location of Walnut Creek within California
Location of Walnut Creek within California
Coordinates: 37°54′23″N 122°03′54″W / 37.90639°N 122.06500°W / 37.90639; -122.06500Coordinates: 37°54′23″N 122°03′54″W / 37.90639°N 122.06500°W / 37.90639; -122.06500
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyContra Costa
First settled1849[1]
IncorporatedOctober 21, 1914[1]
Government
 • TypeGeneral Law[2]
 • City CouncilMayor Cindy Silva[3]
Mayor pro tem Kristina Lawson[3]
Bob Simmons[3]
Justin Wedel[3]
Loella Haskew[3]
 • State Leg.Sen. Mark DeSaulnier (D)[4]
Asm. Susan Bonilla (D) and Joan Buchanan (D)[5]
 • U. S. CongressGeorge Miller (D)[6]
Area[7]
 • Total19.769 sq mi (51.201 km2)
 • Land19.757 sq mi (51.169 km2)
 • Water0.012 sq mi (0.031 km2)  0.06%
Elevation131 ft (40 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total64,173
 • Density3,200/sq mi (1,300/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes94595–94598
Area code(s)925
FIPS code06-83346
GNIS feature IDs1660120, 2412174
Websitewww.walnut-creek.org

Walnut Creek is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States, located 16 miles (26 km) east of the city of Oakland in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. Although not as large as neighboring Concord, Walnut Creek serves as a hub for the neighboring cities within central Contra Costa County, due in part to its location at the junction of the highways from Sacramento and San Jose (I-680) and San Francisco/Oakland (SR-24), as well as its accessibility by BART. The city's total estimated population, as of 2011, is 65,211.

History[edit]

Downtown Walnut Creek

There are three bands of Bay Miwok Indians associated with early Walnut Creek:[8][9] the Saclan, whose territory extended through the hills east of present day Oakland, Rossmoor, Lafayette, Moraga, and Walnut Creek; the Volvon (also spelled Bolbon, Wolwon, and Zuicun) at Mt. Diablo; and the Tactan at Danville and Walnut Creek, on San Ramon Creek.

Today's Walnut Creek is located amidst the earlier site of four Mexican land grants. One of these land grants – measuring 18,000 acres (73 km2) – belonged to Juana Sanchez de Pacheco, who deeded it to her two grandsons. Ygnacio Sibrian, one of the grandsons, created the first roofed home in the valley in about 1850. The grant was called Rancho Arroyo de Las Nueces y Bolbones, named after the principal waterway, Arroyo de las Nueces (Walnut Creek) as well as for the local group of indigenous Americans (Bolbones). The Arroyo de los Nueces was named for the occurrence in the valley of the native species of walnut tree, the California Walnut.

With the coming of American settlers following the Mexican-American War, a small settlement called "The Corners" emerged, named because it was the place where roads from Pacheco and Lafayette met. The site of this first American settlement is found today at the intersection of Mt. Diablo Boulevard and North Main Street. The first town settler was William Slusher, who built a dwelling on the bank of Walnut Creek, which was called "Nuts Creek" by the Americans in 1849. In the year 1855, Milo Hough of Lafayette built the hotel named "Walnut Creek House" in the corners. A blacksmith shop and a store soon joined the hotel, and a year later, Hiram Penniman (who built Shadelands Ranch) laid out the town site and realigned the Main Street of today. Two decades later, the community changed its name from The Corners to Walnut Creek.

In December 1862 a United States Post Office was established, and the community was named "Walnut Creek".[10] The downtown street patterns laid out in 1871–1872 by pioneer Homer Shuey on a portion of one of his family's large cattle ranches are still present today.

Walnut Creek began to grow with the arrival of Southern Pacific Railroad service in 1891. On October 21, 1914, the town and the surrounding area of 500 acres (2 km2), were incorporated as the 8th city in Contra Costa County.

A branch line of the Southern Pacific railroad ran through Walnut Creek until the late 1970s. The East Bay Regional Park District's Iron Horse Trail, used by walkers, runners and bikers, runs over what were portions of that branch line.[11] The mainline of the Sacramento Northern Railway passed through Walnut Creek. Both railroads had stations here. Today, the Pittsburg/Bay Point – SFO Line line of the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) serves Walnut Creek with a station adjacent to Highway 680.

With the downtown opening of the Broadway Shopping Center (now Broadway Plaza), Contra Costa County's first major retail center, in 1951, the city took off in a new direction, and its population more than tripled from 2,460 in 1950 to 9,903 in 1960.

Today, Walnut Creek, the actual waterway, has been routed underneath downtown through a series of tunnels starting at the southwest end of Macy's and ending just southwest of Maria Maria Restaurant and bar.

Geography and climate[edit]

Walnut Creek is located at 37°54′23″N 122°03′54″W / 37.90639°N 122.06500°W / 37.90639; -122.06500.[12] Portions lie in both the San Ramon Valley and the Ygnacio Valley below the western slopes of Mount Diablo.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.8 sq mi (51.2 km2), 0.06% of which is water.

Climate[edit]

Walnut Creek's warm summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa) is typical of California's interior valleys. In summer, high pressure is in control of the region, leading to almost unbroken sunshine and virtually no precipitation. Days start out cool but quickly warm up, with high temperatures normally in the 80s Fahrenheit (27 to 32 °C). Temperatures of 100 °F (38 °C) or hotter occur numerous times during heatwaves, however. In the winter, the jet stream moves far enough south so that Pacific storms can reach Walnut Creek, bringing much-needed rain—average annual rainfall approximates 20 inches (510 mm), with slight variations occurring in microclimates based on elevation and topography. During particularly cold storms, snow falls on the peak of nearby Mount Diablo, but snow in the valley floor is very rare. There are also plenty of clear, mild days in winter, often with morning frost. The climate allows for the successful cultivation of many plants and crops, being warm enough for citrus yet cold enough for apples. The Ruth Bancroft Garden is a renowned botanical garden that showcases the diversity of plants that can be successfully grown.

Climate data for WALNUT CREEK 2 ESE, California (1893–1974)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)80
(27)
83
(28)
97
(36)
94
(34)
103
(39)
109
(43)
115
(46)
112
(44)
114
(46)
101
(38)
89
(32)
76
(24)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C)55
(13)
61
(16)
65
(18)
71
(22)
76
(24)
83
(28)
88
(31)
87
(31)
84
(29)
77
(25)
66
(19)
56
(13)
72.4
(22.4)
Average low °F (°C)36
(2)
38
(3)
40
(4)
43
(6)
47
(8)
52
(11)
54
(12)
54
(12)
52
(11)
46
(8)
41
(5)
37
(3)
45.0
(7.2)
Record low °F (°C)17
(−8)
21
(−6)
24
(−4)
28
(−2)
32
(0)
34
(1)
38
(3)
41
(5)
36
(2)
27
(−3)
23
(−5)
18
(−8)
17
(−8)
Precipitation inches (mm)4.52
(114.8)
3.62
(91.9)
2.47
(62.7)
1.38
(35.1)
0.56
(14.2)
0.14
(3.6)
0.01
(0.3)
0.04
(1)
0.24
(6.1)
1.05
(26.7)
2.26
(57.4)
3.83
(97.3)
20.12
(511.1)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)109853100136953
Source: [13][14]

Open space[edit]

Shell Ridge Open Space

Walnut Creek owns more open space per capita than any other community in the state of California. In 1974, Walnut Creek voters approved a $6.7 million bond measure that allowed the city to purchase 1,800 acres (730 ha) of undeveloped hillsides, ridge lines, and park sites. Walnut Creek owns parts of Lime Ridge Open Space, Shell Ridge Open Space, Acalanes Ridge Open Space, and Sugarloaf Open Space.

The East Bay Regional Park District operates Diablo Foothills Regional Park and Castle Rock Regional Recreation Area, both in Walnut Creek.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870250
188094−62.4%
1890447375.5%
19004470.0%
191055023.0%
1920538−2.2%
19301,01488.5%
19401,57855.6%
19502,42053.4%
19609,903309.2%
197039,844302.3%
198053,64334.6%
199060,56912.9%
200064,2966.2%
201064,173−0.2%
Est. 201165,2111.6%
[15]
2011 estimate

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[16] reported that Walnut Creek had a population of 64,173. The population density was 3,246.2 people per square mile (1,253.4/km²). The racial makeup of Walnut Creek was 50,487 (78.7%) White, 1,035 (1.6%) African American, 155 (0.2%) Native American, 8,027 (12.5%) Asian, 125 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 1,624 (2.5%) from other races, and 2,720 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5,540 persons (8.6%).

The Census reported that 63,171 people (98.4% of the population) lived in households, 176 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 826 (1.3%) were institutionalized.

There were 30,443 households, out of which 6,363 (20.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 13,305 (43.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,071 (6.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 844 (2.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,286 (4.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 298 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 11,884 households (39.0%) were made up of individuals and 6,424 (21.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08. There were 16,220 families (53.3% of all households); the average family size was 2.79.

The population was spread out with 10,719 people (16.7%) under the age of 18, 3,599 people (5.6%) aged 18 to 24, 15,137 people (23.6%) aged 25 to 44, 17,653 people (27.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 17,065 people (26.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.9 years. For every 100 females there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.0 males.

There were 32,681 housing units at an average density of 1,653.2 per square mile (638.3/km²), of which 20,262 (66.6%) were owner-occupied, and 10,181 (33.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.7%. 43,079 people (67.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 20,092 people (31.3%) lived in rental housing units.

Demographic profile[17]2010
Total Population64,173 - 100.0%
One Race61,453 - 95.8%
Not Hispanic or Latino58,633 - 91.4%
White alone47,170 - 73.5%
Black or African American alone996 - 1.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native alone99 - 0.2%
Asian alone7,954 - 12.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone114 - 0.2%
Some other race alone148 - 0.2%
Two or more races alone2,152 - 3.4%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)5,540 - 8.6%

2000[edit]

Northgate community, looking towards Mt. Diablo

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 64,296 people, 30,301 households, and 16,544 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,246.9/km² (3,229.6/mi²). There were 31,425 housing units at an average density of 609.4/km² (1,578.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.89% White, 1.07% African American, 0.33% Native American, 9.36% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 1.96% from other races, and 3.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.99% of the population.

There were 30,301 households out of which 20.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.4% were non-families. 38.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the city the population was spread out with 17.6% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 25.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 85.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.5 males.

Education[edit]

Public K-12[edit]

Walnut Creek residents attend schools in 5 public school districts.[19] The Walnut Creek School District (K-8) has 5 elementary schools and one middle school in the city. Some residents are served by schools from the Mount Diablo Unified School District (K-12), the Acalanes Union High School District (9–12), the San Ramon Valley Unified School District (K-12), and the Lafayette School District (K-8). The following public schools are within the city limits of Walnut Creek:

Walnut Creek School District
Acalanes Union High School District
Mount Diablo Unified School District

Private K-12[edit]

Walnut Creek is home to several private K-12 schools, including

  • Berean Christian High School (Grades: 9 – 12)
  • Contra Costa Christian Schools (Grades: PK – 12)[20]
  • The Dorris-Eaton School (Grades: PK – 8)
  • Garden Gate Montessori School (Grades: PK – K)
  • North Creek Academy & Preschool (Grades: PK – 8)
  • Palmer School (Grades: K – 8)
  • St. Mary of the Immaculate Conception School (Grades: PK – 8)
  • Seven Hills School (Grades: PK – 8)
  • Springfield Montessori School (Grades: PK – K)
  • Walnut Creek Christian Academy (Grades: K – 8)[21]

Public libraries[edit]

Walnut Creek Library - "Journey of a Bottle" installation by Marta Thoma Hall

The Walnut Creek Library and the Ygnacio Valley Library of the Contra Costa County Library are located in Walnut Creek.[22][23] The Ygnacio Valley Branch, which opened in 1975, is also known as the Thurman G. Casey Memorial Library.[23]

On February 26, 2008, the city demolished the Walnut Creek Library, which was built in 1961 at the southern end of Civic Park. Mayor Gwen Regalia hosted a groundbreaking on the same site for the new library on May 19, 2008. The new library, designed by Group 4 Architecture, Research + Planning, Inc., has 42,000 square feet (3,900 m2) and an underground parking garage.[24] Construction was completed in 2010 and the library was officially opened on July 17, 2010.[25]

Fundraising and other support is provided by the Walnut Creek Library Foundation.

Economy[edit]

Companies based in Walnut Creek include Carollo Engineers, Central Garden & Pet (makers of AvoDerm, Amdro, Kaytee, among others),[26] American Reprographics Company, and the PMI Group. Walnut Creek is the headquarters of the Pac-12 Conference.[27][28]

Top employers[edit]

According to Walnut Creek's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[29] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1John Muir Health4,604
2Kaiser Permanente2,300
3Safeway1,275
4Nordstrom570
5IHC500
6United States Postal Service409
7Aetna400
8Macy's400
9City of Walnut Creek364
10HCR Manor Care360

Broadway Plaza[edit]

Broadway Plaza Shopping Center

The Broadway Plaza shopping center has anchor tenants Nordstrom, Macy's, and Neiman Marcus, and is part of the downtown retail and restaurant district. Roads are bicycle and pedestrian friendly, so local residents can travel from places to place by foot.[citation needed] The pedestrian walkways are filled with trees growing every five to ten feet apart.[citation needed] A County Connection bus dressed up like a trolley-car is a free shuttle provided by the city to bring BART travelers to the downtown area.

Culture[edit]

In 2012, the city was listed among the 10 best places to retire in the U.S. by CBS Money Watch and U.S. News.[30][31]

Lesher Center for the Arts

Lesher Center for the Arts
Three performance spaces (The Knight Stage 3, The Hoffman, and The Margaret Lesher theatres) and the Bedford Gallery are included in this modern building. The Center is named for Dean Lesher, newspaper publisher and founder of the Contra Costa Times.

Center Repertory Company
The Center Repertory Company is the in-house theater company for the Lesher Center for the Arts. It stages six productions a year, including the annual production of A Christmas Carol.

California Symphony
The California Symphony, notable for its commitment to the performance of music by American composers, has been based in Walnut Creek since its inception in 1986.

Festival Opera
The Festival Opera Association was founded in Walnut Creek in 1991 to preserve and advance the operatic art form. The company produces a free Opera in the Park in Civic Park in addition to main stage performances at the Lesher Center for the Arts.[32]

Company C Contemporary Ballet
Established in 2002, Company C commissions new work and performs historic modern ballet throughout the Bay Area. Past performances have featured the works of Twyla Tharp, Michael Smuin, Lynne Taylor-Corbett, Charles Anderson, and Antony Tudor,

Bedford Gallery
This 3,500-square-foot exhibition space hosts several exhibitions annually, featuring historic and modern art from contemporary artists. The gallery is a community-based facility that provides art workshops, lectures, and educational programs to the public throughout the year.

Civic Arts Education
A community arts education program offering classes to children and adults since 1964. Classes include beginning, intermediate and expert levels in ceramics, sculpture, dance, fiber arts, digital media, photography, drama, drawing, painting, printmaking, glass, jewelry and music. An arts-based preschool and youth arts center are popular year-round programs, all part of the City of Walnut Creek's Arts Recreation & Community Services Department.

Clay Arts Guild
The Clay Arts Guild (CAG) is a non-profit volunteer organization, established in 1964, supporting ceramics arts education under the Civic Arts Education program of Walnut Creek. Sculptors and potters have practiced, taught classes, and given masters seminars through its offices.

Public transit and bike trails[edit]

Ygnacio Valley Canal Trail to Lime Ridge Open Space

The city hosts two BART stations, the Walnut Creek station and the Pleasant Hill station (in the unincorporated area known as Contra Costa Centre Transit Village and the census-designated area called Waldon), just north of the city limits, named for the neighboring city). BART provides direct service from Walnut Creek to San Francisco heading west and Pittsburg heading east. Other major cities such as Berkeley and Fremont can be accessed via transfers. A free shuttle operates between the central district and Walnut Creek BART station. Other areas of Walnut Creek may be accessed at modest cost by using the buses of the Central Contra Costa Transit Authority. It is often preferable to take public transit in Walnut Creek due to the large number of auto accidents.[33]

Walnut Creek is transected by the Iron Horse Trail (running north/south) through its downtown, as well as the Contra Costa Canal Trail (running east/west) at the north end of the city. Both these trails, in addition to the many bike lanes in the city make bicycle transportation very feasible for recreation or for an alternative commute.

Media[edit]

The city of Walnut Creek is served by the daily newspaper, Contra Costa Times published by Bay Area News Group-East Bay (part of the Media News Group, Denver, Colorado), with offices in Walnut Creek. The paper was originally run and owned by the Lesher family. Since the death of Dean Lesher in 1993, the paper has had several owners. "The Times" as it is known, also has a section called "The Walnut Creek Journal".

Walnut Creek is also served by Walnut Creek Patch, a local news website covering community news and events. Patch Media is owned by AOL Inc.

Claycord.com is an independent news and talk blog serving the greater Walnut Creek metropolitan area.

Points of interest[edit]

Heather Farm Park - Ward Garden
Old Borges Ranch

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Walnut Creek has an active Sister Cities International program with two sister cities.[37]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b , walnut-creek.org, retrieved on 2007-10-08
  2. ^ Rovanpera, Brad (2006). State of the City, 2005–2006. Walnut Creek, California: City of Walnut Creek. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "City Council". Walnut Creek. Retrieved March 27, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 27, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 27, 2013. 
  6. ^ "California's 11th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 11, 2013. 
  7. ^ U.S. Census[dead link]
  8. ^ Forester, 2006.
  9. ^ Milliken, 1995
  10. ^ Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 719. ISBN 9781884995149. 
  11. ^ About the Iron Horse Corridor. Retrieved May 28, 2010.
  12. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Walnut Creek, California
  13. ^ "WALNUT CREEK 2 ESE, CALIFORNIA Period of Record General Climate Summary - Temperature". Wrcc.dri.edu. 2012-10-31. Retrieved 2013-08-19. 
  14. ^ "WALNUT CREEK 2 ESE, CALIFORNIA Period of Record General Climate Summary - Precipitation". Wrcc.dri.edu. 2012-10-31. Retrieved 2013-08-19. 
  15. ^ "Historical Census 1850-2010 - SDC - Demographic Research - California Department of Finance". Dof.ca.gov. Retrieved 2013-08-19. 
  16. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  17. ^ "Demographic Profile Bay Area Census". 
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ Walnut Creek City Council (April 4, 2006). "Walnut Creek General Plan 2025". pp. 2–15. Retrieved February 23, 2010 
  20. ^ "Contra Costa Christian School website". Cccss.org. Retrieved 2013-08-19. 
  21. ^ "Walnut Creek Christian Academy website". Wccaeagles.org. Retrieved 2013-08-19. 
  22. ^ "Walnut Creek Library." Contra Costa County Library. Retrieved on April 1, 2010.
  23. ^ a b "Ygnacio Valley Library." Contra Costa County Library. Retrieved on April 1, 2010.
  24. ^ City of Walnut Creek, Downtown Library Project, Construction on Track for New Library opening in 2010. Retrieved July 26, 2010.
  25. ^ Walnut Creek Library Foundation, New Walnut Creek Library Grand Opening, July 10, 2010.
  26. ^ "Central Garden & Pet » Corporate & Investor Relations". Central.com. Retrieved 2013-08-19. 
  27. ^ Coghlan, Megan. "Pac-12 commissioner Scott talks DirecTV, officiating". Arizona Daily Wildcat. "Pac-12 commissioner Larry Scott started his Saturday at the Pac-12 headquarters in Walnut Creek, Calif., ..." 
  28. ^ "About Pac-12 Conference | Pac". Pac-12 Conference. Retrieved 25 January 2014. 
  29. ^ "City of Walnut Creek CAFR". Retrieved May 30, 2011. 
  30. ^ Smith, Nancy F. (2012-03-08). "The 10 Best Places to Retire". Finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2013-08-19. 
  31. ^ Brandon, Emily (2011-10-17). "The 10 Best Places to Retire in 2012". Money.usnews.com. Retrieved 2013-08-19. 
  32. ^ Kosman, Joshua (11 July 2012). "Loyal base asked to benefit opera". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 11 April 2013. 
  33. ^ Appel, Thomas (04/09/2013). "Walnut Creek Traffic Accident Statistics 2012". www.appellawyer.com. The Appel Law Firm, LLC. Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  34. ^ DelVecchio, Rick (December 16, 2006). "RICHARD CARLSON: 1961–2006; 'Don't Sweat Small Stuff' author dies at 45". San Francisco Chronicle. article appeared on page B – 1 of the San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 5, 2010. 
  35. ^ Suchon, Josh (July 21, 2006). "Haren's home is in the East Bay". Oakland Tribune. Retrieved March 8, 2007. 
  36. ^ Richards, Sam (2013-07-10). "James McCoubrey, acknowledged as the oldest living man in California, dies in Walnut Creek at 111". mercurynews.com. Contra Costa Times. Retrieved 2013-07-10. 
  37. ^ "Walnut Creek – Sister City Program". City of Walnut Creek. Retrieved January 18, 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]