Wake (ceremony)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about funeral ceremony. For other uses, see wake (disambiguation).
Wake (museum display)

A wake is a ceremony associated with death. Traditionally, a wake takes place in the house of the deceased with the body present; however, modern wakes are often performed at a funeral home. In the United States and Canada it is synonymous with a viewing. It is often a social rite which highlights the idea that the loss is one of a social group and affects that group as a whole.[1]

The term originally referred to a late-night prayer vigil but is now mostly used for the social interactions accompanying a funeral. While the modern usage of the verb "wake" is "become or stay alert", a "wake" for the dead harks back to the antiquated "watch" or "guard" sense. This is contrary to the misconception that people at a wake are waiting in case the deceased should "wake up."[2]

Origin[edit]

The term wake originated from Middle English wakien, waken, from Old English wacan, to wake up and wacian, to be awake, keep watch.[3] and was originally used to denote a prayer vigil, often an annual event held on the feast day of the saint to whom a parish church was dedicated.[4] Over time the association with prayer has become less important, although not lost completely,[5] and in many countries a wake is now mostly associated with the social interactions accompanying a funeral.[2]

It used to be the custom in most Celtic countries in Europe for mourners to keep watch or vigil over their dead until they were buried — this was called a "wake".

With the change to the more recent practice of holding the wake at a funeral home rather than the home, the custom of providing refreshment to the mourners is often held directly after the funeral at the house or another convenient location.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1991 Metcalf, Peter & Richard Huntington. Celebrations of Death: The Anthropology of Mortuary Ritual. Cambridge Press, New York. Print.
  2. ^ a b [1] Ivan Brunetti; Wilton, David A. (2004). Word myths: debunking linguistic urban legends. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-517284-1. 
  3. ^ Anon. "Wake". The American Heritage Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Retrieved 8 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Harland, John; Wilkinson, T. T. (1873). "Pageants, maskings and mummings". Lancashire legends traditions, pageants. George Routledge and Sons. pp. 123–124. 
  5. ^ Lysik, David; Gilmour, Peter (September 1996). Now and at the Hour of Our Death: Instructions Concerning My Death and Funeral. Liturgy Training Publications. p. 28. ISBN 1568542860. 

External links[edit]