WPIX

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WPIX
WPIX11.svg
WPIX ThisTV.png
New York City, New York
BrandingPIX 11 (general)
PIX 11 News (newscasts)
(pronounced as "picks")
The CW PIX 11 (during promos for CW network shows)
SloganNew York Since 1948
ChannelsDigital: 11 (VHF)
Virtual: 11 (PSIP)
Subchannels(see article)
AffiliationsThe CW
OwnerTribune Broadcasting
(WPIX, LLC)
First air dateJune 15, 1948; 64 years ago (1948-06-15)
Call letters' meaningNew York's Picture (PIX) Newspaper (after nameplate slogan of the Daily News, its founding owner)
Former channel number(s)Analog:
11 (VHF, 1948–2009)
Digital:
33 (UHF, 1999–2002 and 2004–2009)
12 (VHF, 2002–2004)
Former affiliationsIndependent (1948–1995)
The WB (1995–2006)
Transmitter power7.5 kW
Height405 m (1,329 ft)
Facility ID73881
Transmitter coordinates40°44′54″N 73°59′10″W / 40.74833°N 73.98611°W / 40.74833; -73.98611
Licensing authorityFCC
Public license information:Profile
CDBS
Websitewww.pix11.com
 
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WPIX
WPIX11.svg
WPIX ThisTV.png
New York City, New York
BrandingPIX 11 (general)
PIX 11 News (newscasts)
(pronounced as "picks")
The CW PIX 11 (during promos for CW network shows)
SloganNew York Since 1948
ChannelsDigital: 11 (VHF)
Virtual: 11 (PSIP)
Subchannels(see article)
AffiliationsThe CW
OwnerTribune Broadcasting
(WPIX, LLC)
First air dateJune 15, 1948; 64 years ago (1948-06-15)
Call letters' meaningNew York's Picture (PIX) Newspaper (after nameplate slogan of the Daily News, its founding owner)
Former channel number(s)Analog:
11 (VHF, 1948–2009)
Digital:
33 (UHF, 1999–2002 and 2004–2009)
12 (VHF, 2002–2004)
Former affiliationsIndependent (1948–1995)
The WB (1995–2006)
Transmitter power7.5 kW
Height405 m (1,329 ft)
Facility ID73881
Transmitter coordinates40°44′54″N 73°59′10″W / 40.74833°N 73.98611°W / 40.74833; -73.98611
Licensing authorityFCC
Public license information:Profile
CDBS
Websitewww.pix11.com

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WPIX, channel 11, is a television station in New York City, New York serving as the flagship station of The CW Television Network. The station has been owned by the Tribune Company (currently operated through its Tribune Broadcasting division) since its inception.[1] WPIX's studios and offices are located at the Daily News Building in Midtown Manhattan, and its transmitter is located atop the Empire State Building. WPIX is also available as a regional superstation via satellite in the United States and Canada, and on cable television providers within the Northeastern United States.

Contents

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

ChannelVideoAspectPSIP Short NameProgramming
11.11080i16:9PIX11Main WPIX programming / The CW
11.2480i4:3AntennaTVAntenna TV
11.3ThisTVThis TV

In January 2011, Tribune launched its new digital subnetwork, Antenna TV, which aired on WPIX through a new digital subchannel 11.4. In May 2012, WPIX moved Antenna TV to digital subchannel 11.2, while digital subchannel 11.4 was removed (Estrella TV, which was carried on 11.4 at the time, is now affiliated with Port Jervis low-power station WASA-LD, which is owned by the network's parent company Liberman Broadcasting).

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

At 12:30 P.M. on June 12, 2009, WPIX discontinued regular analog programming on VHF channel 11 as part of the transition from analog to digital broadcasting in the United States.[2] The station moved its digital signal from UHF channel 33 to VHF channel 11.[3][4]

History[edit]

As an independent station[edit]

An early WPIX test pattern, 1948-1972.

WPIX debuted on June 15, 1948, as New York's fifth television station and second independent outlet.[5] It was also the second of three stations to launch in the New York market that year, one month after Newark-based independent WATV (channel 13, now WNET) and two months before ABC-owned WJZ-TV (channel 7, now WABC-TV). Like its longtime Chicago sister station WGN-TV (which first signed on two months before in April 1948), WPIX's call letters come from the slogan of the newspaper that founded the station – in this case, it was the New York Daily News, whose tagline was "New York's Picture Newspaper". Both the paper and the station were owned by the Tribune Company. Since 1948, WPIX's studios and offices have been located in the Daily News Building at Second Avenue and East 42nd Street (alternatively called "11 WPIX Plaza") in Midtown Manhattan. In its earliest years, WPIX had a secondary studio (called "Studio Five") at 110 Central Park South, where programs with a studio audience were produced.

WPIX Plaza, southwest corner of 2nd Avenue and 42nd Street.

Until becoming a Tribune-owned property outright in 1991, WPIX was operated separately from the company's other television and radio outlets through the News-owned license holder, WPIX, Incorporated – which in 1963, purchased New York radio station WBFM (101.9 MHz), and soon changed that station's call letters to WPIX-FM (which then became WQCD in 1988). British businessman Robert Maxwell bought the Daily News in 1991; Tribune retained WPIX and WQCD, but the radio station was sold to Emmis Communications in 1997 (it is now WFAN-FM). WPIX initially featured programming that was standard among independents: children's programs, movies, syndicated reruns of network programs, public affairs programming, religious programs and sports – specifically, the New York Yankees, whose baseball games WPIX carried from 1951 to 1998.

To generations of New York children, channel 11 was also the home of memorable personalities. In 1955, original WPIX staffer Joe Bolton, who had served as the station's weather forecaster, donned a policeman's uniform and became "Officer Joe", hosting several programs based around Little Rascals and Three Stooges films, and later Popeye animated shorts. Another early WPIX personality, Jack McCarthy, also hosted Popeye and Dick Tracy cartoons as "Captain Jack" in the early 1960s, though he was also the longtime host of channel 11's St. Patrick's Day parade coverage, from 1949 to 1992. WPIX aired a local version of Bozo the Clown (with Bill Britten in the role) from 1959 to 1964, and comic performers Chuck McCann and Allen Swift also hosted programs on WPIX during the mid-1960s before each moved to other entertainment work in Hollywood. Jazz singer Joya Sherrill hosted a weekday children's show, Time for Joya, later known as Joya's Fun School. Channel 11 produced the Magic Garden series, which ran on the station from 1972 to 1984. In the late 1970s and 1980s, "PIX Games", including basketball and Tic Tac Toe were played during commercial breaks of afternoon programs, in which kids would call into the station and have a chance to play for prizes.

WPIX's Circle 11 logo, used from 1969 to 1976 and 1986 to 1994.

From its early years through the 1960s, WPIX, like the other two major independents in New York – WOR-TV and WNEW-TV – struggled to acquire other programming. The station's famous "Circle 11" logo – predating the existence of the World Trade Center, which it closely resembled – was first unveiled in 1969 (a Yankee Stadium advertising billboard for WPIX with the "Circle 11" logo began appearing that year). By the mid-1970s, WPIX emerged as the second highest-rated independent station in the area, behind WNEW-TV.

The first 11 Alive logo, which was used from 1976 to 1982.

WPIX dropped the "Circle 11" when it adopted the "11 Alive" moniker in September 1976, though it continued to appear during station editorials until around 1982 (the "Alive" slogan was popularized by such stations as Atlanta's WXIA-TV, which has branded as "11 Alive" themselves ever since that same month, with the exception of a brief removal in 1995); the "Circle 11" logo returned as part of the "11 Alive" branding in 1984, before returning full-time when the prior moniker was dropped in the fall of 1986. Its relaunch featured a series of humorous promos in which a fictional station employee, "Henry Tillman", was searching for a "big idea" for something uniquely New York in nature to serve as the perfect WPIX symbol. The running gag in these ads was the fact that Tillman was constantly surrounded by – but never noticed – objects resembling a giant "11", most notably the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center.

In 1978, WPIX was uplinked to satellite and became a superstation that was available to cable providers throughout the U.S. (many providers carried WPIX's signal until the early 1990s, when most systems outside of the Northeastern United States began replacing WPIX with the superstation feed of WGN-TV,[6] though the station continues to be distributed through Dish Network domestically and on most cable and satellite providers throughout Canada). Two years later, WPIX, along with WOR-TV, began offering a 24-hour programming schedule.

During the late 1980s, WPIX experienced ratings declines that relegated the station to sixth place among New York's VHF stations, behind WNYW (which was now owned by Fox) and a resurgent WWOR (then owned by MCAUniversal).[citation needed] After president Levitt Pope stepped down as general manager (though remaining as president and CEO of WPIX), Michael Eigner was transferred from Los Angeles sister station KTLA to become WPIX's general manager; in 1989, the station engineered a slow turnaround that eventually resulted in WPIX becoming the leading independent station in the New York market. In 1994, the station became the exclusive home of the New York City Marathon, carrying the event for the next five years. It was during the initial broadcast of that event that the station unveiled a stylized "11" logo; the new numerical look eventually became the full-time logo, augmented with The WB's logo after the station affiliated with that network in 1995.

WB affiliation[edit]

WPIX's original "WB 11" logo, used from 1995 to 1999. A variant used from 1999 to 2006 had the "THE" box removed from The WB logo.

On November 2, 1993, the Warner Bros. Television division of Time Warner and Tribune Company announced the formation of The WB Television Network. Due to the company's ownership interest in the network (initially 12.5%, before expanding to 22%), Tribune signed the majority of its independent stations to serve as The WB's charter affiliates, resulting in WPIX becoming a network affiliate for the first time upon its January 11, 1995 debut.[7][8] Channel 11 could have been referred to as The WB's "flagship" station (even though WGN-TV is actually Tribune Broadcasting's flagship) – however this is a designation in name only. The station was verbally branded "The WB, Channel 11" (simply adding on The WB name to the "Channel 11" branding in use since 1986), until it was simplified to "WB11" in 1997. Initially, WPIX continued with its usual program schedule, as The WB had broadcast only on Wednesday nights at launch. But the station shifted direction as WB network and syndicated daytime programs (such as Maury and Jerry Springer) became more prominent on channel 11's schedule starting in 1996 at the expense of most of its local-interest programming. WPIX was once home to the St. Patrick's Day, National Puerto Rican Day and Columbus Day parades, and the Macy's Independence Day fireworks event. Along with the New York City Marathon, these events moved to WNBC-TV, and the Marathon and the Macy's show are now carried nationally on NBC.[citation needed]

Screencap of the frozen WPIX image from September 11, 2001.

In recent years, WPIX has revived The Yule Log, which combines Christmas music with a film loop of logs burning inside a fireplace. The film was made early in the holiday season of 1966 and shows a fire burning in the fireplace at New York's official mayoral residence, Gracie Mansion; it was done with the cooperation of then-Mayor John V. Lindsay. The Yule Log aired on Christmas Eve and/or Christmas morning, initially from 1966 to 1989, and was brought back by viewer demand in 2001. The revival of the Yule Log has proven to be just as popular, and several other Tribune-owned television stations (as well as WGN America and Antenna TV) have carried the WPIX version, complete with its audio soundtrack, on Christmas morning over the past several years. Channel 11 also airs a live broadcast of Midnight Mass from St. Patrick's Cathedral every Christmas Eve.

On September 11, 2001, the transmitter facilities of WPIX, eight other television stations and several radio stations in the New York City area were destroyed when two hijacked airplanes crashed into the North and South Towers of the World Trade Center, both of which collapsed as a result of fires caused by the impact. The station's lead engineer, Steve Jacobson, was among those who were killed in the tragic terrorist attack.[9] WPIX's satellite feed froze on the last video frame received from the World Trade Center mast, an image of the North Tower burning and the start of the impact of the South Tower; the image remained on screen for much of the day until WPIX was able to set up alternate transmission facilities (the microwave relay for WPIX's satellite feed was also located at the World Trade Center).[10] Since then, WPIX has transmitted its signal from the Empire State Building.[11]

CW affiliation[edit]

On January 24, 2006, Time Warner and CBS Corporation announced that the companies would partner to launch The CW Television Network, as a replacement for The WB and UPN, initially featuring a mix of programs carried over from those two networks and newer series.[12] Tribune signed a ten-year affiliation agreement with the network that saw 16 of its 19 WB affiliates join The CW, including WPIX.[13] The company also chose not to exercise an ownership interest in The CW – making WPIX the largest CW affiliate that is not owned by either CBS or Time Warner (although WPIX is the network's largest station by market size, CBS-owned WPSG/Philadelphia is The CW's official flagship station), and the largest English-language network affiliated station that is not an owned-and-operated station of its respective network, as well as the only major New York City television station that is not network-owned.

WPIX logo, used from September 18, 2006, to November 30, 2008. This logo was also used on St. Louis sister station KPLR-TV.

WPIX began transitioning its on-air branding to reflect its new CW affiliation during the summer of 2006, with the "CW11" branding and logo became official on September 17, 2006, during the station's 10 p.m. newscast, which aired following The WB's final night of programming and the night prior to The CW's official launch. Prior to the start of the newscast, the station aired a video montage of past WPIX logos, starting with a 1948 test pattern and concluding with the official unveiling of the new "CW11" logo.[14]

On April 2, 2007, Chicago investor Sam Zell announced plans to purchase the Tribune Company, with intentions to take the publicly traded firm private. The deal was completed on December 20, 2007.[15] Prior to the sale's closure, WPIX had been the only New York City commercial television station to have never been involved in an ownership transaction (Tribune subsequently filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 2008, due to debt accrued from costs from the company's privatization; it emerged from bankruptcy in December 2012 under the control of its senior debt holders Oaktree Capital Management, Angelo, Gordon & Co. and JPMorgan Chase).[16][17] The station began a gradual on-air transition in mid-October 2008 to a modernized "Circle 11" logo featuring a slimlined version of the WB-era "11" (the CW logo is sometimes used next to the "Circle 11", primarily in station promos for CW programs). The station then adopted the "PIX11" branding on December 1, 2008, the PIX call letters are pronounced phonetically, similar to the word "picks".[18]

On August 17, 2012, Cablevision removed WPIX from its New York area systems, part of a larger retransmission consent dispute between the Tribune Company and Cablevision in which its sister stations in Hartford, Philadelphia and Denver were removed from Cablevision's systems in those markets.[19] Cablevision accused Tribune of demanding higher carriage fees (that Cablevision claimed totaled in the tens of millions of dollars) to be used to help pay off debt, and alleged that it illegally bundled carriage agreements for WPIX and Hartford's WTIC-TV (which was initially unaffected, unlike sister station WCCT, due to a separate carriage agreement but was later pulled as well), which the company denied, stating it's approach complied with FCC regulations.[20] The stations and WGN America were restored due to an agreement reached on October 26, following a plea by Connecticut State Senator Gayle Slossberg for the FCC to intervene in the dispute.[21]

Local programming[edit]

News operation[edit]

WPIX's current 10 p.m. news open.

WPIX presently broadcasts 38 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with seven hours on weekdays and 1½ hours each on Saturdays and Sundays); in regards to the number of hours devoted to news programming, it is the second-highest local newscast output among New York City's broadcast television stations, falling behind Fox-owned WNYW's weekly news total by six hours.

News has played an important role on channel 11 from the station's beginnings. As most stations did in the late 1940s and early 1950s, WPIX aired filmed coverage of news events. The station's first news program, TelePIX Newsreel, was the first in New York to consist entirely of filmed coverage. From 1948 to 1965, WPIX produced a 6:30 p.m. newscast entitled Three Star News, which was named due to the program's three-anchor format: Kevin Kennedy reading the world and national news, John Tillman reporting local New York City news and Joe Bolton as the weatherman. Bolton was later assigned to host children's programming and was replaced by Gloria Okon. The broadcast was cancelled after a FCC complaint that some of Tillman's "man on the street" interviews were staged with paid actors, most notable of which was a "pro-Castro sympathizer" who was "interviewed" with a copy of the Daily Worker newspaper conveniently tucked under his arm.[citation needed]

WPIX also produced many acclaimed news documentaries during the 1950s and early 1960s through its WPIX International production arm. Among its productions included The Secret Life of Adolf Hitler; Cuba, Castro and Communism; and The Most Powerful Woman of the Century, a profile of Eva Perón. Channel 11's efforts first got attention when the station covered the collision, and later, sinking of the New York-bound oceanliner SS Andrea Doria off the coast of Nantucket in 1956. From 1977 to 1984, WPIX used the Action News title and format for its local news programs. The station aired a half-hour newscast at 7:30 p.m., and a one-hour program (which at some points, also ran for 30 minutes) at 10 p.m.[citation needed]

WPIX produced and syndicated Independent Network News (or "INN"), a national newscast that was distributed to independent stations from June 1980 to June 1990. The program featured the same on-air staff as WPIX's local newscasts and was broadcast from the same news studio, with INN logos covering the station's own logo on various set pieces. WPIX transmitted the national show's live feed weeknights at 9:30 p.m. (ET).[22] In New York City, WPIX paired a 10 p.m. replay of the national show with a live local newscast at 10:30 p.m., called the Action News Metropolitan Report. As part of a midday expansion of INN starting in 1981, channel 11 also experimented with a newscast at 12:30 p.m. During the decade, WPIX also produced two other programs syndicated to stations that carried the INN program: The Wall Street Journal Report, a business-oriented show; and From the Editor's Desk, a Sunday news discussion program hosted by Richard D. Heffner, host of the long-running public-affairs program The Open Mind.

WPIX was also famous for the many post-news editorials that were delivered by Richard N. Hughes, the station's vice president of news operations from 1969 to 1995. His editorials ended with the legendary tagline, "What's your opinion? We'd like to know". Periodically, he would read excerpts from viewers' letters in response to the editorials, invariably closing each excerpt by saying, "And that ends that quote". The station dropped the Action News format for its newscasts in 1984 and renamed its programs as The Independent News. In 1986, the national INN newscast was renamed USA Tonight and aired at 10 p.m., while the 7:30 program retained the Independent News title and the 10:30 local newscast was renamed New York Tonight. When INN was cancelled, the 7:30 program ended as well, and WPIX focused its efforts on the 10 p.m. newscast.

Over the years, channel 11 has won many awards for news, and was the first independent station to win a New York-area Emmy Award for outstanding newscast, first earning the statuette in 1979 and again in 1983. It was a significant comeback for a news operation that was accused of falsifying news reports in the late 1960s, such as labeling stock footage as being shown "via satellite", and saying a voice report was live from Prague when it had actually been made from a pay telephone in Manhattan. As a result, a group called Forum Communications – led by future PBS and NBC News president Lawrence Grossman – approached the FCC to challenge WPIX Inc.'s license to operate channel 11, but after years of litigation, WPIX and the Daily News prevailed in 1979. On June 5, 2000, WPIX launched a weekday morning newscast called the WB11 Morning News (now the PIX Morning News),[23] which has grown to challenge the established network morning programs as well as its more direct competitor, WNYW's Good Day New York.

On April 26, 2008, WPIX became the fourth television station in New York City to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition. The station resumed a half-hour early evening newscast on September 14, 2009, that ran nightly at 6:30 p.m.[24][25] On June 16, 2010, WPIX cancelled the 6:30 p.m. newscast (with the last broadcast airing on June 27), replacing the program with syndicated reruns.[26] Three months later on September 11, the station brought back an early evening newscast with the launch of a weekend-only 6 p.m. newscast (making WPIX the only television station in the United States ever to carry an early evening newscast on weekends, without an existing weekday news program in that daypart).[27] On September 20, 2010, WPIX expanded its weekday morning newscast to five hours, with the start time moving to 4 a.m.[28]

On October 11, 2010, changes for WPIX's weeknight 10 p.m. newscast took effect as Kaity Tong and Jim Watkins were removed as anchors of the weeknight program, replaced by Jodi Applegate as a solo anchor (Tong now solo anchors the weekend 6 and 10 p.m. newscasts and was moved to a field anchor position for the weeknight newscasts). The revamped newscast's first week was not well received by most viewers or critics, with the station fielding numerous complaints through phone calls, emails and Facebook comments,.[29] as well as a scathing review in the New York Daily News.[29] A Facebook page was created calling for Tong and Watkins's return to the weeknight 10 p.m. newscast.[30] In September 2011, WPIX relieved Jim Watkins of his duties as weekend anchor, and was replaced by Kaity Tong. These controversial changes were instituted by news director Bill Carey, who was notable for executing a 1996 mass firing of seven on-air news staffers from WCBS-TV; Carey stepped down as news director after three years on October 3, 2012, leaving before the start of the November sweeps ratings period (Mark Effron was named as his replacement in April 2013).[31][32]

In March 2011, WPIX shut down the sports department; Lolita Lopez transitioned to news reporting until her October 2011 departure and Glenn Petraitis left the station upon the department's closure. On September 12, 2011, WPIX moved back into early evening news on weeknights with an hour-long 5 p.m. newscast that is aimed at women between the ages of 18 and 49.[33]

News team[edit]

Current on-air staff[edit]

WPIX's primary news anchors are Tamsen Fadal (weekday mornings on PIX Morning News from 4-6 a.m.; currently interim weeknight 5 and 10 p.m. anchor);[34] Sukanya Krishnan (weekday mornings on PIX Morning News from 6-9 a.m.);[35] William "Lionel" Lebron (weekday mornings on PIX Morning News from 4-6 a.m.; also 10 p.m. commentator and PIX Morning News legal analyst);[36] Frances Rivera (weekday mornings on PIX Morning News from 6-9 a.m.)[37] Kaity Tong (weekends at 6 and 10 p.m.; also weeknight 5 and 10 p.m. fill-in anchor);[38] Dan Mannarino (weekends at 6 and 10 p.m. and weekday morning reporter);[39] and Craig Treadway (weekday morning on PIX Morning News from 4-6 a.m.).[40]

The station's weather team includes chief meteorologist Irv "Mr. G" Gikofsky (weeknights at 5 and 10 p.m.);[41] and meteorologists Craig Allen (AMS Seal of Approval; weekends at 6 and 10 p.m.);[42] Linda Church (AMS Seal of Approval; weekday mornings on PIX Morning News from 6-9 a.m.);[43] and Lisa Mateo (weekday mornings on PIX Morning News from 4-6 a.m., also weekday morning feature reporter).[44]

The station's general assignment reporters are Arthur Chi'en;[45] Narmeen Choudhury;[46] Kristin Cole (also fill-in evening anchor);[47] Mario Diaz;[48] Jay Dow;[49] James Ford;[50] Mike Gilliam (weekday morning reporter);[51] Magee Hickey;[52] Nicole Johnson;[53] Allison Kaden (weekday morning reporter)[54] Ellyn Marks;[55] Joe Mauceri;[56] Monica Morales (also fill-in moring anchor);[57] Erica Pitzi;[58] Marvin Scott (senior correspondent; also host of PIX News Closeup);[59] Mike Sheehan;[60] Howard Thompson (chief investigative reporter, "Help Me Howard");[61] Stephanie Tsoflias;[62] and Hilary Whittier (weekday morning reporter).[63] Specialty reporters are Mary Murphy (investigative reporter)[64] and Dr. Steve Salvatore (chief medical reporter; also host of Dr. Steve, Sundays at 6:30 p.m.).[65]

Commentators are Greg Mocker ("5@5" segment seen on the 5 p.m. newscast; also investigative reporter)[66] and Larry Mendte (seen weeknights at 5 and 10 p.m.; also fill-in anchor).[67]

Notable former on-air staff[edit]

Sports programming[edit]

WPIX served as the longtime over-the-air television broadcaster of the New York Yankees baseball team from 1951 to 1998. Most of that time, Phil Rizzuto serves as the primary announcer, who with his "Holy Cow" call became very popular especially through the 1970s. At various points, WPIX also aired the Major League Baseball New York Giants, the New York Giants of the NFL and New York Jets football teams, the NHL's New York Rangers and local college basketball. But it was through its coverage of Yankees baseball that WPIX gained perhaps its greatest fame and identity.

WPIX lost the broadcast rights for the Yankees to WNYW in 1998, moreso the result of regional cable sports networks (in this case, the Madison Square Garden Network) gaining team broadcast rights, leaving broadcast stations with fewer games to air.[68] In 1999, the station acquired rights to New York Mets games, which up until that point had spent their entire televised history with WOR/WWOR.[69] Ironically in 2005, over-the-air Yankees broadcasts began airing on WWOR, which was as synonymous with the Mets as WPIX was with the Yankees.[citation needed]

Public affairs and special events[edit]

In addition to its news broadcasts, WPIX was a leader in public-affairs and special events programming, inspired by its roots under the ownership of the Daily News. Early on, it offered the first in-depth program to look at New York City government, called City Hall. WPIX children's show personality Jack McCarthy anchored the station's coverage of the St. Patrick's Day Parade, and the station later added the Columbus Day and National Puerto Rican Day Parade to its stable. Later on, the station produced Essence, a TV show inspired by Essence magazine and hosted by the publication's chief editor, Susan L. Taylor.

Editor's Desk host Richard D. Heffner remains the host of The Open Mind, which was produced by Channel 11 (and was concurrently aired on PBS stations), before moving to other New York studios. Since 1992, WPIX has produced PIX News Closeup (hosted by WPIX senior correspondent Marvin Scott since its debut), a half-hour public affairs and interview program on Sunday mornings that focuses on domestic and international issues in the news, and discussions on political issues.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Us". PIX 11. 2012-11-17. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  2. ^ DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds. FCC.
  3. ^ FCC DTV status report for WPIX
  4. ^ WWOR-DT FCC Form 387, Exhibit 4, September 15, 2008
  5. ^ "WPIX inaugural, TV station to have glittering debut." Broadcasting - Telecasting, June 14, 1948, pp. 27. [1]
  6. ^ WGN gains 2.2M subs; program appeal cited., Multichannel News, July 16, 1990. Retrieved August 24, 2012, from HighBeam Research.
  7. ^ Warner Bros., Tribune Broadcasting & Jamie Kellner to Launch WB Network in 1994, TheFreeLibrary.com. Retrieved 12-10-2010.
  8. ^ Tribune Broadcasting Joins with Warner Bros. to Launch Fifth Television Network, TheFreeLibrary.com. Retrieved 12-10-2010.
  9. ^ They loved broadcasting: engineers who died on 9/11 were dedicated to keeping their stations on the air, Broadcasting & Cable, September 9, 2002. Retrieved August 24, 2012, from HighBeam Research.
  10. ^ After the collapse, stations struggle, Broadcasting & Cable, September 17, 2001. Retrieved August 24, 2012, from HighBeam Research.
  11. ^ Television stations sign leases at Empire State Building, Real Estate Weekly, May 21, 2003. Retrieved August 24, 2012, from HighBeam Research.
  12. ^ UPN and WB to Combine, Forming New TV Network, The New York Times, January 24, 2006.
  13. ^ Tribune TV Stations to Lead Affiliate Group of New Network, Tribune Company corporate website, January 24, 2006.
  14. ^ WPIX - From WB to CW - 2006
  15. ^ Zell buys Tribune Co., Cubs to be sold, CNNMoney.com, April 3, 2007.
  16. ^ Tribune Company Seeks Bankruptcy Protection, The New York Times, December 8, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  17. ^ Bankruptcy-Exit Plan Gets OK, TVNewsCheck, Associated Press, July 13, 2012
  18. ^ Huff, Richard (2008-10-28). "Veteran local TV news director Karen Scott leaving WPIX/Channel 11 after 16 years". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2008-10-28. 
  19. ^ Tribune stations go dark on Cablevision, Variety, August 16, 2012.
  20. ^ Spangler, Tom (17 August 2012). "Cablevision Charges Tribune With 'Illegally Tying' Stations Deals; Broadcaster Says Its Approach Is Lawful and Complies with FCC Good-Faith Rules". Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  21. ^ Cablevision, Tribune end retrans spat, Variety, October 26, 2012.
  22. ^ "Still another news group." Broadcasting, May 5, 1980, pg. 37. [2]
  23. ^ The news also rises, Broadcasting & Cable, May 8, 2000. Retrieved August 24, 2012, from HighBeam Research.
  24. ^ Huff, Richard (2009-08-31). "Veteran local TV news director Karen Scott leaving WPIX/Channel 11 after 16 years". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  25. ^ WPIX News at 6:30 p.m.
  26. ^ WPIX pulls plug on 6:30 newscast anchored by Jim Watkins and Kaity Tong
  27. ^ "WPIX/Channel 11 to launch 6 pm weekend newscast on Sept. 11 - NY Daily News". Tvnewscheck.com. 2010-09-03. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  28. ^ "WPIX to Launch 4 A.M. newscast"
  29. ^ a b Huff, Richard (October 13, 2010). "Elliptical vs. treadmill: Which will give you the better workout?". Daily News (New York). 
  30. ^ "Bring-back-Kaity-and-Jim" Facebook petition
  31. ^ Breaking: Bill Carey Stepping Down as WPIX News Director, Likely for Internet Startup, FishbowlNY, October 3, 2012.
  32. ^ WPIX/Ch. 11 names Mark Effron as news director, New York Daily News, April 9, 2013.
  33. ^ Breaking: WPIX to Air 5 p.m. Newscast Starting in September, FishbowlNY, July 28, 2011.
  34. ^ WPIX bio for Tamsen Fadal
  35. ^ WPIX bio for Sukanya Krishnan
  36. ^ WPIX bio for Lionel
  37. ^ WPIX bio for Frances Rivera
  38. ^ WPIX bio for Kaity Tong
  39. ^ WPIX bio for Dan Mannarino
  40. ^ WPIX bio for Craig Treadway
  41. ^ WPIX bio for Mr. G
  42. ^ WPIX bio for Craig Allen
  43. ^ WPIX bio for Linda Church
  44. ^ WPIX bio for Lisa Mateo
  45. ^ WPIX bio for Arthur Chien
  46. ^ WPIX bio for Narmeen Choudhury
  47. ^ WPIX bio for Kristin Cole
  48. ^ WPIX bio for Mario Diaz
  49. ^ WPIX bio for Jay Dow
  50. ^ WPIX bio for James Ford
  51. ^ WPIX bio for Mike Gilliam
  52. ^ WPIX bio for Magee Hickey
  53. ^ WPIX bio for Nicole Johnson
  54. ^ WPIX bio for Allison Kaden
  55. ^ WPIX bio for Ellyn Marks
  56. ^ WPIX bio for Joe Mauceri
  57. ^ WPIX bio for Monica Morales
  58. ^ WPIX bio for Erica Pitzi
  59. ^ WPIX bio for Marvin Scott
  60. ^ WPIX bio for Mike Sheehan
  61. ^ WPIX bio for Howard Thompson
  62. ^ WPIX bio for Stephanie Tsoflias
  63. ^ WPIX bio for Hilary Whittier
  64. ^ WPIX bio for Mary Murphy
  65. ^ WPIX bio for Dr. Steve Salvatore
  66. ^ WPIX bio for Greg Mocker
  67. ^ WPIX bio for Larry Mendte
  68. ^ Yankees broadcasts moving from Channel 11 to Fox affiliate, Associated Press, October 1, 1998. Retrieved August 24, 2012, from HighBeam Research.
  69. ^ WPIX Signs Mets to Replace Yanks, Albany Times Union, January 27, 1999. Retrieved August 24, 2012, from HighBeam Research.

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