Vonore, Tennessee

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Vonore, Tennessee
—  Town  —
Community center and city hall in Vonore
Location of Vonore, Tennessee
Coordinates: 35°35′58″N 84°13′22″W / 35.59944°N 84.22278°W / 35.59944; -84.22278Coordinates: 35°35′58″N 84°13′22″W / 35.59944°N 84.22278°W / 35.59944; -84.22278
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountiesMonroe
Area
 • Total11.8 sq mi (30.7 km2)
 • Land8.7 sq mi (22.5 km2)
 • Water3.1 sq mi (8.2 km2)
Elevation860 ft (262 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total1,162
 • Density133.6/sq mi (51.6/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code37885
Area code(s)423
FIPS code47-77480[1]
GNIS feature ID1273493[2]
 
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Vonore, Tennessee
—  Town  —
Community center and city hall in Vonore
Location of Vonore, Tennessee
Coordinates: 35°35′58″N 84°13′22″W / 35.59944°N 84.22278°W / 35.59944; -84.22278Coordinates: 35°35′58″N 84°13′22″W / 35.59944°N 84.22278°W / 35.59944; -84.22278
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountiesMonroe
Area
 • Total11.8 sq mi (30.7 km2)
 • Land8.7 sq mi (22.5 km2)
 • Water3.1 sq mi (8.2 km2)
Elevation860 ft (262 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total1,162
 • Density133.6/sq mi (51.6/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code37885
Area code(s)423
FIPS code47-77480[1]
GNIS feature ID1273493[2]

Vonore is a town in Blount and Monroe counties in the U.S. state of Tennessee. The population was 1,162 as of the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Vonore is located at 35°35′58″N 84°13′22″W / 35.59944°N 84.22278°W / 35.59944; -84.22278 (35.599309, -84.222771)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 11.9 square miles (30.7 km²), of which 8.7 square miles (22.5 km²) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.2 km²) (26.58%) is water.

Demographics

A subdivision in Vonore, just off US-411, with the Great Smokies (left) and the Unicoi Mountains (right) in the distance

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,162 people, 496 households, and 333 families residing in the town. The population density was 133.6 people per square mile (51.6/km²). There were 571 housing units at an average density of 65.6 per square mile (25.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.52% White, 0.17% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.69% from other races, and 3.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.58% of the population.

There were 496 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $34,653, and the median income for a family was $41,125. Males had a median income of $31,429 versus $25,956 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,613. About 6.1% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.

History

Old bank building and Order of the Eastern Star lodge in Vonore

Vonore's location at the confluence of the Little Tennessee River and the Tellico River places it near the center of one of the richest archaeological regions in the southeastern United States. The Icehouse Bottom site, located near Fort Loudoun, was occupied by Native Americans as early as 7500 B.C., making it one of the earliest known semi-permanent habitation sites in Tennessee. Icehouse Bottom and nearby Rose Island were occupied for extensive periods during the Woodland period (c. 1000 B.C. - 1000 A.D.). They were part of a vast trade network that stretched from Ohio to Florida. A substantial Mississippian period (c. 1000-1600 A.D.) village was located at Toqua, immediately south of Vonore. There is some evidence that Toqua's Mississippian village was the village of Tali, visited and recorded by the Hernando de Soto expedition in 1540.[4]

By the time Euro-American explorers arrived in the area in the 18th century, the Overhill Cherokee had established several villages along the Little Tennessee. These villages included Tanasi, the namesake for the state of Tennessee, and Chota, the capital and most prominent Cherokee village in the 18th century. Mialoquo, the home of the Cherokee chief Dragging Canoe, was located just north of the modern US-411 bridge. Tuskegee was located just south of the future Fort Loudoun. It was the birthplace of Sequoyah, creator of the written Cherokee syllabary.[4]

Fort Loudoun was an English colonial fort built in 1756 in hopes of obtaining Cherokee assistance in the French and Indian War. The Tellico Blockhouse, an American outpost located across the river from Fort Loudoun, was built in 1794 to help keep the peace between the Cherokee and the fast-encroaching American settlers.

In 1819, the Cherokee signed the Calhoun Treaty, relinquishing what is now Monroe County to the United States. The county itself was established shortly thereafter. In 1890, the Atlanta, Knoxville and Northern Railroad laid tracks through Monroe County. A stopover known as Upton Station was established just beyond the railroad's Little Tennessee River crossing. Three years later, an area doctor named Walter Kennedy applied for a post office for Upton Station. When the postal service informed him that Upton Station had been taken, Kennedy chose the name "Vonore", a combination of the German word von (meaning "of") and the English word "ore", as Kennedy believed the town would become a mining town.[5]

Most of the valley's archaeological sites were flooded in 1979 when the Tennessee Valley Authority completed Tellico Dam at the mouth of the Little Tennessee. Preservationists aided by Works Progress Administration (WPA) funds had reconstructed Fort Loudoun in the 1930s. Additional reconstruction was undertaken in the 1970s and 1980s, including moving the fort out of range of water which the dam would raise. After archaeological excavators located the foundation of the Tellico Blockhouse in the 1970s, they placed posts and fill to give visitors an idea of its layout. Both are now part of Fort Loudoun State Park.

Schools

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b Jefferson Chapman, Tellico Archaeology: 12,000 Years of Native American History (Knoxville, Tenn.: Tennessee Valley Authority, 1985).
  5. ^ "Origin of Vonore, Tennessee", Town Official Website, Retrieved: 31 July 2008.