Volda

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Volda kommune
Municipality

Coat of arms

Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Volda within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°05′16″N 06°00′51″E / 62.08778°N 6.01417°E / 62.08778; 6.01417Coordinates: 62°05′16″N 06°00′51″E / 62.08778°N 6.01417°E / 62.08778; 6.01417
CountryNorway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
DistrictSunnmøre
Administrative centreVolda
Government
 • Mayor (2011)Arild Iversen (KrF)
Area
 • Total547.53 km2 (211.40 sq mi)
 • Land524.89 km2 (202.66 sq mi)
 • Water22.64 km2 (8.74 sq mi)
Area rank194 in Norway
Population (2013)
 • Total8,827
 • Rank123 in Norway
 • Density16.8/km2 (44/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)5.9 %
DemonymVolding[1]
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1519
Official language formNynorsk
Websitewww.volda.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway
 
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Volda kommune
Municipality

Coat of arms

Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Volda within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 62°05′16″N 06°00′51″E / 62.08778°N 6.01417°E / 62.08778; 6.01417Coordinates: 62°05′16″N 06°00′51″E / 62.08778°N 6.01417°E / 62.08778; 6.01417
CountryNorway
CountyMøre og Romsdal
DistrictSunnmøre
Administrative centreVolda
Government
 • Mayor (2011)Arild Iversen (KrF)
Area
 • Total547.53 km2 (211.40 sq mi)
 • Land524.89 km2 (202.66 sq mi)
 • Water22.64 km2 (8.74 sq mi)
Area rank194 in Norway
Population (2013)
 • Total8,827
 • Rank123 in Norway
 • Density16.8/km2 (44/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)5.9 %
DemonymVolding[1]
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1519
Official language formNynorsk
Websitewww.volda.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Volda is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the Sunnmøre region. The administrative centre is the village of Volda. Other villages in the municipality include Dravlaus, Folkestad, Fyrde, Lauvstad, and Straumshamn. The municipality is located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of the city of Ålesund.

General information[edit]

Map of Volda Municipality
Farm of Sivert Aarflot. The Sivert Aarflot museum to the left.

The municipality of Volden was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The original municipality was the same as the parish (prestegjeld) of Volden, including the sub-parishes of Ørsta and Dalsfjord. On 1 August 1883, the sub-parish of Ørsta was separated from Volden to form a new municipality of its own. This left Volden with 3,485 residents. On 1 January 1893, the Ytrestølen farm in Ørsta municipality (population: 13) was transferred to Volden municipality.

In 1918, the name was changed from Volden to Volda. On 1 July 1924, the sub-parish of Dalsfjord was separated from Volda to become a municipality of its own. This left Volda with 4,715 residents. On 1 January 1964, the municipalities of Dalsfjord and Volda were merged back together. The new Volda municipality had 7,207 residents.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the Voldsfjorden (Old Norse: Vǫld). The name is probably derived from an old word meaning "wave". (Compare with the German: Welle which means "wave".) Before 1918, the name was written Volden.[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 19 June 1987. The arms show a silver-colored tip of a fountain pen on a blue background. This is a symbol for the long history of education in Volda.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has four parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Volda. It is part of the Søre Sunnmøre deanery in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Volda
Parish (Sokn)Church NameLocation of the ChurchYear Built
AustefjordAustefjord ChurchFyrde1773
DalsfjordDalsfjord ChurchDravlaus1910
KilsfjordKilsfjord ChurchStraumshamn1974
VoldaVolda ChurchVolda1932

Geography[edit]

Volda's main geographical feature is the Voldsfjorden which branches off into the Austefjorden, Kilsfjorden, and Dalsfjorden. It is also mountainous, particularly southeast of the fjords, with the Sunnmørsalpene mountains surrounding the region. The 1,482-metre (4,862 ft) tall mountain Eidskyrkja is located in the southeastern part of the municipality.

Volda is bordered by Vanylven Municipality to the south-west/west, the municipalities of Herøy and Ulstein (only by sea) to the west, and Ørsta Municipality to the north and east. To the south it is adjacent to the municipalities of Hornindal and Eid in Sogn og Fjordane county.

The dominant centre, both in terms of population and administration, is the village of Volda, in the northernmost part of the municipality. Other population concentrations include Mork, Ekset, Folkestad, Fyrde, Steinsvika, Lauvstad, Bjørkedal, and Straumshamn.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Volda
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)0
(32)
1
(34)
3
(37)
5
(41)
10
(50)
13
(55)
14
(57)
15
(59)
11
(52)
8
(46)
3
(37)
1
(34)
7
(44.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)−1.5
(29.3)
−1
(30)
0
(32)
2
(36)
7
(45)
10
(50)
11
(52)
11.5
(52.7)
8.5
(47.3)
6
(43)
1
(34)
−1
(30)
4.46
(40.11)
Average low °C (°F)−3
(27)
−3
(27)
−3
(27)
−1
(30)
4
(39)
7
(45)
8
(46)
8
(46)
6
(43)
4
(39)
−1
(30)
−3
(27)
1.9
(35.5)
Precipitation mm (inches)188
(7.4)
146
(5.75)
154
(6.06)
100
(3.94)
77
(3.03)
95
(3.74)
117
(4.61)
136
(5.35)
238
(9.37)
237
(9.33)
218
(8.58)
237
(9.33)
1,943
(76.49)
Avg. precipitation days252222191617212226252527267
Mean monthly sunshine hours14398613620019717115180582801,159
Source: World Climate Guide[5]

Culture[edit]

Volda Church

Volda is primarily known for strong cultural heritage and academic traditions. A private library at Egset, the first rural of its kind in Norway, is said to have inspired the young Ivar Aasen in the 19th century. Martin Ulvestad, Norwegian–American author who published an English-Danish-Norwegian dictionary in 1895, (Engelsk-Dansk-Norsk Ordbog med fuldstændig Udtalebetegnelse) was born in Volda. The Norsk Landboeblad newspaper was based in Volda in the 1800s. Volda landsgymnas (established 1910) was the first Norwegian secondary school outside a major city. Among the most important institutions today is the Volda University College.

Volda University College is one of 25 university colleges in Norway. Volda University College enrolls about 3,000 students and specializes in education of teachers, animators, and journalists.

Volda also hosts a national documentary film festival as well as an annual student festival. The festival, Den Norske Dokumentarfilmfestivalen is usually held in late April. The national ski festival X2 is also held in Volda during April every year. The Volda TI sports club includes a Third Division association football team that competes in Volda.

As a logical consequence of the huge influx of students, as well as a county hospital, public services are by far the most dominant sector, representing almost 50% of economic life in Volda. Industry and agriculture are also prevalent. Bjørkedalen is noted for its tradition in building wooden boats.

Volda and its environs are featured prominently in the film "Troll Hunter" (2010). See http://www.trollhunterfilm.com/

Transportation[edit]

The Ørsta-Volda Airport, Hovden is located in neighbouring Ørsta Municipality, just north of the village of Volda. The European route E39 highway passes north through the municipality on its way to the city of Ålesund. As noted, the municipality is criss-crossed by fjords; therefore, both Lauvstad and Folkestad are linked to the population centre Volda by ferry. In February 2008, the underwater Eiksund Tunnel connected the municipalities of Ulstein, Hareid, Herøy, and Sande to Ørsta and Volda. The tunnel is the deepest undersea tunnel in the world. The new Kviven Tunnel was completed in 2012, connecting Fyrde in eastern Volda to the village of Grodås in Hornindal Municipality to the south (in Sogn og Fjordane county).

Notable residents[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 67. 
  4. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 25 October 2008. 
  5. ^ "Volda Climate Guide, Norway". World Climate Guide. Retrieved March 18, 2012. 

External links[edit]