Volcanology of Java

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Seven of the active volcanoes of Java
Mt. Semeru and Mt. Bromo in East Java

Java is almost entirely of volcanic origin, and contains numerous volcanoes, 45 of which are considered active volcanoes. As is the case for many other Indonesian islands, volcanoes have played a vital role in the geological and human history of Java. Indeed, land is created on Java as a result of lava flows, ash deposits, and mud flows (lahars). Volcanoes are a major contributor to the immense fertility of Java, as natural erosion transports volcanic material as alluvium to the island's plains, forming thick layers of fertile sediment. The benefit is not just in the immediate vicinity of the volcano, with fine ash emitted from eruptions being dispersed over wide areas.

Climbing volcanoes (and other mountains) is increasingly popular.

List of volcanoes[edit]

This list is of volcanoes from the west of Java to the east. Local terminology and usage has the word Gunung (mount or mountain) precede the names

West Java[edit]

Central Java[edit]

East Java[edit]

List of active volcanoes[edit]

NameShapeElevationLast eruption (VEI)Geolocation
Krakataucaldera7002813000000000000813 metres (2,667 ft)11 January 2011 ( )6°06′07″S 105°25′23″E / 6.102°S 105.423°E / -6.102; 105.423
Pulosaristratovolcano70031346000000000001,346 metres (4,416 ft)unknown6°20′31″S 105°58′30″E / 6.342°S 105.975°E / -6.342; 105.975
Karangstratovolcano70031778000000000001,778 metres (5,833 ft)unknown6°16′12″S 106°02′31″E / 6.27°S 106.042°E / -6.27; 106.042
Kiaraberes-Gagakstratovolcano70031511000000000001,511 metres (4,957 ft)6 April 1939 (1)6°44′S 106°39′E / 6.73°S 106.65°E / -6.73; 106.65
Perbaktistratovolcano70031699000000000001,699 metres (5,574 ft)unknown6°45′S 106°41′E / 6.75°S 106.68°E / -6.75; 106.68
Salakstratovolcano70032211000000000002,211 metres (7,254 ft)31 January 1938 (2)6°43′S 106°44′E / 6.72°S 106.73°E / -6.72; 106.73
Gedestratovolcano70032958000000000002,958 metres (9,705 ft)13 March 1957 (2)6°47′S 106°59′E / 6.78°S 106.98°E / -6.78; 106.98
Patuhastratovolcano70032434000000000002,434 metres (7,986 ft)unknown7°09′36″S 107°24′00″E / 7.160°S 107.40°E / -7.160; 107.40
Wayang-Windulava dome70032182000000000002,182 metres (7,159 ft)unknown7°12′29″S 107°37′48″E / 7.208°S 107.63°E / -7.208; 107.63
Malabarstratovolcano70032343000000000002,343 metres (7,687 ft)unknown7°08′S 107°39′E / 7.13°S 107.65°E / -7.13; 107.65
Tangkuban Perahustratovolcano70032084000000000002,084 metres (6,837 ft)14 September 1983 (1)6°46′S 107°36′E / 6.77°S 107.60°E / -6.77; 107.60
Papandayanstratovolcano70032665000000000002,665 metres (8,743 ft)11 November 2002 (2)7°19′S 107°44′E / 7.32°S 107.73°E / -7.32; 107.73
Kendangstratovolcano70032608000000000002,608 metres (8,556 ft)unknown7°14′S 107°43′E / 7.23°S 107.72°E / -7.23; 107.72
Kamojangstratovolcano70031730000000000001,730 metres (5,680 ft)2588000 BCPleistocene7°07′30″S 107°48′00″E / 7.125°S 107.80°E / -7.125; 107.80
Gunturcomplex volcano70032249000000000002,249 metres (7,379 ft)16 October 1847 (2)7°08′35″S 107°50′24″E / 7.143°S 107.840°E / -7.143; 107.840
Tampomasstratovolcano70031684000000000001,684 metres (5,525 ft)unknown6°46′S 107°57′E / 6.77°S 107.95°E / -6.77; 107.95
Galunggungstratovolcano70032168000000000002,168 metres (7,113 ft)9 January 1984 (1)7°15′00″S 108°03′29″E / 7.25°S 108.058°E / -7.25; 108.058
Talagabodasstratovolcano70032201000000000002,201 metres (7,221 ft)unknown7°12′29″S 108°04′12″E / 7.208°S 108.07°E / -7.208; 108.07
Karahafumarole70031155000000000001,155 metres (3,789 ft)unknown7°07′S 108°05′E / 7.12°S 108.08°E / -7.12; 108.08
Ceremestratovolcano70033078000000000003,078 metres (10,098 ft)19516°53′31″S 108°24′00″E / 6.892°S 108.40°E / -6.892; 108.40
Slametstratovolcano70033432000000000003,432 metres (11,260 ft)1 May 1999 (1)7°14′31″S 109°12′29″E / 7.242°S 109.208°E / -7.242; 109.208
Diengcomplex volcano70032565000000000002,565 metres (8,415 ft)31 December 1996 (1)7°12′S 109°55′E / 7.20°S 109.92°E / -7.20; 109.92
Sundorostratovolcano70033136000000000003,136 metres (10,289 ft)29 October 1971 (2)7°18′00″S 109°59′31″E / 7.30°S 109.992°E / -7.30; 109.992
Sumbingstratovolcano70033371000000000003,371 metres (11,060 ft)1730 (1)7°23′02″S 110°04′12″E / 7.384°S 110.070°E / -7.384; 110.070
Ungaranstratovolcano70032050000000000002,050 metres (6,730 ft)unknown7°11′S 110°20′E / 7.18°S 110.33°E / -7.18; 110.33
Telomoyostratovolcano70031894000000000001,894 metres (6,214 ft)unknown7°22′S 110°24′E / 7.37°S 110.40°E / -7.37; 110.40
Merbabustratovolcano70033145000000000003,145 metres (10,318 ft)1797 (2)7°27′S 110°26′E / 7.45°S 110.43°E / -7.45; 110.43
Merapistratovolcano70032968000000000002,968 metres (9,738 ft)26 October 2010[1]7°32′31″S 110°26′31″E / 7.542°S 110.442°E / -7.542; 110.442
Muriastratovolcano70031625000000000001,625 metres (5,331 ft)160 BC ± 30 years6°37′S 110°53′E / 6.62°S 110.88°E / -6.62; 110.88
Lawustratovolcano70033265000000000003,265 metres (10,712 ft)28 November 1885 (1)7°37′30″S 111°11′31″E / 7.625°S 111.192°E / -7.625; 111.192
Wilisstratovolcano70032563000000000002,563 metres (8,409 ft)unknown7°48′29″S 111°45′29″E / 7.808°S 111.758°E / -7.808; 111.758
Keludstratovolcano70031731000000000001,731 metres (5,679 ft)13 February 20147°55′48″S 112°18′29″E / 7.93°S 112.308°E / -7.93; 112.308
Kawi-Butakstratovolcano70032651000000000002,651 metres (8,698 ft)unknown7°55′S 112°27′E / 7.92°S 112.45°E / -7.92; 112.45
Arjuno-Welirangstratovolcano70033339000000000003,339 metres (10,955 ft)15 August 1952 (0)7°43′30″S 112°34′48″E / 7.725°S 112.58°E / -7.725; 112.58
Penanggunganstratovolcano70031653000000000001,653 metres (5,423 ft)unknown7°37′S 112°38′E / 7.62°S 112.63°E / -7.62; 112.63
Malang Plainmaar7002680000000000000680 metres (2,230 ft)unknown8°01′S 112°41′E / 8.02°S 112.68°E / -8.02; 112.68
Semerustratovolcano70033676000000000003,676 metres (12,060 ft)1967–2006 continuing (3)8°06′29″S 112°55′12″E / 8.108°S 112.92°E / -8.108; 112.92
Tenggerstratovolcano70032329000000000002,329 metres (7,641 ft)8 June 2004 (2)7°56′31″S 112°57′00″E / 7.942°S 112.95°E / -7.942; 112.95
Lamonganstratovolcano70031651000000000001,651 metres (5,417 ft)5 February 1898 (2)7°58′44″S 113°20′31″E / 7.979°S 113.342°E / -7.979; 113.342
Luruscomplex volcano7002539000000000000539 metres (1,768 ft)unknown7°44′S 113°35′E / 7.73°S 113.58°E / -7.73; 113.58
Iyang-Argapuracomplex volcano70033088000000000003,088 metres (10,131 ft)unknown7°58′S 113°34′E / 7.97°S 113.57°E / -7.97; 113.57
Raungstratovolcano70033332000000000003,332 metres (10,932 ft)2 June 2002 (2)8°07′30″S 114°02′31″E / 8.125°S 114.042°E / -8.125; 114.042
Ijenstratovolcano70032799000000000002,799 metres (9,183 ft)28 June 1999 (1)8°03′29″S 114°14′31″E / 8.058°S 114.242°E / -8.058; 114.242
Baluranstratovolcano70031247000000000001,247 metres (4,091 ft)unknown7°51′S 114°22′E / 7.85°S 114.37°E / -7.85; 114.37

References =[edit]

  1. ^ "Mount Merapi Erupts". ANTARA. 26 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]