Volcanology of Java

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Seven of the active volcanoes of Java
Mt. Semeru and Mt. Bromo in East Java

Java is almost entirely of volcanic origin, and contains numerous volcanoes, 45 of which are considered active volcanoes. As is the case for many other Indonesian islands, volcanoes have played a vital role in the geological and human history of Java. Indeed, land is created on Java as a result of lava flows, ash deposits, and mud flows (lahars). Volcanoes are a major contributor to the immense fertility of Java, as natural erosion transports volcanic material as alluvium to the island's plains, forming thick layers of fertile sediment. The benefit is not just in the immediate vicinity of the volcano, with fine ash emitted from eruptions being dispersed over wide areas.

Climbing volcanoes (and other mountains) is increasingly popular.

List of volcanoes[edit]

This list is of volcanoes from the west of Java to the east. Local terminology and usage has the word Gunung (mount or mountain) precede the names

West Java[edit]

Central Java[edit]

East Java[edit]

List of active volcanoes[edit]

NameShapeElevationLast eruption (VEI)Geolocation
mft
Krakataucaldera70028130000000000008132,66711 Jan 2011 ( )6°06′07″S 105°25′23″E / 6.102°S 105.423°E / -6.102; 105.423
Pulosaristratovolcano70031346000000000001,3464,416unknown6°20′31″S 105°58′30″E / 6.342°S 105.975°E / -6.342; 105.975
Karangstratovolcano70031778000000000001,7785,833unknown6°16′12″S 106°02′31″E / 6.27°S 106.042°E / -6.27; 106.042
Kiaraberes-Gagakstratovolcano70031511000000000001,5114,9576 Apr 1939 (1)6°44′S 106°39′E / 6.73°S 106.65°E / -6.73; 106.65
Perbaktistratovolcano70031699000000000001,6995,574unknown6°45′S 106°41′E / 6.75°S 106.68°E / -6.75; 106.68
Salakstratovolcano70032211000000000002,2117,25431 Jan 1938 (2)6°43′S 106°44′E / 6.72°S 106.73°E / -6.72; 106.73
Gedestratovolcano70032958000000000002,9589,70513 Mar 1957 (2)6°47′S 106°59′E / 6.78°S 106.98°E / -6.78; 106.98
Patuhastratovolcano70032434000000000002,4347,986unknown7°09′36″S 107°24′00″E / 7.160°S 107.40°E / -7.160; 107.40
Wayang-Windulava dome70032182000000000002,1827,159unknown7°12′29″S 107°37′48″E / 7.208°S 107.63°E / -7.208; 107.63
Malabarstratovolcano70032343000000000002,3437,687unknown7°08′S 107°39′E / 7.13°S 107.65°E / -7.13; 107.65
Tangkuban Perahustratovolcano70032084000000000002,0846,83714 Sep 1983 (1)6°46′S 107°36′E / 6.77°S 107.60°E / -6.77; 107.60
Papandayanstratovolcano70032665000000000002,6658,74311 Nov 2002 (2)7°19′S 107°44′E / 7.32°S 107.73°E / -7.32; 107.73
Kendangstratovolcano70032608000000000002,6088,556unknown7°14′S 107°43′E / 7.23°S 107.72°E / -7.23; 107.72
Kamojangstratovolcano70031730000000000001,7305,680Pleistocene7°07′30″S 107°48′00″E / 7.125°S 107.80°E / -7.125; 107.80
Gunturcomplex volcano70032249000000000002,2497,37916 Oct 1847 (2)7°08′35″S 107°50′24″E / 7.143°S 107.840°E / -7.143; 107.840
Tampomasstratovolcano70031684000000000001,6845,525unknown6°46′S 107°57′E / 6.77°S 107.95°E / -6.77; 107.95
Galunggungstratovolcano70032168000000000002,1687,1139 Jan 1984 (1)7°15′00″S 108°03′29″E / 7.25°S 108.058°E / -7.25; 108.058
Talagabodasstratovolcano70032201000000000002,2017,221unknown7°12′29″S 108°04′12″E / 7.208°S 108.07°E / -7.208; 108.07
Karahafumarole70031155000000000001,1553,789unknown7°07′S 108°05′E / 7.12°S 108.08°E / -7.12; 108.08
Ceremestratovolcano70033078000000000003,07810,09819516°53′31″S 108°24′00″E / 6.892°S 108.40°E / -6.892; 108.40
Slametstratovolcano70033432000000000003,43211,2601 May 1999 (1)7°14′31″S 109°12′29″E / 7.242°S 109.208°E / -7.242; 109.208
Diengcomplex volcano70032565000000000002,5658,41531 Dec 1996 (1)7°12′S 109°55′E / 7.20°S 109.92°E / -7.20; 109.92
Sundorostratovolcano70033136000000000003,13610,28929 Oct 1971 (2)7°18′00″S 109°59′31″E / 7.30°S 109.992°E / -7.30; 109.992
Sumbingstratovolcano70033371000000000003,37111,0601730 (1)7°23′02″S 110°04′12″E / 7.384°S 110.070°E / -7.384; 110.070
Ungaranstratovolcano70032050000000000002,0506,730unknown7°11′S 110°20′E / 7.18°S 110.33°E / -7.18; 110.33
Telomoyostratovolcano70031894000000000001,8946,214unknown7°22′S 110°24′E / 7.37°S 110.40°E / -7.37; 110.40
Merbabustratovolcano70033145000000000003,14510,3181797 (2)7°27′S 110°26′E / 7.45°S 110.43°E / -7.45; 110.43
Merapistratovolcano70032968000000000002,9689,73826 Oct 2010[1]7°32′31″S 110°26′31″E / 7.542°S 110.442°E / -7.542; 110.442
Muriastratovolcano70031625000000000001,6255,331160 ± 30 years6°37′S 110°53′E / 6.62°S 110.88°E / -6.62; 110.88
Lawustratovolcano70033265000000000003,26510,71228 Nov 1885 (1)7°37′30″S 111°11′31″E / 7.625°S 111.192°E / -7.625; 111.192
Wilisstratovolcano70032563000000000002,5638,409unknown7°48′29″S 111°45′29″E / 7.808°S 111.758°E / -7.808; 111.758
Keludstratovolcano70031731000000000001,7315,67913 Feb 20147°55′48″S 112°18′29″E / 7.93°S 112.308°E / -7.93; 112.308
Kawi-Butakstratovolcano70032651000000000002,6518,698unknown7°55′S 112°27′E / 7.92°S 112.45°E / -7.92; 112.45
Arjuno-Welirangstratovolcano70033339000000000003,33910,95515 Aug 1952 (0)7°43′30″S 112°34′48″E / 7.725°S 112.58°E / -7.725; 112.58
Penanggunganstratovolcano70031653000000000001,6535,423unknown7°37′S 112°38′E / 7.62°S 112.63°E / -7.62; 112.63
Malang Plainmaar70026800000000000006802,230unknown8°01′S 112°41′E / 8.02°S 112.68°E / -8.02; 112.68
Semerustratovolcano70033676000000000003,67612,0601967–2006 continuing (3)8°06′29″S 112°55′12″E / 8.108°S 112.92°E / -8.108; 112.92
Tenggerstratovolcano70032329000000000002,3297,6418 Jun 2004 (2)7°56′31″S 112°57′00″E / 7.942°S 112.95°E / -7.942; 112.95
Lamonganstratovolcano70031651000000000001,6515,4175 Feb 1898 (2)7°58′44″S 113°20′31″E / 7.979°S 113.342°E / -7.979; 113.342
Luruscomplex volcano70025390000000000005391,768unknown7°44′S 113°35′E / 7.73°S 113.58°E / -7.73; 113.58
Iyang-Argapuracomplex volcano70033088000000000003,08810,131unknown7°58′S 113°34′E / 7.97°S 113.57°E / -7.97; 113.57
Raungstratovolcano70033332000000000003,33210,9322 Jun 2002 (2)8°07′30″S 114°02′31″E / 8.125°S 114.042°E / -8.125; 114.042
Ijenstratovolcano70032799000000000002,7999,18328 Jun 1999 (1)8°03′29″S 114°14′31″E / 8.058°S 114.242°E / -8.058; 114.242
Baluranstratovolcano70031247000000000001,2474,091unknown7°51′S 114°22′E / 7.85°S 114.37°E / -7.85; 114.37

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mount Merapi Erupts". ANTARA. 26 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]