Visceral pleura

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Pulmonary pleura
Gray968.png
A transverse section of the thorax, showing the contents of the middle and the posterior mediastinum. The pleural and pericardial cavities are exaggerated since normally there is no space between parietal and visceral pleura and between pericardium and heart.
Latinpleura visceralis, pleura pulmonalis
Gray'ssubject #238 1087
Nervepulmonary plexus
CodeTH H3.05.03.0.00008
 
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Pulmonary pleura
Gray968.png
A transverse section of the thorax, showing the contents of the middle and the posterior mediastinum. The pleural and pericardial cavities are exaggerated since normally there is no space between parietal and visceral pleura and between pericardium and heart.
Latinpleura visceralis, pleura pulmonalis
Gray'ssubject #238 1087
Nervepulmonary plexus
CodeTH H3.05.03.0.00008

Each lung is invested by an exceedingly delicate serous membrane, the pleura, which is arranged in the form of a closed invaginated sac. A portion of the serous membrane covers the surface of the lung and dips into the fissures between its lobes; it is called the pulmonary pleura (or visceral pleura). The visceral pleura is derived from mesoderm.

The visceral pleura is attached directly to the lungs, as opposed to the parietal pleura, which is attached to the opposing thoracic cavity. The space between these two delicate membranes is known as the intrapleural space (pleural cavity). Contraction of the diaphragm causes a negative pressure within this space and forces the lungs to expand, resulting in passive exhalation and active inhalation. This process can be made forceful through the contraction of the external intercostal muscles, forcing the rib cage to expand and aiding to the negative pressure within the intrapleural space, which causes the lungs to fill with air.

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This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.