Visa requirements for Russian citizens

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Visa requirements for Russian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Russia. In 2013, Russian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 95 countries and territories.[1]

Visa requirements map[edit]

Countries and territories with visa-free or visa-on-arrival entries for holders of regular Russian passports
  Russia
  Visa free
  Visa issued upon arrival
  Electronic authorization
  Visa required prior to arrival

Visa requirements[edit]

CountryVisa requirementNotes (excluding departure fees)
 AfghanistanVisa required[2]
 AlbaniaVisa not required[3]Visa-free period ends on 1 October 2014. No visa required for holders of valid US, UK and Shengen visas.
 AlgeriaVisa required[4]
 AndorraVisa required[5]
 AngolaVisa required[6]
 Antigua and BarbudaVisa not required[7]1 month
 ArgentinaVisa not required[8]90 days
 ArmeniaVisa not required[9]
 AustraliaVisa required[10]
 AustriaVisa required[11]
 AzerbaijanVisa not required[12]
 BahamasVisa not required[13]3 months
 BahrainVisa on arrival[14]14 days
 BangladeshVisa on arrival[15]30 days
 BarbadosVisa not required[16]28 days
 BelarusVisa not required[17]Use of internal passport allowed
 BelgiumVisa required[18]
 BelizeVisa required[19]
 BeninVisa required[20]
 BhutanVisa required[21]
 BoliviaVisa on arrival[22]90 days
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaVisa not required[23]30 days
 BotswanaVisa not required[24]90 days
 BrazilVisa not required[25]90 days
 BruneiVisa required[26]
 BulgariaVisa required[27]
 Burkina FasoVisa required[28]
 BurundiVisa on arrival[29]30 days; obtainable at Bujumbura International Airport
 CambodiaVisa on arrival[30]30 days
 CameroonVisa required[31]
 CanadaVisa required[32]
 Cape VerdeVisa on arrival[33]
 Central African RepublicVisa required[34]
 ChadVisa required[35]
 ChileVisa not required[36]90 days
 ChinaVisa required[37]72-hours visa free visit when in transit at Beijing, Guangzhou, Guilin, Shanghai, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Shenyang and Xi'an.
 ColombiaVisa not required[38]180 days
 ComorosVisa on arrival[39]
 Republic of the CongoVisa required[40]
 Democratic Republic of the CongoVisa required[41]
 Costa RicaVisa not required[42]30 days
 Côte d'IvoireVisa required[43]
 CroatiaVisa required[44]
 CubaVisa not required[45]30 days
 CyprusVisa required[46]Pro-Visa issued online free of charge valid for 90 per 180 days in a year.
 Czech RepublicVisa required[47]
 DenmarkVisa required[48]
 DjiboutiVisa on arrival[49]
 DominicaVisa not required[50]21 days
 Dominican RepublicVisa not required[51]90 days (10 USD Tourist Card valid for 30 days must be purchased upon arrival)
 EcuadorVisa not required[52]90 days
 EgyptVisa on arrival[53]
 El SalvadorVisa not required[54]3 months
 Equatorial GuineaVisa required[55]
 EritreaVisa required[56]
 EstoniaVisa required[57]
 EthiopiaVisa on arrival[58]
 FijiVisa not required[59]4 months
 FinlandVisa required[60]
 FranceVisa required[61]
 GabonVisa required[62]
 GambiaVisa required[63]
 GeorgiaVisa not required[64]90 days
 GermanyVisa required[65]
 GhanaVisa required[66]
 GreeceVisa required[67]Visa-free access to Chios, Kastellorizo, Kos, Lesvos, Rhodes, Samos and Symi.during
the summer when arriving on ferries from adjacent Turkish ports.
 GrenadaVisa not required[68]3 months
 GuatemalaVisa not required[69]90 days
 GuineaVisa required[70]
 Guinea-BissauVisa on arrival[71]90 days
 GuyanaVisa not required[72]3 months
 HaitiVisa not required[73]3 months
 HondurasVisa not required[74]3 months
 HungaryVisa required[75]
 IcelandVisa required[76]
 IndiaVisa required[77]
 IndonesiaVisa on arrival[78]30 days
 IranVisa on arrival[79]Conditions apply.[80]
 IraqVisa required[81]
 IrelandVisa required[82]
 IsraelVisa not required[83]3 months
 ItalyVisa required[84]
 JamaicaVisa not required[85]30 days
 JapanVisa required[86]
 JordanVisa on arrival[87]
 KazakhstanVisa not required[88]90 days, Use of internal passport allowed
 KenyaVisa on arrival[89]3 months
 KiribatiVisa required[90]
 North KoreaVisa required[91]
 South KoreaVisa not required[92][93]60 days, visa not required for 90 days for Jeju Island.[94]
 KuwaitVisa required[95]
 KyrgyzstanVisa not required[96]Use of internal passport allowed
 LaosVisa not required[97]15 days
 LatviaVisa required[98]
 LebanonVisa on arrival[99]3 months
 LesothoVisa required[100]
 LiberiaVisa required[101]
 LibyaVisa required[102]
 LiechtensteinVisa required[103]
 LithuaniaVisa required[104]
 LuxembourgVisa required[105]
 MacedoniaVisa not required[106]90 days
 MadagascarVisa on arrival[107]90 days
 MalawiVisa required[108]
 MalaysiaVisa not required[109]30 days
 MaldivesVisa on arrival[110]30 days
 MaliVisa on arrival[111]
 MaltaVisa required[112]
 Marshall IslandsVisa required[113]
 MauritaniaVisa on arrival[114]
 MauritiusVisa not required[115]60 days
 MexicoVisa not required[116]Electronic Authorization (SAE - Solicitud de Autorización Electrónica) required.[117]
 MicronesiaVisa not required[118]30 days
 MoldovaVisa not required[119]
 MonacoVisa required[120]
 MongoliaVisa required[121]
 MontenegroVisa not required[122]30 days
 MoroccoVisa not required[123]3 months
 MozambiqueVisa on arrival[124]30 days
 MyanmarVisa required[125]
 NamibiaVisa not required[126]3 months
 NauruVisa required[127]
   NepalVisa on arrival[128]90 days
 NetherlandsVisa required[129]
 New ZealandVisa required[130]
 NicaraguaVisa not required[131]90 days
 NigerVisa required[132]
 NigeriaVisa required[133]
 NorwayVisa required[134]
 OmanVisa required[135]
 PakistanVisa required[136]Visa on arrival when travelling on business valid for 30 days. Conditions apply.[137]
 PalauVisa on arrival[138]30 days
 PanamaVisa not required[139]180 days
 Papua New GuineaVisa required[140]
 ParaguayVisa on arrival[141]US$ 160 (cash only), available at Asuncion airport only
 PeruVisa not required[142]183 days
 PhilippinesVisa not required[143]30 days
 PolandVisa required[144]Residents of Kaliningrad Oblast do not require a visa.[145]
 PortugalVisa required[146]
 QatarVisa required[147]
 RomaniaVisa required[148]
 RwandaVisa required[149]Visa is obtained online.[150]
 Saint Kitts and NevisVisa not required[151]3 months
 Saint LuciaVisa not required[152]6 weeks
 Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesVisa not required[153]1 month
 SamoaEntry Permit on arrival[154]60 days
 San MarinoVisa required[155]
 São Tomé and PríncipeVisa required[156]Visa is obtained online.[157]
 Saudi ArabiaVisa required[158]
 SenegalVisa required[159]
 SerbiaVisa not required[160]30 days
 SeychellesVisitor's Permit on arrival[161]1 month
 Sierra LeoneVisa required[162]
 SingaporeVisa required[163]E-visa option available. Some provisions for 96 hours visa-free transit.[164]
 SlovakiaVisa required[165]
 SloveniaVisa required[166]
 Solomon IslandsVisa required[167]
 SomaliaVisa on arrival[168]30 days, provided an invitation letter issued by the sponsor has been submitted
to the Airport Immigration Department at least 2 days before arrival.
 South AfricaVisa required[169]
 South SudanVisa required[170]
 SpainVisa required[171]
 Sri LankaElectronic Travel Authorization[172]30 days
 SudanVisa required[173]
 SurinameVisa required[174]
 SwazilandVisa not required[175]30 days
 SwedenVisa required[176]
  SwitzerlandVisa required[177]
 SyriaVisa required[178]
 TajikistanVisa not required[179]Use of internal passport allowed
 TanzaniaVisa on arrival[180]
 ThailandVisa not required[181]30 days
 Timor-LesteVisa on arrival[182]30 days
 TogoVisa on arrival[183]7 days
 TongaVisa on arrival[184]31 days
 Trinidad and TobagoVisa not required[185]90 days
 TunisiaVisa required[186]Not required for tours organised by a travel agency.
 TurkeyVisa not required[187]60 days
 TurkmenistanVisa required[188]
 TuvaluVisa on arrival[189]1 month
 UgandaVisa on arrival[190]
 UkraineVisa not required[191]90 days within 180 days, use of internal passport allowed
 United Arab EmiratesVisa required[192]
 United KingdomVisa required[193]24-hours visa free visit when in transit [194]
 United StatesVisa required[195]
 UruguayVisa not required[196]90 days
 UzbekistanVisa not required[197]
 VanuatuVisa on arrival[198]30 days
  Vatican CityVisa required[199]
 VenezuelaVisa not required[200]90 days
 VietnamVisa not required[201]15 days
 YemenVisa required[202]
 ZambiaVisa on arrival[203]90 days
 ZimbabweVisa on arrival[204]90 days

Unrecognized or partially recognized countries[edit]

CountriesConditions of access
 Abkhazia90 days
 Kosovovisa required[205]
 Northern Cyprus90 days
 Nagorno-Karabakhunlimited access
 Palestinevisa not required[206]
 South Ossetia90 days
 Taiwanvisa required[207]
 Transnistriavisa free

Dependent and autonomous territories[edit]

CountriesConditions of accessNotes
United Kingdom
 Anguillavisa required
 Bermudavisa required
 British Virgin Islandsvisa required
 Cayman Islandsvisa required
 Falkland Islandsvisa required
 GibraltarUK visa required21 days visa free for multiple entry Schengen (e.g. Spanish) visa holders.[208]
 Guernseyvisa required
 Isle of Manvisa required
 Jerseyvisa required
 Montserratvisa required
China
China Hainanvisa not required15 days[209]
 Hong Kongvisa not required14 days[210]
 Macauvisa not required30 days[211]
Denmark
 Faroe Islandsvisa required
 Greenlandvisa required
Netherlands
 Arubavisa required
Netherlands Caribbean Netherlandsvisa requiredincludes Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba
 Curaçaovisa required
 Sint Maartenvisa required
France
 French Guianavisa required
 French Polynesiavisa required
France French West Indiesvisa requiredincludes overseas departments of Guadeloupe and Martinique and overseas collectivities of Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy
 Mayottevisa required
 New Caledoniavisa required
 Réunionvisa required
 Saint Pierre and Miquelonvisa required
 Wallis and Futunavisa required
New Zealand
 Cook Islandsvisa not required31 days[212]
 Niuevisa not required30 days[213]
 Tokelauvisa required
United States
 American Samoavisa required
 Guamvisa not required
 Northern Mariana Islandsvisa not required
 U.S. Virgin Islandsvisa required
 Puerto Ricovisa required

Visa replacement[edit]

Certain countries waive the visa requirement if the visitor is in the possession of a valid visa or residence card of another country.

Limitations on passport use[edit]

Developments[edit]

European Union[edit]

An agreement between the European Community and Russia on the facilitation of the issuance of visas[231] has been in force since June 1, 2007. It has unified the cost of visas, and made it easier to obtain visas for close relatives, journalists, official delegations, transport crew members and some other groups of visitors. Similar agreements have been signed and ratified between Russia and Denmark on 1 October 2009 as well as Russia and Norway on 19 October 2011.[232][233] Silvio Berlusconi, the former Prime Minister of Italy, and later Alexander Stubb, the Foreign Minister of Finland have started public discussions on the future possibility for visa-free travel between the EU countries and Russia.[234][235]

On May 4, 2010, the EU and Russian Federation raised the prospect of beginning negotiations on a visa-free regime between their territories.[236] However it was announced by the Council of Ministers of the EU that the EU is not completely ready to open up the borders due to high risk of increase in human trafficking and drug imports into Europe and because of the loose borders of Russia with Kazakhstan. They will instead work towards providing Russia with a "roadmap for visa-free travel." While this does not legally bind the EU to providing visa-free access to the Schengen zone for Russian citizens at any specific date in the future, it does greatly improve the chances of a new regime being established and obliges the EU to actively consider the notion, should the terms of the roadmap be met. Russia on the other hand has agreed that should the roadmap be established, it will ease access for EU citizens for whom access is not visa-free at this point, largely as a result of Russian foreign policy which states that "visa free travel must be reciprocal between states." Both the EU and Russia acknowledge, however, that there are many problems to be solved before visa-free travel is introduced.

Talks were suspended by the EU in March 2014 during the 2014 Crimean crisis.[237]

Visa facilitation talks with the United Kingdom, an EU member state that does not belong to the Schengen zone and thus determines its visa policy independently, were suspended by the British government in 2007 following the poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko.[238]

United States[edit]

In March 2009, U.S Consul General Kurt Amend stated that the US and Russia were having talks on abolishing the visa regime between the two countries.[239]

During a meeting in Moscow on March 10, 2011, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin proposed the introduction of reciprocal visa-free travel to US Vice President Joe Biden, saying, "it would be a historical step in the development of Russian-U.S. relations" and would create "an absolutely new atmosphere between our countries."[240] The Vice President's immediate reaction was cordial, but non-committal. According to Biden's national security advisor Anthony Blinken, visa liberalization had been discussed prior to the meeting, but he added, "The Russians know full well, as do the Americans, that there are legal requirements set by Congress to be met for visa liberalization that the Russians have not yet achieved." Among the requirements was that the refusal rate for Russians seeking visas to the United States fall below 3 percent.[241] Blinken said visa free travel could happen "...next year, [or] it could be in 10 years." However Dimitri V. Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, considered Putin's proposal to be merely a political tactic in his public exchange with Biden, calling it, "...a way to attract attention...as a way to knock someone off course, maybe it also worked."[241]

Since January 15, 2012, special arrangements exist for the entry of Russian citizens into two US territories, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Despite not being included in the Guam-CNMI visa waiver program, as part of a parole arrangement, Russian citizens in possession of a machine-readable passport, a completed Form I-736 (Guam-CNMI Visa Waiver Information form) and Form I-94 (Arrival-Departure Record) and a non-refundable and non-transferable return ticket can visit both Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands visa-free for up to 45 days.[242]

Panama[edit]

As of 2013 Russia is negotiating reciprocal visa-free travel with the Republic of Panama.[243] In April of 2014, the agreement was completed and the president of Panama abolished the visa requirement.[244]

Vaccination[edit]

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination. Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area.[245]

Passport validity[edit]

Many countries require passport validity of no less than 6 months and one or two blank pages.[246]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  242. ^ IMPORTANT UPDATE IN U.S. ENTRY REQUIREMENTS: PAROLE OF CITIZENS OF RUSSIA INTO GUAM
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  245. ^ Country list - Yellow fever vaccination requirements and recommendations; and malaria situation
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External links[edit]