Virginia House of Delegates

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Virginia House of Delegates
Virginia General Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
TypeLower house
Term limitsNone
History
New session startedJanuary 11, 2012
Leadership
SpeakerWilliam Howell, (R)
Since January 8, 2003
Majority LeaderKirk Cox, (R)
Since December 5, 2010
Minority LeaderDavid Toscano, (D)
Since November 19, 2011
Structure
Seats100
Political groups     Republican Party (67)
     Democratic Party (33)
Length of term2 years
AuthorityArticle IV, Virginia Constitution
Salary$17,640/year + per diem
Elections
Last electionNovember 5, 2013
Next electionNovember 3, 2015
RedistrictingLegislative Control
Meeting place
House of Delegates Chamber
Virginia State Capitol
Richmond, Virginia
Website
Virginia General Assembly
 
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Coordinates: 37°32′19.2″N 75°25′59.9″W / 37.538667°N 75.433306°W / 37.538667; -75.433306

Virginia House of Delegates
Virginia General Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
TypeLower house
Term limitsNone
History
New session startedJanuary 11, 2012
Leadership
SpeakerWilliam Howell, (R)
Since January 8, 2003
Majority LeaderKirk Cox, (R)
Since December 5, 2010
Minority LeaderDavid Toscano, (D)
Since November 19, 2011
Structure
Seats100
Political groups     Republican Party (67)
     Democratic Party (33)
Length of term2 years
AuthorityArticle IV, Virginia Constitution
Salary$17,640/year + per diem
Elections
Last electionNovember 5, 2013
Next electionNovember 3, 2015
RedistrictingLegislative Control
Meeting place
House of Delegates Chamber
Virginia State Capitol
Richmond, Virginia
Website
Virginia General Assembly

The Virginia House of Delegates is the lower house of the Virginia General Assembly. It has 100 members elected for terms of two years; unlike most states, these elections take place during odd-numbered years. The House is presided over by the Speaker of the House, who is elected from among the House membership by the Delegates. The Speaker is almost always a member of the majority party and, as Speaker, becomes the most powerful member of the House. The House shares legislative power with the Senate of Virginia, the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly. The House of Delegates is the modern-day successor to the Virginia House of Burgesses, which first met at Jamestown in 1619. The House is divided into Democratic and Republican caucuses. In addition to the Speaker, there is a majority leader, majority caucus chair, minority leader, minority caucus chair, and the chairs of the several committees of the House.

Through the House of Burgesses, the Virginia House of Delegates is considered the oldest continuous legislative body in the New World. Originally having 22 members, the House of Burgesses met from 1619 through 1632 in the choir of the church at Jamestown.[1] From 1632 to 1699 the legislative body met at four different state houses in Jamestown. The first state house convened at the home of Colonial Governor, Sir John Harvey from 1632 to 1656. The burgesses convened at the second state house from 1656 until it was destroyed in 1660. Historians have yet to precisely identify its location.[2]

The House has met in Virginia's Capitol Building, designed by Thomas Jefferson, since 1788. The legislative body met from 1788 to 1904 in what is known as today the Old Hall of the House of Delegates or commonly referred to as the Old House Chamber. The Old House Chamber is part of the original Capitol building structure. It measures 76 feet in width and is filled today with furnishings that resemble what the room would have looked like during its time of use. There are many bronze and marble busts of historic Virginians on display in the Old House Chamber, including: George Mason, George Wythe, Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee, and Meriweather Lewis. From 1904 to 1906, University of Virginia graduate and architect John K. Peeples designed and built compatible classical wings to the west and east side of the Capitol building. The new wings added to provide more space and serve as the legislative chambers in the Virginia General Assembly, the Senate of Virginia resides in the west chamber and the House of Delegates resides in the east chamber. The General Assembly members and staff operate from offices in the General Assembly Building, located in Capitol Square. Prior to 1788 the House of Delegates met in the Colonial Capitol of Williamsburg.

In 1999, Republicans took control of the long-time Democratic House of Delegates for the first time since Reconstruction (with the exception of a brief 2 year period in which the Readjuster Party was in the majority in the 1880s).

Salary and qualifications[edit]

The annual salary for delegates is $17,640 per year.[3] Each delegate represents roughly 71,000 people.[3] Candidates for office must be at least 21 years of age at the time of the election, residents of the districts they seek to represent, and qualified to vote for General Assembly legislators.[4][5] The regular session of the General Assembly is 60 days long during even numbered years and 30 days long during odd numbered years, unless extended by a two-thirds vote of both houses.[4][6]

Composition[edit]

AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
RepublicanIndDemocraticVacant
End of 2010-2012 session592391000
End of 2012-2014 session64232982
Begin (January 2014)670331000
Latest voting share67%33%

Party control[edit]

(The party control table shows the balance of power after each recent general election. The preceding Makeup table includes results of special elections since the last general election.)

YearsDemocratsRepublicansIndependents
1990–199255450
1992–199459401
1994–199652471
1996–199850491
1998–200050491
2000–200247521
2002–200434642
2004–200637612
2006–200840573
2008–201044542
2010–201239592
2012–201432671
2014–201633670

House leadership[edit]

SpeakerWilliam J. Howell
Majority LeaderKirk Cox
Minority LeaderDavid Toscano[7]
Minority WhipCharniele Herring

Committee chairs and ranking members[edit]

The House has 14 standing committees.[8]

CommitteeChairSenior Minority Member
Agriculture, Chesapeake and Natural ResourcesEd ScottKen Plum
AppropriationsChris JonesJohnny Joannou
Commerce and LaborTerry KilgoreJohnny Joannou
Counties, Cities and TownsRiley IngramLionell Spruill
Courts of JusticeDave AlboVivian Watts
EducationSteve LandesJennifer McClellan
FinanceLee WareVivian E. Watts
General LawsTodd GilbertJeion Ward
Health, Welfare and InstitutionsBobby OrrockLionell Spruill
Militia, Police and Public SafetyScott LingamfelterRoslyn Tyler
Privileges and ElectionsMark ColeBob Brink
RulesBill HowellJohnny Joannou
Science and TechnologyBarbara ComstockVivian E. Watts
TransportationTom RustJeion Ward

Members[edit]

The Virginia House of Delegates is reelected every two years, with intervening vacancies filled by special election. The next general election of the House is in November 2015.

DistrictNamePartyAreas RepresentedFirst Election
CountiesCities
1Terry KilgoreRepLee, Scott, Wise (part)Norton1993
2Michael FutrellDemPrince William (part), Stafford (part)2013
3Will MorefieldRepBland, Buchanan, Russell (part), Tazewell2009
4Benton ChafinDickenson, Russell (part), Washington (part), Wise (part)2013
5Israel O'QuinnGrayson, Smyth (part), Washington (part)Bristol, Galax2011
6Jeffrey CampbellCarroll, Smyth (part), Wythe2013
7Nick RushFloyd, Montgomery (part), Pulaski (part)2011
8Greg HabeebCraig, Montgomery (part), Roanoke (part)Salem2011
9Charles PoindexterFranklin (part), Henry (part), Patrick2007
10Randy MinchewClarke (part), Frederick (part), Loudoun (part)2011
11Salam "Sam" RasoulDemRoanoke (part)2013
12Joseph YostRepGiles, Montgomery (part), Pulaski (part)Radford2011
13Bob MarshallPrince William (part)Manassas Park1991
14Danny MarshallHenry (part), Pittsylvania (part)Danville2001
15Todd GilbertPage, Rockingham (part), Shenandoah, Warren (part)2005
16Leslie AdamsHenry (part), Pittsylvania (part)Martinsville2013
17Chris HeadBotetourt (part), Roanoke (part)Roanoke (part)2011
18Michael WebertCulpeper (part), Fauquier (part), Rappahannock, Warren (part)2011
19Terry AustinAlleghany, Bedford (part), Botetourt (part)Covington2013
20Richard P. BellAugusta (part), Highland, Nelson(part)Staunton, Waynesboro2009
21Ron VillanuevaVirginia Beach (part) Chesapeake (part)2009
22Kathy ByronBedford (part), Campbell (part), Franklin (part)Lynchburg (part)1997
23Scott GarrettAmherst (part), Bedford (part)2009
24Ben ClineAmherst (part), Augusta (part), Bath, RockbridgeBuena Vista, Lexington2002
25Steve LandesAlbemarle (part), Augusta (part), Rockingham (part)1995
26Tony WiltRockingham (part)Harrisonburg2010
27Roxann RobinsonChesterfield (part)2010
28Bill Howell
Speaker of the House
Stafford (part)Fredericksburg (part)1987
29Mark BergFrederick (part), Warren (part)Winchester, Front Royal (part)2013
30Ed ScottCulpeper (part), Madison, Orange2003
31Scott LingamfelterFauquier (part), Prince William (part)2001
32Tag GreasonLoudoun (part)2009
33Dave LaRockClarke (part), Frederick (part), Loudoun (part)2013
34Barbara ComstockFairfax (part), Loudoun (part)2009
35Mark KeamDemFairfax (part)2009
36Kenneth R. Plum1981
37David BulovaFairfax2005
38Kaye Kory2009
39Vivian E. Watts1995
40Tim HugoRepFairfax (part), Prince William (part)2002
41Eileen Filler-CornDemFairfax (part)2010
42Dave AlboRep1993
43Mark D. SicklesDem2003
44Scott Surovell2009
45Rob KrupickaArlington (part), Fairfax (part)Alexandria (part)2012
46Charniele Herring2009
47Patrick HopeArlington (part)2009
48Bob BrinkArlington (part), Fairfax (part)1997
49Alfonso Lopez2011
50Jackson H. MillerRepPrince William (part)Manassas2006
51Richard L. Anderson2009
52Luke TorianDem2009
53Marcus SimonFairfax (part)Falls Church2013
54Bobby OrrockRepCaroline (part), Spotsylvania (part)1989
55Buddy FowlerCaroline (part), Hanover (part), Spotsylvania (part)2009
56Peter FarrellGoochland (part), Henrico (part), Louisa, Spotsylvania (part)2011
57David Toscano
Minority Leader
DemAlbemarle (part)Charlottesville2005
58Rob BellRepAlbemarle (part), Fluvanna (part), Greene, Rockingham (part)2001
59Matt FarissAlbemarle (part), Appomattox, Buckingham, Campbell (part), Nelson (part)2011
60James EdmundsCampbell (part), Charlotte, Halifax, Prince Edward2009
61Tommy WrightAmelia, Cumberland, Lunenburg (part), Mecklenburg, Nottoway2000
62Riley IngramChesterfield (part), Henrico (part), Prince George (part)Hopewell (part)1991
63Rosalyn DanceDemChesterfield (part), Dinwiddie (part), Prince George (part)Hopewell (part), Petersburg2005
64Rick MorrisRepIsle of Wight (part), Prince George (part), Southampton (part), Surry (part), Sussex (part)Franklin (part), Suffolk (part)2011
65Lee WareChesterfield (part), Fluvanna (part), Goochland (part), Powhatan1998
66Kirk Cox
Majority Leader
Chesterfield (part)Colonial Heights1989
67James LeMunyonFairfax (part), Loudoun (part)2009
68Manoli LoupassiChesterfield (part), Henrico (part)Richmond (part)2007
69Betsy CarrDemChesterfield (part)2009
70Delores McQuinnChesterfield (part), Henrico (part)2009
71Jennifer McClellanHenrico (part)2005
72Jimmie MassieRep2007
73John O'BannonRichmond (part)2000
74Joseph D. MorrisseyDemCharles City, Henrico (part)2007
75Roslyn TylerBrunswick, Dinwiddie (part) Greensville, Isle of Wight (part), Lunenburg (part), Southampton (part), Surry (part), Sussex (part)Emporia, Franklin (part)2005
76Chris JonesRepChesapeake (part), Suffolk (part)1997
77Lionell SpruillDem1993
78James LeftwichRepChesapeake (part)2013
79Johnny JoannouDemNorfolk (part), Portsmouth (part)1997
80Matthew JamesChesapeake (part), Norfolk (part), Portsmouth (part), Suffolk (part)2009
81Barry KnightRepChesapeake (part), Virginia Beach (part)2009
82William DeStephVirginia Beach (part)2013
83Chris StolleNorfolk (part), Virginia Beach (part)2009
84Glenn DavisVirginia Beach (part)2014
85Scott Taylor1983
86Tom RustFairfax (part), Loudoun (part)2001
87David RamadanLoudoun (part), Prince William (part)2011
88Mark ColeFauquier (part), Spotsylvania (part), Stafford (part)Fredericksburg (part)2001
89Daun HesterDemNorfolk (part)2012
90Algie HowellNorfolk (part), Virginia Beach (part)2003
91Gordon HelselRepYork (part)Hampton (part), Poquoson2011
92Jeion WardDemHampton (part)2003
93Montgomery MasonJames City (part), York (part)Newport News (part), Williamsburg2013
94David YanceyRepNewport News (part)2011
95Mamye BaCoteDemHampton (part), Newport News (part)2003
96Brenda PoggeRepJames City (part), York (part)2007
97Chris PeaceHanover (part), King William (part), New Kent2006
98Keith HodgesEssex, Gloucester, King and Queen, King William (part), Mathews, Middlesex2011
99Margaret RansoneCaroline (part), King George, Lancaster, Northumberland, Richmond, Westmoreland2011
100Lynwood LewisDemAccomack, NorthamptonNorfolk (part), Virginia Beach (part)2003

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Commonwealth of Virginia. "Capitol Square Timeline". Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Commonwealth of Virginia. "Timeline". 
  3. ^ a b "Virginia House of Delegates". DailyPress.com. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  4. ^ a b "Virginia State Legislature". VAKids.org. Retrieved 2008-09-11. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Constitution of Virginia, Article IV, Section 4. Qualifications of senators and delegates.". Virginia General Assembly. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  6. ^ "Constitution of Virginia, Article IV, Section 6. Legislative sessions.". Virginia General Assembly. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  7. ^ Kumar, Anita (2011-11-19). "Toscano, Sickles to lead House Democratic caucus". Washington Post. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Legislative Committees". Legislative Information System. Virginia General Assembly. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 

External links[edit]