Viral meningitis

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Viral meningitis
Classification and external resources
ICD-10G0.2
ICD-9321.2
eMedicinearticle/1168529
MeSHD008587
 
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Viral meningitis
Classification and external resources
ICD-10G0.2
ICD-9321.2
eMedicinearticle/1168529
MeSHD008587

Viral meningitis refers to an inflammation of the meninges (meningitis) caused by a viral infection.[1] It is comparable to aseptic meningitis in contrast to meningitis caused by bacteria.[2] Viral meningitis can be spread though a large variety of viruses, most commonly enteroviruses.[3]

Causative organisms include:[1]

Treatment[edit]

Herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster virus and cytomegalovirus have a specific antiviral therapy; most other viruses do not. For HSV the treatment of choice is acyclovir.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Viral Meningitis at eMedicine
  2. ^ Davis, Larry (1 May 2008). "Acute and Recurrent Viral Meningitis". Current Treatment Options in Neurology. doi:10.1007/s11940-008-0018-9. 
  3. ^ "Viral Meningitis". Meningitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 
  4. ^ Tyler KL (June 2004). "Herpes simplex virus infections of the central nervous system: encephalitis and meningitis, including Mollaret's". Herpes 11 (Suppl 2): 57A–64A. PMID 15319091.