Viral meningitis

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Viral meningitis
Classification and external resources
eMedicinearticle/1168529
MeSHD008587
 
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Viral meningitis
Classification and external resources
eMedicinearticle/1168529
MeSHD008587

Viral meningitis refers to meningitis caused by a viral infection.[1] It is sometimes referred to as aseptic meningitis in contrast to meningitis caused by bacteria.

An example is lymphocytic choriomeningitis.

Viral meningitis is most commonly caused by enteroviruses.[2]

Causative organisms include:[1]

Treatment[edit]

Herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster virus and cytomegalovirus have a specific antiviral therapy; most other viruses do not. For HSV the treatment of choice is acyclovir.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Viral Meningitis at eMedicine
  2. ^ "Viral Meningitis". Meningitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 
  3. ^ Tyler KL (June 2004). "Herpes simplex virus infections of the central nervous system: encephalitis and meningitis, including Mollaret's". Herpes 11 (Suppl 2): 57A–64A. PMID 15319091.