Viral meningitis refers to meningitis caused by a viral infection. It is sometimes referred to as aseptic meningitis in contrast to meningitis caused by bacteria.
An example is lymphocytic choriomeningitis.
Viral meningitis is most commonly caused by enteroviruses.
Causative organisms include:
Herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster virus and cytomegalovirus have a specific antiviral therapy; most other viruses do not. For HSV the treatment of choice is acyclovir.
- ^ a b Viral Meningitis at eMedicine
- ^ "Viral Meningitis". Meningitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- ^ Tyler KL (June 2004). "Herpes simplex virus infections of the central nervous system: encephalitis and meningitis, including Mollaret's". Herpes 11 (Suppl 2): 57A–64A. PMID 15319091.