Vineland, New Jersey

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Vineland, New Jersey
City
City of Vineland
Downtown Vineland
Downtown Vineland
Motto: "A Harvest of Opportunities in the Heart of the Northeast"
Map of Vineland in Cumberland County. Inset: Location of Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Vineland in Cumberland County. Inset: Location of Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Vineland, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Vineland, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°27′54″N 74°59′50″W / 39.465007°N 74.997115°W / 39.465007; -74.997115Coordinates: 39°27′54″N 74°59′50″W / 39.465007°N 74.997115°W / 39.465007; -74.997115[1][2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyCumberland
IncorporatedFebruary 5, 1952[3]
Government[7]
 • TypeFaulkner Act Mayor-Council
 • MayorRuben Bermudez (term ends December 31, 2016)[4]
 • AdministratorDenise Monaco[5]
 • ClerkKeith Petrosky[6]
Area[2]
 • Total69.029 sq mi (178.785 km2)
 • Land68.424 sq mi (177.218 km2)
 • Water0.605 sq mi (1.568 km2)  0.88%
Area rank16th of 566 in state
2nd of 14 in county[2]
Elevation[8]98 ft (30 m)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11]
 • Total60,724
 • Estimate (2013)[12]61,050
 • Rank24th of 566 in state
1st of 14 in county[13]
 • Density887.5/sq mi (342.7/km2)
 • Density rank398th of 566 in state
2nd of 14 in county[13]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes08360-08362[14][15]
Area code(s)856[16]
FIPS code3401176070[17][2][18]
GNIS feature ID0885428[19][2]
Websitewww.vinelandcity.org
 
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For other uses, see Vineland (disambiguation).
Vineland, New Jersey
City
City of Vineland
Downtown Vineland
Downtown Vineland
Motto: "A Harvest of Opportunities in the Heart of the Northeast"
Map of Vineland in Cumberland County. Inset: Location of Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Vineland in Cumberland County. Inset: Location of Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Vineland, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Vineland, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°27′54″N 74°59′50″W / 39.465007°N 74.997115°W / 39.465007; -74.997115Coordinates: 39°27′54″N 74°59′50″W / 39.465007°N 74.997115°W / 39.465007; -74.997115[1][2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyCumberland
IncorporatedFebruary 5, 1952[3]
Government[7]
 • TypeFaulkner Act Mayor-Council
 • MayorRuben Bermudez (term ends December 31, 2016)[4]
 • AdministratorDenise Monaco[5]
 • ClerkKeith Petrosky[6]
Area[2]
 • Total69.029 sq mi (178.785 km2)
 • Land68.424 sq mi (177.218 km2)
 • Water0.605 sq mi (1.568 km2)  0.88%
Area rank16th of 566 in state
2nd of 14 in county[2]
Elevation[8]98 ft (30 m)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11]
 • Total60,724
 • Estimate (2013)[12]61,050
 • Rank24th of 566 in state
1st of 14 in county[13]
 • Density887.5/sq mi (342.7/km2)
 • Density rank398th of 566 in state
2nd of 14 in county[13]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes08360-08362[14][15]
Area code(s)856[16]
FIPS code3401176070[17][2][18]
GNIS feature ID0885428[19][2]
Websitewww.vinelandcity.org

Vineland is a city in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 60,724,[9][9][10][10][11][11] reflecting an increase of 4,453 (+7.9%) from the 56,271 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,491 (+2.7%) from the 54,780 counted in the 1990 Census.[20] Vineland, Millville and Bridgeton are the three principal New Jersey cities of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses those three cities and all of Cumberland County for statistical purposes and had a population of 156,898 as of the 2010 Census.[21]

Vineland was formed on July 1, 1952, through the merger of Landis Township and Vineland Borough, based on the results of a referendum held on February 5, 1952.[3][22][23] Festivities on July 1, 1952, when the merger took effect, included a parade and speeches from such notables as Senator Estes Kefauver.[24]

History[edit]

Charles K. Landis purchased 20,000 acres (81 km2) of land in 1861, near Millville, New Jersey, and along an existing railroad line with service to Philadelphia, to create his own alcohol-free utopian society based on agriculture and progressive thinking. The first houses were built in 1862, and train service was established to Philadelphia and New York City, with the population reaching 5,500 by 1865.[25]

Established as a Temperance Town, where the sale of alcohol was prohibited, Landis required that purchasers of land in Vineland had to build a house on the purchased property within a year of purchase, that 2 12 acres (10,000 m2) of the often-heavily wooded land had to be cleared and farmed each year, and that adequate space be placed between houses and roads to allow for planting of flowers and shade trees along the routes through town. Landis Avenue was constructed as a 100-foot (30 m) wide and about 1-mile (2 km) long road running east-west through the center of the community, with other, narrower roads connecting at right angles to each other.[26]

After determining that the Vineland soil was well-suited for growing grapes (hence the name), Landis started advertising to attract Italian grape growers to Vineland, offering 20 acres (81,000 m2) of land that had to be cleared and used to grow grapes. Thomas Bramwell Welch founded Welch's Grape Juice, and purchased the locally grown grapes to make "unfermented wine" (or grape juice).[26] The fertile ground also attracted the glass-making industry and was home to the Progresso soup company. Throughout the first half of the 20th century, most of the city was involved in the poultry industry, which led to the city being dubbed “The Egg Basket of America.”[27]

Vineland Poultry Laboratories (now Lohman Animal Health) was started by Arthur Goldhaft. Dr. Goldhaft is credited with putting "a chicken in every pot" after developing the fowl pox chicken vaccine that saved millions of chickens from death. Dr. Goldhaft's work at Vineland Poultry Laboratories in Vineland, helped protect the world's chicken supply from the fowl pox disease.[28]

Vineland had New Jersey's first school for the intellectual disabled, the Vineland Developmental Center, which now has an east and west campus. These institutions housed mentally handicapped women in fully staffed cottages. Henry H. Goddard, an American psychologist, coined the term "Moron" while directing the Research Laboratory at the Training School for Backward and Feeble-minded Children in Vineland. This facility was so sufficiently well known that one American Prison Association pamphlet in 1955 heralded Vineland as "famous for its contributions to our knowledge of the feebleminded".[29]

The city of Vineland celebrated its 150th birthday in 2011. Mayor Robert Romano initially ordered a custom cake from Buddy Valastro of Carlo's Bake Shop in Hoboken, the business featured in the TLC reality television series Cake Boss. After outcry from local business owners, the order was canceled and five Vineland bakeries were commissioned to create elaborate cakes for the event.[30]

Geography[edit]

Vineland is located at 39°27′54″N 74°59′50″W / 39.465007°N 74.997115°W / 39.465007; -74.997115 (39.465007,-74.997115). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 69.029 square miles (178.785 km2), of which, 68.424 square miles (177.218 km2) of it is land and 0.605 square miles (1.568 km2) of it (0.88%) is water.[1][2] Of all the municipalities in New Jersey to hold the label of 'city,' Vineland is the largest in total area (Galloway Township in Atlantic County is the largest municipality.)[31]

Vineland borders Deerfield Township, Millville, and Maurice River Township. Vineland also borders Salem County, Gloucester County, and Atlantic County. The city is approximately 38 miles (61 km) from the Atlantic Ocean.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18707,079
18806,005−15.2%
18907,67727.8%
19009,09118.4%
191011,71728.9%
192016,83443.7%
193021,60328.3%
194024,43913.1%
195029,57321.0%
196037,68527.4%
197047,39925.8%
198053,75313.4%
199054,7801.9%
200056,2712.7%
201060,7247.9%
Est. 201361,050[12]0.5%
Population sources: 1870-2000[32]
1870-1920[33] 1870[34][35] 1880-1890[36]
1890-1910[37] 1910-1930[38]
1930-1990[39] 2000[40][41] 2010[9][10][11]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 60,724 people, 21,450 households, and 15,230 families residing in the city. The population density was 887.5 per square mile (342.7 /km2). There were 22,661 housing units at an average density of 331.2 per square mile (127.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 67.03% (40,703) White, 14.16% (8,600) Black or African American, 0.67% (406) Native American, 1.71% (1,036) Asian, 0.04% (24) Pacific Islander, 12.91% (7,841) from other races, and 3.48% (2,114) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 38.03% (23,093) of the population.[9]

There were 21,450 households, of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.23.[9]

In the city, 24.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.7 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $54,024 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,798) and the median family income was $64,185 (+/- $2,216). Males had a median income of $48,974 (+/- $1,402) versus $35,513 (+/- $2,565) for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,512 (+/- $895). About 11.0% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.[42]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 56,271 people, 19,930 households, and 14,210 families residing in the city. The population density was 819.2 people per square mile (316.3/km2). There were 20,958 housing units at an average density of 305.1 per square mile (117.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 67.47% White, 13.62% African American, 0.54% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 14.01% from other races, and 3.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30.00% of the population.[40][41]

There were 19,939 households out of which 80.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.17.[40][41]

In the city the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.[40][41]

The median income for a household in the city was $40,076, and the median income for a family was $47,909. Males had a median income of $35,195 versus $25,518 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,797. About 9.8% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.[40][41]

Vineland has a Ukrainian community[43] and is home to the Ukrainian Evangelical Baptist Church[44] and several other Ukrainian churches.

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

The City of Vineland is governed within the Faulkner Act (formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law) system of municipal government under the Mayor-Council (Plan A), implemented based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission as of July 1, 1952, months after the city's formation.[45] The mayor serves as the city's chief executive, while the City Council is its legislative branch. The mayor and council are elected concurrently to serve four-year terms of office in non-partisan elections held in leap years as part of the November general election.[7][46] An ordinance passed by the council in 2011 shifted elections from May to November, effectively extending the term of members serving at the time by six months.[47]

As of 2014, the Mayor of Vineland is Ruben Bermudez, whose term of office ends on December 31, 2016 (along with those of all members of the City Council). Members of the Vineland City Council are Council President Anthony Fanucci, Council Vice President Paul Spinelli, Angela Calakos, Maritza Gonzalez and John Procopio.[46][48][49]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Vineland is located in the 2nd Congressional District[50] and is part of New Jersey's 1st state legislative district.[10][51][52]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[53] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[54][55] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[56][57]

The 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and Sam Fiocchi (R, Vineland).[58] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[59] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[60]

Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director.[61][62] As of 2014, Cumberland County's Freeholders (with committee liaison assignments, political party, residence and term-end dates listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella (Administration / Public Safety; D, Millville, term ends December 31, 2015),[63] Freeholder Deputy Director Douglas M. Long (NA; D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2015),[64] Darlene Barber (Education; D, 2016, Upper Deerfield Township),[65] Carol Musso (Community Services; D, Deerfield Township, 2014),[66] James Sauro (Agriculture; R, Vineland, 2014),[67] Thomas Sheppard (Health; R, Lawrence Township, 2016)[68] and Tony Surace (Public Works; D, Millville, 2014).[69][70][71][72] The county's constitutional officers are County Clerk Gloria Noto (Vineland, 2014),[73] Sheriff Robert A. Austino (Vineland, 2014)[74] and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (Bridgeton, 2018).[75]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 37,583 registered voters in Vineland, of which 10,388 (27.6%) were registered as Democrats, 6,109 (16.3%) were registered as Republicans and 21,059 (56.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 27 voters registered to other parties.[76]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 62.6% of the vote here (15,743 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received 35.2% (8,862 votes), with 25,144 ballots cast among the city's 39,098 registered voters, for a turnout of 64.3%.[77] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 53.8% of the vote here (12,506 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 43.6% (10,131 votes), with 23,253 ballots cast among the city's 35,943 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 64.7.[78]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 52.2% of the vote here (7,457 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 40.1% (5,725 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 4.8% (681 votes), with 14,289 ballots cast among the city's 37,092 registered voters, yielding a 38.5% turnout.[79]

Education[edit]

Vineland Public Schools serves students in public school for pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide,[80] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[81][82] As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's 17 schools had an enrollment of 9,734 students and 895.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.88:1.[83] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[84]) are Casimer M. Dallago, Jr. Preschool Center / IMPACT[85][86] (230) and Max Leuchter Preschool Center[87] (202) for preschool, Dane Barse School[88] (396), D'Ippolito Elementary School[89] (694), Marie Durand School[90] (565), Johnstone School[91] (458), Dr. William Mennies School[92] (653), Petway School[93] (571), Gloria M. Sabater School[94] (575), John H. Winslow School[95] (554) for grades K-5, Landis School[96] (487), Anthony Rossi School[97] (550), Veterans Memorial School[98] (521) and Thomas W. Wallace, Jr. School[99] (492) for grades 6-8, Vineland High School[100] (2,717) for grades 9-12 and Cunningham Alternative School for students with "personal or academic challenges that prevent them from reaching their full potential"[101] (68) in grades 6-12.[102][103]

Cumberland Christian School is a private coeducational day school located in Vineland, serving students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. The school, founded in 1946, has a total enrollment of over 1,000 students.[104] The city is home to two Catholic elementary schools — Bishop Schad Regional School (combining St. Francis and Sacred Heart Schools) and St. Mary's School — and Sacred Heart High School for grades 9-12, all of which operate under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden.[105]

The Ellison School is a private, nonsectarian coeducational day school located on South Spring Road in Vineland. The school, with an enrollment of about 120 students in pre-Kindergarten through 8th grade, is known for rigorous academics and a small (6:1) student/teacher ratio. The school was founded in 1959 and moved to its current site in 1968.[106]

In 2008, Forbes listed Vineland as the 2nd least-educated city in the country, behind Lake Havasu City, Arizona.[107]

Commerce[edit]

The marquee of the Landis Theater

Portions of Vineland are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[108]

The main street in Vineland is Landis Avenue. The traditional downtown area is located several blocks east and west of the intersection of Landis Avenue and the Boulevard. The Boulevard is a pair of roads that flank the main north/south railroad, which connected Vineland with Cape May to the south and Camden/Philadelphia to the north. After many years of decline there has been much recent activity to restore the vitality of "The Avenue" and the center city area. New construction includes a new transportation center, courthouse, post office, elementary school / community center and sidewalk upgrades. In 2005, Vineland was designated a Main Street Community and, through the work of this group, money has been earmarked to continue this improvement through property and facade improvements, business retention and marketing.[109]

Points of interest[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The city had a total of 335.15 miles (539.37 km) of roadways, of which 234.73 miles (377.76 km) are maintained by the municipality, 80.54 miles (129.62 km) by Cumberland County and 19.88 miles (31.99 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 2.79 miles (4.49 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[117]

Route 47 (Delsea Drive) runs almost 9.5 miles (15.3 km) north-south in the eastern quarter of the city, connecting Millville in the south to Franklin Township in Gloucester County at the city's northern tip.[118] Route 55 enters the city from Millville for 1.4 miles (2.3 km), heads back into Millville and re-enters Vineland, running along the western border for 8.8 miles (14.2 km) and heads north into Pittsgrove Township in Salem County.[119] Route 56 (Landis Avenue) heads across the city from Pittsgrove Township to its eastern terminus at Route 47.[120]

County Route 540 (Almond Road / Park Avenue / Landis Avenue) enters from the west in Pittsgrove Township and continues for 8 miles (13 km) to Buena Vista Township in Atlantic County, on the city's eastern border.[121] County Route 552 (Sherman Avenue / Mays Landing Road) enters from Deerfield Township in the city's southwest corner and continues for 10.8 miles (17.4 km) into Maurice River Township.[122] County Route 555 (South Main Road / North Main Road) enters from Millville extending for 8 miles (13 km) into Franklin Township.[123]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit provides bus transportation on the 313 route between Cape May and Philadelphia, on the 408 route between Millville and Philadelphia and on the 553 route between Upper Deerfield Township and Atlantic City.[124]

Two general aviation airports are located nearby. Vineland-Downstown Airport is located 4 miles (6.4 km) northeast of the central business district[125] and Kroelinger Airport, 3 miles (4.8 km) north.[126]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Vineland include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 120. Accessed February 7, 2012.
  4. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  5. ^ Business Administration, City of Vineland. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  6. ^ Municipal Clerk, City of Vineland. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 8.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Vineland, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Vineland city, Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 8, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d e Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c d Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Vineland city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed February 8, 2012.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Vineland, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed February 8, 2012.
  15. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Vineland, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  17. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  19. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  20. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012.
  21. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ Metro Area, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 8, 2012.
  22. ^ "Merger Campaign Arouses Vineland; 'Hole' in Jersey 'Doughnut' Fights for Civic Status in February 5 Referendum Merger Defeated in 1929 Wide Interest Noted", The New York Times, November 25, 1951. p. 58
  23. ^ Staff. "New City Set in Jersey; 2 Communities Vote to Merge as Vineland on July 1", The New York Times, February 6, 1952. Accessed February 8, 2012. "Citizens of Landis Township and Vineland Borough voted by a large majority in a special election today to join forces and become one city -- Vineland -- on July 1."
  24. ^ Staff. "Big City Born in Jersey; Vineland Borough and Landis Township Plan Fete Tonight", The New York Times, July 1, 1952. Accessed February 8, 2012.
  25. ^ a b Our People of the Century: Charles K. Landis - Founder of a City, Creator of a Dream. Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 13, 2008.
  26. ^ a b The Founding of Vineland and Its Growth as an Agricultural Center, West Jersey and South Jersey Heritage. Accessed August 28, 2007.
  27. ^ Spahr, Rob. "Vineland celebrates its 150th anniversary with parade, fireworks and cake", The Press of Atlantic City, August 8, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012. "On Sunday, the city wrapped up a weekend-long celebration of the 150th anniversary of Landis’ land acquisition, with carnival rides, a parade, fireworks, commemorative shot glasses, and, of course, birthday cake."
  28. ^ Our People of the Century - Arthur Goldhaft: Pioneering Vet Put "a chicken in every pot", Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 13, 2008.
  29. ^ Strange Maps (2008-06-23). "Come Visit New Jersey… You’ll Never Leave". 
  30. ^ Dineen, Caitlin. "Vineland's bakeries enjoyed participating in 150th birthday celebration following "Cake Boss" controversy", The Press of Atlantic City, August 9, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012. "Vineland Mayor Robert Romano said when he first called “The Cake Boss” — Buddy Valastro of TLC network fame — to make a cake for Vineland’s 150th birthday celebration it was nothing personal against local bakers, it was simply a chance for free publicity."
  31. ^ Vineland, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed February 8, 2012. "Vineland is New Jersey's largest city in area."
  32. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Cumberland County Municipalities, 1810 - 2010, WestJersey.org. January 6, 2011. Accessed October 24, 2012. Totals for 1880-1900 represent combined population of Landis township (3,486 in 1880, 3,855 in 1890 and 4,721 in 1900) and Vineland borough (2,519 in 1880, 3,822 in 1890 and 4,370 in 1900).
  33. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed November 10, 2013. Data combined for Landis Township and Vineland boroughs.
  34. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 270, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed November 10, 2013. "Landis was created a township in 1864, from the township of Millville. Its population in 1870 was 7,079. The thriving town of Vineland is in this township. It is a place of considerable note having increased greater in population than any other city in the state."
  35. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 258. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed November 10, 2013.
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  37. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed November 10, 2013.
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