Vincennes University

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Vincennes University
Vincennes University.svg
Established1801 (details)
TypeLand grant public coeducational
PresidentRichard E. Helton
Students4,522
Undergraduates4,522
LocationVincennes, Indiana, USA
Campus4 Campuses
2 Small Cities
1 Small Town
1 Large City
Taglines"Indiana's first college"
"Higher learning, lower cost"
Websitewww.vinu.edu
 
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Vincennes University
Vincennes University.svg
Established1801 (details)
TypeLand grant public coeducational
PresidentRichard E. Helton
Students4,522
Undergraduates4,522
LocationVincennes, Indiana, USA
Campus4 Campuses
2 Small Cities
1 Small Town
1 Large City
Taglines"Indiana's first college"
"Higher learning, lower cost"
Websitewww.vinu.edu

Vincennes University (VU) is a public university in Vincennes, Indiana, in the United States. Founded in 1801 as Jefferson Academy, VU is the oldest public institution of higher learning in Indiana. Since 1889, VU has been a two-year university, although baccalaureate degrees in seven select areas are available. Unlike most other two-year higher-education institutions, however, VU is a residential campus and has been since its establishment. VU was chartered in 1806 as the Indiana Territory's four-year university and remained the state of Indiana's sole publicly funded four-year university until the establishment of Indiana University. From 1999 to 2005, Vincennes University was in a state-mandated partnership with what became the Ivy Tech Community College[1]

On October 23, 2009, ground was broken on the new $10 million Center for Advanced Manufacturing located near Fort Branch, Indiana. The facility significantly enhances the training facilities currently in existence at the Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indiana Plant in nearby Princeton and at the Gibson Generating Station, near Mount Carmel, Illinois, to meet the regional growth of demand with the expanding industry both in Gibson County and in the immediate Evansville area.[2]

Academics[edit]

Vincennes University offers a diverse set of majors that are focused on careers in teaching and industry. Vincennes University has a 24% graduation rate.[3]

Vincennes University is organized into six colleges:

Vincennes University is also the only college in the nation that offers a Bowling Management and Technology program.

VU financial aid[edit]

Vincennes University provides several financial aid opportunities for its students. Apart from the common federal aids, the university also offers following aids:[4]

Buildings of the Vincennes University[edit]

Vincennes - Main Campus[edit]

(On Eastern Time)

[5]

[7]

Jasper Campus[edit]

(On Eastern Time)

Indianapolis Campus[edit]

(On Eastern Time)

Fort Branch / Gibson County Campus[edit]

(On Central Time)

History[edit]

History at a glance
Jefferson AcademyEstablished1801
Typefour-year private
Vincennes UniversityRenamed1806
Typefour-year territorial land-grant
Rechartered1889
Typetwo-year state-funded

Founding as Indiana Territory's University[edit]

Vincennes University is one of the oldest universities north of the Ohio River and west of the Alleghenies. The institution was founded in 1801 as Jefferson Academy and incorporated as Vincennes University on November 29, 1806. Founded by William Henry Harrison, VU is one of only two U.S. colleges founded by a President of the United States; the other is the University of Virginia, founded by Thomas Jefferson. For over two-hundred years, VU was historically the only two-year university in Indiana, although baccalaureate degrees in seven select areas are now available and were available prior to 1889.

Vincennes University, also known colloquially as Territorial University during the early 19th century, was the first and only public university established by the Indiana Territory, prior to the formation of the states of Indiana and Illinois. The town of Vincennes was chosen as the location of both the capital of the Indiana Territory and of VU because Vincennes was centrally located at the approximate population-density center of the Indiana Territory. Upon the later formation of the Illinois Territory in 1809 in preparation for Indiana statehood, Vincennes fell slightly east of the State of Indiana/Illinois Territory border. As territorial policy progressed through the formation of the Illinois Territory in 1809 (which drastically reduced the size of the Indiana Territory that VU served), the formation of the State of Indiana in 1816 (which considered itself an entirely new and separate legal entity from Indiana Territory that created VU), and the formation of the State of Illinois in 1818, funding for Vincennes University became less and less certain because VU was considered to be owned by the now-defunct Indiana Territory.

Because of Vincennes’ status as the capital of the Indiana Territory complete with a federally recognized territorial land-grant university, the Indiana territorial capital of Vincennes figured prominently in the early Indiana-Illinois territorial and statehood policy. For example, on February 3, 1809, the Tenth U.S. Congress passed legislation establishing the separate Indiana Territory in preparation for Indiana’s proposed statehood. That Act established the Indiana-Illinois border not with reference to a landmark along Lake Michigan near Chicago, but rather via direct reference to Vincennes: [1] “...all that part of the Indiana Territory which lies west of the Wabash river, and a direct line drawn from the said Wabash river and Post Vincennes, due north to the territorial line between the United States and Canada...”

State of Indiana’s State University[edit]

Further complicating the question of funding for VU was the State of Indiana's desire to establish its own state-controlled public university in Bloomington, Indiana as a separate institution from the Territorial University. Until the establishment of Indiana University, Vincennes University, as a territory-controlled institution, was the sole public university within the entire Indiana Territory and then more narrowly within the state of Indiana. The State of Indiana and the State of Illinois partially abandoned their financial responsibility for Territorial University once they established their own separate public universities without the legal complications of an institution whose legal control perhaps spanned the borders of at least two states and had been established by a defunct governmental entity. Conversely, these complications also set the stage for VU's rich two-century long history with some of the most architecturally-significant beautiful early 19th-century buildings to be found at any two-year institution in the U.S.

In the mid-19th century, the Indiana state legislature tried to reclaim the original VU land grant, to be used for what would become Indiana University. The resulting lawsuit (Trustees for Vincennes University v Indiana, 1853) ended up being heard by the U.S. Supreme Court, who decided in VU's favor, based on its earlier decision in a similar case regarding Dartmouth College. The legal dispute arose in part because a portion of VU's status as a land-grant public university derived from the fact that VU is the inheritor of the land-grant and facilities of Territorial University.[2]

To clarify the mission of VU vis a vis Indiana's other institutions of higher education at the time—Indiana University, Purdue University, and the State Normal School—, the State of Indiana rechartered VU in 1889, changing from a four-year university to a two-year one.

Tau Phi Delta and the Sigma Pi Fraternity[edit]

Main article: Sigma Pi

In 1897, a small literary society called Tau Phi Delta (ΤΦΔ) was started at VU, which soon after became the founding ("Alpha") chapter of Sigma Pi (ΣΠ) Fraternity, making that organization the first of its kind to be founded west of the Ohio Valley. A clock tower on the VU campus commemorates that event. The fraternity has since grown into one of the largest collegiate fraternities and, despite having relocated its headquarters to Tennessee, recognizes VU as its birthplace. The VU chapter is still active today and counts among its members some of the University's most famous and successful alumni, including three VU Presidents. VU, by special exception granted by the National Interfraternity Council, is the only 2-year school with a national fraternity chapter.

Relationship with Ivy Tech Community College[edit]

In 1999, Indiana Governor Frank O'Bannon and Stan Jones, commissioner for higher education, persuaded the Indiana state legislature to mandate a "coordinated partnership" between Vincennes University and what was then called Ivy Tech State College (1). Writing for a national publication, reporter William Trombley characterized the "shotgun marriage" as something that was spoken of cautiously by officials at both institutions: "It was not our initiative," Vincennes President Phillip M. Summers said in an interview. "We were asked if we would participate and we agreed" (3). Thomas Cooke, dean of instruction at the Ivy Tech Indianapolis campus, said "We have everything except the liberal arts degree . . . And that could be easily accommodated within our present structure" (4). [3] This tenuous arrangement was dissolved during the 2005 rechartering of Ivy Tech State College as a statewide system of comprehensive community colleges named Ivy Tech Community College.

Athletics[edit]

VU is a member of the NJCAA. In honor of its local heritage, the VU team moniker is the Trailblazers. Trailblazers refers to the early years of Vincennes as a French fur-trading post and American outpost in the frontier of the Northwest Territory and its later period as capital of the Indiana Territory. When the Trailblazers moniker needs to be personified by a mascot, VU depicts a Trailblazer as minute man or woodsman-type frontier settler, inspired by such as George Rogers Clark who resided in Indiana after his military career.

The VU Trailblazers compete in baseball, bowling, golf, basketball, cross country, tennis, volleyball, swimming, diving, and track and field. Its bowling team is particularly well known as it has won 21 NJCAA national championships. The men's bowling team won the 1983 USBC collegiate national championship.

Broadcasting Facilities - Public Service Division[edit]

Low-Power Radio Stations

96.7 WFML "Classic Rock to the Max"

88.5 WROK K-ROCK

87.9 WROL Mix 87.9

Main High-Power Radio Station

91.1 WVUB "The Blazer"

Television Stations

PBS 22/52 WVUT

MKZ 234/11

Notable alumni[edit]

References[edit]

Trombley, William. "Indiana's New Community College Plan: A state-mandated partnership between Ivy Tech and Vincennes University is seen by some as a shotgun marriage." National CrossTalk: A Publication for the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education. Vol. 8. No. 1 (Winter 2000). 1-9.

  1. ^ system.http://www.highereducation.org/crosstalk/ct0100/news0100-indiana.shtml
  2. ^ http://www.che.state.in.us/meetings/agendas/2008/0811decb2.pdf
  3. ^ "Vincennes University Admissions, Application, Demographics | College Stats.org". College Stats. Retrieved 13 May 2011. 
  4. ^ VU Financial Aid
  5. ^ http://www.vinu.edu/cms/export/sites/default/future_students/future_students_download_gallery/Campus_Map_Color_8-05_5YGM0S.pdf
  6. ^ Indiana State Museum
  7. ^ http://www.spiritofvincennes.org/rendezvous/historic/
  8. ^ http://www.mahalo.com/Carl_landry
  9. ^ http://www.ausigmapi.org/history.php
  10. ^ http://www.octabernacle.org/GoodnowBio.php
  11. ^ http://www.thedraftreview.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2395&Itemid=158
  12. ^ http://www.nndb.com/people/147/000025072/
  13. ^ http://associations.missouristate.edu/NJCAARecords/Hall_of_Fame.htm NJCAA BASKETBALL HALL OF FAME
  14. ^ http://probasketball.about.com/od/nbaplayerprofiles/a/shawnmarion.htm

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°41′14″N 87°31′12″W / 38.687084°N 87.52003°W / 38.687084; -87.52003