Vilazodone

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Vilazodone
Vilazodone2DACS4.svg
Vilazodone3Dan.gif
Systematic (IUPAC) name
5-(4-[4-(5-Cyano-1H-indol-3-yl)butyl]piperazin-1-yl)benzofuran-2-carboxamide
Clinical data
Trade namesViibryd
AHFS/Drugs.comConsumer Drug Information
MedlinePlusa611020
Licence dataUS Daily Med:link
Pregnancy cat.
Legal status
RoutesOral
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability72% (Oral, with food)[1]
MetabolismHepatic via CYP3A4[1]
Half-life25 hours[1]
ExcretionFaecal and renal[1]
Identifiers
CAS number163521-12-8 N
ATC codeN06AX24
PubChemCID 6918313
ChemSpider5293518 YesY
UNIIS239O2OOV3 YesY
KEGGD09698 YesY
ChEBICHEBI:70707 N
ChEMBLCHEMBL439849 YesY
Chemical data
FormulaC26H27N5O2 
Mol. mass441.524 g/mol
 N (what is this?)  (verify)
 
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Vilazodone
Vilazodone2DACS4.svg
Vilazodone3Dan.gif
Systematic (IUPAC) name
5-(4-[4-(5-Cyano-1H-indol-3-yl)butyl]piperazin-1-yl)benzofuran-2-carboxamide
Clinical data
Trade namesViibryd
AHFS/Drugs.comConsumer Drug Information
MedlinePlusa611020
Licence dataUS Daily Med:link
Pregnancy cat.
Legal status
RoutesOral
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability72% (Oral, with food)[1]
MetabolismHepatic via CYP3A4[1]
Half-life25 hours[1]
ExcretionFaecal and renal[1]
Identifiers
CAS number163521-12-8 N
ATC codeN06AX24
PubChemCID 6918313
ChemSpider5293518 YesY
UNIIS239O2OOV3 YesY
KEGGD09698 YesY
ChEBICHEBI:70707 N
ChEMBLCHEMBL439849 YesY
Chemical data
FormulaC26H27N5O2 
Mol. mass441.524 g/mol
 N (what is this?)  (verify)

Vilazodone (United States trade name Viibryd) is a serotonergic antidepressant developed by Clinical Data for the treatment of major depressive disorder. The chemical compound was originally developed by Merck KGaA (Germany).[2] Vilazodone was approved by the FDA for use in the United States to treat major depressive disorder in 2011.[3][4][5]

Medical uses[edit]

According to two eight-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials in adults, vilazodone elicits an antidepressant response after one week of treatment. After eight weeks, subjects assigned to vilazodone 40 mg daily dose (titrated over 2 weeks) experienced a significantly higher response rate than the group given placebo (44% vs 30%, P = .002). Remission rates for vilazodone were not significantly different versus placebo.[6]

According to an article on the United States approval of vilazodone written by FDA staff, "it is unknown whether [vilazodone] has any advantages compared to other drugs in the antidepressant class."[7]

Adverse effects[edit]

After a one-year, open-label study assessing the safety and tolerability of vilazodone in people with major depressive disorder, the most common adverse effects were diarrhea (35.7%), nausea (31.6%), and headache (20.0%); greater than 90% of these adverse effects were mild or moderate.[6] Whereas in randomized controlled trials these rates were 28%, 23.4% and 13.3%, respectively.[6] In contrast to other SSRIs currently on the market, initial clinical trials showed that vilazodone did not cause significant decreased sexual desire/function as with many other antidepressants, which often cause people to abandon their use.[3]

Incidence of adverse effects[edit]

Incidence of adverse effects include:[1]

Very common adverse effects (incidence >10%)
Common adverse effects (1-10% incidence)
Uncommon adverse effects (0.1-1% incidence)
Rare adverse effects (<0.1% incidence)
Unknown-incidence adverse effects

Pharmacology[edit]

Vilazodone acts as a serotonin reuptake inhibitor (IC50 = 2.1 nM; Ki = 0.1 nM) and 5-HT1A receptor partial agonist (IC50 = 0.2 nM; IA = ~60–70%).[6][11] It has negligible affinity for other serotonin receptors such as 5-HT1D, 5-HT2A, and 5-HT2C.[11][12] It also exhibits negligible inhibitory activity at the norepinephrine and dopamine transporters (IC50 = 56 nM for NET and 37 nM for DAT).[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "VIIBRYD (vilazodone hydrochloride) tablet VIIBRYD (vilazodone hydrochloride) kit [Forest Laboratories, Inc.]". DailyMed. Forest Laboratories, Inc. December 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Clinical Data's Vilazodone Patient Enrollment Over One Third Complete". Business Wire. Berkshire Hathaway. 17 August 2006. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "FDA approves Clinical Data Inc's antidepressant". Reuters. January 22, 2011. 
  4. ^ "FDA approves Clinical Data Inc's antidepressant". Reuters. January 22, 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "Clinical Data, Inc. - Clinical Data, Inc. Submits New Drug Application for Vilazodone for the Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder". Retrieved 12 April 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d Wang, SM; Han, C; Lee, SJ; Patkar, AA; Masand, PS; Pae, CU (August 2013). "A review of current evidence for vilazodone in major depressive disorder.". International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice 17 (3): 160–9. doi:10.3109/13651501.2013.794245. PMID 23578403. 
  7. ^ Laughren TP, Gobburu J, Temple RJ, Unger EF, Bhattaram A, Dinh PV, Fossom L, Hung HM, Klimek V, Lee JE, Levin RL, Lindberg CY, Mathis M, Rosloff BN, Wang SJ, Wang Y, Yang P, Yu B, Zhang H, Zhang L, Zineh I (September 2011). "Vilazodone: clinical basis for the US Food and Drug Administration's approval of a new antidepressant". The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 72 (9): 1166–73. doi:10.4088/JCP.11r06984. PMID 21951984. 
  8. ^ a b Australian Medicines Handbook 2013. The Australian Medicines Handbook Unit Trust; 2013.
  9. ^ Taylor D, Paton C, Kapur S, Taylor D. The Maudsley prescribing guidelines in psychiatry. 11th ed. Chichester, West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons; 2012.
  10. ^ Wang Y-P, Chen Y-T, Tsai C-F, Li S-Y, Luo J-C, Wang S-J, et al. Short-Term Use of Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors and Risk of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding. Am J Psychiatry [Internet]. 2013 Sep 13 [cited 2013 Oct 6]; Available from: http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/article.aspx?articleid=1738031
  11. ^ a b Hughes ZA, Starr KR, Langmead CJ, et al. (March 2005). "Neurochemical evaluation of the novel 5-HT1A receptor partial agonist/serotonin reuptake inhibitor, vilazodone". European Journal of Pharmacology 510 (1–2): 49–57. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2005.01.018. PMID 15740724. 
  12. ^ Page ME, Cryan JF, Sullivan A, et al. (September 2002). "Behavioral and neurochemical effects of 5-(4-[4-(5-Cyano-3-indolyl)-butyl)-butyl]-1-piperazinyl)-benzofuran-2-carboxamide (EMD 68843): a combined selective inhibitor of serotonin reuptake and 5-hydroxytryptamine(1A) receptor partial agonist". The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 302 (3): 1220–7. doi:10.1124/jpet.102.034280. PMID 12183683.