Ventura, California

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Ventura
City
City of San Buenaventura
Ventura, California, viewed from the northwest (Oil fields in foreground)
Ventura, California, viewed from the northwest (Oil fields in foreground)
Official seal of Ventura
Seal
Nickname(s): Shisholop
Location in Ventura County
Location in Ventura County
Ventura is located in California
Ventura
Ventura
Location in California
Coordinates: 34°16′30″N 119°13′40″W / 34.27500°N 119.22778°W / 34.27500; -119.22778Coordinates: 34°16′30″N 119°13′40″W / 34.27500°N 119.22778°W / 34.27500; -119.22778
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyVentura
Government
 • MayorCheryl Heitmann
 • City ManagerMark Watkins
 • SenateHannah-Beth Jackson (D)
 • AssemblyDas Williams (D)
 • U.S. CongressCA-23: Lois Capps (D)
CA-24: Julia Brownley (D)
Area[1]
 • Total32.095 sq mi (83.124 km2)
 • Land21.655 sq mi (56.085 km2)
 • Water10.440 sq mi (27.039 km2)  32.53%
Population (2010)
 • Total106,433
 • Rank4th in Ventura County
56th in California
250th in the United States
 • Density3,300/sq mi (1,300/km2)
 • DemonymVenturan
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code93001-93007, 93009
Area code(s)805
Websitecityofventura.net
 
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This article is about the city in California. For the county in California, see Ventura County. For other uses, see Ventura (disambiguation).
Ventura
City
City of San Buenaventura
Ventura, California, viewed from the northwest (Oil fields in foreground)
Ventura, California, viewed from the northwest (Oil fields in foreground)
Official seal of Ventura
Seal
Nickname(s): Shisholop
Location in Ventura County
Location in Ventura County
Ventura is located in California
Ventura
Ventura
Location in California
Coordinates: 34°16′30″N 119°13′40″W / 34.27500°N 119.22778°W / 34.27500; -119.22778Coordinates: 34°16′30″N 119°13′40″W / 34.27500°N 119.22778°W / 34.27500; -119.22778
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyVentura
Government
 • MayorCheryl Heitmann
 • City ManagerMark Watkins
 • SenateHannah-Beth Jackson (D)
 • AssemblyDas Williams (D)
 • U.S. CongressCA-23: Lois Capps (D)
CA-24: Julia Brownley (D)
Area[1]
 • Total32.095 sq mi (83.124 km2)
 • Land21.655 sq mi (56.085 km2)
 • Water10.440 sq mi (27.039 km2)  32.53%
Population (2010)
 • Total106,433
 • Rank4th in Ventura County
56th in California
250th in the United States
 • Density3,300/sq mi (1,300/km2)
 • DemonymVenturan
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code93001-93007, 93009
Area code(s)805
Websitecityofventura.net

Ventura (officially the City of San Buenaventura; commonly called San Buenaventura before 1891),[2] or Shisholop in Chumash[3] is the county seat of Ventura County, California, United States, incorporated in 1866. The population was 106,433 at the 2010 census, up from 100,916 at the 2000 census. Ventura is accessible via U.S. Route 101, State Route 33, and State Route 126.

History[edit]

The original inhabitants of the area were native Chumash people, who called it Shisholop ("In the mud") in the Chumash language.[3][4]

July 4 celebration in Ventura, 1874. Parade Marshall is Thomas R. Bard.
Statue of Father Junípero Serra; founder of Mission San Buenaventura in 1782.

Archaeological research demonstrates that the Chumash have deep roots in central and southern coastal regions of California, and has revealed artifacts from their culture dating back two thousand to over ten thousand years.[5] The Ventura band (Mitskanaka), which was in residence at the time of the arrival of the Spanish, had contact with the Limu band on Santa Cruz Island, who traveled in seagoing canoes called tomol bringing shell bead money and chert in trade.[4][6]

Light The Night, a Walk-A-Thon to raise money for leukemia. September 28, 2013

. Walkers here are at the start at Ventura's Mission Park

In 1769, the Spanish Portola expedition, first recorded European visitors to inland areas of California, came down the Santa Clara River Valley from the previous night's encampment near today's Saticoy and camped near the outlet of the Ventura River on August 14. Fray Juan Crespi, a Franciscan missionary travelling with the expedition, noted that "we saw a regular town, the most populous and best laid-out of all that we had seen on the journey up to the present time."[7]

Father Junípero Serra, first leader of the Franciscans in California, founded Mission San Buenaventura in 1782,[8] forming the basis of what would become the city. The mission was named for St. Bonaventure, a Thirteenth Century Franciscan saint and a Doctor of the Church. The first mission burned in 1801 and a replacement building of brick and stone was completed in 1809. The bell tower and facade of the new mission was destroyed by an 1812 earthquake.[9] On July 6, 1841, Governor Juan Bautista Alvarado granted Rancho San Miguel to Felipe Lorenzana and Raymundo Olivas,[10] whose Olivas Adobe on the banks of the Santa Clara River was the most magnificent hacienda south of Monterey.

After the American Civil War, settlers came to the area, buying land from the Mexicans, or simply as squatters. Vast holdings were later acquired by Easterners, including the railroad magnate, Thomas Scott. He was impressed by one of the young employees, Thomas R. Bard, who had been in charge of train supplies to Union troops, and Bard was sent west to handle Scott's property.

Not easily accessible, Ventura was not a target of immigrants, and as such, remained quiet and rural. For most of the century which followed the incorporation of Ventura in 1866, it remained isolated from the rest of the state.

Bard is often regarded as the Father of Ventura County and his descendants have been prominently identified with the growth of the county. The Union Oil Company was organized with Bard as President in 1890, and has offices in Santa Paula. The large Ventura Oil Field was first drilled in 1919 and at its peak produced 90,000 barrels per day (14,000 m3/d). The city is located between the Ventura River and the Santa Clara River, leading to soil so fertile that citrus grew better here than anywhere else in the state. The citrus farmers formed Sunkist Growers, Incorporated, the world's largest organization of citrus production.

On March 12, 1928, the St. Francis Dam, 54 mi (87 km) inland, failed catastrophically, taking over 600 lives. The resulting flood reached Montalvo about 5:30 a.m., almost two miles (3 km) wide and traveling at a speed of 5 mph (8.0 km/h) per hour.

From the south, travel by auto was slow and hazardous, until the completion of a four-lane freeway (US Highway 101) over the Conejo Grade in 1959. This route, now further widened and improved by 1969, is known as the Ventura Freeway, which directly links Ventura with the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Another route, US Highway 101 ALT (now the Pacific Coast Highway) traveled along the coast from Santa Monica via Oxnard, but was not heavily used.

From the north, entrance was by way of a single road along the beach and stagecoach passengers either had to wait until low tide when the horses could cross on the exposed wet sand, or go up the Ventura River Valley and then cross over the mountains to Santa Barbara via Casitas Pass, a long and difficult trip. In 1913, the Rincon Sea Level Road and the Ventura River Bridge opened; motoring tourists no longer had to fear coming through here.[11]

Inland, Ventura was hemmed in by (what is now) the Los Padres National Forest, composed of mountainous country and deep canyons. This route became passable with the completion of the Maricopa Highway (Hwy 33) in the 1930s.

Since then, Ventura has grown steadily. In 1920 there were 4,156 people. In 1930 the population had increased to 11,603, by 1950 the population reached 16,643, by 1970 the population was 57,964, and in 1980 the population had increased to 73,774. In the last three decades it has increased to approximately 107,000. To minimize outward growth onto the agricultural land that surrounds the existing community, the city is pursuing a strategy of "in-fill first" with the 2005 General Plan which means growth will focus inward to certain "Districts, Corridors, and Neighborhood Centers" that will become more intensely populated.[12]

Transportation[edit]

The major road through Ventura is the Ventura Freeway (U.S. Route 101), connecting the California Central Coast and San Francisco to the north, and Los Angeles to the south. State Route 33, the Ojai Freeway, heads north to Ojai. State Route 126 and State Route 118 head east to Santa Clarita and Simi Valley, respectively.

The East Ventura Station serves as the western terminus of the Ventura County Line of the Metrolink commuter rail system, which extends to Los Angeles' Union Station. The Ventura Amtrak Station is served by Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner from San Luis Obispo to San Diego.

Local bus services are provided by Gold Coast Transit and VISTA.

The Downtown - Harbor Trolley began its free service on July 3, 2013. The Trolley makes roughly 45-minute loops from Downtown to the Harbor Village. Running 11am-11pm Wednesday – Sunday. The Trolley runs on Mondays that fall on major holidays.[13]

Geography[edit]

Location of Ventura, California

Ventura is located northwest of Los Angeles on the California coast. The western portion of the City stretches north along the Ventura River and is characterized by a narrow valley with steeply sloped areas along both sides. The steep slopes of the Ventura foothills abut the northern portion of the community. Much of the eastern portion is on relatively flat alluvial coastal plain lying along the western edge of the Oxnard Plain. The Santa Clara River forms the city's southerly boundary with the city limits reaching up to the beginning of the Santa Clara River Valley at the historic community of Saticoy.[14]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Ventura has a total area of 32.1 square miles (83 km2), of which 21.7 square miles (56 km2) is land and 10.4 square miles (27 km2) (32.53%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Ventura has a Mediterranean climate, typical of most coastal California cities, with the sea breeze off the Pacific Ocean moderating temperatures. It is not uncommon for the city to be affected by Santa Ana winds off the Transverse Ranges on occasion, which increase temperatures dramatically.

Climate data for Ventura, California
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)88
(31)
91
(33)
94
(34)
100
(38)
98
(37)
102
(39)
94
(34)
97
(36)
103
(39)
103
(39)
98
(37)
96
(36)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C)66
(19)
66
(19)
65
(18)
68
(20)
68
(20)
70
(21)
73
(23)
74
(23)
74
(23)
73
(23)
70
(21)
66
(19)
69
(21)
Average low °F (°C)45
(7)
47
(8)
48
(9)
50
(10)
53
(12)
56
(13)
59
(15)
60
(16)
59
(15)
55
(13)
49
(9)
45
(7)
48
(9)
Record low °F (°C)29
(−2)
28
(−2)
31
(−1)
35
(2)
39
(4)
42
(6)
44
(7)
46
(8)
42
(6)
37
(3)
33
(1)
29
(−2)
28
(−2)
Rainfall inches (mm)3.41
(86.6)
3.90
(99.1)
3.04
(77.2)
0.72
(18.3)
0.21
(5.3)
0.05
(1.3)
0.02
(0.5)
0.07
(1.8)
0.36
(9.1)
0.36
(9.1)
1.37
(34.8)
2.11
(53.6)
15.62
(396.7)
Source: http://www.weather.com/outlook/travel/businesstraveler/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USCA1193

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[15] reported that Ventura had a population of 106,433. The population density was 3,316.2 people per square mile (1,280.4/km²). The racial makeup of Ventura was 76.6% White, 1.6% African American, 1.2% Native American, 3.4% Asian (0.9% Filipino, 0.6% Chinese, 0.4% Indian, 0.4% Korean, 0.4% Japanese, 0.3% Vietnamese, 0.5% Other), 0.2% Pacific Islander, 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.8% of the population.

The Census reported that 103,940 people (97.7% of the population) lived in households, 755 (0.7%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 1,738 (1.6%) were institutionalized.

There were 40,438 households, out of which 13,014 (32.2%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 18,907 (46.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,936 (12.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,153 (5.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,621 (6.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 371 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 10,959 households (27.1%) were made up of individuals and 4,271 (10.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57. There were 25,996 families (64.3% of all households); the average family size was 3.14.

The population was spread out with 23,918 people (22.5%) under the age of 18, 9,581 people (9.0%) aged 18 to 24, 28,814 people (27.1%) aged 25 to 44, 29,957 people (28.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 14,163 people (13.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.0 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.

There were 42,827 housing units at an average density of 1,334.4 per square mile (515.2/km²), of which 22,600 (55.9%) were owner-occupied, and 17,838 (44.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.5%. 59,330 people (55.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 44,610 people (41.9%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 100,916 people, 38,524 households, and 25,233 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,790.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,849.3/km²). There were 39,803 housing units at an average density of 1,889.5 per square mile (729.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.8% White, 1.4% African American, 1.2% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 11.1% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30.4% of the population.

Ventura City Hall

There were 38,524 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $52,297, and the median income for a family was $60,466. Males had a median income of $43,828 versus $31,793 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,065. About 6.4% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Patagonia is based in Ventura.[17]


Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[18] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1County of Ventura7,991
2Ventura County Health Care Agency2,493
3Ventura Unified School District1,916
4Ventura College1,913
5Community Memorial Hospital1,881
6Argon ST990
7City of San Buenaventura595
8Employer's Depot550
9MediTech Health Services400
10Judicial Council of California370

Incubator[edit]

In 2009 the City of Ventura created Ventura Ventures Technology Center,[19] a business incubator with a high-tech focus. Ventura Ventures Technology Center was created as an economic engine to develop jobs and companies locally, as well as attract entrepreneurs to the area.

In Popular Culture[edit]

Film[edit]

The movie Swordfish was partially filmed in Ventura

Television[edit]

Diners, Drive-Ins and Dives episode Passin The Baton had a segment on a Ventura restaurant.

Education[edit]

Ventura hosts five college campuses, the Brooks Institute of Photography, Ventura College of Law, Southern California Institute of Law, Santa Barbara Business College and Ventura College. Ventura College is a community college, part of the Ventura County Community College District.[20] The Ventura College of Law is a non-profit law school founded in 1969.

Public school students from kindergarten through 12th grade attend schools in the Ventura Unified School District. The district has two high schools: Ventura High in the midtown area, and Buena High in east Ventura. Students from throughout the district may attend Foothill Technology High School, a magnet school focusing on technology and health careers or El Camino High School (Ventura), an independent study school located on the Ventura College campus. Private schools include St. Bonaventure High School, a Catholic school, Ventura County Christian School, an evangelical Christian school, and Holy Cross School, Sacred Heart, and Our Lady of the Assumption, Roman Catholic schools for grades Pre-K-8.[21]

Libraries[edit]

Public Libraries: Ventura County Library - There are three branches in the City of Ventura: E.P. Foster Library[22] on Main Street, Avenue Library[23] on the Avenue, and Saticoy Library[24] in the unincorporated area of Saticoy. H.P. Wright Library[25] was closed on November 30, 2009 due to lack of funding. All books from the H.P. Wright Library were integrated into the E.P. Foster Library in March 2010.

Academic Library: Ventura College

Other: Ventura County Law Library

Points of interest[edit]

The restored Mission San Buenaventura.

Ventura is famed for the quality and frequency of the surfing conditions at spots such as Surfer's Point at Ventura County Fairgrounds.

Downtown Ventura is home to the Mission San Buenaventura, museums, galleries, dining, and shopping. Primary areas of activity include California Street and Main Street between Ventura Avenue and Fir Street. Located in downtown is the historic Ortega Adobe, once home to the Ortega family, now famous for their chili products. Numerous thrift stores contrast with high-end shops and restaurants. Downtown Ventura is home to Ventura's ornate city hall with its statue of Junipero Serra.[26] Downtown now features numerous restaurants, winebars and the internationally acclaimed Rubicon Theatre Company.

The 4,300-square-foot (400 m2) Ventura Visitors Center, at 101 South California Street, has exhibits on the Heritage Valley, Channel Islands National park, the local arts scene, and maps and brochures about the area.

Downtown's Majestic Ventura Theater is an early 20th-century landmark. A venue for concerts, it has seen performances from legendary artists such as The Doors, Pearl Jam, Van Halen, X, Ray Charles, Red Hot Chili Peppers, Social Distortion, Bad Religion, Fugazi, Incubus, Tom Petty, They Might Be Giants, and Johnny Cash, as well as some of the city's most successful homegrown artists like Big Bad Voodoo Daddy and Army of Freshmen.

An early-morning fisherman at Ventura Pier, 2008.

One of the most recognizable landmarks in Ventura is "Two Trees" which are two prominent lone trees on a hilltop, visible from most of Ventura. Access to the hill is private property. Signs at the bottom of the trails and at the trees themselves warn trespassers.[27]

In Plaza Park (Chestnut and Santa Clara Streets, downtown) stands one of the nation's largest Moreton Bay Fig Trees. Across the street, the main post office has Works Projects Administration murals on interior walls.[28]

The Ventura Harbor has fishing boats, seafood restaurants and a retail center, the Ventura Harbor Village. The Channel Islands National Park Headquarters is also located in the harbor, and boats to the Channel Islands depart from there daily.

The Ventura Fairgrounds during the Ventura County Fair.

The Westside of Ventura is a large Subdivision of neighborhoods, along Ventura Avenue. The area is home to Ventura's first public housing projects. The area is known for a large transient population due to its proximity to the Ventura River.

Pierpont Bay (Pierpont) is a residential neighborhood in the one-mile stretch between the Ventura Harbor and San Buenaventura State Beach. Reclaimed marshland was subdivided in 1925 and houses were built in fits of development interrupted by years of economic depression, war, and coastal floods (in 1937 and 1962). Long a hodge-podge of rental dwellings, weekend cottages and vacant lots, it was transformed by successive California real estate booms into a fashionable but eclectic mix of newer large homes and older modest beach cottages, now mostly owner-occupied. Piecemeal development, not overly burdened by planning efforts or regulatory attentions, left Pierpont with widely varying architectural styles, a spotty retail district Seaward Avenue, newer residents' demands for increased municipal maintenance, and continuing disputes about the proper regulation of the neighborhood's public beaches. Recently plans have been announced for high-density development on some streets, and state authorities have begun to more actively manage beaches that were mostly self-regulated for eighty years.

The Ventura County Fairgrounds is the home of the annual Ventura County Fair, and over the years has hosted such acts as Jimi Hendrix, The Grateful Dead, Smokey Robinson, and All American Rejects.

The Derby Club at the Ventura County Fairgrounds offers Horse Racing Live via Satellite, and full service bars and restaurants.

The Ventura County Fairgrounds is also the home of Ventura Raceway, "The best little dirt track in America".[29][30]

The Ventura County Fairgrounds also serves as a Train Station for Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner route

The Vans Warped Tour also stops yearly at the Ventura County Fairgrounds with line ups including bands such as Yellowcard, Pepper and Avenged Sevenfold.

The Olivas Adobe, one of the early California Rancho homes, is operated today as a museum and performing arts venue. Located adjacent to the Olivas Park Golf Course, the home is one of the most visited historic sites on the central coast. Living history reenactments, demonstrations of Rancho life, and wonderful ghost stories abound. A summer music series of performances held in the old home's courtyard feature an eclectic assortment of artists from blues to jazz to country.

Perry Mason creator Erle Stanley Gardner had a law practice and did much of his early writing in Downtown Ventura. The building where his law offices were housed, at California and Main Street bears his name on a historical marker.

The Ventura Film Festival puts on yearly red carpet gala event and has hosted many of films top celebrities including the 50th Anniversary of West Side Story and given awards to the Academy Award winning cast of West Side Story and a lifetime achievement award to Academy Award winner George Chakiris. The films Swordfish, Little Miss Sunshine, Chinatown, Erin Brockovich, The Aviator, and The Rock were partly filmed in Ventura, and most of the 2011 release Bellflower was shot in Ventura.[31]

The headquarters of outdoor clothing manufacturer Patagonia is located downtown. The eco-designer Stewart+Brown has their factory just a few blocks from the ocean. Diaper bag manufacturer Petunia Pickle Bottom is headquartered near downtown Ventura. Ventura is a course in Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 2. It was called 'Skatestreet Ventura'.

Notable locations[edit]

Surfer rides a wave off of Point Mugu during a Ventura surf contest.

Parks[edit]

Boat entering Ventura Harbor.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census[dead link]
  2. ^ Erwin G. Gudde, California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names, 4th ed., rev. and enlarged by William Bright (University of California Press, 1998), p. 410.
  3. ^ a b McCall, Lynne; Perry, Rosalind (2002). California’s Chumash Indians : a project of the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Education Center (Revised edition ed.). San Luis Obispo, Calif: EZ Nature Books. p. 36. ISBN 0936784156. 
  4. ^ a b Anderson, John (1999). "The Chumash Indians Who Live in Ventura County California: The Ventura Chumash". Retrieved 2013-05-07. 
  5. ^ McCall, p. 11
  6. ^ "Santa Cruz Island - Channel Islands National Park". National Park Service. Retrieved 2013-04-26. 
  7. ^ Bolton, Herbert E. (1927). Fray Juan Crespi: Missionary Explorer on the Pacific Coast, 1769-1774. HathiTrust Digital Library. pp. 159–160. Retrieved April 2014. 
  8. ^ Murphy, Arnold L. (ed.) (1979). A Comprehensive Story of Ventura County, California. Oxnard, CA: M & N Printing. p. 8. 
  9. ^ Hogle, Gene NAC Green Book of Pacific Coast Touring (1931) National Automobile Club p.25
  10. ^ "Spanish and Mexican Land Grants". Ventura County Genealogical Society. Retrieved 2007-03-17. 
  11. ^ Gyllstrom, Paul. "Rincon Sea-Level Road Soon Completed" Motor Age, Volume XXII, 17 October 1912, p. 25
  12. ^ City Of Ventura "Ventura's General Plan" Planning Webpage Accessed 28 April 2014
  13. ^ "venturatrolley.com". venturatrolley.com. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  14. ^ Rincon Consultants, Inc. (June 2014) "Olivas Park Drive Extension Project Final Environmental Impact Report SCH # 1995081004" City of Ventura
  15. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - San Buenaventura (Ventura) city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ "Patagonia Job Listing for Ventura, CA, Reno, NV, and worldwide". Patagonia.com. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  18. ^ "2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (PDF). City of San Buenaventura CAFR. 
  19. ^ "v2tc.com". v2tc.com. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  20. ^ "vcccd.edu". vcccd.edu. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  21. ^ vccschool.com
  22. ^ "E. P. Foster Library | Ventura County Library". Vencolibrary.org. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  23. ^ "Avenue Library | Ventura County Library". Vencolibrary.org. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  24. ^ "Saticoy Library — Serving Saticoy, Somis and Ventura’s East End | Ventura County Library". Vencolibrary.org. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  25. ^ http://www.vencolibrary.org/locations/wright
  26. ^ Department of Geography, University of California, Berkeley "Father Junipero Serra” Sculpture – Ventura CA"Living New Deal Accessed 3 March 2014
  27. ^ Martinez, Arlene "Two Trees: Look but don't touch (or hike near)" Ventura County Star (November 20, 2013) Retrieved 2014-01-25
  28. ^ Department of Geography, University of California, Berkeley "Ventura Post Office “Agriculture and Industries of Ventura” – Ventura CA"Living New Deal Accessed 3 March 2014
  29. ^ "Grey Wolf Photos". Grey Wolf Photos. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  30. ^ "Ventura Raceway Channel". Ustream.tv. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  31. ^ Johnson, Brett. "Can-do movie crew: Ventura County amateurs' 'no budget' film 'Bellflower' earns slot at Sundance Film Festival". Ventura County Star (Jan. 15, 2011). Retrieved 2013-05-07. 
  32. ^ "Mission Park". Ventura.com. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 
  33. ^ "Plaza Park". Ventura.com. Retrieved 2014-05-12. 

References[edit]

  1. Anderson, John (1999). "The Chumash Indians Who Live in Ventura County California: The Ventura Chumash". Retrieved 2013-05-07. 

External links[edit]