Venous stasis, or venostasis, is a condition of slow blood flow in the veins, usually of the legs. Venous stasis is a risk factor for forming blood clots in veins ( venous thrombosis), as with the deep veins of the legs ( deep vein thrombosis or DVT). Causes of venous stasis include long periods of immobility that can be encountered from driving, [1 ] flying, bed rest/hospitalization, or having an [2 ] orthopedic cast. To prevent venous stasis and DVT/PE, methods to increase circulation in the legs include walking, calf exercises, and intermittent pneumatic compression, when possible. [3 ] [4 ] [5 ] See also [edit ] References [edit ] ^ Martinelli I, Bucciarelli P, Mannucci PM (2010). "Thrombotic risk factors: basic pathophysiology". Crit Care Med 38 (2 Suppl): S3–9. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181c9cbd9. PMID 20083911. ^ Barbara G. Wells, Joseph T. DiPiro, Terry L. Schwinghammer, Gary R. Matzke, Gary C. Yee, Robert L. Talbert, L. Michael Posey (2008). Pharmacotherapy Handbook. McGraw-Hill Professional. p. 163. ISBN 9780071485012. ^ "New DVT guidelines: no evidence to support "economy class syndrome"; oral contraceptives, sitting in a window seat, advanced age, and pregnancy increase DVT risk in long-distance travelers". American College of Chest Physicians. 7 February 2012 . Retrieved . 10 February 2012 ^ Hecht, M. E. (2010). . Sunrise River Press. A practical guide to hip surgery: from pre-op to recovery ISBN 978-1-934716-12-0. ^ Gould MK, Garcia DA, Wren SM, et al. (2012). "Prevention of VTE in nonorthopedic surgical patients: antithrombotic therapy and prevention of thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians evidence-based clinical practice guidelines". Chest 141 (suppl 2): e227S–e277S. doi: 10.1378/chest.11-2297. PMC 3278061. PMID 22315263.