Velikiye Luki

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Velikiye Luki (English)
Великие Луки (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Panorama velikiye luki.jpg
Panorama of Velikiye Luki, with a World War II obelisk in the foreground
Map of Russia - Pskov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Pskov Oblast in Russia
Velikiye Luki is located in Pskov Oblast
Velikiye Luki
Location of Velikiye Luki in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 56°20′N 30°32′E / 56.333°N 30.533°E / 56.333; 30.533Coordinates: 56°20′N 30°32′E / 56.333°N 30.533°E / 56.333; 30.533
Coat of Arms of Velikie Luki (Pskov oblast).png
Flag of Velikie Luki (Pskov oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of February 2009)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectPskov Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated toTown of Velikiye Luki[1]
Administrative center ofTown of Velikiye Luki[1]
Municipal status (as of February 2005)
Urban okrugVelikiye Luki Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center ofVelikiye Luki Urban Okrug[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)98,778 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010169th
Time zoneMSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
First mentioned1166[5]
Town status since1777[citation needed]
Postal code(s)182100-182115[citation needed]
Dialing code(s)+7 81153[citation needed]
Official website
 
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Velikiye Luki (English)
Великие Луки (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Panorama velikiye luki.jpg
Panorama of Velikiye Luki, with a World War II obelisk in the foreground
Map of Russia - Pskov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Pskov Oblast in Russia
Velikiye Luki is located in Pskov Oblast
Velikiye Luki
Location of Velikiye Luki in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 56°20′N 30°32′E / 56.333°N 30.533°E / 56.333; 30.533Coordinates: 56°20′N 30°32′E / 56.333°N 30.533°E / 56.333; 30.533
Coat of Arms of Velikie Luki (Pskov oblast).png
Flag of Velikie Luki (Pskov oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of February 2009)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectPskov Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated toTown of Velikiye Luki[1]
Administrative center ofTown of Velikiye Luki[1]
Municipal status (as of February 2005)
Urban okrugVelikiye Luki Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center ofVelikiye Luki Urban Okrug[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)98,778 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010169th
Time zoneMSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
First mentioned1166[5]
Town status since1777[citation needed]
Postal code(s)182100-182115[citation needed]
Dialing code(s)+7 81153[citation needed]
Official website

Velikiye Luki (Russian: Вели́кие Лу́ки; IPA: [vʲɪˈlʲikʲɪjə ˈlukʲɪ]; lit. great meanders[6]) is a town on the meandering Lovat River in the southern part of Pskov Oblast, Russia. It is the second largest town in Pskov Oblast; population: 98,778 (2010 Census);[3] 104,979 (2002 Census);[7] 113,745 (1989 Census).[8]

Contents

History

It was first mentioned in a chronicle under the year of 1166.[5] After the construction of a fortress in 1211, Velikiye Luki gained strategic importance, defending the approaches to Pskov and Novgorod. It was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow by Ivan the Great in 1478. It was granted town status in 1777.[citation needed] At the beginning of the 20th century, it evolved into an important railway hub following the construction of the railway connecting Moscow with Riga.

During World War II, in 1941 and 1942, intensive fighting took place in the vicinity between German and Soviet forces. During the Battle for Velikiye Luki (in late 1942), a German force of about 20,000 was surrounded in the town which had been turned into a fortress. After months of heavy fighting, the German defenders were finally wiped out in January 1943. As a result of this siege, the town suffered almost total destruction.

Administrative and municipal status

Administratively, it is incorporated as the Town of Velikiye Luki—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] Municipally, the Town of Velikiye Luki is incorporated as Velikiye Luki Urban Okrug.[2]

Transport

The town is served by the Velikiye Luki Airport.

Notable people

Velikiye Luki has been claimed as the birthplace of Soviet Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky. The Hero of the Soviet Union Alexander Matrosov is buried in this city. Modest Mussorgsky's memorial house, standing on the bank of a large picturesque lake, is within easy range of the town.

Gallery

International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Velikiye Luki is twinned with:

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #833-oz
  2. ^ a b c Law #419-ы.
  3. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 (2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 63. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ ISBN 530900257Х. Г. П.  Смолицкая. "Топонимический словарь Центральной России". "Армада-Пресс", 2002 (G. P. Smolitskaya. Toponymic Dictionary of Central Russia. Armada-Press, 2002)
  7. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

Sources